Category Archives: Birthdays

1960s Many Independence Days

1960s Many Independence Days

Our world is never fully at peace despite a war to end all wars and famous armistices declaring it so. Nations continue to feud, disassemble, reassemble, and declare independence.

In 2018 there are 195 countries in the world. Next year that number could change.

During the 1960s counter-cultural  revolution, most Americans thought of it as being limited to the United States. An easy impression, but far too limited.

All over the world, particularly in Africa, millions of people became part of a new nation. Their own nation bringing their own new possibilities.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for cameroon map

Motto: “Paix – Travail – Patrie” (French)
“Peace – Work – Fatherland”

Flag of Cameroon

January 1, 1960: Cameroon independent from France and the United Kingdom.  Officially the Republic of Cameroon is a country wedged in West and Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south.


Image result for  Senegal map

Motto: “Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi” 
“One People, One Goal, One Faith”

Flag of Senegal

April 4, 1960:  Senegal independent from France. It is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest.


Image result for togo map

Motto: “Travail, Liberté, Patrie”
“Work, Liberty, Homeland”

Flag of Togo

April 27, 1960:  Togo independent from France. It is bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.


1960s Yields Many Independence Days

Motto: “Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana” (Malagasy)
“Amour, Patrie, Progrès” (French)
“Love, Fatherland, Progress”

1960s Yields Many Independence Days

June 26, 1960: Madagasar independent from France. Officially the Republic of Madagascar and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Image result for democratic republic of the congo map

(no official motto)

1960s Yields Many Independence Days

June 30, 1960: Democratic Republic of the Congo independent from Belgium. It is a country located in Central Africa. It is sometimes referred to by its former name of Zaire, which was its official name between 1971 and 1997. The DRC borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north;  Uganda,  Rwanda,  Burundi, and Tanzania to the east; Zambia to the south; Angola to the southwest; and the Republic of the Congo and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.


1960s Yields Many Independence Days

Motto: Go forward, and never backward

Flag of Somalia

July 1, 1960: Somalia independent from Italy and United Kingdom.  It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest.


Image result for benin map

Motto:  “Fraternité, Justice, Travail” (French)
“Fraternity, Justice, Labour”

Flag of Benin

August 1, 1960: Benin independent from France. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north.


1960s Yields Many Independence Days

Motto: “Fraternité, Travail, Progrès” (French)
“Fraternity, Work, Progress”

Flag of Niger

August 3, 1960:  Niger independent from France. It is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.

Burkina Faso

Image result for Burkina Faso map

Motto: “Unité–Progrès–Justice” (French)

Flag of Burkina Faso

August 5, 1960: Burkina Faso independent from France. It  is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest.

Ivory Coast

Image result for Ivory Coast map

Motto: “Union – Discipline – Travail” (French)
“Unity – Discipline – Work”

Flag of Cote d'Ivoire

August 7, 1960: Ivory Coast [officially the Republic of Côte d’Ivoireindependent from France. Its bordering countries are Guinea and Liberia in the west, Burkina Faso and Mali in the north, and Ghana in the east.


Image result for chad map

Motto: “Unité, Travail, Progrès” (French)
“Unity, Work, Progress”
“الاتحاد، العمل، التقدم” (Arabic)

Flag of Chad

August 11, 1960: Chad independent from France.   It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

Central African Republic

Image result for Central African Republic map

Motto: “Unité, Dignité, Travail” (French)
“Unity, Dignity, Work”

Flag of the Central African Republic

August 13, 1960: Central African Republic independent from France. . It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.

Republic of the Congo

Image result for Republic of the Congo Map

Motto: “Unité, Travail, Progrès” (French)
“Unity, Work, Progress”

Flag of the Republic of the Congo

August 15, 1960: Republic of the Congo independent from France.  It is bordered by five countries: Gabon and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; Cameroon to the northwest; the Central African Republic to the northeast; the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the east and south; and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to the southwest.


Image result for Gabon map

Motto: “Union, Travail, Justice” (French)
“Union, Work, Justice”

File:Flag of Gabon.svg

August 17, 1960: Gabon independent from France.  Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west.


Image result for mali map

Motto: “Un peuple, un but, une foi” (French)
“One people, one goal, one faith”

File:Flag of Mali.svg

September 22, 1960: Mali independent from France. It is bordered by Algeria to the northeast, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania to the west.

