Category Archives: Peace Love Art and Activism

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Palm Beach County, Florida hurricane

September 16, 1928: a Category 4 hurricane with winds of 140 miles per hour made landfall in Palm Beach County, Florida. The hurricane destroyed a levee that protected a number of small farming communities from the waters of Lake Okeechobee. Most of the residents of these low-lying communities were black migrant farm workers. When the levee was destroyed, water from Lake Okeechobee rushed into these communities, killing thousands. After the hurricane, black survivors were forced to recover the bodies of those killed. The officials in charge of the recovery effort ordered that food would be provided only to those who worked and some who refused to work were shot. The bodies of white storm victims were buried in coffins in local cemeteries, but local officials refused to provide coffins or proper burials for black victims. Instead, the bodies of many black victims were stacked in piles by the side of the roads doused in fuel oil, and burned. Authorities bulldozed the bodies of 674 black victims into a mass grave in West Palm Beach. The mass grave was not marked and the site was later sold for private industrial use; it later was used as a garbage dump, a slaughterhouse, and a sewage treatment plant. The city of West Palm Beach did not purchase the land until 2000. In 2008, on the 80th anniversary of the storm, a plaque and historical marker was erected at the mass grave site. [2003 Sun Sentinel article] (see July 15)

Crime and Punishment

September 16 – 17, 1986:  in addition to his own account of the November 12, 1984 incident, Graham presented the testimony of William Berry and Officer Townes. Graham also sought to introduce expert testimony by Dr. Robert Meadows on the subject of proper police training.

Following the presentation of plaintiff’s case, all defendants moved for a directed verdict pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 50. Upon consideration of the motions, the district court first concluded that a reasonable jury, viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to plaintiff, could not find that the infliction of force by the police officers was constitutionally excessive. The court also found that Graham’s allegation of improper or inadequate police training by the City of Charlotte was refuted by the testimony of his own expert witness. Finally, the court rejected the claim of handicap discrimination based on Sec. 504 of the Rehabilitation Act on the ground that the statute did not reach misconduct of the sort alleged by Graham. Accordingly, the district court granted all motions for a directed verdict as to all counts of the plaintiff’s complaint.

The ruling in favor of the Charlotte police will be confirmed on appeal. (C & P, see Oct 27; Graham, see May 15, 1989)

BLACK & SHOT

September 16, 2016: white police officer Betty Shelby shot and killed Terence Crutcher, a 40-year-old black man, in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Crutcher was unarmed during the encounter, in which he was standing near his vehicle in the middle of a street. [2017 CNN acquittal article]  (B & S, see ; Crutcher, see May 17, 2017)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Early “News Music”

What Did I Do…

In 1929: composed by Fats Waller with lyrics by Harry Brooks and Andy Razaf, Edith Wilson (1896 – 1981) sang “(What Did I Do to Be So) Black and Blue.”. It is a protest song that did not speak of how something should change so much as it spoke of what life was like for those who suffered inequities.

“How Can A Poor Man Stand Such Times and Live?”

In 1929 Blind Alfred Reed (1880 – 1956) wrote “How Can A Poor Man Stand Such Times and Live?” The song describes life during the Great Depression.

‘Which Side Are You On?’

In 1931, Florence Reece (1900-1986) “was a writer and social activist whose song ‘Which Side Are You On?’ became an anthem for the labor movement. Borrowing from the melody of the old hymn ”Lay the Lily Low,” Mrs. Reece wrote the union song…to describe the plight of mine workers who were organizing a strike in Harlan County, Ky. Mrs. Reece’s husband, Sam, who died in 1978, was one of those workers. Pete Seeger, the folk singer, recorded the song in 1941. It has since been used worldwide by groups espousing labor and social issues.” — New York Times Obituaries, August 6, 1986. (Labor, see March 3; Feminism, see Dec 10)

Brother Can You Spare a Dime

Also in 1931:  “Brother Can You Spare a Dime” by lyricist E. Y. “Yip” Harburg and composer Jay Gorney., the song asked why the men who built the nation – built the railroads, built the skyscrapers – who fought in the war (World War I), who tilled the earth, who did what their nation asked of them should, now that the work is done and their labor no longer necessary, find themselves abandoned, in bread lines.

