February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Technological Milestone

February 19, 1878:  Thomas Edison received a patent for his phonograph. (see October 21, 1879)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Cultural Milestone


February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19, 1906: Will Keith Kellogg  founded the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company (W.K. Kellogg Company) to manufacture breakfast cereals (cornflakes). (see February 8, 1910)

Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood

February 19, 1968: Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood premiered on National Educational Television. Host Fred Rogers created the half-hour educational children’s television series. It hd originated in 1963 as Misterogers on CBC Television, and was later re-branded in 1966 as Misterogers’ Neighborhood and later Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood on the regional Eastern Educational Network (CM, see Apr 2; Mr Rogers, see August 31, 2001)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

February 19, 1923: in United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind, the US Supreme Court unanimously decided that Bhagat Singh Thind, an Indian Sikh man who identified himself as a “high caste aryan, of full Indian blood,” was racially ineligible for naturalized citizenship in the United States.

In 1919, Thind had filed a petition for naturalization under the Naturalization Act of 1906 which allowed only “free white persons” and “aliens of African nativity and persons of African descent” to become United States citizens by naturalization. (next IH, see May 26, 1924)


Moore v. Dempsey

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19, 1923: in Moore v. Dempsey, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-2 that mob-dominated trials violated the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. In 1919, African-American sharecroppers had gathered in a church at Elaine, Ark., to discuss fairer prices for their products. White men fired into church, leading to three days of fighting and the killing of five white men and more than 100 black men, women and children. A white committee appointed by the governor concluded the black men planned to kill all the whites. More than 700 African-American men were arrested with 67 sent to prison and a dozen to Death Row. The Supreme Court reversed the cases on appeal, concluding the trial had been prejudiced by a white mob outside yelling that if the black men weren’t sentenced to death, the mob would lynch them. The court decision was a major victory for African Americans and the NAACP, which had represented the men. (PBS article) (next BH, see June 21; next Lynching, see April 29 or see AL3 for expanded chronology of early 20th century lynching)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism


1930 Production Code

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19, 1930: almost from the birth of the movies in America, films faced censorship efforts. Beginning in the early 1920s, leaders of the motion picture industry tried various methods to impose self-censorship on Hollywood films as a strategy to head off government censorship. One version was published in Variety magazine on this day. The 1930 Production Code spelled out specific restrictions on “offensive” language and behavior, particularly regarding sex and crime, and prohibited the ridicule of religion. It also forbade the depiction of illegal drug use, venereal disease, childbirth, and sexual relations between races.

Catholic religious leaders especially had turned up the heat on Hollywood, calling for strict moral standards and a Code of Conduct for movie content. Four years later, on June 13, 1934, facing threats of boycotts of “indecent” films, Hollywood adopted the famous and puritanical Production Code that imposed rigid censorship on American movies that lasted until the 1960s. (see Mar 31)

Speaker Ban Law

February 19, 1968: a three-judge federal district court in Greensboro, North Carolina ruled that state’s Speaker Ban Law was unconstitutional and violated First Amendment protections of free speech. Governor Moore did not appeal the decision. (North Carolina History article) (FS, see Apr 22; RS, see January 14, 1975; North Carolina, see May 17, 1995)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Japanese Internment Camps

Executive Order 9066

February 19, 1942: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed and issued Executive Order 9066 authorizing the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones. Eventually, EO 9066 cleared the way for the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps. By June, the government relocated more than 110,000 Japanese Americans to remote internment camps built by the U.S. military in scattered locations around the country. During the course of World War II, 10 Americans were convicted of spying for Japan. Not one was of Japanese ancestry. (see Internment for expanded story)

Proclamation 4417

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19, 1976: in a largely symbolic act in the Bicentennial year, President Gerald Ford on this day issued Proclamation 4417, officially rescinding President Franklin Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066, authorizing the evacuation of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast. President Ford rescinded Roosevelt’s order on the same day Roosevelt had acted, thirty-four years later. (See February 19, 1942.)  Although a  symbolic act, President Ford’s order was an important statement, nonetheless. The treatment of the Japanese-Americans in World War II is regarded by many as the greatest civil liberties tragedy in American history. Congress passed the Civil Liberties Act on August 10, 1988, apologizing to the Japanese Americans and providing reparations of $20,000 to each surviving victim. (Ford Library article) (see Internment for expanded chronology)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism


February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

February 19, 1963: W.W. Norton and Co published The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan. The book gave voice to the discontent and confinement women experienced in their societal roles as housewives and helped to spark the development of the Women’s Liberation Movement. (NYT review) (see  Apr 7)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam/South Vietnam Leadership