October 1, 1960

Image result for Cyprus map

(No official motto)

Image result for cyprus flag

Cyprus independent from United Kingdom.  It is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.


Image result for nigeria map

Motto: “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”

Flag of Nigeria

Nigeria independent from United Kingdom. It  borders Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.


Image result for mauritania map

Motto: شرف إخاء عدل (Arabic)
“Honor, Fraternity, Justice”

Flag of Mauritania

November 28, 1960: Mauritania independent from France. It  is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for kuwait map

(no official motto)

Flag of Kuwait

February 25, 1961:  Kuwait independent from United Kingdom. It shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

Sierra Leone

Image result for Sierra Leone map

Motto: “Unity, Freedom, Justice”

Flag of Sierra Leone

April 27, 1961:  Sierra Leone independent from United Kingdom. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest.


Image result for Tanzania map

Motto: “Uhuru na Umoja” (Swahili)
“Freedom and Unity”

Flag of Tanzania

December 9, 1961:  Tanzania independent from United Kingdom.  It borders Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for Samoa map

Motto: “Faʻavae i le Atua Sāmoa”
“Samoa is founded on God”

Flag of Samoa

January 1, 1962: Samoa [officially the Independent State of Samoa] independent from New Zealand.  The two main islands are Savai’i and Upolu with four smaller islands surrounding the landmasses.  The Samoan Islands are an archipelago in the central South Pacific, forming part of Polynesia and the wider region of Oceania.

July 1, 1962

Image result for burundi map

Motto: “Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Amajambere” (Kirundi)
“Unité, Travail, Progrès” (French)

Flag of Burundi

  • Burundi independent from Belgium. It is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is also considered part of Central Africa.

Image result for rwanda map

Motto: “Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu”
“Unity, Work, Patriotism”

The flag of Rwanda: blue, yellow and green stripes with a yellow sun in top right corner

  • Rwanda independent from Belgium.  Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Image result for algeria map

Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب
By the people and for the people

Flag of Algeria

July 5, 1962: Algeria Independent from France. It is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.


Image result for jamaica map

Motto: “Out of Many, One People”

Flag of Jamaica

August 6, 1962:  Jamaica independent from United Kingdom. It is the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean and lies about 90 mi  south of Cuba, and  119 mi west of Hispaniola (the island containing the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic).

Trinidad and Tobago

Image result for trinidad and tobago map

Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve

Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

August 31, 1962:  Trinidad and Tobago (officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) independent from United Kingdom. It is situated 81 miles south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 16.8 miles off the coast of northeastern Venezuela.


Image result for uganda map

Motto: “For God and My Country”
“kwa mungu na nchi yangu”

Flag of Uganda

October 9, 1962: Uganda independent from United Kingdom

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for sarawak map

Motto(s): Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti
United, Striving, Serving

Flag of Sarawak

July 22, 1963: Sarawak was granted self-government by the British and subsequently became one of the founding members of the Federation of Malaysia established on 16 September 1963. Sarawak is located in northwest Borneo Island, and is bordered by the Malaysian state of Sabah to the northeast, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of Borneo) to the south, and the independent country of Brunei in the north.


Image result for map kenya

Motto: “Harambee” (Swahili)
“Let us all pull together”

Flag of Kenya

December 12, 1963:  Kenya independent from United Kingdom. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and south-west, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for map malawi

Motto: “Unity and Freedom”

Flag of Malawi

July 6, 1964:  Malawi (officially the Republic of Malawi) independent from United Kingdom. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west.


Image result for map malta

Virtute et constantia (Latin)
Strength and consistency
Flag of Malta

September 21, 1964:  Malta independent from United Kingdom.  It is a  island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 50 mi south of Italy, 176 mi east of Tunisia, and 207 mi north of Libya


Image result for zambia map

Motto: One Zambia, One Nation

Flag of Zambia

October 24, 1964:  Zambia independent from United Kingdom. It borders  the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for Gambia map

Motto: “Progress, Peace, Prosperity”
Flag of The Gambia

February 18, 1965: The Gambia independent from United Kingdom. It is almost entirely surrounded by Senegal with the exception of its western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. It is the smallest country within mainland Africa.


Image result for Maldives map

Motto:  the script below its national emblem reads الدولة المحلديبية  (State of the Mahal Dibiyat)

Flag of Maldives

July 26, 1965:  Maldives independent from United Kingdom. It is located in the Indian Ocean, situated in the Arabian Sea and lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India.


