August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

August 29, 1874:  a panel of Coushatta’s leading citizens conducted a trial of the white prisoners arrested on August 27. Late in the day, after hours of grilling, Homer Twitchell, Sheriff Edgerton, and the other white prisoners, in return for a promise of safe passage to Shreveport, resigned their offices and promised in writing to leave the state and never return.

At the same time, the White League issued a proclamation over the signatures of Abney, Pierson, Julius Lisso, and other town leaders, alleging that the prisoners were evil men who had indoctrinated “vicious ideas into the minds of the colored people of Red River, and array[ed] them against the true interest of the country.” [Facing History article] (see Aug 30)

Emmett Till

August 29, 1955:  J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant were arrested on kidnapping charges in LeFlore County in connection with Till’s disappearance. They are jailed in Greenwood, Mississippi and held without bond. (see Emmett Till for expanded story)

Voting Rights

August 29, 1957: Democratic Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, an ardent segregationist, sustained the longest one-person filibuster in history in an attempt to keep the Civil Rights Act of 1957 from becoming law. His one-man filibuster lasted 24 hours and 18 minutes; he began with readings of every state’s election laws in alphabetical order. Thurmond later read from the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and George Washington’s Farewell Address.

Despite Thurmond’s action, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first federal civil rights legislation since 1875. The legislation set up the US Commission on Civil Rights and the Civil Rights Division of the US Department of Justice.  [NPR story] (BH, see September; VR, see Sept 9 )

Bob Moses

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29, 1961: Bob Moses, leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), pursued a voter registration drive in Amite County, Mississippi, where only one African American was allowed to vote. When Moses tried to sign up two more voters, he was attacked and beaten. He filed charges against his white attackers, who were acquitted. [Mississippi Freedom Summer article]  (see Sept 22)

Mutual Black Network

August 29, 1979: the Sheridan Broadcasting Company, owned by African-American lawyer and educator Ronald R. Davenport, purchased the Mutual Black Network (MBN).

MBN previously distributed news and public affairs programming to Black-orientate stations around the country, reaching millions of listeners, Encyclopedia of Radio author C. Sterling wrote. The merger marked the beginning of the first completely Black-owned radio network in the world. [Black Then article] (next BH, see Nov 3)

George Whitmore, Jr

August 29, 1993: Richard Robles, 50 years old, had served 29 years in prison, one of the longest sentences in the state penal system. The Parole Board, citing “the seriousness of the crime,” has denied him parole five times. Prison officials said that of the state’s 65,000 inmates, only 20 have been imprisoned longer than Mr. Robles. (see Whitmore for expanded story)

Attica Prison Riot

August 29, 2000: [from the NYT] “Declaring that inmates beaten in the 1971 Attica prison uprising were treated ‘like garbage,’ a federal judge divided an $8 million settlement… to compensate more than 500 inmates and relatives for the abuse that the prisoners suffered. The allotment of the landmark settlement caps one of the longest and most ignominious chapters in American criminal justice history, fleshing out a deal reached in January between New York State and lawyers representing 1,281 former inmates.

At more than 200 pages, the settlement filed…also functions as a harrowing encyclopedia of personal anecdotes, incorporating months of testimony from nearly 200 former inmates who stood before Judge Michael A. Telesca of Federal District Court here and recounted how the uprising and siege at the prison in western New York left 43 people dead, 80 wounded and countless more psychologically scarred.

And now, after almost three decades of waiting and legal maneuvering, the former inmates are scheduled to receive their shares by October, barring an appeal by any inmate.” (BH, see Nov 7; APR, see January 13, 2005)

Jordan Edwards

August 29, 2018: a Texas jury sentenced former police Balch Springs officer Roy Oliver to 15 years in prison for the shooting death of Jordan Edwards, 15, an unarmed African-American teen in a Dallas suburb.

The jury deliberated for 12 hours before deciding the Oliver’s fate. In addition to the prison term, it imposed a fine of $10,000.

Oliver claimed that fired into a car full of teens on April 29, 2017 he believed the car Edwards was a passenger in was moving aggressively toward Oliver’s partner. Oliver’s partner said he’d never felt in danger.

Dallas County District Attorney Faith Johnson described Oliver as a “killer in blue” who violated his oath to protect citizens. Prosecutors had sought a sentence of at least 60 years while the defense argued for 20 years or less. (see Sept 6)

Antwon Rose

August 29, 2019: Gregory Wagner, charged with driving his Mercedes-Benz through a crowd that was protesting the police shooting of an unarmed black teen Antwon Rose avoided trial.

