January 1 Peace Love Activism

January 1 Peace Love Activism

January 1 Peace Love Activism

Native Americans

January 1, 1698: the Abenaki Indians and Massachusetts colonists signed a treaty halting hostilities between the two. (see February 20, 1725)


Law bans slave trade
January 1, 1808: a U.S. law banning the import of slaves comes into effect, but was widely ignored. (see January 8, 1811)
William Lloyd Garrison
January 1, 1830:  William Lloyd Garrison published the first edition of a journal entitled The Liberator, calling for the complete and immediate emancipation of all slaves in the United States. (see August 21 - 22, 1831)
Emancipation Proclamation
January 1 Peace Love Activism
January 1, 1863: The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued to the executive agencies of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. It was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces; it was not a law passed by Congress. It proclaimed all slaves in Confederate territory to be forever free; that is, it ordered the Army to treat as free men the slaves in ten states that were still in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. at that time. (see May 1)
Rosewood lynching

January 1 Peace Love Activism

January 1, 1923: in Sumner, Florida, Fannie Taylor, a sixteen-year-old married white woman, claimed she had been assaulted by Jesse Hunter, a black fugitive from a prison chain gang. There was no evidence against Hunter, but local white men began to search for Jesse Hunter, Aaron Carrier and Sam Carter who were believed to be accomplices.  Carrier was captured and incarcerated while Carter was lynched. The white mob suspected Aaron's cousin, Sylvester Carrier, a Rosewood resident of harboring Hunter. (see Jan 2) 

Immigration History

January 1 Peace Love Activism

January 1, 1892: the Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York opened. Three large ships landed on the first day and 700 immigrants passed over the docks. Almost 450,000 immigrants were processed at the station during its first year. (NYT article about a "rosy-cheeked Irish girl")(see May 5)
Feminism & Voting Rights
January 1 Peace Love Activism
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns picketing the White House with others for the National Woman’s Party
January 1, 1919: from the New York Times: Riotous scenes were enacted tonight in front of the White House when soldiers, sailors, and citizens undertook to end a “watch fire” demonstration...by sentinels of the National Woman’s Party as a protest against the failure of the Senate to pass the equal suffrage resolution.  Lucy Burns arrested in during the watch-fire demonstrations, and served one 3-day and two 5-day sentences.(F & VR, see  Jan 5)

Technological Milestone

January 1, 1954: NBC broadcast the first coast-to-coast color TV program as it presented live coverage of the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, Calif. (see Apr 26)



January 1

January 1, 1956: Sudan independent from Egypt and United Kingdom. (see Mar 20)

January 1

January 1, 1960: Cameroon independent from France and the United Kingdom. (see Apr 4)

January 1

January 1, 1962: Samoa independent from New Zealand. (see July 7)

January 1

January 1, 1984: Brunei independent of the United Kingdom. (see February 16, 1990)
Velvet Divorce
January 1


January 1
Czech Republic
January 1, 1993: dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Slovakia and the Czech Republic separate in the so-called Velvet Divorce. (see May 24)

Cold War

January 1

January 1, 1959: Fidel Castro's forces overthrew the Fulgencio Batista. (NYT article) (see Jan 7)

 January 1 Music et al

Beatles audition
January 1, 1962: The Beatles and Brian Poole and the Tremeloes both auditioned at Decca Records, a company which has the option of signing one group only. Decca told The Beatles that "guitar groups" were on the way out and did not offer them a contract and signed The Tremeloes instead. Other record companies turned the Beatles down as well. One of the songs the Beatles sang was Hello Little Girl, the first song written by John Lennon (in 1957).  (see Apr 8)
Beatles tour Scotland
January 1, 1963: The Beatles began a concert tour of Scotland. (see Jan 2)
The Sounds of Silence
January 1 – 7, 1966: “The Sounds of Silence” by Simon and Garfunkel #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.
FM rock
January 1, 1967: FM stations were no longer allowed to simply simulcast their AM counterpart. Birth of so-called “underground" rock radio. (see Apr 7)