Harburg believed that “songs are an anodyne against tyranny and terror and that the artist has historically always been on the side of humanity.” As a committed socialist, he spent three years in Uruguay to avoid being involved in WWI, as he felt that capitalism was responsible for the destruction of the human spirit, and he refused to fight its wars. A longtime friend of Ira Gershwin, Harburg started writing lyrics after he lost his business in the Crash of 1929. (see Yip Harburg for more about him)

“Bourgeois Blues”

In 1932 Jimmie Rogers (1897 – 1933) was born in Meridian, Mississippi worked on the railroad as his father did but at the age of 27 contracted tuberculosis and had to quit. He loved entertaining and eventually found a job singing on WWNC radio, Asheville, North Carolina (April 18, 1927). Later he began recording his songs. The tuberculosis worsened and he died in 1933 while recording songs in New York. In 1932 he recorded “Hobo’s Meditation.”

In 1938, Lead Belly (born Huddie William Ledbetter) (1888 – 1949) sang about his visit to Washington, DC with his wife and their treatment while in the nation’s capitol in his song, “Bourgeois Blues”. (BH, see Nov 22)

“Do Re Mi.”

In 1939: during the Great Depression, Woody Guthrie (1912-1967) wrote many songs reflecting the plight of farmers and migrant workers caught between the Dust Bowl drought and farm foreclosure. One of the best known of these songs is his  “Do Re Mi.”

Tom Joad

In 1940 Woody Guthrie wrote Tom Joad, a song whose character is based on John Steinbeck’s character in The Grapes of Wrath.

After hearing it, Steinbeck reportedly said, “ That f****** little b******! In 17 verses he got the entire story of a thing that took me two years to write.” * (see Feb 23)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

September 16 Music et al

“She Loves You”

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

September 16, 1963: the US release of “She Loves You.”  The song wasn’t a hit at first. Capitol – EMI’s US counterpart – refused to release it, and Vee Jay – which had released Please Please Me and From Me To You to little effect – also declined. Desperate for a stateside hit, Brian Epstein licensed the song to Swan Records, based in Philadelphia, although it was picked up by very few of the crucial US radio stations. (see Oct 4)

Teenage Culture

September 16, 1964: Shindig! premiered on ABC. Produced as a replacement for Hootenanny which fizzled out with the British Invasion. Shindig! will become one of a few shows providing a venue for pop music. The opener featured Sam Cooke, the Everly Brothers, the Wellingtons, Jackie and Gayle, Donna Loren, Bobby Sherman and the Righteous Brothers.

In 1965: Time Magazine called young people the “generation of conformists” (see Jan 8)

Grateful Dead

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

September 16, 1966:   Dead poster for a show at the Avalon Ballroom, San Francisco. Undoubtedly the most famous poster from the 60’s as well as the most recognized image ever used by the Grateful Dead. The central image is a drawing done by Edward Joseph Sullivan, a late 19th and early 20th century artist. Sullivan created this drawing to illustrate one of the quatrains of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. Mouse and Kelley added the color, as the original drawing was in black and white. A thorough examination of this poster shows the excellent lettering, fine use of the ribbon motif an ideal choice of coloring and perfect framing and balance in the design. [from Professor Poster] (see October 2, 1967)

Are You Experienced

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

September 16, 1967:  ‘Are You Experienced?‘ entered the Billboard Hot 200 album chart, where it stayed for 106 weeks, including 77 weeks in the Top 40.