Wagner’s trial was to get underway on this date, but earlier in the month was admitted into a probationary program for nonviolent, first-time offenders.

The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported that the 59-year-old Wagner must also complete 25 hours of community service. (next Black & Shot, see Sept 26; next AR, see Oct 29)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

National Association of Letter Carriers

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29, 1889: sixty letter carriers from 18 states meet in a room above Schaefer’s Saloon on Plankinton Avenue in Milwaukee. They unanimously adopt a resolution to form a National Association of Letter Carriers. [NALC site] (see Oct 25)

Lusty Lady Club

August 29, 1996: dancers at San Francisco’s Lusty Lady Club vote 57-15 to be represented by SEIU Local 790. Their first union contract, ratified eight months later, guaranteed work shifts, protection against arbitrary discipline and termination, automatic hourly wage increases, sick days, a grievance procedure, and removal of one-way mirrors from peep show booths [LL site] (Labor, see August 19, 1997; Feminism, see Oct 3)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29 Music et al

Roots of Rock

August 29, 1958: Alan Freed’s Big Beat Show opened at the Fox Theatre in Brooklyn. Those performing included Frankie Avalon, Jimmy Clanton, Chuck Berry, Bobby Freeman, Bill Haley and his Comets and The Elegants. (see Dec 25)

The Casbah

August 29, 1959: the opening night of a new social club for teenagers, based in the cellar of a large Victorian house at 8 Hayman’s Green, Liverpool. The club was called The Casbah and run by Mona Best, mother of Pete Best and owner of the house. She had bought it after winning a horse racing bet in the 1954 Epson Derby; it had previously been owned by the West Derby Conservative Club, and had 15 bedrooms and an acre of land.

Mona Best had the idea for opening the club after seeing a television report on the 2i’s Coffee Bar in London’s Soho district. The Casbah was intended as a members-only club for Pete, his younger brother Rory, and their friends.

She charged half a crown for annual membership, and served soft drinks, snacks and cakes. The Casbah also had, unusually for the time, an espresso coffee machine. When there weren’t live performances Mona played records on a small Dansette record player, amplified through a 3″ speaker.

The Les Stewart Quartet, with George Harrison and Ken Brown on guitars, had been booked to perform on the opening night, but they cancelled after Stewart and Brown had an argument: Brown had missed a rehearsal as he had been helping Mona Best decorate the club.

As 300 membership cards had already been sold, Mona Best didn’t want to cause disappointment on the club’s opening night. Harrison suggested the Quarrymen play instead, and so they went round to arrange the booking. At this point their line-up was John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ken Brown. They didn’t have a drummer at the time, so they played without one.

John, Paul and George went around to see Mona, who told them they were welcome to play but she was still painting the cellar for the club’s opening the following week. The three boys grabbed paintbrushes and helped her finish it off. John mistook gloss for emulsion – because of his short sight – which took days to dry. Cynthia Powell also helped, and painted a silhouette of her future husband John Lennon on the wall; it can still be seen there today. (see Oct 31)

Hullabaloo

Remove term: August 29 Peace Love Activism August 29 Peace Love Activism

August 29, 1966: NBC-TV’s Hullabaloo’s last show. Replaced by The Monkees TV show. (see Sept 12)

The Beatles final live concert

August 29, 1966: performed their final live concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The Park’s capacity was 42,500, but only 25,000 tickets were sold, leaving large sections of unsold seats. Fans paid between $4.50 and $6.50 for tickets.

George Harrison: “We’d done about 1,400 live shows and I certainly felt this was it. It was nice to be popular, but when you saw the size of it, it was ridiculous, and it felt dangerous because everybody was out of hand. Even the cops were out of line….It was a very strange feeling. For a year or so I’d been saying, “Let’s not do this anymore.’ And then it played itself out, so that by 1966 everybody was feeling, ‘We’ve got to stop this.’ I don’t know exactly where in 1966, but obviously after the Philippines we thought, ‘Hey, we’ve got to pack this in.'” (see Sept)

Mark David Chapman

August 29, 2016: the NY State Board of Parole denied parole to Mark David Chapman on the grounds that his crime was premeditated and celebrity-seeking in nature. The board said Chapman’s release would deprecate the seriousness of the crime. (see January 18, 2017)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

DDT

August 29, 1962: the dangerous long-range side-effects of DDT and other pesticides was the subject of a press-conference question to President John F. Kennedy. In his reply, he acknowledged Rachel Carson’s ground-breaking environmental book on the subject (Silent Spring) and stated that the government was taking a closer look at this. [the book was not yet published] (see page for more) (see Sept 27)

Methane emissions

August 29, 2019: the Trump administration laid out a far-reaching plan to cut back on the regulation of methane emissions, a major contributor to climate change.