Image result for singapore map

Motto: “Majulah Singapura” (Malay)
(English: “Onward, Singapore”)

Image result for singapore flag

August 9, 1965:  Singapore leaves Malaysian Federation. It a sovereign city-state and island country.  It lies 85 miles  north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia’s Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysiato the north.


Image result for map rhodesia

Motto: Sit Nomine Digna
“May she be worthy of the name”

Flag of Rhodesia

Flag of Rhodesia above

Flag of Zimbabwe

Flag of Zimbabwe above

November 11, 1965:  Rhodesia proclaimed its independence from Britain. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces, which culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for map guyana

Motto: “One People, One Nation, One Destiny”

Flag of Guyana

May 26, 1966: Guyana independent from United Kingdom. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west.


Image result for map botswana

Motto: “Pula!” (Tswana)

Flag of Botswana

September 30, 1966: Botswana independent from United Kingdom.  It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.


Image result for map Lesotho

Motto: “Khotso, Pula, Nala” (Sotho)
“Peace, Rain, Prosperity”

Flag of Lesotho

October 4, 1966: Lesotho independent from United Kingdom. It is entirely surrounded by South Africa.


Image result for map Barbados

Motto: “Pride and Industry”

Flag of Barbados


November 30, 1966: Barbados independent from United Kingdom. It is about 104 mi east of both the countries of Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and 250 mi north-east of Trinidad and Tobago.

1960s Many Independence Days



Image result for map Anguilla

Motto: “Unity, Strength and Endurance”

Flag of Anguilla

May 30, 1967: Anguilla independent from St Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. It lies east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and directly north of Saint Martin.


Image result for map yemen

Motto: الله، ٱلْوَطَن، ٱلثَوْرَة، ٱلْوَحْدَة (Arabic)
Allāh, al-Waṭan, ath-Thawrah, al-Waḥdah
“God, Country, Revolution, Unity”

Flag of Yemen

November 30, 1967: Yemen independent from United Kingdom.  It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and the Arabian Sea and Oman to the east.

1960s Many Independence Days



1960s Many Independence Days

Motto: “God’s will first”

Flag of Nauru

January 31, 1968: Nauru (officially the Republic of Nauru) independent from Australia, New Zealand, and United Kingdom.  Its nearest neighbor is Banaba Island  in  Kiribati  190 mi to the east. It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, north of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.

With 11,347 residents in a 8.1 sq mi area, Nauru is the smallest state in the South Pacific, smallest republic and third-smallest state by area in the world, behind only Vatican City and Monaco.


Image result for map mauritius

Motto: “Stella Clavisque Maris Indici” (Latin)
French: L’étoile et la clé de l’océan Indien
“Star and Key of the Indian Ocean”

Flag of Mauritius

March 12, 1968: Mauritius (officially the Republic of Mauritius) independent from United Kingdom.  It is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 1,200 mi off the southeast coast of the African continent.

1960s Many Independence Days

1960s Many Independence Days

“Siyinqaba” (Swati)
“We are a fortress”
“We are a mystery/riddle”
“We hide ourselves away”

1960s Many Independence Days

September 6, 1968: Swaziland independent from United Kingdom. It is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa. It is bordered by Mozambique to its northeast and South Africa to its north, west and south.

Equatorial Guinea

1960s Many Independence Days

Motto:  “Unidad, Paz, Justicia” (Spanish)
“Unity, Peace, Justice”
1960s Many Independence Days

October 12, 1968: Equatorial Guinea independent from Spain. It consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. The insular region consists of the islands of  Bioko and Annobón, The mainland region, Río Muni, is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east.

1960s Many Independence Days
1960s Many Independence Days
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Guitarist Paul Deano Williams

Guitarist Paul Deano Williams

Guitarist Paul Deano Williams
Richie and Paul Deano Williams on The Mike Douglas Show, March 5, 1969 (with Rodney Dangerfield and Edie Adams). Richie was invited back again 11 days after Woodstock
Guitarist Paul Deano Williams

