April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10, 1917: in Eddystone, PA, an explosion tore apart the Eddystone Ammunition Works loading room. The explosion killed 133 people, mostly women and girls. Of the dead, 55 were never identified

The explosion was initially blamed on German saboteurs, and later on Russians. It may in fact have been an accident caused by malfunctioning equipment. (Pennsylvaniamilitarycollege.org article) (see Aug 1)

Cesar Chavez & Dolores Huerta

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10, 1930: Dolores Huerta born in Dawson, New Mexico. 

Chavez family moves

In 1938: Chávez family left Yuma to work in California as migrant farm workers. 

Leaves school

In 1942 Cesar Chávez was forced to leave school, after completing the eighth grade, in order to help support the family. (see August 1942)

Civilian Conservation Corps

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10, 1933: the Roosevelt administration created the Civilian Conservation Corps, a tool for employing young men and improving the government’s vast holdings of western land. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was primarily designed to put thousands of unemployed young men to work on useful public projects. Roosevelt put the program under the direction of his Secretary of Interior, Harold Ickes. Since the vast majority of federal public land was in the West, Ickes created most of his CCC projects in that region. The young men who joined, however, came from all over the nation. It was the first time many had left their homes in the densely populated eastern states. (see May 6)

United Farm Workers

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10, 1966:  March to Sacramento ends. Along the way, thousands of supporters joined César Chavez and Dolores Huerta. The march drew national attention to the suffering of farm workers. At the rally Huerta stated, “We are no longer interested in listening to the excuses the Governor has to give in defense of the growers, to his apologies to them for not paying us decent wages or why the growers cannot dignify the workers as individuals with the right to place the price on their own labor through collective bargaining. The Governor maintains that the growers are in a competitive situation. Well, the farm workers are also. We must also compete—with the standards of living to give our families their bread.”

During the march and after a four-month boycott, Schenley Vineyards negotiated an agreement with NFWA–the first genuine union contract between a grower and farm workers’ union in US history.

Chavez announced a boycott of DiGiorgio Corporation to put pressure on it to negotiate a similar agreement. (fresnobee.com article) (see June 1)

Frances Perkins Building

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10, 1980: President Jimmy Carter and Secretary of Labor Ray Marshall presided over a ceremony renaming the Department of Labor Building the Frances Perkins Building. The date was the 100th anniversary of her birth. Perkins’s daughter,  Susanna Coggeshall, was also present.  A plaque on the building said that Perkins’ “legacy of social action enhances the lives of all of us.”

On the same day, the US Postal Service issued a new 15-cent stamp bearing the likeness of Perkins.  (see Apr 11)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Cultural Milestone

April 10, 1925:  publication of  “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald. (see February 18, 1929)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Cold War

Red Scare
Ronald Reagan & Jane Wyman

April 10, 1947:  actor and future president Ronald Reagan, along with his wife Jane Wyman, provided the FBI with a list of names of Screen Actors Guild members they believed were or had been Communists. Reagan developed a close and private relationship with the FBI in the 1940s, which continued while he was Governor of California in the 1960s and early 1970s. (see Apr 16)

Hollywood Ten

April 10, 1950: in a test case of two of the so-called “Hollywood Ten,” the Supreme Court upheld their convictions. In a joint statement the Hollywood Ten said, “By it’s refusal to review the cases of John Howard Lawson and Dalton Trumbo…the Supreme Court has welcomed govermental censorship, political blacklisting, and thought control by our system. By this decision it has announced that only those Americans will be safe from inquisition and intimidation who will crawl before men like J Parnell Thomas, John Rankin and Senator McCarthy. (Red Scare, see Apr 20; HT, see May 29)

Elia Kazan

April 10, 1952: theater and film director Elia Kazan named eight people who he had known to have been members of the Communist Party in testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). Kazan had refused to name names in his initial appearance before the committee in January 1952, but changed his mind and in order to avoid being blacklisted decided to name names. His naming names on this day provoked a bitter controversy that lasted for decades. (Red Scare, see “in June”; Kazan, see July 28, 1954)

