March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

US Labor History
Exclusion Act

March 12, 1888: six years after the Exclusion Act (May 6, 1882) the Chinese government agreed to its fundamental principles. Under pressure from the U.S., the Chinese signed a treaty agreeing not to allow any laborers to immigrate to America. Only in 1943, when China became a valuable ally in the war against Japan, did the U.S. finally abandon this policy. (text of act) (LH, see August 29, 1889; IH, see January 1, 1892)

Unaccompanied Minors Permitted

March 12, 2022: following a public health reassessment, the CDC Director terminated with respect to unaccompanied noncitizen children an Order under Title 42 that had suspended the right to introduce certain persons into the United States. In effect, this meant that unaccompanied noncitizen children would no longer be expelled from the United States under CDC’s order.

CDC initially temporarily excepted unaccompanied noncitizen children from expulsion in January 2021, and later formally excepted such children from subsequent orders.  On March 4, 2022, the District Court for the Northern District of Texas issued a preliminary injunction “enjoining and restraining” CDC from enforcing its orders to the extent that they except unaccompanied noncitizen children from the Title 42 procedures based solely on their status as unaccompanied children.  The court found that CDC had not adequately explained its decision to treat unaccompanied noncitizen children differently than other non citizens subject to the CDC orders.  [CDC announcement] (next IH, see Mar 24)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History


March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

March 12, 1912: the Lawrence, Mass., “Bread and Roses” textile strike ended when the American Woolen Co. agreed to most of the strikers’ demands, (DPLA article) (LH, see June 4; Feminism, see March 3, 1913)

Oregon Steel Mills, Inc.

March 12, 2004: steelworkers approved a settlement with Oregon Steel Mills, Inc and its CF & I Steel subsidiary, ending the longest labor dispute in the USWA’s history and resulting in more than $100 million in back pay for workers. (see Jul 15)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

Cold War

March 12, 1947: in a speech to a joint session of Congress, President Harry S. Truman asked for U.S. assistance for Greece and Turkey to forestall communist domination of the two nations. Historians have often cited Truman’s address, which came to be known as the Truman Doctrine, as the official declaration of the Cold War. (text of speech) (see Mar 21)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism


School Desegregation

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

March 12, 1956: ninety-six U.S. congressmen from eleven southern states signed the “Southern Manifesto,” a pledge to resist the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision, which declared segregated schools unconstitutional (May 17, 1954). Notably, three Southern Senate Democrats did not sign the Manifesto: Sen. Estes Kefauver (D–Tennessee); Sen. Albert Gore, Sr. (D–Tennessee), father of future Vice President Al Gore, Jr.; and most important, Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson (D–Texas). Historians believe that Johnson’s refusal to sign was an indication of his ambitions to become president of the U.S. and his need to disavow segregation.  (PBS article) (BH, see Mar 13; SD, see February 20, 1958)

Albany Movement

March 12, 1963: in Albany, GA, five Black high school-age girls were turned away from two white theaters by the assistant manager of the chain. “We don’t want your business,” the manager told them. (see Albany for expanded story)

Malcolm X

March 12, 1964: though remaining a Muslim, Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam. (BH, see Mar 20; Malcolm X, see Mar 26)

Mississippi Sovereignty Commission

March 12, 1998: many of the long-sealed records of the Mississippi Sovereignty Commission, a state segregationist spy agency, were opened after a federal judge’s order. The records showed that the commission infiltrated civil rights groups, smeared African Americans and, at times, cooperated with members of the Ku Klux Klan. (Mississippi Department of Archives and History article) (see May 28)

Medgar Evers

March 12, 2019: the home of Medgar and Myrlie Evers became a national monument. The federal government will take over the three-bedroom, ranch-style home from Tougaloo College, a historically black institution that has maintained the Evers home since 1993, when the property was donated to the school by the Evers family. The home was designated a national historic landmark in 2016 and is open by appointment for tours. (see ME for expanded Evers chronology)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism


March 12 – April 15, 1966:  SSgt Barry Sadler’s  Ballad of the Green Beret  the Billboard #1 album. (see Mar 25)

Senator Eugene McCarthy

March 12, 1968: Senator Eugene McCarthy (D-Minnesota), an outspoken critic of the Johnson administration’s policies in Vietnam, polled 42 percent of the vote in New Hampshire’s Democratic presidential primary. President Lyndon B. Johnson got 48 percent. A Harris poll later showed that anti-Johnson, rather than antiwar, sentiment provided the basis for McCarthy’s surprisingly strong performance. (see Mar 14)

First Australian Task Force

March 12, 1972: the last remnants of the First Australian Task Force withdrew from Vietnam. The Australian government had first sent troops to Vietnam in 1964 with a small aviation detachment and an engineer civic action team. In May 1965, the Australians increased their commitment with the deployment of the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (RAR). The formation of the First Australian Task Force in 1966 established an Australian base of operations near Ba Ria in Phuoc Tuy province. The task force included an additional infantry battalion, a medium tank squadron, and a helicopter squadron, as well as signal, engineer, and other support forces. By 1969, Australian forces in Vietnam totaled an estimated 6,600 personnel. (see Mar 30)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

March 12 Music et al

Velvet Underground

March 12, 1967: the Velvet Underground and Nico released first album.

