As the counter-cultural view expanded during the 60s, one of the divides between the status quo and those who supported new views was between athletes (who typically sided with the status quo) and, for lack of a better word, nerds. By nerd, here, I mean anyone whose views and preferences put them outside the views and preferences of those around them. Ken Kesey was a bright and athletic person. Those two characteristics are often and unfairly viewed as opposites of each other. He was a great wrestler in college who won several awards as a wrestler. He'd even qualified for the Olympics, but an injury prevented his participation.
At the University of Oregon, Kesey majored in speech and communication. He loved literature as well. His preference for Ray Bradbury's science fiction expanded to include Ernest Hemingway and other modern fiction writers.
Non-grad grad student
After his graduation from Oregon, Kesey began a non-degree program in creative writing at Stanford University. He lived most of that time on Perry Lane, an enclave of cottages near the university and where many "outsiders" lived. Also living there was Ken Babbs and Larry McMurtry, two people who would play a huge part in Kesey's future adventures. Though some faculty members saw Kesey as an emerging talent, others thought him a threat. A typical reaction by the status quo to a non-traditional view. Despite the intolerance, Kesey continued taking classes.
Anyone who has taken graduate courses knows that finding a source of cash always hums in the background.
Ken Kesey began to volunteer in a drug testing program. It was the top-secret Project MKULTRA, a federal government program aimed at discovering and developing drugs to use in the Cold War. Psychoactive drugs such as LSK, mescaline, and psilocybin were part of the protocol.
Kesey's use of these drugs, his job at the Menlo Park Veteran's Hospital, and creative ability led to his final draft of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, the book that put Kesey's name on the literary map.
Further or Furthur
As anyone who has the wonderful tool of Spellcheck knows, our ability to spell correctly runs up against the English language's failure to pronounce words as spelled. Roy Sebern learned that when he first spelled the bus's name. The bus was a 1939 International Harvester school bus. Kesey had written a sccond book, Sometimes a Great Notion, and he decided to combine business with pleasure and travel cross-country to New York for the publication party. Kesey's crew, known as the Merry Pranksters, fixed the bus with video and audio equipment. On the Road hero Neal Cassady was the driver. The story became part of Tom Wolfe's famous Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test. Not until 2011 were the disjointed audio and filmed pieces put together and released as the documentary Magic Trip.
7940 La Honda Road
After the demolition of the Perry Lane cottages, Ken Kesey moved to La Honda. It was there that the so-called Acid Tests emanated. With LSD as the cocktail, black lights, strobe lights, fluorescent paint, video cameras, tape recorders, and the music of the Grateful Dead combined to make a grand experiment.
Kesey gradually exited from the public eye. An Acid Test graduation, a marijuana conviction, a faked suicide, and escape to Mexico, his return to the US and arrest (NYT article), a 5-month imprisonment, and a return to Oregon where he became a family man raising children and writing. In 1992 doctors diagnosed Kesey with diabetes. He continued to be an active writer and activist, but mainly from his Oregon home. In 1998, he had a stroke and in October 2001 Kesey had surgery to remove a tumor.He died of complications on November 10, 2001, at age 66.
September 17, 1858: Scott did not live very long to enjoy his freedom. He died of tuberculosis less than two years after he achieved freedom. (Dred Scott, see June 17, 1876; BH, see February 14, 1859)
September 17, 1957: jazz musician Louis Armstrong angrily announced that he would not participate in a U.S. government-sponsored tour of the Soviet Union. Armstrong was furious over developments in Little Rock, Arkansas, where mobs of white citizens and armed National Guardsmen had recently blocked the entrance of nine African-American students into the all-white Central High School. (BH, see Sept 25; CW, see Nov 7)
High Hopes Baptist Church
September 17, 1962: High Hopes Baptist Church near Dawson, Georgia was burned to the ground. It is the 4th "Negro Church" to be set ablaze. Three white men later admitted burning the church. They were sentenced to seven-year prison terms.. The homes of five Black families had also been burned. (see BH, see Sept 20; AM, see Sept 25)
September 17, 1971: the Weathermen launched a retaliatory attack on the New York Department of Corrections, exploding a bomb near Correctional Services Commissioner Russell G. Oswald's office. The communique accompanying the attack called the prison system 'how a society run by white racists maintains its control,' with white supremacy being the 'main question white people have to face'" and saying that the Attica riots are blamed on Gov. Nelson Rockefeller. (NYT article) (BH, see Oct 2; APR, see December 30, 1976; WU, see January 29, 1975)
September 17, 1998: George Wallace buried. James Hood traveled from his home in Madison, Wis., to attend the funeral in Montgomery, Alabama. (Black History, see Feb 23; U of A, see Oct 13, 2005)
September 17, 1931: the first long-playing record, a 33 1/3 rpm recording, was demonstrated at the Savoy Plaza Hotel in New York by RCA-Victor. The venture was doomed to fail however due to the high price of the record players, which started around $95 (see Nov 26)
September 17 Music et al
August 28 – September 17, 1961: Elvis Presley’s Something for Everybody is Billboard #1 album. (see Dec 18)
September 17, 1965: Time magazine launched its coverage of antiwar songs in the article, “Rock ‘n’ Roll: Message Time,” which quoted from the nineteen-year-old P. F. Sloan’s best-selling song “Eve of Destruction.” Barry McGuire, the former lead singer for the New Christy Minstrels, recorded the song, and in late August, his record had begun to appear in the pop charts. Within a few weeks, it had reached Number 1, and then began to fade. Protest had seemingly become fashionable. Sloan would later recall, “The media frenzy over the song tore me up and seemed to tear the country apart,”. Josh Dunson, a member of the Broadside group, interpreted the broader impact: ‘Eve of Destruction’ is the first protest song dealing in specifics to reach the non-college-educated sector of the population. It is awkward and full of holes, but the earnestness with which it was bought by hundreds of thousands and blocked by dozens of stations might indicate a large segment of the young population other than college students is dissatisfied with our war policy abroad and double standard at home. (see Sept 24)
Musical Cultural Milestone: Doors
September 17, 1967: The Doors appear on The Ed Sullivan Show and perform "Light My Fire". Sullivan had requested that the line "Girl we couldn't get much higher" be changed for the show. Jim Morrison agreed, but ended up performing it the way it was written and The Doors are banned from the show.