The Environmental Protection Agency’s proposed rule aims to eliminate federal requirements that oil and gas companies install technology to detect and fix methane leaks from wells, pipelinesand storage facilities. It would also reopen the question of whether the E.P.A. had the legal authority to regulate methane as a pollutant.

The rollback plan was particularly notable because major energy companies had, in fact, spoken out against it — joining automakerselectric utilities and other industrial giants that had opposed other administration initiatives to dismantle climate-change and environmental rules. (see Sept 12)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

The Cold War & Cuban Missile Crisis

August 29, 1962: a high-altitude U-2 surveillance flight provided conclusive evidence of the existence of missile sites at eight different locations in Cuba. (see CMC for expanded story)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

August 29, 1970:  Los Angeles Times journalist Ruben Salazar was shot and killed by Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department deputies at a National Chicano Moratorium Against the Vietnam War protest rally. The Moratorium rally was broken up by LASD deputies who used tear gas, and Salazar was shot and killed in the resulting chaos. In 1971 Salazar was posthumously awarded the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award.  No one was ever prosecuted for the killing, and his death remains an important symbol of discrimination against Latinos in Southern California. (PBS piece) (see Sept 25)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism

August 29, 1983: Columbia College, the last U.S. all-male Ivy League college, and a part of Columbia University, admits women to its freshman class for the first time in its 229-year history. [Columbia article] (see September 17, 1983)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS

August 29, 1987: having had their house fire-bombed the day before,  Louise Ray said that her family would leave DeSoto County. “I never thought it would go this far,” she said.  (Rays, see December 13, 1992; AIDS, see Aug 31)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Dissolution of the USSR

August 29, 1991: after three hours of anguished debate, the Soviet Parliament voted to suspend all activities of the Communist Party pending an investigation of its role in the coup. It was an action that confirmed the demise of the old regime even as the search quickened for new forms of association and order. The fate of the party was already sealed before Parliament’s vote. Individual republics had closed its offices and seized its vast properties and funds and President Mikhail S. Gorbachev had quit as its General Secretary and had called on the leadership to step down. But Parliament was the only national institution with the formal powers to act against the entire organization, and its decision served to confirm the indictment already passed by the people. (see Aug 30)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Nominations

August 29, 1996, Democrats re-nominated Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Hurricane Katrina

August 29, 2005: Katrina’s storm surge causes 53 different levee breaches in greater New Orleans, submerging eighty percent of the city. (see Katrina for expanded chronology)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

August 29, 2006:  Donald Rumsfeld calls war critics “quitters” who “blame America first” for giving “the enemy the false impression Americans cannot stomach a tough fight”  (see Sept 8)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Cannabis

August 29, 2013: the federal government took an historic step back from its long-running drug war when Attorney General Eric Holder informed the governors of Washington and Colorado that the Department of Justice would allow the states to create a regime that would regulate and implement the ballot initiatives that legalized the use of marijuana for adults.

Holder told the governors in a joint phone call early Thursday afternoon that the department would take a “trust but verify approach” to the state laws. DOJ is reserving its right to file a preemption lawsuit at a later date, since the states’ regulation of marijuana is illegal under the Controlled Substances Act. (see Sept 2, or see CCC for expanded chronology)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

IRS

August 29, 2013:  the Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service announced that they will recognize all legally married same-sex for federal tax purposes, regardless of whether the state where they live recognizes the marriage.

The federal rules change was one of many stemming from the landmark Supreme Court decision in June that struck down the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act. That ruling found that same-sex couples were entitled to federal benefits, but left open the question of how the federal government would actually administer those benefits.

“Imagine a pair of women who marry in Albany and then move to Alabama,” Justice Antonin Scalia wrote at the time of the decision. “May they file a joint federal income tax return? Does the answer turn on where they were married or where they live?” [IRS article] (see Aug 30)

Justice delayed

August 29, 2017: Defense Secretary Jim Mattis kicked President Trump’s proposed ban on transgender people serving in the military down the road, announcing that transgender service members would continue to be allowed to serve pending the results of a study.

Mr. Mattis said that he was establishing a panel of experts, serving within the Pentagon and the Homeland Security Department, whose task would be to “provide advice and recommendations on the implementation of the president’s direction.” [NYT article]

Evangelical bias

August 29, 2017: a coalition of over 150 evangelical leaders released a manifesto reiterating their belief that marriage should be between a man and a woman.