Binh Gia
January 1 - February 7, 1965: Vietcong forces mount a series of attacks across South Vietnam. They briefly seize control of Binh Gia, a village only 40 miles from Saigon. Two hundred South Vietnamese troops are killed near Binh Gia, along with five American advisors. (see Jan 27)
Troop decline
January 1, 1972: 133,000 U.S. servicemen remained in South Vietnam. Two thirds of America's troops had gone in two years. The ground war was almost exclusively the responsibility of South Vietnam, which had over 1,000,000 men enlisted in its armed forces. (see Jan 27)

US Labor History

TWU/Mike Quill
January 1, 1966: members of the Transport Workers Union (TWU) and Amalgamated Transit Union working for the New York City Transit Authority began what would be a successful twelve day strike. TWU leader Mike Quill and eight other union leaders were arrested for violating an injunction issued to end the strike. “I don’t care if I rot in jail,” Quill said, “I will not call off the strike.” (NYT article)(see Jan 20)
César E. Chávez
January 1, 1972: despite the disclaimers of Federal officials, an unemployed laborer who describes himself as a paid police informer insisted that certain farmers in the San Joaquin Valley of California ordered the assassination of César Chávez, the farm union leader. (see Jan 25)
January 1 Peace Love Activism


LA Black Cat
January 1, 1967: the Los Angeles police raided the Black Cat, a gay bar in the city, on this day. The raid was followed by months of protests by members of PRIDE (Personal Rights in Defense and Education). Its newsletter evolved into The Los Angeles Advocate in September 1967, and later The Advocate, which became a leading lesbian and gay rights magazine. (see Nov 9)
Maryland bans same-sex marriage
January 1, 1973: Maryland became the first state to pass a statute banning marriage between same-sex couples when it includes in its Family Law Code a line reading, "Only a marriage between a man and a woman is valid in this State." (see Mar 7)
Vermont legalized same-sex marriage
January 1, 2009: same-sex marriage became legal in Vermont. (Vermont, see Apr 7; LGBTQ see Apr 2)
New Hampshire legalized same-sex marriage
January 1, 2010: same-sex marriage became legal in New Hampshire. (see Jan 5)
Florida legalized same-sex marriage
January 1, 2015: federal judge Robert Hinkle, who earlier had overturned the state's ban on same-sex marriages, ordered all county clerks to begin issuing same-sex marriage licenses beginning January 6 — ending a long, litigious battle that included almost a dozen lawsuits, most of which are still before appeals courts.

Prior to his order, there was confusion over which clerks were allowed to issue the licenses, but Hinkle clarified the broad scope of his ruling.

"Reasonable people can debate whether the ruling in this case was correct and who it binds," Hinkle wrote. "There should be no debate, however, on the question whether a clerk of court may follow the ruling, even for marriage-license applicants who are not parties to this case."

His words were directed at the Washington County clerk, who was named in the federal lawsuit. But he added that his order applies not just to that clerk but to all county clerks in Florida. The judge pointed out that clerks who chose not to issue licenses opened themselves up to further lawsuits. (see Jan 9)

Cultural Milestone

January 1, 1970:  California becomes the first state to adopt a "no fault" divorce law, which allowed couples to divorce by mutual consent. (see Feb 26)


Ms. magazine

January 1 Peace Love Activism

January 1, 1972: Ms. Magazine, which initially appeared as an insert in New York Magazine in December 1971, founded by Gloria Steinem and its first independent issue published in July. The magazine becomes an important mouthpiece of the feminist movement. (see March 22, 1972)
Institute for Research on Women
January 1, 1976: The Institute for Research on Women (IRW) founded at Douglass College, Rutgers University.  Its mission was to promote dialogue between academics on different campuses by holding conferences, lectures, and colloquia. The IRW becomes a prominent leader in research on feminism and gender. (next Feminism  April 22, 1976)
European Union slowly coalesces 
January 1, 1993:  the European Community eliminated trade barriers and created a European single market.

January 1, 1999: the  Euro is established (but not for everyday use yet

January 1, 2002: Euro notes and coins are issued in France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Finland, Luxembourg, Belgium, Austria, Ireland and the Netherlands. (see Feb 22)

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