January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

American Miners’ Association

January 28, 1861: American Miners’ Association formed.  (see June 17, 1864)

Yablonski murders

January 28, 1977: the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania overturned Tony Boyle’s conviction in the Yablonski murders and ordered that he be given a new trial. The court found that the trial judge had improperly refused to allow a government auditor to testify. Boyle’s attorneys said that the auditor’s testimony could have exonerated Boyle. (see Sept 15)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


Julia Ward Howe

January 28, 1908: author and activist Julia Ward Howe, famous for her composition, “The Battle Hymn of the Republic,” became the first woman elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. (see Feb 24)

Women’s Action Coalition

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

January 28, 1992: motivated largely by frustration over the recent confirmation of Clarence Thomas as a Supreme Court Justice, a group of New York City women formed the Women’s Action Coalition (WAC), a direct-action organization devoted to the support of women’s rights. Although the group officially disbanded in 1994, they continued to gather informally for various actions. (see Apr 5)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


Robert Johnson

January 28, 1934: police arrested Robert Johnson, a 40-year-old black man, in Tampa, Florida, and accused him of raping and robbing a white woman. The subsequent investigation quickly cleared Johnson of the charges, but nonetheless issued a warrant accusing him of stealing chickens and turkeys. As a result, Johnson was not released, bud did have to be transferred from the city jail to the county jail. On January 30 Deputy Constable Thomas Grave, assigned to move  Robert Johnson, will decide to do the transfer so after midnight; this was not standard procedure, and Grave later claimed he opted for a late night transfer to avoid waking up early in the morning. Around 2:30 a.m. on January 30th, Graves placed Johnson in the front seat of the police car and began driving to the county jail; on the way, Graves’s vehicle was stopped by three cars full of white men who allegedly disarmed Graves and made him lie face down in the backseat of his car while they kidnapped Robert Johnson.

The mob carried Johnson off to a wooded part of town along the Hillsborough River near Sligh Avenue, where about thirty people were gathered to watch the lynching. Johnson was killed with four shots to the head and one to the body, all fired from the pistol the mob had taken from Deputy Constable Graves.

Governor David Sholtz called for an investigation of the lynching and a grand jury was convened. Though Deputy Constable Graves testified that he was beaten by the mob, the grand jury noted that he bore no bruises or other signs of injury. Nevertheless, the grand jury’s investigation did not produce any charges of conspiracy and no one was prosecuted for Robert Johnson’s murder.  [EJI article] (see Jan 30)


January 28 Peace Love Activism

January 28, 1997: four apartheid-era police officers, appearing before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, admit to the 1977 killing of Stephen Biko, a leader of the South African “Black consciousness” movement. (see June 16, 1999)

Clarence H. Graham

January 28, 2015: Clarence H. Graham was known by many titles in his hometown: Honor student. Vietnam veteran. Social worker. Father. And criminal, for an act that is now considered heroic. 

On this date the State of South Carolina officially vacated the misdemeanor conviction that it had secured more than a half-century earlier against Mr. Graham and other black civil rights protesters who were dragged by the police from a segregated lunch counter, convicted of trespassing and sentenced to 30 days’ labor in a county prison camp. (see Feb 10)

Stephon Clark

January 28, 2019: lawyers for the family of Stephon Clark, the unarmed black man who was fatally shot last March by Sacramento police officers, filed a wrongful-death lawsuit alleging that the officers who fired had racially profiled the 22-year-old and used excessive force.

The complaint, filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California, names the two officers — Terrence Mercadal and Jared Robinet — as well as the City of Sacramento as defendants. It seeks at least $20 million in damages and was filed on behalf of Mr. Clark’s two sons, his parents and his grandparents. [NYT article] (B & S, see Feb 4; SC, see March 2, 2019)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

January 28 Music et al

Fear of Rock

January 28, 1944: 500 teenagers at a public forum mocked the idea that boogie-woogie music caused delinquency. Symphony conductor Arthur Rodzinsky had warned about the bad influence of boogie-woogie. The forum was one of a series of planned forums organized by The New York Times. The teenagers also discussed delinquency, mixed marriages and war work.  (see May 8, 1954)

Roots of Rock

January 28, 1956: Elvis Presley made his first appearance on national television on “The Dorsey Brothers Stage Show” on CBS. (see Apr 3)