In 2003, Rolling Stone magazine ranked it No.15 on their 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and two years later it was selected for permanent preservation in the National Recording Registry at the Library of Congress in the United States. (see November 16 – 29, 1968)

Last live Jimi Hendrix

September 16, 1970: Hendrix joined Eric Burdon on stage at Ronnie Scotts in London for what would become the guitarist’s last ever public appearance. (see Sept 18)

Victor Jara

September 16, 1973: Allende supporter, Victor Jara, was tortured and executed. His last words, “A song has meaning when it beats in the veins of a man who will die singing. “ Jara thought American folksingers were spoiled and immature. Many have dedicated songs to Jara or referred to him in a song’s lyrics.  (see Jara for more)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

UFW/AWOC

September 16 1965: César E. Chávez’s National Farm Workers Association voted to join Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) grape strike. [UFW article]  (see October 1965)

UAW strike

September 16, 2019: the United Automobile Workers union went on strike at General Motors, sending nearly 50,000 members at factories across the Midwest and South to picket lines.

With the two sides far apart in the talks, U.A.W. regional leaders in Detroit voted unanimously to authorize the strike, the union’s first such walkout since 2007. It began at midnight, after the union’s current bargaining agreement expired on Saturday.

Today, we stand strong and say with one voice, we are standing up for our members and for the fundamental rights of working-class people in this nation,” Terry Dittes, a union vice president, said after the meeting.

The U.A.W. was pushing G.M. to improve wages, reopen idled plants, add jobs at others and close or narrow the difference between pay rates for new hires and veteran workers. G.M. wants employees to pay a greater portion of their health care costs, and to increase work-force productivity and flexibility in factories. (see Oct 16)

 

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

September 16, 1974: President Ford offered conditional amnesty to thousands of Vietnam era draft evaders and military deserters who agreed to work for up to two years in public service jobs.

My sincere hope,” he said in a statement, “is that this is a constructive step toward calmer and cooler appreciation of our individual rights and responsibilities and our common purpose as a nation whose future is always more important than its past.”

In his proclamation, the President declared that “desertion in time of war is a major, serious offense,” and that draft evasion “is also a serious offense.” Such actions, he said, need not “be condoned.” “Yet,” he continued, “reconciliation calls for an act of mercy to bind the nation’s wounds and to heal the scars of divisiveness.”

Some questioned Ford’s conditional amnesty compared to his unconditional pardon for Nixon 8 days earlier. (NYT article) (Vietnam, see Dec 26; pardon, see January 21, 1977)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

INDEPENDENCE DAY

September 16, 1975: Papua New Guinea independent of Australia. [AG article] (see Nov 11)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

Leonard Matlovich

September 16, 197: attorneys for Sgt. Leonard Matlovich of the Air Force argued that the military was unlawfully trying to impose on him the moral standards of the majority by requiring his discharge for admitting that he was a homosexual. (LGBTQ, see Sept 22; Matlovich, see Oct 22)

Episcopal Church

September 16, 1976, LGBTQ: the Episcopal Church, at its General Convention in Minneapolis, formally approved the ordination of women as priests and bishops. (see January 27, 1977)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

September 16, 2007:  employees of Blackwater Security Consulting (since renamed Academi), a private military company, shot at Iraqi civilians killing 17 and injuring 20 in Nisour Square, Baghdad. The killings outraged Iraqis and strained relations between Iraq and the United States. Blackwater guards claimed that the convoy was ambushed and that they fired at the attackers in defense of the convoy. The Iraqi government and Iraqi police investigator Faris Saadi Abdul alleged that the killings were unprovoked [Wikipedia entry] (Iraq, see Dec 30; Blackwater, see October 22, 2014)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism

Malala Yousafzai

September 16, 2013: Amnesty International announced that the recipients for its Ambassador of Conscience Award for 2013 were Malala Yousafzai and American singer, human rights and social justice activist Harry Belafonte. Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International, stated: “Our two new Ambassadors of Conscience are different from each other in many ways, but they share a dedication to the fight for human rights everywhere and for all.” (see Nov 10)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

 FREE SPEECH & Colin Kaepernick

Garfield High School’s (Seattle)

September 16, 2016: all of Garfield High School’s (Seattle) football players and coaches knelt during the national anthem.