Musical Cultural Milestone: The Who
September 17, 1966: that same night The Who appeared on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. They played 2 songs, "I Can See For Miles" and "My Generation". At the end of “My Generation”, Pete Townshend started smashing his amp and Keith Moon had his drum set rigged to explode which did cut Moon’s leg & singed Pete Townshend’s hair, along with doing damage to Townshend’s hearing. (Rolling Stone magazine article)(see October 2, 1967)
September 17, 1972: The comedy series "M.A.S.H." premiered on CBS. Though set during the Korean War, its stories obviously paralleled and often mocked the ongoing Vietnam war. (see Oct 12)
September 17 Peace Love Activism
Native Americans & Russell C Means
September 17, 1974: Federal District Court Judge Fred Nicol reprimanded the prosecution, the Justice Department and particularly the Federal Bureau of investigation and then dismissed the charges against' Russell C Means and Dennis J Banks. (Wounded Knee, see January 30, 1989; Native Americans, see January 4, 1975)
September 17, 1983: Vanessa Williams became the first African American Miss America. Midway through her reign, on July 23, 1984, Williams relinquished her crown due to controversy over nude photographs of her that appeared in Penthouse magazine. (see July 19, 1984)
September 17, 2015: police reported that Saeed Naeem Khan, who was a public prosecutor in the Malala Yousufzai attack case, escaped an attempt on his life on in Saidu Sharif in Swat district. (Feminism, see Dec. 3; Malala, see April 10, 2017)
September 17, 1998: videotapes appear of the voluntary euthanasia of Thomas Youk, 52, who was in the final stages of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (see Nov 3)
Sexual Abuse of Children
September 17, 2002: Boston Jesuit priest James Talbot charged with raping and assaulting three teenaged students. (see Sept 19)
Iraq War II
September 17, 2003: President Bush conceded there was no evidence linking Iraqi President Saddam Hussein to the September 11, 2001 attacks. (see Oct 19)
September 17 Peace Love Activism
Occupy Wall Street
September 17, 2011, Occupy Wall Street began. Approximately one thousand protesters marched on Wall Street in response to high unemployment, record executive bonuses, and extensive bailouts of the financial system. It was a Saturday and as usual, Wall Street was mostly closed. By the afternoon Zuccotti Park became the central location and camp for the protesters. The “people’s mic” became an effective way to communicate to the large groups, i.e. a speaker talks, those closest to the speaker repeat loudly what is said, those in back of the front repeat again, and so forth. (see Sept 20)
One year later…
September 17, 2012: from the NY Times: More than 100 arrests were reported on Monday, the first anniversary of the Occupy Wall Street movement, as protesters converged near the New York Stock Exchange and tried to block access to the exchange. (see Sept 26)
Stop and Frisk Policy
September 17, 2013: Judge Shira Scheindlin said she will not put an overhaul of the New York City police department’s controversial stop-and-frisk program on hold because of an appeal. Scheindlin ordered changes after finding the program discriminates against minorities. She said that granting the city's request would send the wrong signal. (see October 31)
FREE SPEECH & Student Rights
September 17, 2014: rejecting free speech arguments from parents, Republican lawmakers, and conservative groups, a federal appeals court refused to reconsider a ruling that found a South Bay high school had the legal right to order students wearing American-flag adorned shirts to turn them inside out during a 2010 Cinco de Mayo celebration.The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals let stand its February ruling in favor of Live Oak High School administrators, who argued that a history of problems on the Mexican holiday justified the decision to act against the American flag-wearing students. Officials at the Morgan Hill school ordered the students to either cover up the shirts or go home, citing past threats and campus strife between Latino and white students that raised fears of violence.A unanimous three-judge panel had found that the school's actions were reasonable given the safety concerns, which outweighed the students' First Amendment claims. "Our role is not to second-guess the decision to have a Cinco de Mayo celebration or the precautions put in place to avoid violence," the judges ruled.The 9th Circuit decision relied heavily on the U.S. Supreme Court's 1969 precedent on when schools can cite safety concerns to justify taking action that might violate student free-speech rights. (FS, see Dec 22; SR, see March 30, 2015)
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