March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Julian Bond

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

March 15, 1960: Julian Bond, civil rights activist and future Georgia state senator, led more than 200 Atlanta area students in the first sit-in protest in Atlanta, challenging segregated public accommodations. They presented “An Appeal for Human Rights” to city officials. (next BH, see Apr 1; Atlanta,  see Greensboro Four  for expanded chronology)

Orangeburg, SC

March 15 Peace Love Activism

March 15, 1963: Tom Gaither, Student Council President at Claflin College, and South Carolina State College freshman Charles “Chuck” McDew together led nearly 1,000 students on a peaceful march in downtown in Orangeburg, S.C., to protest segregation and support the sit-ins. Police attacked them with tear gas and fire hoses. Hundreds of marchers were herded behind fences in one of the largest mass arrests in the civil rights movement. Two years later, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned their convictions. (see Apr 2)

Voting rights

March 15, 1965: President Lyndon B. Johnson addressed a joint session of Congress to urge the passage of legislation guaranteeing voting rights for all. (BH, see Mar 16; VR, see August 10, 1965)

Hosie Miller

March 15, 1965: in Newton, Georgia Cal Hall, a white farmer, shot Hosie Miller, a black farmer and Baptist deacon, during a livestock dispute. Miller died ten days later. Hall, claimed he killed Miller in self-defense, was charged at least three times in connection with Miller’s death, but grand juries declined to prosecute him each time. (see Mar 16)

Rodney King

March 15, 1991: Sgt. Stacey Koon and officers Laurence Michael Powell, Timothy Wind, and Theodore Briseno indicted by a Los Angeles grand jury in connection with the beating.  (BH, see Apr 24; King, see May 10)

137 SHOTS

March 15, 2018: Cleveland’s Fox 8 reported that defense attorneys for the five Cleveland police supervisors charged in connection with the fatal shootings of Timothy Russell and Malissa Williams said that East Cleveland offered to drop their charges if they each paid $5,000,.

The supervisors would still go on trial on dereliction of duty charges, but Law Director Willa Hemmons made the offer to drop the charges if they paid the money. Defense lawyer Henry Hilow told FOX 8 the offer was made to him twice.

“And there’s no basis for it in law, no basis for a practicing attorney. In fact, to a lay person, this would be extortion,” he told the station.

East Cleveland Mayor Brandon King told the station he was aware of it, but waited to comment until the law director was with him.

A letter from Hemmons said she intended to prosecute, but the city also looked to “mitigate charges.” (see Mar 22)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

March 15 Music et al

The Beatles

March 15, 1963: in the US, the Beatles’ “Please Please Me” peaked at number 35 after four weeks on Chicago’s WLS “Silver Dollar Survey” chart. The song did not chart on any of the major national American surveys. (see Mar 22)

Dizzy

March 15 – April 11, 1969: “Dizzy” by Tommy Roe #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

March 15, 1999: Paul McCartney and George Martin inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  (see Dec 30)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

My Lai Massacre

March 15, 1970: the Army pressed charges against 25 men, including Captain Eugene Koutoc (aggravated assault,) Colonel Oran Henderson (dereliction of duty, failure to report a war crime, perjury,) and Brigadier General George Young (dereliction of duty, failure to obey lawful regulations.) (next Vietnam see Apr 2; see My Lai for expanded story)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Irish Troubles

March 15, 1981:  Francis Hughes, an Irish Republican Army (IRA) prisoner in the Maze Prison, joined Bobby Sands on hunger strike.  (Hughes obit from anphoblacht dot com) (see Irish Troubles for expanded story)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Dissolution of the USSR & INDEPENDENCE DAY

Lithuania

Lithuania had declared it’s independence on March 11, 1990. On  March 15  the Soviet Union announced that Lithuania’s declaration of independence was invalid. (see Dissolution, see May 4; ID, see Mar 21)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Somalia

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

March 15, 1994: U.S. troops begin withdrawing from Somalia. They will complete the withdrawal on March 25. (NYT article)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Occupy

March 15, 2012: Scott Olsen‘s attorney stated that Olsen was hit in the head by a beanbag projectile, not a teargas canister, fired by a policeman during the October protest. “The fact that it was a beanbag shot, which was not what we thought, puts it in a completely different light,” said Mark Martel, who is preparing to file a claim against Oakland. “If he was hit by a tear gas canister, that would just be stupid or negligent. But if it was a beanbag – those are meant to hit people, and it tells me that whoever did it, did it intentionally.” (see July 21, 2015)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

March 15, 2017: since Confederate battle flag was no longer flying at the State Capitol in Columbia, South Carolina, the NCAA allowed tournament games to be held in South Carolina for first time in 15 years

Since 2002, the N.C.A.A. had kept its championships out of states flying the flag. When the South Carolina Legislature passed a bill in 2015 ending the flag’s display on the statehouse grounds, the NCAA lifted that restriction.