Joined by a few players from the West Seattle Wildcats, Garfield High School’s football players and coaches kneeled during “The Star-Spangled Banner,” which head coach Joey Thomas said would continue for the rest of the season. Speaking with the Seattle Times, Thomas was candid about racial injustice and the team being compelled to protest the anthem, especially after players learned about the song’s racist third verse.

No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Laguna Creek High School (Sacramento)

September 16, 2016: twelve high school football players from Laguna Creek High School in Sacramento took a knee during the national anthem

According to the Sacramento Bee, a number of parents reportedly told the players to “stand up.” The Elk Grove School District announced in a statement that it would not discipline the students, saying that although it supports standing for the national anthem, it “respects and supports our students’ individual experiences and their right to exercise their freedom of speech and expression protected by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.” (FS & CK, see Sept 17)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

September 16, 2017: California lawmakers passed a “sanctuary state” bill to protect immigrants without legal residency in the U.S., part of a broader push by Democrats to counter expanded deportation orders under the Trump administration.

The legislation by Sen. Kevin De León (D-Los Angeles), the most far-reaching of its kind in the country, would limit state and local law enforcement communication with federal immigration authorities, and prevent officers from questioning and holding people on immigration violations. (see Sept 24)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Marijuana

September 16 2017:in July, Republican Gov. Chris Sununu had signed a bill decriminalizing cannabis in New Hampshire.

The legislation went into effect on this date, meaning that cannabis was decriminalized in all of New England.

Under the new law, people caught possessing up to three-quarters of an ounce of marijuana would receive a $100 fine for their first or second offenses. The punishment would rise to a $300 fine for a third offense within a three-year period. If police find someone possessing small amounts of marijuana a fourth time in that window, they could be charged with a class B misdemeanor.

Until decriminalization, first-time cannabis possession was treated as a criminal misdemeanor punishable by up to one year behind bars and a $2,000 fine. (see Nov 2)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

September 16, 2004, Hurricane Ivan passed within 62 miles of theTaylor Energy oil platform , and caused submarine landslides that capsized the drill rig and moved it 560 feet from its original location.

The movement resulted in between 25 and 28 leaking wells being buried beneath the sea floor, approximately 475 feet below the surface.

As of April 2019, the well(s) continued to leak. (see Dec 26)

September 16 Peace Love Art Activism
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September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

Cold War

September 15, 1961: U.S. started underground nuclear testing with a series of nine low yield underground experiments at Yucca Flat with a further 62 tests there in 1962. The Soviet Union activity extended to a series of 50 detonations. [NTS article on site] (CW, see Sept 22; NN, see Oct 6)

Japanese reactors

September 15, 2013: Japan started the process of switching off its last working nuclear reactor for a scheduled inspection with no restart date in sight due to public hostility towards atomic power.  [AlJazzera article] (see Oct 22)

 Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed

September 15, 2015: Catholic peace activists Sister Megan Rice, Michael Walli and Greg Boertje-Obed were resentenced to time served for vandalizing a storage bunker that held much of the nation’s bomb-grade uranium. Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed were originally convicted of felony sabotage for their 2012 actions in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where they cut through fences and sneaked into the most secure area of the Y-12 National Security Complex. Once there, they hung banners, prayed and hammered on the outside wall of the bunker to symbolize a Bible passage that refers to the end of all war: “They will beat their swords into ploughshares.” Rice was sentenced to nearly three years in prison while Walli, 66, and Boertje-Obed, 60, were each sentenced to just over five years. [CBS News article] (see January 6, 2016)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

see September 15 Music et al for more

Pendletons

September 15, 1961, the Pendletons,  from Hawthorne, California, attend their first real recording session at Hite Morgan’s studio in Los Angeles. The band recorded ‘Surfin’. They changed their name to the Beach Boys. (see Dec 8)

Four Seasons

September 15 – October 19, 1962: “Sherry” by the Four Seasons #1 Billboard Hot 100.

