May 22 Peace Love Activism

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

Native Americans

May 22, 1623: a mass poisoning carried out by the English as part of an attempted assassination of the Pamunkey leader Opechancanough.

English soldiers gave poisoned wine to 200 Powhatans, members of a confederacy of about 30 Native groups. The historical record is unclear on how many of those who were poisoned died.

In 2008, officials erected a historical marker in West Point, a small hamlet in Virginia’s King William County. Set at an intersection about 20 miles north of Williamsburg, the plaque is titled “Indians Poisoned at Peace Meeting.” [Smithsonian article] (next NS, February 25, 1642)



Amnesty Act of 1872

May 22, 1872: President Ulysses Grant signed the Amnesty Act of 1872. It ended voting restrictions and office-holding disqualifications against most of the Confederate troops and secessionists who rebelled against the Union in the Civil War. The act conferred these rights to over 150,000 former Confederate troops with the exception of some 500 military leaders of the Confederacy. [Gilder Institute article] (see Dec 8)

Dr. Richard Harris

May 22, 1961: for two days, the freedom riders and civil rights  leaders took shelter and plot strategy at the Montgomery home of prominent African-American pharmacist Dr. Richard Harris. [video interview w Harris’s daughter] (see May 23)

George Whitmore, Jr

May 22, 1965: The New York State Association of Trial Lawyers and the Northern New York Conference of the Methodist Church urged Governor Rockefeller to sign a bill that would virtually abolish capital punishment in the state. (see Whitmore for expanded story)

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing

May 22, 2002: a jury in Birmingham, AL convicted former KKK member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of Addie Mae Collins (then 14), Denise McNair (then 11), Carole Robertson (then 14), and Cynthia Wesley (then 14) in the attack. [CNN article] (see Oct 28)

Stacey Abrams

May 22, 2018: Georgia Democrats selected the first black woman to be a major party nominee for governor in the United States, choosing Stacey Abrams, a liberal former State House leader

Abrams also became Georgia’s first black nominee for governor. The region that had not had an African-American governor since Reconstruction. (BH, see May 24; Feminism, see June 5)

The Clotilda

May 22, 2019: researchers confirmed that the remains of the Clotilda, the last known slave ship to arrive in the United States, had been found along the Mobile River, near 12 Mile Island and just north of the Mobile Bay delta.

The authentication and confirmation of the Clotilda was led by the Alabama Historical Commission and SEARCH Inc., a group of maritime archaeologists and divers who specialize in historic shipwrecks. [Smithsonian article] (next BH, see June 12)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

Emma Goldman

William Buwalda

On April 26, 1908 Emma Goldman had lectured on patriotism at Walton’s Pavilion in San Francisco. A United States soldier (private first-class), William Buwalda, attended the lecture in uniform and was witnessed shaking her hand. Within two weeks, he was court-martialed in violation of the 62nd Article of War, and found guilty by a military court, dishonorably discharged and sentenced to five years at hard labor on Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, California. On  May 22 his sentence was commuted to three years’ hard labor, in deference to his 15 years of excellent military service and the assumption of a temporary lapse in judgment under the sway of an “anarchist orator.”  [Tenement dot org article] (see Dec 31)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

May 22, 1920: Civil Service Retirement Act of 1920 gave federal workers a pension. [OPM article] (see August 1, 1921)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

Cold War

May 22, 1947: Congress enacted the Truman Doctrine when it appropriated military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey. [US Office of the Historian article] (see May 29)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

see May 22 Music et al for more

May 22, 1941: Bruce Rowland, drummer for Joe Cocker at Woodstock, born.

Fear of Rock

May 22, 1955: authorities in Bridgeport, Connecticut, cancelled a Fats Domino concert because of the dangers of “Rock and Roll.” This was one of many controversies and censorship efforts involving rock and roll in the early years. Similar rock and roll concert cancellations due to local officials’ fear of possible violence occurred in Boston, Atlanta, Newark and Asbury Park, New Jersey, and Burbank, California. See Elvis Presley’s first appearance on the Ed Sullivan television show (September 9, 1956) and controversies over the film Blackboard Jungle, which opened with Bill Haley’s Rock Around the Clock on the soundtrack (August 26, 1955). (see July 9)

Ernie K Doe

May 22 – 28, 1961: “Mother-in-Law” by Ernie K Doe #1 Billboard Hot 100.