Jimi Hendrix

January 28 Peace Love Activism

January 28, 1970, Winter Festival for Peace held in Madison Square Garden. Among the artists involved were: Blood Sweat and Tears, Peter Paul and Mary, Jimi Hendrix (only sang two songs and ambled off), Richie Havens, Harry Belafonte, Voices of East Harlem, the Rascals, Dave Brubeck, Paul Desmond, Judy Collins, cast of Hair. The show ended at 4 AM. Richie Haven’s commented, “Since man has been on earth, peace has never really been here. If we can do it now, it’ll be a first.”  (article from jimihendrix dot com) (see Mar 25)

We Are the World

January 28, 1985 – “We Are the World” recorded by the super group USA for Africa. It was written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie.

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Clarence Earl Gideon

January 28, 1964: the publication of Gideon’s Trumpet by Anthony Lewis. The book provided history of Gideon’s landmark case (see Gideon for expanded Gideon story)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


Women’s Health

January 28, 1965, from an AP report:  “An $8,500 federal grant for birth control — including the distribution of oral contraceptive pills — has been approved for the South Texas Planned Parenthood Clinic of Corpus Christi. It is believed the funds, given as a part of the Johnson administration’s war on poverty, are the first authorized for such a clinic not under the direction of a state welfare agency. The $8,500 is part of a $295,200 package for the Corpus Christi area from the Office of Economic Opportunity. The bulk of the money will go for other health, education and welfare measures.” (see June 7)

Affordable Care Act/Healthcare

January 28, 2021: the President Biden administration announced plans to reopen enrollment in many of the Affordable Care Act marketplaces, both to help those who may have lost health insurance during the pandemic and to offer coverage to those who did not have any and now want it.

The so-called special enrollment period is intended to help people who have lost coverage in the past year, but it will be open to those who want health insurance for any reason in the 36 states that use Healthcare.gov.

The  administration also announced that it was reinstating global protections for women’s reproductive health care by eliminating the rule that prohibited the granting of American foreign aid to health providers abroad that offer abortion counseling. [NYT article] (next ACA and Healthcare, see  June 18)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

January 28, 1969: in the Santa Barbara Channels (California) an oil rig blow-out occurred 6 miles off the coast on Union Oil’s Platform A in the Dos Cuadras Offshore Oil Field. Within a ten-day period, an estimated 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oilspilled into the Channel and onto the beaches of Santa Barbara County

The Santa Barbara oil spill  was the largest oil spill in United States waters by that time and ranks third after the 2010 Deepwater Horizon and 1989 Exxon Valdez spills. It remains the largest oil spill to have occurred in the waters off California. (see June 22)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


January 28, 1973: a cease-fire officially went into effect in the Vietnam War. (see Feb 5)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Iran hostage crisis

January 28, 1980: six United States diplomats, posing as Canadians, managed to escape from Tehran, Iran as they board a flight to Zürich, Switzerland. (see Apr 7)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


Gays in the military

January 28, 1982: the US Department of Defense created a new policy to ban homosexuals from the military: “Homosexuality is incompatible with military service. The presence in the military environment of persons who engage In homosexual conduct or who, by their statements, demonstrate a propensity to engage in homosexual conduct, seriously impairs the accomplishment of the military mission. The presence of such members adversely affects the ability of the Military Services to maintain discipline, good order, and morale; to foster mutual trust and confidence among service members, to ensure the integrity of the system of rank and command; to facilitate assignment and worldwide deployment of service members who frequently must live and work under close conditions affording minimal privacy: to recruit and retain members of the Military Services; to maintain the public acceptability of military service; and to prevent breaches of security.”  (see March 2,  1982)

Gays in the Boy Scouts

January 28, 2013: news leaked out that the Boy Scouts of America might eliminate its ban on gay scouts and leaders. “The Boy Scouts would not, under any circumstances, dictate a position to units, members, or parents,” said Deron Smith, a spokesman for the Boy Scouts of America. “This would mean there would no longer be any national policy regarding sexual orientation, and the chartered organizations that oversee and deliver Scouting would accept membership and select leaders consistent with each organization’s mission, principles, or religious beliefs.” If approved as proposed, LGBTQ Scout policy would become a local decision.   (LGBTQ & BSA, see Feb 6)

Pope Francis clarifies

January 28, 2023: Pope Francis clarified his January 24 comments about homosexuality and sin, saying he was merely referring to official Catholic moral teaching that teaches that any sexual act outside of marriage is a sin.