Titled the “Nashville Statement,” the document also asserts that God created two distinct sexes, that sex should only occur within the bounds of heterosexual marriage, and that “it is sinful to approve of homosexual immorality or transgenderism.”

The statement emerged out of a meeting convened by the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood at the Southern Baptist Convention’s Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission’s annual conference in Nashville. It consisted of 14 statements of affirmation and denial relating to human sexuality. [Huff Post article] (see Oct 15)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

FREE SPEECH

August 29, 2017: U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff dismissed a lawsuit against the New York Times by former U.S. vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin, who claimed the newspaper had defamed her in an editorial linking her to a 2011 mass shooting.

Rakoff, in Manhattan, said that while the June editorial may have contained errors, it was not plausible those errors were made maliciously, which a public figure like Palin must prove to win a defamation lawsuit. [NYT article]  (see May 23, 2018)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Native Americans

August 29, 2019:  on December 29,1835, a minority party of the Cherokee Nation met government officials to sign the Treaty of New Echota, which laid out the terms for the removal of the Cherokee from the nation’s ancestral lands in the southeastern United States. Many Cherokee people opposed the treaty, and few willingly departed.

Among the compensation promised to the Cherokee as part of the devastating treaty was the right to send a delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives. For nearly 200 years, the position remained unfilled.

On this date, the Cherokee Nation’s council approved Kimberly Teehee as its first official representative to Congress.

She was the first delegate of a sovereign Native American government. Her role would be a non-voting one, and may be similar to the positions held by representatives of Washington, D.C., and five U.S. territories: Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands. These delegates can’t vote on the House floor, but are able to introduce legislation, debate on the floor and vote within their committees. (next NA, see February 7, 2020)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Voting Rights

August 29, 2020: Representatives from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence the House and Senate Intelligence Committees they they were  tightening control over the flow of sensitive intelligence about foreign threats to November’s election, telling Congress that they would no longer provide in-person briefings about election security and would rely solely on written updates instead.

Chief of the intelligence office, John L. Ratcliffe, framed the move as an attempt to “ensure clarity and consistency” in intelligence agencies’ interactions with Congress and to crack down on leaks that have infuriated some intelligence officials.

“I believe this approach helps ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that the information O.D.N.I. provides the Congress in support of your oversight responsibilities on elections security, foreign malign influence and election interference is not misunderstood nor politicized,” he wrote, according to a copy obtained by The New York Times. “It will also better protect our sources and methods and most sensitive intelligence from additional unauthorized disclosures or misuse.” [NYT article] (next VR, see Sept 11)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration

August 29, 2020 U.S. District Judge Richard Leon ruled that U.S. Customs and Border Protection agents lack the training to take over the initial processing of asylum claims.

For nearly 20 years officers from Citizenship and Immigration Services had conducted all interviews with asylum seekers and made what are called “credible fear determinations” for those who arrive at the nation’s borders fleeing to the U.S. to escape persecution.

But in January, Department of Homeland Security officials issued a memorandum delegating authority from CIS to Customs and Border Protection to allow CBP agents to handle the early screenings, arguing their training was comparable to that of CIS. CBP and CIS are both agencies within the department.

“Poppycock!” U.S. District Judge Richard Leon wrote in his opinion blocking CBP from conducting the interviews of asylum seekers. [NPR story] (next IH, see Sept 4)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism & Voting Rights

August 28, 1917: woman suffragists picket President Woodrow Wilson in front of the White House. They demanded that he support an amendment to the Constitution that would guarantee women the right to vote.

Wilson had a history of lukewarm support for women’s suffrage, although he paid lip service to suffragists’ demands during political campaigns and greeted previously peaceful suffrage demonstrators at the White House with decorum. He was also a former teacher at a women’s college and the father of two daughters who considered themselves “suffragettes.” During the 1912 presidential campaign against Theodore Roosevelt, Wilson and his opponent agreed on many reform measures such as child-labor laws and pro-union legislation. They differed, however, on the subject of women’s suffrage, as Roosevelt was in favor of giving women the vote.

According to the Library of Congress’ American Memory archives, Wilson rode out of the White House gates that  morning with his wife at his side and tipped his hat toward the protesters as usual. By this time, though, the suffragists had become increasingly disruptive and brandished anti-World War I slogans on their placards in addition to pleas for the vote and later that day the protesters and outraged bystanders who supported the war clashed. Many of the women were arrested and thrown in jail. (see October)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Emmett Till terrorized and murdered

August 28, 1955: at approximately 2:30 in the morning Carolyn Bryant’s husband, Roy, his half brother J.W. Milam kidnapped Emmett Till from Moses Wright’s home. They then brutally beat, dragged him to the bank of the Tallahatchie River, shot him in the head, tied him with barbed wire to a large metal fan and shoved his mutilated body into the water.