GI Blues

May 22 – June 11, 1961: Elvis’s GI Blues returned to Billboard’s #1 album for a fourth time. (see Aug 28)

Jimi Hendrix

May 22, 1962: Hendrix received a mental hygiene consultation. Lieutenant Lanford H DeGeneres reported: “There are no disqualifying mental defects sufficient to warrant disposition through medical channels…. The individual…has the mental capacity to understand and participate in the board proceedings.” (see Hendrix for expanded military chronology)

Ticket to Ride

May 22 – 28, 1965, The Beatles’ “Ticket to Ride” #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. (see June 14)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism


May 22, 1964: in a speech before the American Law Institute in Washington, D.C., Secretary of State Dean Rusk explicitly accused North Vietnam of initiating and directing the aggression in South Vietnam. U.S. withdrawal, said Rusk, “would mean not only grievous losses to the free world in Southeast and Southern Asia but a drastic loss of confidence in the will and capacity of the free world.” He concluded: “There is a simple prescription for peace–leave your neighbors alone.” (see May 24)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism


May 22, 1978:  the US Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit affirms Judge Decker’s February 23, 1978 ruling that the three ordinances adopted by the Skokie Village Board aimed at preventing Frank Collin and his Nationalist Socialist party sympathizers from marching in Skokie are unconstitutional as violative of the 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. [Chicago Tribune article] (see May 25)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism


Harvey Milk

May 22, 1979: approximately 10,000 people gathered on San Francisco’s Castro and Market streets for a peaceful demonstration to commemorate what would have been Harvey Milk‘s 49th birthday. (see July 12)


May 22, 2008: Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley signed into law a domestic partnership bill allowing same-sex couples in Maryland some – but not all – of the benefits that marriage afforded. The law took effect on July 1, 2008. (see June 17)


May 22, 2013: Ireland became the first-ever country to approve same-sex marriage by referendum, voting overwhelmingly to approve it despite opposition from clergy in the heavily Catholic nation. Reuters said in the vote “more than 60 percent of eligible voters cast their ballot, the highest turnout at a referendum there in over two decades.” [Guardian article] (see June 5)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

Irish Troubles

Kieran Doherty

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

May 22, 1981:  Kieran Doherty, an Irish Republican Army prisoner in the Maze Prison, joined the hunger strike. [2016 Irish News article] (see Troubles for expanded story)

Good Friday Peace accord

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

May 22, 1998: voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland cast ballots giving resounding approval to a Northern Ireland peace accord. [BBC article] (see Oct 16)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism


May 22, 1994: Pope John Paul II issued the Apostolic Letter Ordinatio Sacerdotalis from the Vatican, expounding the Catholic Church’s position requiring “the reservation of priestly ordination to men alone.” [text] (see May 26, 1994)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism


May 22, 1998: federal Judge Norma Holloway Johnson ruled that the Secret Service must testify before the grand jury in the Monica Lewinsky controversy. (see Clinton for expanded story)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

Voting Rights

May 22, 2017: in Cooper v. Harris the Supreme Court struck down 5 – 3 two North Carolina congressional districts, ruling that lawmakers had violated the Constitution by relying too heavily on race in drawing them. The court rejected arguments from state lawmakers that their purpose in drawing the maps was not race discrimination but partisan advantage. Election law experts said the ruling would make it easier to challenge voting districts based partly on partisan affiliations and partly on race. [Oyez article] (see June 5)

Women’s Health

May 22, 2020: Evofem Biosciences, Inc. announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration had approved Phexxi™ (lactic acid, citric acid and potassium bitartrate) vaginal gel for the prevention of pregnancy in females of reproductive potential for use as an on-demand method of contraception.

Phexxi was the first non-hormonal, on-demand, vaginal pH regulator contraceptive designed to maintain vaginal pH within the normal range of 3.5 to 4.5 – an acidic environment that is inhospitable to sperm. [2021 NYT article on Evofem CEO Saundra Pelletier](next WH, see June 29)

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

May 22, 2021: the Biden administration extended special protections to Haitians living temporarily in the United States after being displaced by a devastating 2010 earthquake, reversing efforts by the previous administration to force them to leave the country.

The decision, announced by the secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, Alejandro N. Mayorkas, makes good on President Biden’s campaign promise to restore a program that shields thousands of Haitian migrants from the threat of deportation under the restrictive policies put in place under President Donald J. Trump.

Mayorkas said the new 18-month designation, known as temporary protected status, would apply to Haitians already living in the United States as of May 21. [NYT article} (next IH, see May 24).

May 22 Peace Love Art Activism

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