February 19, 1965: some units of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam commanded by General Lâm Văn Phát and Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo launched a coup against General Nguyễn Khánh, the head of South Vietnam’s ruling military junta. Their aim was to install General Trần Thiện Khiêm, a Khánh rival who had been sent to Washington D.C. as Ambassador to the United States to prevent him from seizing power. The attempted coup reached a stalemate, and although the trio did not take power, a group of officers led by General Nguyễn Chánh Thi and Air Marshal Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, and hostile to both the plot and to Khánh himself, were able to force a leadership change and take control themselves with the support of American officials, who had lost confidence in Khánh. (V & SVL, see Feb 20)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

see February 19 Music et al for more

Rock Venues

February 19, 1966: Jefferson Airplane and Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin performed at the Fillmore Auditorium. (see March 8, 1968)

Billboard Hot 100

February 19 – 25, 1966 – “Lightnin’ Strikes” by Lou Christie #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Billboard #1 album

February 19 – March 4, 1966 — Herb Albert’s Whipped Cream and Other Delights is the Billboard #1 album. It is one of the most famous album covers of all time. (see Whipped Cream for more)

The Beatles
Paul McCartney

February 19, 1972: Paul McCartney released “Give Ireland Back to the Irish.” BBD immediately banned the song. (see Mar 23)

George Harrison

February 19, 1981:  George Harrison was ordered to pay ABKCO Music the sum of $587,000 for “subconscious plagiarism” between his song, “My Sweet Lord” and the Chiffons “He’s So Fine.” (see May 11)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism


The National Planning Conference of Homophile Organizations

February 19, 1966: The National Planning Conference of Homophile Organizations, held in Kansas City, Missouri, on this day, was arguably the first such national meeting of the various homosexual organizations in the U.S. (Enacademic article) (see Apr 1)

Southern Baptist Convention

February 19, 2013: The executive committee of the 16-million member Southern Baptist Convention passed a resolution stating that a proposal to alter the Boy Scout ban on gays would “place the…organization at odds with a consistent biblical worldview on matters of human sexuality, making it an organization that would no longer complement, but rather contradict, our belief in God and His moral precepts that serve as the basis for our Christian faith.” (see Mar 26)



February 19, 2015:

  • a same-sex couple wed in Texas, despite the state’s ban on gay marriage. Sarah Goodfriend and Suzanne Bryant were granted a court order for medical reasons: Goodfriend had been diagnosed and treated for ovarian cancer. Judge David Wahlberg ordered Travis County Clerk Dana Debeauvoir to grant a license to the couple because they are “medically fragile.”
  • later the Texas Supreme Court imposed a stay on county court rulings striking down the state’s gay marriage ban. A short statement on the state supreme court website said the justices had issued a special order: “The Texas Supreme Court has granted a stay of two trial court rulings that Texas’ constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriages violates constitutional protections to equal protection and due process of law.” (see Feb 20)
February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Symbionese Liberation Army

February 19, 1974: as ordered by the SLA, Randolph Hearst announced that he would create People in Need (P.I.N.), a food distribution program. P.I.N. director Ludlow Kramer expected that the program would feed 100,000 people for twelve months with $2 million. (see Patty Hearst for expanded story)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

February 19, 1975: NLRB v. J. Weingarten, Inc., was a case decided by the US Supreme Court that ruled that employees in unionized workplaces had the right under the National Labor Relations Act to the presence of a union steward during any management inquiry that the employee reasonably believes may result in discipline. (see  Dec 23)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS & Ryan White

February 19, 1986: Howard County judge refused to issue an injunction against White. (see Ryan White for expanded story)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism


February 19, 1998: Ken Starr’s chronology showed presidential friend Vernon Jordan began seeking a private-sector job for Monica Lewinsky within 72 hours of her being listed as a potential witness in the Paula Jones civil rights lawsuit against President Bill Clinton. (see Clinton for expanded story)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

The Cold War


February 19, 2008: an ailing Fidel Castro resigned the Cuban presidency after nearly a half-century in power. (see Feb 24)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

February 19, 2020: the NYT reported that oil and gas production might be responsible for a far larger share of the soaring levels of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, in the earth’s atmosphere, new research has found.

The findings, published in the journal Nature, added urgency of efforts to rein in methane emissions from the fossil fuel industry, which routinely leaks or intentionally releases the gas into air.

“We’ve identified a gigantic discrepancy that shows the industry needs to, at the very least, improve their monitoring,” said Benjamin Hmiel, a researcher at the University of Rochester and the study’s lead author. “If these emissions are truly coming from oil, gas extraction, production use, the industry isn’t even reporting or seeing that right now.” (next EI, see Apr 16)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

Women’s Health

February 19, 2021: U.S. District Court Judge Mary Geiger Lewis granted a two-week temporary restraining order regarding the “South Carolina Fetal Heartbeat and Protection from Abortion Act” while the case,  brought by Planned Parenthood, worked its way through the legal system. [NPR story] (next WH, see Mar 5)

February 19 Peace Love Art Activism

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