Moses Wright reported Till’s disappearance to the local authorities. (see Emmett Till for more)

Albany Movement

August 28, 1962: Albany, GA police arrested and jailed seventy religious leaders from the North and Midwest during an anti-segregation protest at the City Hall. (see Albany for expanded story)

Black History/August 28, 1963
King

Martin Luther King, Jr delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech.

Malcolm X

Referring to the March as the “Farce on Washington, Malcolm X afterwards stated: If you’re going to get yourself a .45 and start singing “We Shall Overcome,” I’m with you. (next BH, see Aug 30, ; next MX, see Oct 11; next MLK, see Oct 10)

George Whitmore, Jr

Janice Wylie, a 21-year-old Newsweek magazine researcher and summer stock actress, and Emily Hoffert, a 23-year-old teacher, were stabbed to death in the apartment they shared at 57 E. 88th Street in Manhattan; Wylie was raped. Wylie is the daughter of Max Wylie, a New York novelist, playwright, and advertising executive. Hoffert is the daughter of a Minneapolis surgeon. The media will call it the Career-Girl Murders.

George Whitmore, Jr listened to King’s speech in his Wildwood, NJ home, but in seven months, Whitmore, an African-American drifter with a limited IQ, will be picked out of a photo lineup by a woman who had been assaulted. (next BH, see Aug 30; see Whitmore for the rest of the long sad story)

Philadelphia revolt

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

August 28 – 30, 1964: tensions between African American residents and police lead to 341 injuries and 774 arrests. [Philadelphia dot com article]  (see Sept 1)

Trayvon Martin Shooting

August 28, 2013:  Shellie Zimmerman, the wife of George Zimmerman pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge of perjury. She was placed on probation for one year, was required to perform 100 hours of community service, and must pay court costs. She also had to file a letter of apology within 30 days to Judge Kenneth Lester, who presided over her husband’s case at the time the perjury was committed. Recorded jailhouse phone calls between the couple caught the two speaking in code about their finances. By pleading guilty to a lesser charge of perjury not in an official proceeding, she avoided the original third-degree felony offense — perjury during an official proceeding — that could have meant time in prison. (see Sept 4)

Colin Kaepernick

August 28, 2016: Kaepernick met with the media two days after the game and for the first time since the protest gained national attention. He reiterated that he was acting to give a voice to people who didn’t have one.

“I’m going to continue to stand with the people that are being oppressed. To me, this is something that has to change. When there’s significant change and I feel that flag represents what it’s supposed to represent, and this country is representing people the way that it’s supposed to, I’ll stand.” (see Sept 11)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism
August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

August 28 Music et al

Wooden Heart

August 28 – September 3, 1961: based on a German folk song and made popular in the US by Elvis in the film G.I. Blues , “Wooden Heart” by Joe Dowell #1 Billboard Hot 100.

Something for Everybody

August 28 – September 17, 1961, Elvis Presley’s Something for Everybody is Billboard #1 album. (see Dec 18)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism
Bob Dylan

August 28, 1963: Bob Dylan and Joan Baez also perform at the King rally in Washington DC.  (see Oct 8)

The Beatles
1964 summer tour

August 28, 1964: Life magazine article reported that the Beatles’ 33-day tour of 23 American cities was a sell out at every location and was expected to gross millions. Beatles pandemonium at the time was such that some hotels along the tour route refused to house the Beatles, and Los Angeles’ Lockheed Airport forbade any Beatles plane from landing there for fear of screaming fans running on to the tarmac.

Bob Dylan and the Beatles meet

August 28, 1964: The Beatles played a concert at New York’s Forest Hills Tennis Stadium. After the concert, the group was taken back to their suite at the city’s Hotel Delmonico. Journalist Al Aronowitz had came down from Woodstock, NY with his friend Bob Dylan, and brought him up to The Beatles hotel suite. John Lennon asked Dylan what he’d like to drink, and Dylan said “cheap wine.” (see Dylan/Beatles for more; Dylan, see January 20, 1965)

Electric Dylan booed

August 28, 1965: (from The College of Rock and Roll Facebook page): Dylan kicked off his tour at NYC’s Forest Hills Tennis Stadium. This show is legendary, and for anyone who doubts that 1965 audiences heaped great scorn on Bob Dylan and his electric crew, all they need to do is listen to a a tape of the concert to hear the audience’s point of view. There was so much hostility directed toward the stage that it’s frightening. Coming as it does after the shocking Newport appearance with members of the Paul Butterfield Blues Band, the audience for the Forest Hills show pretty much knew what to expect, and the majority showed extreme displeasure during the electric half.