Otis Redding

September 15, 1965: Otis Redding released his Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul containing his composition “Respect”

Fear of Rock

September 15, 1970:Vice President Spiro Agnew stated that  American youth were being destroyed by rock music, the drug culture, and underground newspapers. (see March 27, 1971)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

September 15, 1963
Virgil Ware

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

While riding on the handlebars of his 16-year-old brother’s bicycle, near his family‘s home, 13-year-old Virgil Ware was killed on Docena-Sandusky Road, outside Birmingham, Alabama.  16-year old Larry Joe Sims shot at the Ware brothers while he was riding by on a motorbike with Michael Lee Farley. Sims shot Virgil twice,. Sims and Farley had just attended a segregationist rally. Both  were charged with first-degree murder, but an all-white jury convicted them on the lesser charge of second-degree manslaughter. Judge Wallace Gibson suspended the boys’ sentences and gave them two years probation. (see Ware for expanded story)

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing

Birmingham, AL. 18 days after King’s speech, Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Herman Frank Cash, and Robert Chambliss, members of United Klans of America, a Ku Klux Klan group, planted a box of dynamite with a time delay under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, near the basement. At about 10:22 a.m., twenty-six children were walking into the basement assembly room to prepare for the sermon entitled “The Love That Forgives,” when the bomb exploded. Four girls, Addie Mae Collins (aged 14), Denise McNair (aged 11), Carole Robertson (aged 14), and Cynthia Wesley (aged 14), were killed in the attack, and 22 additional people were injured, one of whom was Addie Mae Collins’ younger sister, Sarah. The explosion blew a hole in the church’s rear wall, destroyed the back steps and all but one stained-glass window, which showed Christ leading a group of little children.

John Coltrane composed “Alabama” in response on Nov 18). The following year Joan Baez released “Birmingham Sunday” and Phil Ochs released “On Her Hand a Golden Ring” (BH, see Oct 2; Sixteenth Street, see September 26, 1977; CB, see June 16, 1964)

Muhammad Ali

September 15, 1965: Joe Namath took his Army physical. (BH, see Sept 24; Vietnam, see Sept 25; Ali (Namath), see December 9).

Ali/Spinks

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1978: exactly seven months after losing to Spinks was their rematch in the New Orleans Superdome.

Ali defeated the younger Spinks, becoming boxing’s first three-time heavyweight champion. [Guardian article] (Ali, see December 12, 1981, BH, see Sept 30)

Autherine Lucy Foster

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 2017: the University of Alabama unveiled an historic marker honoring Autherine Lucy Foster, the first black student to be admitted to an all-white public school or university in Alabama.

Foster attended the unveiling which was part of a larger campus ceremony at the College of Education.

Approximately 10% of the University of Alabama’s students are black. Approximately 25% of the State’s population is black. [UA article] (see Oct 13)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1970: Greenpeace was founded. [site] (see Dec 2)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Weather Underground

September 15, 1970: the WUO helped Timothy Leary escape from the California Men’s Colony prison. [Countyourculture article] (see March 1, 1971)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

UAW

September 15, 1970: more than 350,000 members of the United Auto Workers begin what is to become a 69-day strike against General Motors. (see June 8, 1971)

Joseph Yablonski

September 15, 1977: “Tony” Boyle pleaded not guilty at the opening of his second trial on the charge of murder in the Joseph Yablonski case. (see February 18, 1978)

NHL lockout

September 15, 2004: National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players.  [SI article] (The 2004-05 season was eventually canceled.) (see Oct 5)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Hurricane Katrina

September 15, 2005: President George W. Bush, addressing the nation from storm-ravaged New Orleans, acknowledged the government failed to respond adequately to Hurricane Katrina and urged Congress to approve a massive reconstruction program. (see Katrina for expanded story)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Great Recession of 2008

September 15, 2008: Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, laying the catalyst for the global financial crisis.

