October 23, 1915, Feminism & Voting Rights: twenty-five thousand women marched in Manhattan, demanding the right to vote in all 48 states. (click → NYT article) October 23, 1947, BLACK HISTORY: the NAACP filed formal charges with the United Nations, accusing the U.S. of racial discrimination. "An Appeal to the World," edited by W.E.B. DuBois, was a study of the denial of the right to vote that included details of other discrimination. (click → NYT article) October 23, 1961, Cold War & Nuclear and Chemical Weapons: Soviet Union above-ground nuclear test. 12.5 megaton. (click → NYT article)
October 23, 1961, Nuclear and Chemical Weapons: Kenneth Gelpey wearing protective clothing as he emerged from a fallout shelter in Medford, Massachusetts with a Geiger counter in hand to "test for radiation". Gelpey and his family spent the weekend in the shelter to test their equipment. )
October 23 – November 5, 1961: “Runaround Sue” by Dion & the Belmonts #1 Billboard Hot 100. Cool video:
October 23, 1961, the Billboard #1 album since September 18, Judy at Carnegie Hall continues it's top spot.
October 23, 1962, The Cold War & Cuban Missile Crisis: Evidence presented by the U.S. Department of Defense, of Soviet missiles in Cuba. This low level photo of the medium range ballistic missile site under construction at Cuba's San Cristobal area. A line of oxidizer trailers is at center. Added since October 14, the site was earlier photographed, were fuel trailers, a missile shelter tent, and equipment. The missile erector now lies under canvas cover. Evident also is extensive vehicle tracks and the construction of cable lines to control areas. October 23, 1973, Watergate Scandal: Nixon agreed to turn White House tape recordings requested by the Watergate special prosecutor over to Judge John J. Sirica (click → NYT article)
October 23, 1983, TERRORISM: Shiite suicide bombers exploded truck near U.S. military barracks at Beirut airport, killing 241 marines. Minutes later a second bomb killed 58 French paratroopers in their barracks in West Beirut. (click → NYT article)
October 23, 1998, domestic terrorism: James Charles Kopp leaned against a tree behind the suburban home of Dr. Barnett Slepian, who performed abortions as part of his practice, and followed Slepian through the scope of a high-powered rifle. Slepian, the married father of four young sons, entered the kitchen after returning home from a memorial service for his father, put a bowl of soup in a microwave oven and walked to a desk in the corner of the kitchen where he routinely put his keys, wallet and pager. With that, Mr. Kopp, a longtime opponent of abortion whose beliefs earned him the nickname Atomic Dog among like-minded people, squeezed the trigger and fired. The single shot broke the kitchen window and struck Dr. Slepian under his left shoulder blade, tore through his chest and exited from his right shoulder, then ricocheted past his wife and two of their sons, finally lodging in the fireplace of the living room, where a third son was watching television. About an hour later, the 52-year-old doctor was declared dead. (click → NYT article) Kopp fled to France where he will be captured and extradited. On May 9, 2003, Judge Michael D'Amico will find Kopp guilty and sentence him to the maximum penalty, 25 years to life. (click → NYT article)
October 23, 2001, Technological Milestone: Apple Computer Inc. introduced the iPod portable digital music player. October 23, 2012, Birth Control: The 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago upheld the core portion of a lower court order that said Indiana cannot enforce a state law barring abortion providers from collecting Medicaid funds for any medical services, i.e., Indiana can't cut off funding for Planned Parenthood just because the organization provides abortions. click → NYT article October 23, 2012, Birth Control: The issue of pregnancies resulting from rape rattled another campaign for the Senate when Indiana’s Republican Senate nominee, Richard Mourdock, said a life conceived by rape “is something that God intended to happen” and must be protected. (click → NYT article) October 23, 2012, LGBT: New York’s highest court declined to hear a challenge to the state’s gay-marriage law, ending the only significant legal threat to same-sex weddings in the state. The Court of Appeals rejected a motion by a conservative group, New Yorkers for Constitutional Freedoms, which had accused the State Senate of violating the state’s Open Meetings Law in its deliberations before it voted last year to allow gay men and lesbians to marry. The court did not provide an explanation of its decision. (click → NYT article)