October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Marcus Garvey

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

October 11, 1919: with the goal of deporting Garvey firmly in mind, J Edgar Hoover wrote a memo suggesting that investigators pursue the idea of prosecuting Garvey for fraud, in connection with his Black Star Line activities. (see MG for expanded story)

Malcolm X

October 11, 1963: at UC Berkeley Herman Blake interviewed Malcolm X  being a Black Muslim, the conditions of Blacks in this country, their relation with white people, and Malcolm X stating  the case for Black separatism. [video] (BH, see Oct 15; MX, see March 8, 1964)

Medgar Evers assassination

October 11, 1973: the Louisiana Ku Klux Klan said it was raising a defense fund for Byron De La Beckwith, who was charged with bringing a bomb into Louisiana. (see January 19, 1974)

Johnnie Mae Chappell

October 11 Peace Love Activism

October 11, 2005: the law firm of Spohrer Wilner Maxwell & Matthews, best known for its court wins against tobacco giants, promised to look into the 1964 slaying of black housekeeper Johnnie Mae Chappell by white shooters without charge.

Senior partner Robert Spohrer asked Gov. Jeb Bush and State Attorney Harry Shorstein to reopen the case, appoint a special prosecutor or impanel a grand jury to investigate the slaying.

The attorney also said his office has been in touch with the Southern Poverty Law Center and was looking into filing another lawsuit, although the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear a case last year that accused local detectives of covering up evidence to protect Chappell’s killers. (BH, see Oct 13; Chappell, see January 5, 2006)

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

Second Vatican Council

October 11 Peace Love Activism

October 11, 1962:  Pope John XXIII convened an ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church—the first in 92 years. In summoning the ecumenical council—a general meeting of the bishops of the church—the pope hoped to bring spiritual rebirth to Catholicism and cultivate greater unity with the other branches of Christianity. In calling the ecumenical council, he sought a “New Pentecost,” a new outpouring of the Holy Spirit. He sought reconciliation for the world’s divided Christianity and invited Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Protestant observers to attend the proceedings.  During the Council a papal commission worked on a new marriage statement.

In 1965, that commission on marriage voted overwhelmingly to recommend that the church rescind its ban on artificial contraception, saying that it was not “intrinsically evil”

The Council would close on December 8, 1965.

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

National Security Action Memorandum 263

October 11, 1963: after considering the report from McNamara and Taylor (Sept 21), Kennedy signed National Security Action Memorandum 263. It planned to transfer responsibility for security in South Vietnam to the ARVN, allowing for the withdrawal of 1,000 US advisors within three months and the bulk of US advisors by late 1965. (see Oct 22)

Peace negotiations

October 11, 1972: Henry Kissinger met again with the North Vietnamese. According to Hanoi, the United States proposed a change in the schedule: bombing and mining would be stopped Oct. 21, the agreement initialed Oct. 22 and formally signed Oct. 30. Hanoi said it agreed to the change. On October 12 Kissinger returned to Washington to brief President. Nixon. In Saigon, President Thieu tells a youth rally of his opposition to a coalition with the Communists. (see Oct 12)

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

Space Race

October 11 Peace Love Activism

October 11 – 12, 1968: after extensive redesign work, Apollo 7, commanded by Wally Schirra (the only astronaut to command Mercury, Gemini and Apollo missions) enters earth orbit in the first test of the spacecraft. [NYT Apollo 7] (see October 25)

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

World Series

October 11 – 16, 1969: NY Mets v Baltimore Orioles. Mets win in five games to accomplish one of the greatest upsets in Series history, as that particular Orioles squad was considered to be one of the finest ever. The World Series win earned the team the sobriquet “Miracle Mets.” [NPR story]

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS

October 11 Peace Love Activism

October 11, 1987: hundreds of thousands of activists take part in the National March on Washington to demand that President Ronald Reagan address the AIDS crisis. Although AIDS had been reported first in 1981, it was not until the end of his presidency that Reagan spoke publicly about the epidemic. (NYT article) (see May – June 1988)

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism

October 11 Peace Love Activism

October 11, 1991: University of Oklahoma Law Professor Anita F. Hill testified before a Senate Judiciary Committee that conservative Federal Appeals Court Judge and Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas sexually harassed her when she was employed as his personal assistant. Three days of unprecedented televised Senate Judiciary Committee hearings follow the charges. Senators Arlen Specter, Alan Simpson and Orrin Hatch accuse Hill of falsifying the events, and her credibility was questioned because her allegations did not come until nine years after the alleged acts took place.

Thomas reappeared before the panel to denounce the proceedings as a “high-tech lynching.” (NYT article) [transcript of testimony] (see Oct  23)

BSA

October 11, 2017: the Boy Scouts of America announced plans to accept girls, marking an historic shift for the century-old organization.

The group cited the desire to nurture female leaders as a reason for the decision, pitting it against the Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., which operates under a similar mission.

“We strive to bring what our organization does best — developing character and leadership for young people — to as many families and youth as possible as we help shape the next generation of leaders,” said Michael Surbaugh, the group’s chief scout executive.

Starting in 2018, girls would be allowed into the Cub Scout program, which had been limited to boys either in the first through fifth grades or between the ages of 7 and 10. A separate program for older girls was expected to be available in 2019. [NYT article] (Feminism, see Dec 6; BSA, see May 2, 2018)

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

October 11 Peace Love Activism

October 11, 2000: 250 million US gallons  of coal sludge spill in Martin County, Kentucky (considered a greater environmental disaster than the Exxon Valdez oil spill). [CounterSpill article] (see December 26, 2004)

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism

DEATH PENALTY

October 11, 2018: Washington state’s Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty was unconstitutional and converted to life in prison all pending death sentences in the state.

The court’s decision was unanimous, with the justices determining that capital punishment was applied “in an arbitrary and racially biased manner.”

“The use of the death penalty is unequally applied — sometimes by where the crime took place, or the county of residence… or the race of the defendant,” the court said in its opinion. “The death penalty, as administered in our state, fails to serve any legitimate penological goal; thus, it violates article I, section 14 of our state constitution.”

October 11 Peace Love Art Activism
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