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

September 15, 2009:  shoe-thrower Muntader al-Zaidi was released for good behavior, after serving nine months of the sentence. [Guardian article] (see August 18, 2010)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Occupy Wall Street

September 15, 2012: on the first of three days of events planned for the one-year anniversary of Occupy Wall Street, about 250 people marched down Broadway from Washington Square toward Zuccotti Park, accompanied by a large number of police officers on foot, in marked and unmarked cars, and riding scooters. [Vanity Fair article] (see Sept 17)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

September 15, 2015: a federal appeals court denied Kim Davis’s motion to halt a requirement that she issue marriage licenses to gay couples.

Davis has not demonstrated a substantial likelihood of success on her federal constitutional claims,” the panel of judges said in their order denying the request. [New Yorker article] (Sept 21)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Marijuana

September 15, 2015: administrative Law Judge John S. Kennedy ruled that Lora Barbour, the mother of a Genny Barbour who had epilepsy, could not come to school to feed her daughter cannabis oil that had helped control her seizures. Kennedy said that state and federal drug possession laws trump their right to use medical marijuana on school grounds. It was the third legal defeat for the Barbour Family of Maple Shade, NJ. In addition to the conflicts in state and federal law, state Kennedy said the family failed to show their daughter Genny would suffer “irreparable harm” if denied medical marijuana in school, according to his 11-page decision. “There are no doctor’s reports from (Genny Barbour’s) treating physician that would establish that her lunchtime dose of marijuana is medically necessary,” Kennedy wrote. (NJ.com article) (M, see Oct 19; Barbours, see Nov 9)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism
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September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Battle of Liberty Place

September 14, 1874: a battle took place in the streets of New Orleans. In it, the Democratic-Conservative White League attacked the Republican Metropolitan Police for control of the city and to put an end to Reconstruction in Louisiana.

Although the White League inflicted a stunning defeat on the Metropolitans and forcibly deposed Governor William Pitt Kellogg, its victory proved short-lived. President Ulysses S. Grant ordered the army to reinstate Kellogg three days later. Quickly dubbed “The Battle of Liberty Place” by the White League and its supporters, the clash not only marked a crucial turning point in the balance of power during Reconstruction in Louisiana, it served as a defining moment for a generation of elite, young white men in New Orleans. [Know Louisiana article] (see Dec 7)

James C Anderson

September 14, 201: the sister of a James C Anderson (see June 26, 2011), asked prosecutors not to pursue the death penalty against anyone accused of her brother’s murder. [CNN story]  (JCA, see March 22, 2012; BH, see Sept 21)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Anarchism in the US

President McKinley

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14, 1901: President McKinley died of a gangrenous infection stemming from his (Sept 6) wounds. (NYT article) (see Sept 24, 1901)

Eugene V. Debs

September 14, 1918: in Cleveland Eugene V. Debs was sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment for violating the Espionage Act. [text of Debs’s statement] (see Oct 16; Debs, see March 10, 1919)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14 Music et al

see Tutti Frutti for more

September 14, 1955: after some lyric adjustments (such as from “Tutti frutti, good booty” to “Tootie frutti, all rooty”), Little Richard recorded Tutti Frutti.

Bob Dylan

September 14, 1961: Dylan met John Hammond at a rehearsal session for Carolyn Hester at the apartment shared by Hester and her then-husband, Richard Fariña.

