August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

August 29, 1874:  a panel of Coushatta’s leading citizens conducted a trial of the white prisoners arrested on August 27. Late in the day, after hours of grilling, Homer Twitchell, Sheriff Edgerton, and the other white prisoners, in return for a promise of safe passage to Shreveport, resigned their offices and promised in writing to leave the state and never return.

At the same time, the White League issued a proclamation over the signatures of Abney, Pierson, Julius Lisso, and other town leaders, alleging that the prisoners were evil men who had indoctrinated “vicious ideas into the minds of the colored people of Red River, and array[ed] them against the true interest of the country.” [Facing History article] (see Aug 30)

Emmett Till

August 29, 1955:  J. W. Milam and Roy Bryant were arrested on kidnapping charges in LeFlore County in connection with Till’s disappearance. They are jailed in Greenwood, Mississippi and held without bond. (see Emmett Till for expanded story)

Voting Rights

August 29, 1957: Democratic Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina, an ardent segregationist, sustained the longest one-person filibuster in history in an attempt to keep the Civil Rights Act of 1957 from becoming law. His one-man filibuster lasted 24 hours and 18 minutes; he began with readings of every state’s election laws in alphabetical order. Thurmond later read from the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and George Washington’s Farewell Address.

Despite Thurmond’s action, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the first federal civil rights legislation since 1875. The legislation set up the US Commission on Civil Rights and the Civil Rights Division of the US Department of Justice.  [NPR story] (BH, see September; VR, see Sept 9 )

Bob Moses

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29, 1961: Bob Moses, leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), pursued a voter registration drive in Amite County, Mississippi, where only one African American was allowed to vote. When Moses tried to sign up two more voters, he was attacked and beaten. He filed charges against his white attackers, who were acquitted. [Mississippi Freedom Summer article]  (see Sept 22)

George Whitmore, Jr

August 29, 1993: Richard Robles, 50 years old, had served 29 years in prison, one of the longest sentences in the state penal system. The Parole Board, citing “the seriousness of the crime,” has denied him parole five times. Prison officials said that of the state’s 65,000 inmates, only 20 have been imprisoned longer than Mr. Robles. (see Whitmore for expanded story)

Attica Prison Riot

August 29, 2000: [from the NYT] “Declaring that inmates beaten in the 1971 Attica prison uprising were treated ‘like garbage,’ a federal judge divided an $8 million settlement… to compensate more than 500 inmates and relatives for the abuse that the prisoners suffered. The allotment of the landmark settlement caps one of the longest and most ignominious chapters in American criminal justice history, fleshing out a deal reached in January between New York State and lawyers representing 1,281 former inmates.

At more than 200 pages, the settlement filed…also functions as a harrowing encyclopedia of personal anecdotes, incorporating months of testimony from nearly 200 former inmates who stood before Judge Michael A. Telesca of Federal District Court here and recounted how the uprising and siege at the prison in western New York left 43 people dead, 80 wounded and countless more psychologically scarred.

And now, after almost three decades of waiting and legal maneuvering, the former inmates are scheduled to receive their shares by October, barring an appeal by any inmate.” (BH, see Nov 7; APR, see January 13, 2005)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

National Association of Letter Carriers

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29, 1889: sixty letter carriers from 18 states meet in a room above Schaefer’s Saloon on Plankinton Avenue in Milwaukee. They unanimously adopt a resolution to form a National Association of Letter Carriers. [NALC site] (see Oct 25)

Lusty Lady Club

August 29, 1996: dancers at San Francisco’s Lusty Lady Club vote 57-15 to be represented by SEIU Local 790. Their first union contract, ratified eight months later, guaranteed work shifts, protection against arbitrary discipline and termination, automatic hourly wage increases, sick days, a grievance procedure, and removal of one-way mirrors from peep show booths [LL site] (Labor, see August 19, 1997; Feminism, see Oct 3)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

August 29 Music et al

Roots of Rock

August 29, 1958: Alan Freed’s Big Beat Show opened at the Fox Theatre in Brooklyn. Those performing included Frankie Avalon, Jimmy Clanton, Chuck Berry, Bobby Freeman, Bill Haley and his Comets and The Elegants. (see Dec 25)

The Casbah

August 29, 1959: the opening night of a new social club for teenagers, based in the cellar of a large Victorian house at 8 Hayman’s Green, Liverpool. The club was called The Casbah and run by Mona Best, mother of Pete Best and owner of the house. She had bought it after winning a horse racing bet in the 1954 Epson Derby; it had previously been owned by the West Derby Conservative Club, and had 15 bedrooms and an acre of land.