VII Summit of the Americas

April 10, 2015: in the first full-fledged meeting between presidents of the United States and Cuba in more than a half-century, President Obama and President Raúl Castro of Cuba shook hands at the VII Summit of the Americas in Panama City, Panama and American officials said they would hold discussions the next day during a gathering of regional leaders (see Apr 11)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

see April 10 Music et al for more

Black History

April 10, 1956, African American singer and pianist Nat King Cole was performing before a white-only audience of 4000 at the Municipal Auditorium in Birmingham, Alabama, when he was attacked and knocked down by a group of white men. The attack happened so quickly that some audience members believed the attackers had rushed the stage to attack a drunk man near the front row who had been jeering at Mr. Cole, “Negro, go home.” Police present at the concert in case of trouble apprehended Cole’s attackers quickly. Four men were charged with inciting a riot while two others were held for questioning. Outside the arena, officers later found a car containing rifles, a blackjack, and brass knuckles. (see May 13)

Elvis’s GI Blues

April 10 – 16, 1961: Elvis’s GI Blues returned to Billboard #1 album for a third time. (see May 22)

Washington Sq Park

April 10, 1961: NYC Parks Commissioner announced that an informal referendum would be held to determine if folk singers should be allowed to sing in Washington Square on Sundays. (see New York City Bans Folk Music for expanded story)

Stu Sutcliffe

April 10, 1962: Stu Sutcliffe died. The Beatles original bassist, Sutcliffe was with the band when he and John Lennon decided to call themselves “The Beatals”, which would later be changed to “The Beatles”. Stu Sutcliffe is one of the people that are often referred to as “The Fifth Beatle”. Sutcliffe left the band to pursue his career as an artist, enrolling in the Hamburg College of Art, studying under future pop artist, Eduardo Paolozzi, who later wrote a report stating that Sutcliffe was one of his best students.

Stu had also met Astrid Kirchherr in Hamburg and was engaged to her. While in college in Germany, Sutcliffe began experiencing severe headaches and acute sensitivity to light. In the first days of April 1962, he collapsed in the middle of an art class after complaining of head pains. German doctors performed various checks, but were unable to determine the exact cause of his headaches. On 10 April 1962, he was taken to hospital, but died in the ambulance on the way. The cause of death was later revealed to have been an aneurysm. Sutcliffe was only 21 years old when he died. (see Apr 11)

The Beatles’ Second Album

April 10, 1964, Capital released The Beatles’ Second Album album.

Freddy and the Dreamers

Apr 10 – 23, 1965: “I’m Telling You Now” by Freddy and the Dreamers #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Mary Poppins

April 10 – July 9, 1965: the Mary Poppins soundtrack returns to the Billboard #1 album spot.

A Man for All Seasons

April 10, 1967: 1966 Oscars held. Bob Hope hosts. A Man for All Seasons best  picture.

In the Heat of the Night

April 10, 1968: 1967 Oscars held after two-day delay after ML King’s assassination. Bob Hope hosts. The winner in the Best Picture category was In the Heat of the Night (with seven nominations and five wins – Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Screenplay, Best Film Editing, and Best Sound).

Beatles break-up

April 10, 1970: The Daily Mirror, Paul McCartney made the Beatles’ secret breakup public by issuing a press release to announce that he has left the group, done in the form of a fake interview: “Q: Is your break with the Beatles temporary or permanent, due to personal differences or musical ones? PAUL: Personal differences, business differences, musical differences, but most of all because I have a better time with my family. Temporary or permanent? I don’t really know.”

John Lennon was furious, especially since the breakup, already agreed upon by the group, was announced just one week prior to the British release of McCartney’s first solo album. When a reporter tracks down Lennon for his thoughts, he replies, “Paul hasn’t left. I sacked him.” (see Beatles break up for expanded story)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

USS Thresher

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

April 10, 1963:  the USS Thresher, an atomic submarine, sank in the Atlantic Ocean, killing the entire crew. One hundred and twenty-nine sailors and civilians were lost when the sub unexpectedly plunged to the sea floor 300 miles off the coast of New England. (see June 10)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

DRAFT CARD BURNING I

April 10, 1967: Vietnam Week started. Draft card burnings and anti-draft demonstrations. 

