December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism


December 3, 1867: Democratic President Andrew Johnson gave his annual message to Congress

In his message, Johnson said that “Negroes have shown less capacity for government than any other race of people. No independent government of any form has ever been successful in their hands. On the contrary, wherever they have been left to their own devices they have shown a constant tendency to relapse into barbarism.”  [CNN article] (next BH, see May 11)

Clinton Melton

December 3, 1955: in Glendora, Mississippi. Otis Kimball, a cotton gin operator, asked Clinton Melton to fill his car up with gas. Kimball became enraged because of something having to do with this transaction, and he threatened to come back to the gas station and kill Melton. Kimball was driving the automobile of J. W. Milam, one of the men who had been acquitted of killing Emmett Till in August of 1955. Kimball did in fact return to the station with a shotgun. With no provocation, he shot and killed Melton in full view of the gas station owner and other witnesses. (see Melton for more; next Black History, see January 3, 1956)

March to Montgomery

December 3, 1965: an all-white jury found Collie Wilkins, Eugene Thomas, and William Eato guilty of the murders of Viola Liuzzo and  Leroy Moton on March 25, 1965. The three were sentenced to 10 years in prison. (see Liuzzo for expanded chronology; next BH, see Dec 9)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

December 3, 1946: in Oakland, California, 130,000 workers from 142 unions – including workers from factories, industries, services, retail stores, transportation systems, and more – declared a “work holiday” and walked off their jobs in support of striking department store clerks and in opposition to police intervention that was facilitating strike breaking activity. The Oakland General Strike lasted for two days. (see April 7, 1947)

The Red Scare

December 3, 1948: the House Un-American Activities Committee announced that former Communist spy Whittaker Chambers had produced microfilm of secret documents hidden inside a pumpkin on his Maryland farm. (see April 4, 1949)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

December 3 Music et al

The Beatles before their US appearance

December 3, 1961: the Beatles’ had  their first formal meeting with Brian Epstein, where he proposed to them that he become their manager. The Beatles were interested, but they are not ready to make a commitment, so a second meeting is arranged for December 6.

The Who

December 3, 1965: The Who [Pete Townsend, 20; Keith Moon, 19; Roger Daltrey, 21; and John Entwistle, 21] released My Generation album.

Rubber Soul

December 3, 1965: Beatles released Rubber Soul. (see My Generation Rubber Soul for more) (see Dec 6)

“Winchester Cathedral”

December 3 – 9, 1966: “Winchester Cathedral” by The New Vaudeville Band #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism


Long war

December 3, 1962: Roger Hilsman, director of the State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research, sent a memorandum to Secretary of State Dean Rusk pointing out that the communist Viet Cong fighters were obviously prepared for a long war. (see January 2, 1963)

My Lai Massacre

December 3, 2016: Lawrence Colburn, the Army helicopter gunner who along with two comrades intervened in the U.S. slaughter of unarmed villagers in My Lai, an act of heroism for which he received the Soldier’s Medal three decades after the fact, died. [NYT obit]

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

December 3, 1964: police arrested some 800 students at the University of California at Berkeley who had stormed the administration building the previous day and staged a massive sit-in. (see Student Free Speech Movement for expanded chronology). (FS & SA, see January 4, 1965)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Technological Milestones

Heart transplant

December 3, 1967:  surgeons in Cape Town, South Africa led by Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky, who lived 18 days with the new heart. (see February 16, 1968)

Text message

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

December 3, 1992:  the first telephone text message was sent by British engineer Neil Papworth, who transmitted the greeting “Merry Christmas” from his work computer in Newbury, Berkshire, to Vodafone executive Richard Jarvis’ mobile phone. (see January 3, 1996)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Weather Underground

December 3, 1980: Bernardine Dohrn, a former leader of the radical Weather Underground, surrendered to authorities in Chicago after more than a decade as a fugitive. (next WU, see October 20, 1981)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

The Cold War

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

December 3, 1989: meeting off the coast of Malta, President George Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev issued statements strongly suggesting that the long-standing animosities at the core of the Cold War might be coming to an end. (see May 6, 1992)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Jack Kevorkian

December 3, 1992: the Michigan Legislature passes a ban on assisted suicide to take effect on March 30, 1993. (see JK for expanded chronology)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism


December 3, 1996: following the world’s first-ever trial on the freedom to marry, led by co-counsel Dan Foley and Evan Wolfson, Hawaii Judge Kevin Chang ruled that the state did not have a legitimate reason for depriving same-sex couples of the freedom to marry.(see February 21, 1997)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism


December 3, 1998: after two staffers look at internal Justice Department memos, Judiciary Committee Chairman Henry Hyde tells Republicans that campaign fund-raising will not be part of the impeachment debate. (see Clinton for expanded chronology)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Sexual Abuse of Children

Boston archdiocese

December 3, 2002:  new revelations about eight priests in Boston archdiocese accused of abusing women and girls, taking drugs and supplying drugs in return for sexual favors. (NYT article) (see Dec 6)

Orange County, CA

December 3, 2004: after two years of talks, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange County reached a record settlement with 87 victims of abuse by priests and lay employees, agreeing to the largest payment ever made by the church in cases involving sexual misconduct, parties involved in the talks said.