Mona Best had the idea for opening the club after seeing a television report on the 2i’s Coffee Bar in London’s Soho district. The Casbah was intended as a members-only club for Pete, his younger brother Rory, and their friends.

She charged half a crown for annual membership, and served soft drinks, snacks and cakes. The Casbah also had, unusually for the time, an espresso coffee machine. When there weren’t live performances Mona played records on a small Dansette record player, amplified through a 3″ speaker.

The Les Stewart Quartet, with George Harrison and Ken Brown on guitars, had been booked to perform on the opening night, but they cancelled after Stewart and Brown had an argument: Brown had missed a rehearsal as he had been helping Mona Best decorate the club.

As 300 membership cards had already been sold, Mona Best didn’t want to cause disappointment on the club’s opening night. Harrison suggested the Quarrymen play instead, and so they went round to arrange the booking. At this point their line-up was John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ken Brown. They didn’t have a drummer at the time, so they played without one.

John, Paul and George went around to see Mona, who told them they were welcome to play but she was still painting the cellar for the club’s opening the following week. The three boys grabbed paintbrushes and helped her finish it off. John mistook gloss for emulsion – because of his short sight – which took days to dry. Cynthia Powell also helped, and painted a silhouette of her future husband John Lennon on the wall; it can still be seen there today. (see Oct 31)

Hullabaloo

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August 29, 1966: NBC-TV’s Hullabaloo’s last show. Replaced by The Monkees TV show. (see Sep. 12)

The Beatles final live concert

August 29, 1966: performed their final live concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The Park’s capacity was 42,500, but only 25,000 tickets were sold, leaving large sections of unsold seats. Fans paid between $4.50 and $6.50 for tickets.

George Harrison: “We’d done about 1,400 live shows and I certainly felt this was it. It was nice to be popular, but when you saw the size of it, it was ridiculous, and it felt dangerous because everybody was out of hand. Even the cops were out of line….It was a very strange feeling. For a year or so I’d been saying, “Let’s not do this anymore.’ And then it played itself out, so that by 1966 everybody was feeling, ‘We’ve got to stop this.’ I don’t know exactly where in 1966, but obviously after the Philippines we thought, ‘Hey, we’ve got to pack this in.'” (see Sept)

Mark David Chapman

August 29, 2016: the NY State Board of Parole denied parole to Mark David Chapman on the grounds that his crime was premeditated and celebrity-seeking in nature. The board said Chapman’s release would deprecate the seriousness of the crime. (see January 18, 2017)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

August 29, 1962: the dangerous long-range side-effects of DDT and other pesticides was the subject of a press-conference question to President John F. Kennedy. In his reply, he acknowledged Rachel Carson’s ground-breaking environmental book on the subject (Silent Spring) and stated that the government was taking a closer look at this. [the book was not yet published] (see page for more) (see Sept 27)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

The Cold War & Cuban Missile Crisis

August 29, 1962: a high-altitude U-2 surveillance flight provided conclusive evidence of the existence of missile sites at eight different locations in Cuba. (see CMC for expanded story)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

August 29, 1970:  Los Angeles Times journalist Ruben Salazar was shot and killed by Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department deputies at a National Chicano Moratorium Against the Vietnam War protest rally. The Moratorium rally was broken up by LASD deputies who used tear gas, and Salazar was shot and killed in the resulting chaos. In 1971 Salazar was posthumously awarded the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award.  No one was ever prosecuted for the killing, and his death remains an important symbol of discrimination against Latinos in Southern California. (PBS piece) (see Sept 25)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism

August 29, 1983: Columbia College, the last U.S. all-male Ivy League college, and a part of Columbia University, admits women to its freshman class for the first time in its 229-year history. [Columbia article] (see September 17, 1983)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS

August 29, 1987: having had their house fire-bombed the day before,  Louise Ray said that her family would leave DeSoto County. “I never thought it would go this far,” she said.  (Rays, see December 13, 1992; AIDS, see Aug 31)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Dissolution of the USSR

August 29, 1991: after three hours of anguished debate, the Soviet Parliament voted to suspend all activities of the Communist Party pending an investigation of its role in the coup. It was an action that confirmed the demise of the old regime even as the search quickened for new forms of association and order. The fate of the party was already sealed before Parliament’s vote. Individual republics had closed its offices and seized its vast properties and funds and President Mikhail S. Gorbachev had quit as its General Secretary and had called on the leadership to step down. But Parliament was the only national institution with the formal powers to act against the entire organization, and its decision served to confirm the indictment already passed by the people. (see Aug 30)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Nominations

August 29, 1996, Democrats re-nominated Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Hurricane Katrina

August 29, 2005: Katrina’s storm surge causes 53 different levee breaches in greater New Orleans, submerging eighty percent of the city. (see Aug 30)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

August 29, 2006:  Donald Rumsfeld calls war critics “quitters” who “blame America first” for giving “the enemy the false impression Americans cannot stomach a tough fight”  (see Sept 8)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

Marijuana

August 29, 2013: the federal government took an historic step back from its long-running drug war when Attorney General Eric Holder informed the governors of Washington and Colorado that the Department of Justice would allow the states to create a regime that would regulate and implement the ballot initiatives that legalized the use of marijuana for adults.

Holder told the governors in a joint phone call early Thursday afternoon that the department would take a “trust but verify approach” to the state laws. DOJ is reserving its right to file a preemption lawsuit at a later date, since the states’ regulation of marijuana is illegal under the Controlled Substances Act. (see Sept 2)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

IRS

August 29, 2013:  the Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service announced that they will recognize all legally married same-sex for federal tax purposes, regardless of whether the state where they live recognizes the marriage.

The federal rules change was one of many stemming from the landmark Supreme Court decision in June that struck down the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act. That ruling found that same-sex couples were entitled to federal benefits, but left open the question of how the federal government would actually administer those benefits.

“Imagine a pair of women who marry in Albany and then move to Alabama,” Justice Antonin Scalia wrote at the time of the decision. “May they file a joint federal income tax return? Does the answer turn on where they were married or where they live?” [IRS article] (see Aug 30)

Justice delayed

August 29, 2017: Defense Secretary Jim Mattis kicked President Trump’s proposed ban on transgender people serving in the military down the road, announcing that transgender service members would continue to be allowed to serve pending the results of a study.

Mr. Mattis said that he was establishing a panel of experts, serving within the Pentagon and the Homeland Security Department, whose task would be to “provide advice and recommendations on the implementation of the president’s direction.” [NYT article]

Evangelical bias

August 29, 2017: a coalition of over 150 evangelical leaders released a manifesto reiterating their belief that marriage should be between a man and a woman.

Titled the “Nashville Statement,” the document also asserts that God created two distinct sexes, that sex should only occur within the bounds of heterosexual marriage, and that “it is sinful to approve of homosexual immorality or transgenderism.”

The statement emerged out of a meeting convened by the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood at the Southern Baptist Convention’s Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission’s annual conference in Nashville. It consisted of 14 statements of affirmation and denial relating to human sexuality. [Huff Post article] (see Oct 15)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

FREE SPEECH

August 29, 2017: U.S. District Judge Jed Rakoff dismissed a lawsuit against the New York Times by former U.S. vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin, who claimed the newspaper had defamed her in an editorial linking her to a 2011 mass shooting.

Rakoff, in Manhattan, said that while the June editorial may have contained errors, it was not plausible those errors were made maliciously, which a public figure like Palin must prove to win a defamation lawsuit. [NYT article]  (see May 23, 2018)

August 29 Peace Love Art Activism

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