DRAFT CARD BURNING II

April 10, 1967: The US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit held unconstitutional the amendment to the Selective Service Act that forbade the burning of draft cards. (Draft Card Burning, see Apr 15; Vietnam, see Apr 14)

My Lai Massacre

April 10, 1972: a tribunal report supported the Army’s account of the events of the day. Witnesses to the event disputed the report’s conclusions and regarded it as a whitewash. (see My Lai for expanded chronology; next Vietnam, Apr 16)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Mississippi Anti-Picketing statute

April 10, 1964: the pickets resumed marching along the now unmarked route; they were arrested for violating the Anti-Picketing statute. (ussnautilus.org article) (see Apr 13)

George Whitmore, Jr.

April 10, 1973: NY Supreme Court Justice Irwin Brownstein released Whitmore from jail at the request of Brooklyn DA Eugene Gold based on “fresh new evidence” indicating that Borrero’s identification of him was suspect.” Gold told Brownstein, “If in fact he is guilty of these charges, surely his debt to society has been paid by his incarceration. If he is innocent, I pray that my action today will in some measure repay society’s debt to him.” He termed Whitman’s treatment by the law “a disgrace.”  Justice Borwnstein stated, “It is indeed disgraceful that this defendant has been subjected to nine years of prosecution and appeals.”  Whitmore’s most recent incarceration totaled 406 days, bringing his total time behind bars to 1,216 days. (next BH, see Apr 28;  see Whitmore for expanded story)

SOUTH AFRICA/APARTHEID
Nelson Mandela

April 10. 1993: Thembisile Chris Hani, a popular black leader of the South African Communist Party, was shot and killed by a white man. At least seven people were killed in clashes over the following days. Mandela appeared on national television and called for calm, urging a stronger commitment to negotiations, a contrast to the A.N.C.’s confrontational reaction to the massacre in Boipatong the year before. (see Oct 15)

STAND YOUR GROUND LAW
Trayvon Martin Shooting

April 10, 2012: Craig Sonner and colleague Hal Uhrig, George Zimmerman’s attorneys, said they were dropping him as a client, complaining that they have lost all contact with him and that he called the prosecutor and talked to a TV host after they told him not to speak to anyone. (see Apr 11)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Irish Troubles

Bobby Sands

April 10, 1981: imprisoned IRA hunger striker Bobby Sands won election to the British Parliament.

Baltic Exchange explosion

April 10, 1992:  a Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb exploded in the Baltic Exchange in the City of London; 3 are killed, 91 injured.

Belfast Agreement

April 10, 1998: the Belfast Agreement [Good Friday Agreement]  signed between the Irish and British governments and most Northern Ireland political parties. (see Troubles for expanded story)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS & Ryan White

April 10, 1986: U.S. Circuit Court Judge Jack R. O’Neill dissolves restraining order. White returned to school. When White was finally readmitted, a group of families withdrew their children and started an alternative school. Threats of violence and lawsuits persisted. According to White’s mother, people on the street would often yell, “we know you’re queer” at Ryan. (see White for expanded story)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Concorde

April 10, 2003: Air France and British Airways simultaneously announced that they would retire Concorde later in 2003. They cited low passenger numbers following the 25 July 2000 crash, the slump in air travel following 11 September 2001, and rising maintenance costs. (theatlantic.com article)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

ADA

EEOC v. Ford Motor Co

April 10, 2015: the Sixth Circuit court issued a decision on telecommuting accommodations for disabled employees.  In EEOC v. Ford Motor Co., a divided en banc Sixth Circuit affirmed summary judgment for Ford on claims brought under the Americans with Disabilities Act by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.  At issue in the case was a telecommuting request from a Ford employee with underlying health problems.  The EEOC alleged that Ford: 1) failed to reasonably accommodate the employee, Ms. Harris, by denying her telecommuting request and 2) retaliated against her for raising the issue with the EEOC.

Emphasizing the importance of consistent in-person attendance for interactive jobs, the majority held that no genuine issue of material fact remained, and EEOC’s claims failed as a matter of law. The lynchpin of the court’s ruling was that regular and predictable on-site job attendance was an essential function of Ms. Harris’s job as a resale buyer.  Concluding that Ms. Harris’s job was fundamentally interactive, the majority invoked the “general rule” that regularly attending work on-site is essential to most jobs, especially interactive ones. (see Apr 13)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism

April 10, 2017: Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai was named the youngest ever UN Messenger of Peace, with a special focus on girls’ education. (United Nations article) (next Feminism, see Oct 11)

April 10 Peace Love Art Activism
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