The first set, which was acoustic, was very well received. The crowd was quiet and respectful for the 45 minute opening set, which followed a typical top-40 disk jockey introduction more appropriate for a Dave Clark Five concert than a Bob Dylan concert. This show featured the debut of “Desolation Row”, from the Highway 61 album which was yet to be released (only a few days away, in fact). It’s a great performance and it went over very well with the crowd, who laughed appreciatively at the lyrics. It must have been amazing to sit there and hear a brand new masterpiece like “Desolation Row”.

After the well received acoustic half came to an end with “Mr. Tambourine Man”, the band set up for the second half. No doubt the crowd was gearing up for the hostility that was to follow. The crowd is so loud and belligerent at times that it becomes extremely hard to hear the music, but what can be heard is awesome. Levon lays down a muscular beat that drives the music forward and Robbie plays tough blues licks as only he can. Al Kooper pretty much plays the way only Al Kooper can. (see Aug 30)

Beatles failed escape

August 28, 1966: nearing the end of their final tour of America, The Beatles performed one show at Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles, California, before a crowd of 45,000. The Beatles’ attempt to escape from the stadium in an armored truck was thwarted when the main gate was found to be locked and The Beatles have to spend two hours in the back of the truck before they can leave the stadium. (see Aug 29)

Dear Prudence

August 28, 1968: started recording a new John Lennon song ‘Dear Prudence’. They built the song instrument by instrument, utilizing the 8-track equipment at Trident. John and George played guitars, while Paul plays drums to compensate for Ringo, who had quit The Beatles on August 22. (see Sept 3)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS

Arcadia, FL

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

August 28, 1987: a fire of suspicious origin destroyed the home of a couple whose three sons were hemophiliacs known to have been exposed to the virus that caused acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The fire capped a week of bomb and death threats against Clifford and Louise Ray, and their daughter and three sons, and a boycott of local schools. The boycott had been prompted by the Aug. 24 return to school of the three boys after a year’s absence.  (Rays, see Aug 29)

LGBTQ & Immigration History

August 28, 1987: the Reagan administration adopted a formal policy barring visas to people with the HIV infection. The policy was one of several similar policies that reflected both an indifference to the HIV/AIDS crisis and hostility to homosexuality.The policy was finally rescinded by the administration of President Barack Obama on January 5, 2010 when the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) removed HIV from the list of diseases that barred people from obtaining visas to enter the U.S. [AIDS timeline] (AIDS, see Aug 29; LGBTQ, see see June 22, 1988; IH, see October 30, 2009)

LGBTQ, Walmart

August 28, 2013: the nation’s largest private employer,announced that it will soon offer a full suite of benefits to its employees’ domestic partners, including those of the same sex. The change would take effect in all 50 states, independent of each state’s definition of what marriage, domestic partnership or civil union entails. The retail giant sent postcards to its staffers outlining changes to their health insurance policies for 2014, including news that “full-time associates can cover any spouse or domestic partner,” regardless of gender. [USA Today article] (see August 29)

Rowan County (Kentucky)

August 28, 2015: Rowan County (Kentucky) Clerk Kim Davis asked the U.S. Supreme Court to intervene on her behalf. Justice Elena Kagan will likely rule on Davis’ request. Kagan joined the majority opinion in June that effectively legalized gay marriage across the country.

Meanwhile, Rowan County Attorney Cecil Watkins said he’s referred a charge of “Official Misconduct” against Davis to the Kentucky Attorney General’s Office. (see Aug 31)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

August 28, 2003: the Supreme Court of Alabama removed a monument of the Biblical Ten Commandments from its courthouse rotunda. The monument had been installed on the orders of Chief Justice Roy Moore, triggering a federal lawsuit. In Glassroth v. Moore, the federal District Court for the Middle District of Alabama ordered Moore to remove the monument. This decision was upheld on appeal to the Eleventh Circuit. When Moore refused, he was removed from his post by the Supreme Court of Alabama. [Southeast Missourian article] (see November 21, 2011)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Hurricane Katrina

August 28, 2005: Katrina reached Category 4 intensity with 145 mph winds. By 7:00 AM CDT  it was a Category 5 storm, with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph , gusts up to 215 mph. In a press conference at roughly 10:00 AM CDT, Mayor Ray Nagin declared that “a mandatory evacuation order is hereby called for all of the parish of Orleans.” (see Aug 29)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Women’s Health

August 28, 2014: U.S. District Judge Lee Yeakel threw out new Texas abortion restrictions that would have effectively closed more than a dozen clinics statewide in a victory for opponents of tough new anti-abortion laws sweeping across the U.S.

