February 7 Peace Love Activism

February 7 Peace Love Activism

February 7 Peace Love Activism

Technological Milestone

First gas streetlight

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1817: the first gaslit streetlights appeared on the streets of Baltimore, MD. (see October 26, 1825)

Space

February 7, 1984: American astronaut Bruce McCandless became the first person to fly untethered in space during the flight of the space shuttle Challenger. (NASA bio)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

US Labor History

Immigration History

February 7, 1887: the O’Neill bill was passed which amended the Contract Labor Law of 1885. It added three major sections to the original act. The problem was largely that although the law was sweeping in its prohibition of labor contracts, it was virtually impossible to enforce.


The new sections charged the secretary of the treasury with enforcement of the act, gave him power to establish needful rules and regulations, and provided that prohibited persons were to be sent back on arrival. (IH, see March 12, 1888; LH, see Nov 1)

Sugar refinery explosion

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 2008: a huge explosion and fire at the Imperial Sugar refinery northwest of Savannah, Georgia, kills 14 and injures 38 people. The explosion was fueled by massive accumulations of combustible sugar dust throughout the packaging building. An investigation by the U.S. Chemical Safety Board stated that the explosion had been “entirely preventable,” noting that the sugar industry had been aware of the risk of dust explosions since 1926.  (CSB report) (see Feb 13)

BLACK HISTORY

Marcus Garvey

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1923: Edward Young Clarke, Imperial Giant of the Ku Klux Klan, came New York City from Atlanta, GA and appeared before the Federal Grand Jury as a witness against Garvey, who would to be tried on February 20 on a charge of defrauding investors in the Black Star Line. (BH, see Feb 13; MG, see June 21)

Carter G. Woodson

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1926: Negro History Week, originated by Carter G. Woodson, was observed for the first time. (see Sept 1)

 Medgar Evers & News Music

February 7, 1964: a Jackson, Mississippi jury, trying Byron De La Beckwith for the murder of Medgar Evers in June 1963, reported that it  could not reach a verdict, resulting in a mistrial. The jury Was 7-5 for acquittal. 


Phil Ochs had already released his composition “Ballad of Medgar Evers. (Black History, see Feb 10; Evers, see April 6; NM, see Mar 21)



UK’s National Front

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1967: in the UK, the ultra-right National Front political party forms. Its slogan: “We must secure the existence of our people and a future for White Children

Viola Liuzzo

February 7, 1997:  from the NYT, “Last week, a Confederate battle flag was spray-painted on a monument in Hayneville, Ala., to Viola Liuzzo.”  (BH, see May 16; MS, see Mar 7, 2015)

Alabama & 13th Amendment

February 7, 2013: Charles A. Barth, director of the Federal Register, wrote back to Mississippi Secretary of State, Delbert Hosemann, that he had received the resolution: “With this action, the State of Mississippi has ratified the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.”  (see Feb 13)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

Vietnam

US recognizes Emperor Boa Dai

February 7 Peace Love Activism

February 7, 1950: the United States recognized Vietnam under the leadership of Emperor Bao Dai, not Ho Chi Minh who was recognized by the Soviets. (see May 8


Viet Cong attack spurs US bombing

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1965: National Liberation Front commandos attacked a US helicopter base and advisory compound in the central highlands of South Vietnam. The attack killed seven Americans and wounded 80. President Johnson immediately ordered U.S. Navy fighter-bombers to attack military targets just inside North Vietnam. (see Feb 8)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

Pledge of Allegiance

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1954: in the past, some American presidents had honored Lincoln’s birthday by attending services at the church Lincoln attended in Washington, DC, [the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church] by sitting in Lincoln’s pew on the Sunday nearest February 12. On February 7, 1954, with President Eisenhower sitting in Lincoln’s pew, the church’s pastor, George MacPherson Docherty, delivered a sermon based on the Gettysburg Address titled “A New Birth of Freedom.” He argued that the nation’s might lay not in arms but its spirit and higher purpose. He noted that the Pledge’s sentiments could be those of any nation, that “there was something missing in the pledge, and that which was missing was the characteristic and definitive factor in the American way of life.” He cited Lincoln’s words “under God” as defining words that set the United States apart from other nations.