In a note, Francis recalled that even that black-and-white teaching is subject to circumstances that might eliminate the sin altogether.

His comments calling for the decriminalization of homosexuality were hailed by LGBTQ advocates as a milestone that would help end harassment and violence against LGBTQ persons. But his reference to “sin” raised questions about whether he believed that merely being gay was itself a sin. [AP article] (next LGBTQ+, see Apr 6); Pope Francis, see Sept 25)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


January 28 Peace Love Activism

January 28, 1986: space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members. (NYT article)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

see CLINTON IMPEACHMENT for expanded story

January 28, 199: in a party-line vote, the Senate OKed a Republican plan for the impeachment trial’s deposition phase, and sets February 12 as a target date for the trial’s end. 

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


January 28, 2003: President George W. Bush announced the creation of the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in his State of the Union address. PEPFAR was a $15 billion, 5-year plan to combat AIDS, primarily in countries with a high burden of infections. (see June 5, 2006)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


January 28, 2003: President George W. Bush said in his State of the Union address that Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein had sought uranium from Africa. (The claim was later disputed by former ambassador Joseph Wilson, whom the CIA had asked to investigate. (text of speech) (see Feb 5)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism


January 28, 2015:  executions were put on hold in Oklahoma after the U.S. Supreme Court said that the state cannot perform executions using a specific drug while the justices consider a challenge over whether the sedative ensures prisoners won’t suffer. (see Feb 13)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

January 28, 2017: US District Judge Ann Donnelly blocked part of the president’s actions regarding the Jan 27 ban, preventing the government from deporting some arrivals who found themselves ensnared by the presidential order. But it stopped short of letting them into the country or issuing a broader ruling on the constitutionality of Mr. Trump’s actions.

Her ruling stated in part, “There is imminent danger that, absent the stay of removal, there will be substantial and irreparable injury to refugees, visa-holders, and other individuals from nations subject to the January 27, 2017, Executive Order.”

Large crowds of protesters turned out at airports around the country to denounce Trump’s ban. (NYT article) (see Jan 29)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

January 28, 2017: a NY Times article reported that between 1977 and 1980 the US government had sent roughly 4,000 troops to the Enewetak Atoll in the middle of the Pacific Ocean to clean up the fallout from dozens of nuclear tests on the ring of coral islands, Initiall the men were given protective gear, but that was taken away and most worked in shirts and short and no respirators.

Hundreds said they were plagued by health problems, including brittle bones, cancer and birth defects in their children. Many were already dead. Others were too sick to work.

The military stated there was no connection between those illnesses and the cleanup. It stated that radiation exposure during the work fell well below recommended thresholds and safety precautions were top notch. So the government refused to pay for the veterans’ medical care.

Congress had recognized that troops were harmed by radiation on Enewetak during the original atomic tests, which occurred in the 1950s, and had decided that those men should be cared for and compensated.  (see Feb 12)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Trump Impeachment

January 28, 2020: the NYT reported that President Trump’s defense team appealed to the Senate to disregard a new account by the former national security adviser John R. Bolton that had bolstered the impeachment case against the president. But by day’s end, Republican leaders working feverishly to block testimony from Mr. Bolton or other witnesses indicated they had not yet corralled the votes to do so.

On the final day of arguments on Mr. Trump’s behalf, Jay Sekulow, one of the president’s private lawyers, sought to raise doubts about Mr. Bolton’s claim in an unpublished manuscript that Mr. Trump tied the release of military aid to Ukraine to investigations into his political rivals, calling it an “unsourced allegation” that was “inadmissible” in his impeachment trial. (next TI, see Jan 29 or see Trump for expanded chronology)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Sexual Abuse of Children & BSA

January 28, 2021: James Glawson, 76, a former chaplain for the Boy Scouts in Rhode Island was sentenced to 40 years in prison after pleading no contest to charges that he sexually assaulted six young men.

The ex-chaplain volunteered for the Boy Scouts from 1980 to 2018 and served as an assistant Catholic chaplain at the scouting camp in Hopkinton, R.I., according to the Rhode Island State Police.

Investigators said that Glawson came to their attention in 2019 when staff members at a Rhode Island group home reported that he had had inappropriate contact with an 18-year-old developmentally disabled resident. [NYT story] [Provence Journal story] (next SA of C and BSA, see Mar 2)

January 28 Peace Love Art Activism

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