The timing proved fortuitous when, a year later, the N.C.A.A. imposed a similar championship ban on neighboring North Carolina because of a contentious law seen by its critics as anti-gay. Just like that, tournament games set to be held in Greensboro, N.C., this week needed a new home. Greenville was happy to step in. (LGBTQ & NC, see Mar 30)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

Fuel economy rollback

March 15, 2017: President Trump traveled to Detroit to announce a rollback of stringent fuel economy standards for cars and trucks that were put in place by the Obama administration — a welcome message to American automakers but one that could slow the push for a new generation of efficient vehicles. (EI, & Emissions, see Mar 24)

Student protest

March 15, 2019: students worldwide skipped classes to demand that world leaders take action on climate change.

The movement, inspired by the actions of 16-year-old Swedish environmental activist Greta Thunberg, spanned more than 100 countries and 1,500 cities, where students gathered in the streets and at their state capitols to call for action.

Today, the tens of thousands, maybe hundreds of thousands, maybe millions of kids who are striking around the world are doing it not because we want to skip school, but because we are scared,” 12-year-old Haven Coleman, who co-founded and co-directed the US Youth Climate Strike, said at a news conference in Washington, D.C.

Climate change is the largest threat to our lives, our future and our world,” she said.

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

Refugee ban stayed

March 15, 2017: U.S. District Judge Derrick K. Watson in Hawaii issued a sweeping freeze of President Trump’s new executive order, hours before it would have temporarily barred the issuance of new visas to citizens of six Muslim-majority countries and suspended the admission of new refugees.

In a blistering, 43-page opinion, Watson pointed to Trump’s own comments and those of his close advisers as evidence that his order was meant to discriminate against Muslims and declared there was a “strong likelihood of success” those suing would prove the directive violated the Constitution.

Watson declared that “a reasonable, objective observer — enlightened by the specific historical context, contemporaneous public statements, and specific sequence of events leading to its issuance — would conclude that the Executive Order was issued with a purpose to disfavor a particular religion.”

He lambasted the government, in particular, for asserting that because the ban did not apply to all Muslims in the world, it could not be construed as discriminating against Muslims. (Vox dot com article) (see Mar 16)

Trump’s Wall

March 15, 2019: as he had said he would, President Trump vetoed the bill denying his declaration of a national emergency to fund a southern border wall. (IH, see Mar 19; TW, see )

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

TERRORISM

March 15, 2018:  the Anti-Defamation League’s Center on Extremism reported that from May 20, 2017, through March 12, 2018 it had found 72 episodes of white supremacists hanging banners in public places, such as from highway overpasses and rooftops, to promote their views.

Before that period, the A.D.L. had not documented any white supremacist banners since Dec. 11, 2016, said Jake Hyman, a spokesman for the group.

Most of those documented in the report were racist or anti-immigrant in nature, with messages ranging from “America first: End immigration” to “‘Diversity’ is a code word for white genocide.” Others were anti-Muslim (a banner displayed on an overpass near Dearborn, Mich., home to one of the largest mosques in North America, read “DANGER: Sharia city ahead”), anti-Semitic (“UNjew HUMANITY”) or misogynistic (“Feminists deserve the rope”). (T, see May 4; IH, see Mar 26, F, see Mar 22; BH, see Mar 25)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism

DEATH PENALTY

March 15, 2018: Michael Eggers had a personal and family history of mental illness. His brother was institutionalized in a mental hospital with schizophrenia, and family observed that Michael showed symptoms similar to his brother.

In 1985, when he was 17, narcotics officers in California compelled him to make some controlled marijuana purchases. Since then, Mr. Eggers believed that the Mexican Mafia and other outlaw groups, law enforcement agencies, and the government were conspiring to persecute him — following him from California as he fled to eight different states to evade them; checking into the psych ward to torment him when he was involuntarily committed for emergency psychiatric care; and even killing his father in retaliation for the killing of his former employer in Walker County, Alabama, in 2000.

Jail and prison authorities recognized Mr. Eggers’s mental illness and treated him with anti-psychotic medications. Correctional officers observed he was paranoid, delusional, and suicidal, and placed him in protective custody after he tried to kill himself.

Alabama executed Michael Eggers on this date after a judge allowed him to fire his attorneys and abandon his appeals despite his mental illness. (see Mar 19)

March 15 Peace Love Art Activism
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