President Eisenhower, baptized a Presbyterian the previous  February, responded enthusiastically to Docherty in a conversation following the service. (see Feb 8)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

February 7 Music et al

Van Gelder Studios

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1960: Hank Mobley recorded his “Soul Station” album in Van Gelder Studios of Rudy Van Gelder in Englewood Cliffs, NJ. After having gained a reputation in the mid-Fifties for the quality of the recordings he made in the living room at his parents’ house in Hackensack, New Jersey, Van Gelder moved to a new facility in Englewood Cliffs in 1959. The structure was inspired by the work of Frank Lloyd Wright and bore some resemblance to a chapel, with 39-foot ceilings and fine acoustics. Critic Ira Gitler described the studio in The Space Book (1964) liner notes:”In the high-domed, wooden-beamed, brick-tiled, spare modernity of Rudy Van Gelder’s studio, one can get a feeling akin to religion.” (see Apr 4)


The Beatles

Please Please Me

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1963: “Please Please Me”/ “Ask Me Why” released as single on Vee-Jay label.  Dick Biondi, a disc jockey on WLS in Chicago and a friend of Vee-Jay executive Ewart Abner, played the song on the radio thus becoming the first DJ to play a Beatles record in the US. It reached No. 35 on WLS music survey in March, but did not chart nationally; not on Billboard. Note the misspelling…Beattles. (see Mar 3)


Beatles arrive in USA

February 7, 1964: arrive in the US and are greeted by thousands of screaming fans at NYC’s Kennedy Airport. (see Feb 9)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

INDEPENENENCE DAY


February 7, 1974: Grenada independent of United Kingdom.  (see June 25, 1975)

Feminism

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1983: Elizabeth Dole becomes the first woman to serve as the U.S. Secretary of Transportation. (see May 23)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

IRAQ

Iran invades Iraq
February 7 Peace Love Activism
Iraqi troops

February 7, 1983: Iran opened an invasion in the southeast of Iraq.(see March 5, 1984)


US invades Kuwait

February 7, 1991: US ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Kuwait starting the ground phase of the war. (see Feb 23)

Dissolution of the USSR


February 7, 1990: the Central Committee of the Soviet Union’s Communist Party agreed to endorse President Mikhail Gorbachev’s recommendation that the party give up its 70-year long monopoly of political power. The Committee’s decision to allow political challenges to the party’s dominance in Russia was yet another signal of the impending collapse of the Soviet system. (see Mar 15)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

The Euro

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1992: members of the European Community signed the Maastricht Treaty in Maastricht, Netherlands. The Treaty created the European Union and eventually to the creation of the single European currency, the euro.

TERRORISM

February 7 Peace Love Activism


February 7, 1995: Ramzi Yousef, the alleged mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, was arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.  (see November 13, 1995)

Sexual Abuse of Children


February 7, 2005: Paul Shanley convicted of four charges relating to offences committed in the 1980s including rape and indecent assault. (Sexual; abuse, see Feb 15; Shanley, see July 28, 2017)


LGBTQ


February 7, 2012: the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in California ruled 2–1 that Proposition 8, the 2008 referendum that banned same-sex marriage in state, was unconstitutional because it violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. In the ruling, the court said, the law “operates with no apparent purpose but to impose on gays and lesbians, through the public law, a majority’s private disapproval of them and their relationships.” (see Feb 13)

February 7 Peace Love Activism

Marijuana


February 7, 2014: the farms bill signed by President Obama included a provision that legalizes hemp cultivation for research purposes. Under the new law, universities and state departments of agriculture would be authorized to cultivate hemp for research purposes in states where its been legalized; prior to this law, a license from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) was required to research hemp, a license which was virtually impossible to receive. Nine states in the U.S. that hadlegalized hemp cultivation; California, Oregon, Colorado, Montana, West Virginia, Vermont, North Dakota, Kentucky and Maine. (see Feb 14)


February 7 Peace Love Activism

Immigration History


February 7, 2017: the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit heard August E. Flentje , a Justice Department lawyer said courts should not second-guess President Trump’s targeted travel ban.


The appeals court judges sometimes seemed taken aback by the assertiveness of the administration’s position, which in places came close to saying the court was without power to make judgments about Mr. Trump’s actions. (see Feb 9)


February 7 Peace Love Activism
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