August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

August 24, 1877:  The Gatling Gun Co.—manufacturers of an early machine gun— wrote to B&O Railroad Co. President John W. Garrett during a strike, urging their product be purchased to deal with the “recent riotous disturbances around the country.” Said GGC, “Four or five men only are required to operate (a gun), and one Gatling … can clear a street or block and keep it clear” [Popular Mechanics story] (see July 1881)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

The Road to Bethel and the Woodstock Festival

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

First annual Maverick Festival

August 24, 1915: (from The Road to Woodstock, by Michael Lang) the first annual Maverick Festival. A flyer promised “wild sports going on” and the dancer Lada, who “illumes beautiful music like poems, and makes you feel its religion…you cry, it is so esquisite to see….All this in the wild stone-quarry theatre, in the moonlight, with the orchestra wailing in rapture, and the jealous torches flaring int eh wind! In the afternoon, there is also a concert, with a pageant, and strange doings on the stage….There will be a village that will stand but for a day, which mad artists have hung with glorious banners and blazoned in the entrance through the woods.”

Bacchanalian fetes

In the 1920s, “there were bacchanalian fetes, with ecentric celebrants wearing handmade costumes for all-night revelry.” (see Chronology for expanded story)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Ben Hart

August 24, 1923: from EJI  storya 34-year-old black farmhand Ben Hart was killed based on suspicion that he was a “Peeping Tom” who had that morning peered into a young white girl’s bedroom window near Jacksonville, Florida. According to witnesses, approximately ten unmasked men came to Hart’s home around 9:30 p.m. claiming to be deputy sheriffs and informing Hart he was accused of looking into the girl’s window. Hart professed his innocence and readily agreed to go to the county jail with the men, but did not live to complete the journey.

Shortly after midnight the next day, Hart’s handcuffed and bullet-riddled body was found in a ditch about three miles from the city. Hart had been shot six times and witnesses reported seeing him earlier that night fleeing several white men on foot who were shooting at him as several more automobiles filled with white men followed.

Police investigating Hart’s murder soon determined he was innocent of the accusation against him; he was at his home 12 miles away when the alleged peeping incident occurred. (see February 8, 1925)

SCOTTSBORO BOYS Travesty

August 24, 1952: Haywood Patterson died of cancer. He was 39 years old. (see SB for expanded story)

Emmett Till 

August 24, 1955:  Emmett Till and a group of teenagers entered Bryant’s Grocery and Meat Market in Money, Mississippi to buy refreshments after a long day picking cotton in the hot afternoon sun. What exactly transpired inside the grocery store that afternoon is unknown. Till purchased bubble gum and some of the kids with him would later report that he either whistled at, flirted with, or touched the hand of Carolyn Bryant, the store’s white female clerk and wife of the owne. (see Till for more)

Medgar Evers assassination

August 24, 1992: the Mississippi Supreme Court delayed indefinitely the third trial of Byron De La Beckwith in the 1963 assassination of Medgar Evers, civil rights leader. The court said it would decide later if the state may prosecute Beckwith in the 29-year-old case. Beckwith’s lawyers had asked the court to review a lower court’s refusal to dismiss the murder charge, which they say violated Beckwith’s right to a speedy trial and due process. [1994 NYT story] (BH, see, Nov 3; ME, see December 16)

Dee/Moore Murders

August 24, 2007: James Ford Seale, a reputed Ku Klux Klansman, was sentenced to three life terms for his role in the 1964 abduction and murder of Henry Hezekiah Dee and Charles Eddie Moore in Mississippi. [2016 San Diego Union Tribune story on Seale’s death] (BH, see Sept 27; D/M, see September 9, 2008)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

The Red Scare

August 24, 1954: President Dwight Eisenhower signed into law [text of his statement] the Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party. This was the first American law ever to outlaw a specific political party or group. The law also outlawed membership in the Communist Party or support for a “Communist-action” organization. Apart from two minor cases, no administration tried to enforce it, and the Supreme Court has never ruled on its constitutionality.

This law is not to be confused with the Smith Act, passed on June 29, 1940, which made it a crime to advocate the violent overthrow of the government. The top leaders of the Communist Party were convicted of violating the Smith Act, and on June 4, 1951, in Dennis v. United States, the Supreme Court upheld the convictions and the constitutionality of the Smith Act. NYT article (see Sept 4)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

August 24, 1958: France became the world’s fourth thermonuclear power as it exploded a hydrogen bomb in the South Pacific. (see Aug 27)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam & South Vietnam Leadership

Roger Hilsman Jr

August 24, 1963: assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern affairs, Roger Hilsman Jr, took it upon himself to draft a cable to new US Ambassador to Vietnam, Henry Cabot Lodge, stating that the US government could no longer tolerate a situation in which “power lies in Nhyu’s hands.” Lodge was to tell key military leaders that “we must face the possibility that Diem himself cannot be preserved.” Kennedy on vacation and preoccupied with other domestic matters, approved the cable. South Vietnam’s military leaders backed off from a coup. [2014 NYT Hilsman obit] (Vietnam , see Sept 21; SVL, see Nov 1)

Sterling Hall Bombing

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

August 24, 1970: the Sterling Hall Bombing occurred on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus. It was committed by four young people as a protest against the University’s research connections with the US military during the Vietnam War and resulted in the death of a university physics researcher, 33-year-old researcher Robert Fassnacht and injuries to three others. (Vietnam, see Sept 6; Cambodia, see Sept 25)

1964 Democratic National Convention

August 24 – 27, 1964: at the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated for a full term with Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota as his running mate. NYT article

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

August 24 Music et al

The Beatles
LSD

August 24, 1965: Roger McGuinn and David Crosby (of the Byrds) and Peter Fonda among others visited the Beatles in Beverly Hills, CA during a break in their tour. LSD was used by all except Paul McCartney. The Beatles credit the Byrd’s musical influence on the subsequent recording of their subsequent Revolver album. (Beatles, see Aug 25; LSD, see August 31; Revolver, see August 5, 1966)

Mark David Chapman

August 24, 1981: Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison. [NY Daily News story] (see February 10, 1986)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

Dissolution of the USSR & INDEPENDENCE DAY

August 24, 1991:  Ukraine declared independence from Soviet Union. (see Aug 25)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism

Women’s Health

August 24, 2015: Mercy Medical Center in California, part of a Catholic hospital system, operated under binding “ethical and religious directives” issued by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Applying these directives, which refer to sterilization for the purpose of contraception as “intrinsically evil,” had denied Rachel Miller’s doctor’s request to perform a tubal ligation, but under the threat of a potential lawsuit from the ACLE approved a the doctor’s request. (see Aug 31)

August 24 Peace Love Art Activism
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