Yeakel sided with clinics that sued over one of the most disputed measures of a sweeping anti-abortion bill signed by Republican Gov. Rick Perry in 2013. The ruling stops new clinic requirements that would have left seven abortion facilities in Texas come Monday, when the law was set to take effect. (BC, see Sept 1; Texas, see June 27, 2016)

August 28 Peace Love Art Activism

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Red River White League

August 27, 1874:  the Red River White League arrested six prominent white Republicans on the pretext that they were plotting a murderous Negro rebellion: Homer Twitchell (tax collector and brother of Marshall), Sheriff Edgerton, William Howell (parish attorney), Clark Holland and Monroe C. Willis (minor officials and brothers-in-law of Marshall Twitchell), and Robert Dewees (De Soto Parish tax collector). At the same time, League leaders rounded up twenty black Republicans. [Facing History article] (see Aug 29)

Jacksonville sit-ins

August 27, 1960: 16-year-old NAACP Youth Council President Rodney Hurst and dozens of his peers staged a peaceful sit-in protest at a “whites only” Woolworth’s lunch counter in downtown Jacksonville, Florida. Throughout that month, Youth Council members had successfully organized peaceful sit-ins at Morrison’s Cafeteria and other prominent lunch counters in the city. On this Saturday, however, the young black demonstrators were violently attacked by a mob of more than 200 white people armed with baseball bats and ax handles.
The attack began when white onlookers angered by the demonstration began spitting on the sit-in protesters and yelling racial slurs at them. When the black demonstrators refused to respond and continued sitting peacefully, the violence escalated. The white people beat the demonstrators with wooden ax handles and baseball bats and soon spread into the streets of downtown Jacksonville, attacking black people indiscriminately. According to reports, members of the Ku Klux Klan organized the “Ax Handle Saturday” attack, which left more than fifty people injured.
As bloodied and battered black children fled to a nearby church to seek refuge, many white police officers joined the mob violence, arrested the fleeing civil rights demonstrators, or did nothing. “The intent was to scare, intimidate, and bring physical harm,” Rodney Hurst later recalled. “Many times you could not draw a line between the Klan and law enforcement, because law enforcement were at least accomplices to a lot of the things the Klan did.” (see Aug 31 – Sept 6)

George Metcalfe

August 27, 1965: when Natchez NAACP President George Metcalfe started his car on the parking lot at Armstrong Tire in Natchez, Mississippi, a bomb planted inside his car exploded. He miraculously survived. The Silver Dollar Group was believed to be responsible for the assassination attempt. Nobody was ever charged. [Mississippi Civil Rights Project article] (see September)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Red Scare, McCarthyism &  the Cold War

BLACK HISTORY & TERRORISM

August 27, 1949: anti-Communist vigilantes attacked concert-goers with baseball bats and rocks and blocked a concert in Peekskill, New York (Westchester County) that featured the noted African-American singer Paul Robeson. Robeson was also a prominent left-wing activist who was very critical of U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War. The concert on this day was to be a fundraiser for the left-wing Civil Rights Congress, which had been included on the Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations. Robeson was lynched in effigy and a cross was set on fire. The concert was rescheduled and held on September 4, 1949.

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

Argus I

August 27, 1958:  “Argus I” of Operation Argus, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon in outer space when a 1.7-kiloton warhead was detonated at 124 miles altitude during a series of high altitude nuclear explosions. (see February 13, 1960)

Soviet Union

August 27, 1962: Soviet Union above ground nuclear test. 4.2 megaton. (see Sept 19)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

August 27 Music et al

Beatles meet Elvis

August 27, 1965: Elvis Presley & The Beatles met for the first and only time at Elvis’ home in Bel Air, CA. The Beatles came in with Brian Epstein, their manager. They walked up to Elvis and were introduced, and Elvis sat down. The Beatles all sat down on the floor right in front of Elvis, in a semi-circle, and they look up and they were just gaping and staring at him. There was this dead silence in the room until Elvis said, ‘Well, what-the-hell, if you guys aren’t going to talk to me I’m going to my bedroom’. And then everyone started to laugh and that broke the ice. They had a brief jam session after Paul McCartney offered to give Elvis some lessons on the bass. John Lennon asks why Elvis doesn’t record rock ‘n’ roll anymore.