The payment was at least $100 million, exceeding the $85 million agreed to by the Archdiocese of Boston last year, said a participant in the discussions who could not be named because of a judicial order against speaking to the news media. (NYT article) (see February 7, 2005)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Fair Housing

Dallas discrimination

December 3, 2013: a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development investigation found that Dallas officials promoted discrimination against minorities and the disabled through affordable-housing practices that violate federal civil rights laws.

According to a 29-page letter outlining the initial findings, “the evidence shows that there was a pattern of negative reactions to projects that would provide affordable housing in the northern sector of Dallas and that those decisions were inconsistent with the goals required by HUD program obligations.”December 3, 2015, Feminism:  Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter said that the Pentagon will open all combat jobs to women. “There will be no exceptions,” Mr. Carter said at a news conference. The groundbreaking decision overturns a 1994 Pentagon rule that restricts women from artillery, armor, infantry and other such combat roles, even though in reality women often found themselves in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past 14 years. [ProPublica article] (see June 25, 2015)

Mississippi flag

December 3, 2018: a federal appeals court did not revive a lawsuit that had tried to block Ocean Springs, Mississippi from flying the state flag that includes the Confederate battle emblem.

The 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed U.S. District Judge Louis Guirola Jr ‘s decision that dismissed the lawsuit against Ocean Springs.

The lawsuit had called the flag “racially demeaning and hostile” and claimed the city violated the federal Fair Housing Act by flying the flag and sending the message that black people are unwelcome.

Guirola had ruled that the plaintiffs didn’t prove they suffered unequal treatment by the Ocean Springs government. The panel of three appeals court judges agreed.

“The only act they allege is the City’s resolution requiring the Mississippi state flag to be flown over public buildings,” the appeals court judges wrote. “That is not a ‘discriminatory housing practice’ as required by the FHA, and plaintiffs are therefore not ‘aggrieved persons’ under the statute.” [Star Trib article] (see January 15, 2019)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism


December 3, 2015: Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter said that the Pentagon will open all combat jobs to women. “There will be no exceptions,” Mr. Carter said at a news conference. The groundbreaking decision overturns a 1994 Pentagon rule that restricts women from artillery, armor, infantry and other such combat roles, even though in reality women often found themselves in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past 14 years. (NYT article) (see June 7, 2016)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Colin Kaepernick

December 3, 2017: the ACLU of Southern California presented the Eason Monroe Courageous Advocate Award to Colin Kaepernick.

Our next honoree took a stand. He took a stand knowing he would risk his job,” Southern California ACLU Executive Director Hector Villagra said. “And he has lost his job, one that he loved and was supremely talented and skilled at. He took a stand knowing that some would criticize him, and he has been viciously and unfairly criticized. He has been called a traitor, because too many people in this country confuse dissent for disloyalty. He took a stand knowing some would even threaten him, and he has had his life threatened, which is why, though we are profoundly honored to have him here, we didn’t publicize his presence tonight.”

Kaepernick raised a fist as he received a standing ovation. [Slate article] (for expanded CK story follow this link)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Trump Impeachment Inquiry

December 3, 2019: House Democrats released an impeachment report that found the president “placed his own personal and political interests above the national interests of the United States.”

The report by the House Intelligence Committee was a sweeping indictment of the president’s behavior, concluding that he sought to undermine American democracy and endangered national security, then worked to conceal his actions from Congress. Democrats left it to another committee to decide whether to recommend Mr. Trump’s impeachment, but their report presented what are all but certain to be the grounds on which the House votes to formally charge him. [NYT article] (see TII for expanded chronology)

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism

Pledge of Allegiance & Student Rights

December 3, 2019: Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton intervened to defend a Houston-area school district in its lawsuit with the student, India Landry. Landry, 18, who filed a lawsuit after she was expelled last year from Windfern High School for refusing to stand for the flag during the US Pledge of Allegiance

“School children cannot unilaterally refuse to participate in the pledge,” Mr Paxton – the state‘s most senior law enforcement officer – said in a news release.

December 3 Peace Love Art Activism


December 2, 2020: the United Nations’ Commission for Narcotic Drugs voted to remove cannabis for medicinal purposes from a category of the world’s most dangerous drugs, a highly anticipated and long-delayed decision that could clear the way for an expansion of marijuana research and medical use.

The Commission, includes 53 member states, considered a series of recommendations from the World Health Organization on reclassifying cannabis and its derivatives. But attention centered on a key recommendation to remove cannabis from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs — where it was listed alongside dangerous and highly addictive opioids like heroin. [NYT article] (next Cannabis, see or see CCC for expanded cannabis chronology)

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