Hester had invited Dylan to the session as a harmonica player, and Hammond approved him as a session player after hearing him rehearse, with recommendations from his son, musician John P. Hammond, and from Liam Clancy. (see Sept 26)

see Toledo Pop Festival for more

September 14, 1969: the Toledo Pop Festival held at Toledo Raceway Park. Performers were:

  • Turtles
  • MC5
  • Amboy Dukes
  • Alice Cooper
  • Frost
  • SRC
  • Pleasure Seekers
  • Rationals
  • Savage Grace
  • Rush
  • Frut
  • Live

(see Oct 4)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Space Race

Luna 2

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14, 1959: the Soviets’ Luna 2 successfully crash-landed on the moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach another planetary body. (Techzibits article) (see Oct 4)

Zond 5

September 14, 1968: the Soviet Union sent Zond 5 around the moon and back to Earth in an unmanned test of their circumlunar spacecraft. The craft carried tortoises, “wine flies, meal worms, plants, seeds, bacteria, and other living matter.” (Atlantic article) (see Oct 11 – 12)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

Landrum-Griffin Act

September 14 Peace Love Activism

September 14, 1959: President Eisenhower signed the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, also known as the Landrum-Griffin Act. The law addressed the union corruption uncovered by Senator John L. McClellan. It held labor leaders to stricter standards in handling union funds and required them to file annual reports. [US DoL article] (see March 16, 1960)

César E. Chávez

September 14, 1970: Courts ruled that Chávez was leading an illegal strike because it involved a jurisdictional dispute between two unions.  (see Oct 8, 1970)

Dolores Huerta

September 14, 1988: during a peaceful and lawful protest of the policies/platform of then-candidate for president George H.W. Bush, San Francisco Police officers severely beat Huerta resulting in several broken ribs and necessitating the removal of her spleen.

Huerta won a large judgment against the SFPD and the City of San Francisco, the proceeds of which were used for the benefit of farm workers.  [SF Gate article] (see November 12, 1990)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Jack Kevorkian

September 14, 1995: Kevorkian arrived at the Oakland County Courthouse in Pontiac, Michigan in homemade stocks with ball and chain. He is ordered to stand trial for assisting in the 1991 suicides of Sherry Miller and Marjorie Wantz. (see Kevorkian for expanded story)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

TERRORISM

September 14, 2010: Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab  dismissed his court-appointed defense team to defend himself. The court subsequently appointed Anthony Chambers to act as standby counsel. [NPR article] (Terrorism, see Nov 17; Abdulmutallab, see October 12, 2011)

LGBTQ

Kim Davis

September 14, 2015: (from the NYT) Undaunted in her religious faith but facing the specter of another courtroom reckoning, Kim Davis, the Rowan County clerk, who was jailed for defying a federal judge’s order that she issue marriage licenses, said Monday that she would not stop her employees from processing licenses for same-sex couples.

But the condition that Ms. Davis attached to her admittedly makeshift solution — that the licenses would lack her authorization — was an indication that her protracted legal and political battles would not go away soon. Ms. Davis’s strategy could spur new litigation to challenge the licenses, and it was unclear how Judge David L. Bunning of Federal District Court, who jailed Ms. Davis on Sept. 3, would respond. (see Sept 15)

Atlantic Coast Conference

September 14, 2016: the Atlantic Coast Conference announced that it would move neutral-site championships for this academic year, including its football title game in December and its women’s basketball tournament in March, out of North Carolina in reaction to a state law that curbed anti-discrimination protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. [Washington Post article] (LGBTQ, see Sept 30; NC, see Dec 22)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

September 14, 2017: President Trump confirmed that he supported legislation that would protect young undocumented immigrants from deportation and would deliver a “massive” increase in border security — but not with a wall on the southern border.

Mr. Trump’s comments, both in Washington and in Florida, affirmed the broad parameters of an agreement that Democratic leaders unilaterally announced the previous night after dinner with the president at the White House.

In remarks to reporters as he left the White House, Mr. Trump said, “We’re working on a plan for DACA,” referring to protections for immigrants who are part of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. He confirmed, “the wall will come later.” [NYT article] (see Sept 16)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism
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