Richie Havens

The Facebook page, Live Music Head wrote in a July 12, 2013 entry, “For better or worse, some musical careers are defined by a single searing moment in time and for Richie Havens, who died on April 22 [2013], his career will forever be linked to his appearance as the opener for the Woodstock Festival in 1969. Because the band Sweetwater, who were supposed to open, was caught in traffic, it was Havens, percussionist Daniel Ben Zebulon and guitarist Paul ‘Deano’ Williams who went on at Max Yasgur’s farm near Bethel, New York, at 5 pm on Friday, August 15th 1969. It was Haven’s improvised number, ‘Freedom,’ which he interspersed with bits from the tune ‘Motherless Child,’ with sweat staining his tunic and his feet keeping rhythm, all of it captured on the film of the festival, which will forever be his shining moment in music history.” Watch out for Paul ‘Deano’ Williams flashing the peace sign in this video [at approx 34 seconds]…

Guitarist Paul Deano Williams


Paul Williams is one of those many Woodstock Music and Art Fair musicians whose life story the internet has seemingly and surprisingly not included.  A google search reiterates what we already know: Williams was an integral part of Richie Havens’s early music.

And I suppose that is enough.

The West Virginia Surf Report site had a what-ever-happened-to type of piece in which  a “Tilt” replied in 2013 to another reply: About 8 years ago, I was transporting a tractor on my ramp truck to Vermont from Maryland. On my way home, I stopped at a rest stop in upstate New York. An old black guy decked out in a country/cowboy getup, had the hood of his van up. His van was packed with musical equipment. I loaded up his van on my truck and hauled him to eastern New York, somewhere above New Your City. (I may be able to find it – He gave me an address and phone number, which I can’t find at the moment..) Along the trip, he explained that he was Paul Williams, and that he now plays bass in a two piece band, playing country music in bars. He was rather old (60’s or 70’s) and I don’t know if he is still kicking or not. He told me to look him up if ever in the area again, but I haven’t been back that way since then.

Guitarist Paul Deano Williams
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Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Brad Campell played at Woodstock as part of Janis Joplin’s Kosmic Blues Band. Of course, like all musicians, he’d had things happen before and many things following.

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Last Words

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Though little known in the US, the first big band Brad Campell would play with was the Canadian band, The Last Words. The original group was comprised of Graeme Box (lead guitar), Ron Guenther (drums) and Noel Campbell (piano).

According to a Barbed Wire Design article, The Last Words began in Clarkson, Ontario in 1961 as the The Beachcombers.  Began and ended after two gigs.

Then, liking Ronnie Hawkins, they became the Nighthawks.

In 1964 Noel Campell left the band, but before leaving invited brother Brad to join. Brad played bass.

Now they were The Smamokins band, but that soon changed to The Last Words.

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

I Symbolize You

Their first single in 1965, The Laugh’s On Me / She’ll Know How, for RCA Canada received very little air play, but in 1966 they hit the Canadian charts with a Columbia release, I Symbolize You / It Made Me Cry.

In late 1966, they released their last charted single, Give Me Time / Drive A Mini Minor, again on Columbia.

Bill Dureen left the group in 1967 and the remaining members continued with three others until 1968. Next was joining “The Paupers” with Skip Prokop (Lighthouse).

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Janis Joplin

In 1968 he went to New York.

He auditioned for Janis Joplin and she instructed her agent Albert Grossman to hire Brad.

He the Kosmic Blues band in late 1968. He’d eventually join Janis Joplin’s Full Tilt Boogie Band.

A Know Your Bass Player article wrote: To my ears, the Kozmic Blues Band and Full Tilt Boogie Band, with bassist Brad Campbell, were the perfect match to advance Janis’ groundbreaking artistry after she departed Big Brother & The Holding Company.

Throughout I Got Dem Ol’ Kozmic Blues Again Mama (1969), Pearl (1971),  and tracks on the archival In Concert (1972) [Campell} fortified Ms. Joplin’s forays into soul and rhythm and blues on such classic tracks as “Try,” “Move Over,” “Half Moon,” and “Me and Bobbie McGee” with harmonic and rhythmic passages evocative of the Motown, Stax, and Atlantic Records session masters – who, at the time, were his peers.

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Post Janis

Brad returned to Canada after Janis’s death.

He’d married and begin a family.

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell

Over the past two decades he has played with several bands, onee of which was Doyle Lawson & Quicksilver. Campbell played banjo and did vocals for Lawson from 1993 to 1994 and played on their album Never Walk Away.

His All Music credit list.

Brad lives in Milton, Ontario.

Canadian Bassist Brad Campell
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