George Harrison and Pattie Boyd

March 12, 1969:  the London drug squad raided George Harrison and Pattie Boyd’s home. Boyd immediately called Harrison who returned to find his home turned upside down. He is reported to have told the officers “You needn’t have turned the whole bloody place upside down. All you had to do was ask me and I would have shown you where I keep everything.”

Without his assistance, the constables, including Sergeant Pilcher who had directed the drug-related arrest of John Lennon the previous year, had already found a considerable amount of hashish. Harrison and Boyd were arrested and as they were being escorted to the police station, a photographer began shooting pictures of the famous couple. Harrison chased after the photographer, with the cops trailing right behind him down the London street. Finally, the man dropped his camera and George stomped on it before the officers subdued him.

Harrison and Boyd were released on bail. A few weeks later, Harrison and Boyd were allowed to plead guilty. Despite the rather large amount of hash recovered from their home, the authorities were satisfied that it was all for their personal use. They were fined 250 pounds each, and even had a confiscated pipe returned to them. 

Sergeant Pilcher, the man behind the raid, was convicted of planting drugs in other cases and went to jail in 1972. 

Paul McCartney married Linda Eastman

March 12, 1969: Paul McCartney married Linda Eastman at Marylebone Register Office. Harrison and Boyd missed the wedding. (see Mar 20)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

Independence Day

Mauritius independent from United Kingdom (next ID, see Sept 6)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism


The Capitol Crawl

March 12, 1990: hundreds of people with disabilities gathered at the foot of the Capitol building in Washington to protest the Americans with Disabilities Act bill’s slow movement through Congress. Dozens left behind their wheelchairs, got down on their hands and knees, and began pulling themselves slowly up the 83 steps toward the building’s west entrance, as if daring the politicians inside to continue ignoring all the barriers they faced. Among the climbers was Jennifer Keelan, an eight-year-old from Denver with cerebral palsy. “I’ll take all night if I have to!” she yelled while dragging herself higher and higher. (Mother Jones article) (see July 26)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism


Church of England

March 12, 1994: the Church of England ordained its first female priests. (next Feminism  see May 22)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

Muntader al-Zaidi

March 12, 2009:  Muntader al-Zaidi, the Iraqi journalist who threw his shoes at President George W. Bush during a news conference in December 2008 was sentenced to three years in jail. Al-Zaidi, had pleaded not guilty, saying at a hearing that he was overcome by passion because of the suffering of the people of Iraq after the American-led invasion six years ago that toppled Saddam Hussein.  (2015 article) (see Apr 7)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

Westboro Baptist Church

March 12, 2014:  U.S. District Judge Fernando Gaitan Jr upheld a Missouri law requiring protesters to stay at least a 100 year away from funeral sites, beginning an hour before they start until an hour after the services end. The ruling capped a nearly eight-year legal fight over Missouri’s funeral protest restrictions that were prompted after members of a Kansas church opposed to homosexuality protested at the funeral of a Missouri solider who had been killed in Iraq. (see Mar 19)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism

Charles Manson

March 12, 2018: in a messy legal battle over Charles Manson’s remains and belongings, Judge Alisa R. Knight of the Bakersfield Division of the Superior Court of California ruled that Jason L. Freeman, the apparent grandson of Manson, was entitled to the remains.

Three other men who had also staked claims — a purported friend who said he filed Mr. Manson’s will in court; and two people, including a purported son, who filed a joint petition — could not refute Freeman’s assertion, the judge said. (see Mar 17)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism


March 12, 2018: U.S. District Court Judge George L. Russell III of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland ruled that federal law protected transgender students’ right to use the restroom and locker rooms in alignment with their gender identity.

In M.A.B. v. Board of Education of Talbot County, Talbot County Public Schools (MD) policy forced Max Brennan (M.A.B.), who is transgender, to use separate restrooms and locker rooms because he was transgender.

Russell was specific in his ruling: “M.A.B.’s claims come down to a boy asking his school to treat him just like any other boy. This court finds that Title IX and the Equal Protection Clause provide M.A.B. grounds to do so.” (see Mar 23)

March 12 Peace Love Art Activism