When The Beatles left, John Lennon told Elvis’ friend Jerry Schilling to make sure that Elvis knew that “if it hadn’t been for him, The Beatles would be nothing.” (Beatles, see Aug 31; EP, see November 1, 1969)

Brian Epstein

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

August 27, 1967: Brian Epstein died in his London home from an accidental drug overdose of sleeping pills. John Lennon would later state: “The Beatles were finished when Eppy died. I knew, deep inside me, that that was it. Without him, we’d had it.” Paul McCartney, according to Beatles press agent Tony Barrow, felt that the Beatles might not be together and so Paul quickly planned the “Magical Mystery Tour” film project. (see Epstein for more; next Beatles, see Sept 1)

Parole denied

August 27, 2020: for the 11th time, a parole board at Wende correctional facility near Buffalo, New York, denied parole to Mark David Chapman.

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Irish Troubles

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

August 27, 1979:  Lord Mountbatten of Burma and 3 others were assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army. Mountbatten was a British admiral, statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. On the same day, the Warrenpoint ambush occurs: Provisional Irish Republican Army members attack a British convoy at Narrow Water, County Down, killing 18 British soldiers. [Washington Post article] (see Troubles for expanded story)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

FREE SPEECH

August 27, 1985: in American Booksellers Association v. Hudnut, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals struck down an Indianapolis anti-pornography ordinance as a violation of the First Amendment. The Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal, leaving the Circuit Court decision standing. The law had given individuals who felt they had been victimized by pornography the right to sue the producers and distributors of pornography. The law had been developed by feminist anti-pornography activists Andrea Dworkin and Catharine MacKinnon. It was strongly opposed by civil libertarians on First Amendment grounds. [Justia article]  (see July 7, 1986)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Dissolution of the USSR

INDEPENDENCE DAY

August 27, 1991:  Moldova declared independence from the Soviet Union. (Dissolution, see Aug 29; ID, see Aug 30)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

August 27, 2004:  President George W Bush acknowledged for the first time that he made a “miscalculation of what the conditions would be” in postwar Iraq [Reuters, 8/27/04] (see Aug 30)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Hurricane Katrina

August 27, 2005: Katrina reached Category 3 intensity. New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin announced a state of emergency and a called for a voluntary evacuation. (see Aug 28)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

Kim Davis

August 27, 2015: after Rowan County (Kentucky) Clerk Kim Davis again refused to issue a marriage license to William Smith Jr. and James Yates (for a third time), she temporarily closed her office. Davis had refused to issue marriage licenses to gay couples in the two months since the U.S. Supreme Court legalized gay marriage across the country.

A note taped to the doors of Davis’ office said: “sorry our office is closed for computer upgrades. ETA 1 hour.”  An entourage of deputy clerks walked out of the office and drove away. (see Aug 28)A

Catholic Charities of Buffalo

August 27, 2018: the Catholic Charities of Buffalo announced that it was ending its adoption program, citing New York’s ban on discrimination as the reason.

The organization had a contract with the Erie County Department of Social Services to place children in foster and adoptive families. State law in New York does not allow contracting organizations to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation.

Catholic Charities of Buffalo, though, said that placing children in homes with same-sex couples is not “consistent with the teaching of the church.” [LGBTQ Nation article] (see Oct 2)u

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

August 27, 2015: a U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruling made it easier for unions to bargain for better pay and working conditions on behalf of millions of workers at McDonald’s, Burger King and other fast-food chains. The ruling, which came from a case involving a waste management company and its staffing company, refined the board’s standard for determining when parties can be identified as employers.

The decision could have broader implications for unions that have struggled to organize workers at fast-food restaurants, which are often run by franchisees who consider themselves small business owners, but pay fees and adhere to standards set by companies like Wendy’s and Yum Brands, which owns KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell.  [NYT article] (see Sept 8)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism

Voting Rights

August 27, 2018: a panel of three federal judges again declared North Carolina’s congressional district map to be unconstitutional,  ruling that it was gerrymandered to unfairly favor Republican candidates.

The decision was likely to be appealed to the US Supreme Court

The three judges had ruled unanimously in January that the state’s House map violated the First and 14th Amendments by unfairly giving one group of voters — Republicans — a bigger voice than others in choosing representatives. (see May 3, 2019)

August 27 Peace Love Art Activism