March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6 Peace Love Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Dred Scott decision

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1857: Chief Justice Taney delivered the majority opinion of the Court.

It held that Dred Scott was not a "citizen of a state" and therefore was unable to bring suit in federal court. According to Taney, the authors of the Constitution had viewed all blacks as “beings of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations, and so far inferior that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect.”

If the Court were to grant Scott’s petition, It would give to persons of the negro race, ...the right to enter every other State whenever they pleased, ...to sojourn there as long as they pleased, to go where they pleased ...the full liberty of speech in public and in private upon all subjects upon which its own citizens might speak; to hold public meetings upon political affairs, and to keep and carry arms wherever they went.

As far as Scott’s previous residence in both a free state and a free territory, Justice Taney deferred to the Missouri State court’s: “...we are satisfied, upon a careful examination of all the cases decided in the State courts of Missouri referred to, that it is now firmly settled by the decisions of the highest court in the State, that Scott and his family upon their return were not free, but were, by the laws of Missouri, the property of the defendant; and that the Circuit Court of the United States had no jurisdiction, when, by the laws of the State, the plaintiff was a slave, and not a citizen.” (BH & Dred Scott, see May 26)
Executive Order 10925
March 6, 1961: President John F. Kennedy signed Executive Order 10925. It required government contractors to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed and that employees are treated during employment without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.” It established the President's Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity. (see Mar 7)
Muhammad Ali
March 6, 1964: Cassius Clay adopted Muhammad Ali as his new name given to him by Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam, Ali’s name mean “Praiseworthy One.” (Black History, see Mar 12; Ali, see Mar 9)
Confederate flag
March 6, 2013:  Florida. After hearing heated arguments against and for flying a Confederate flag at the Pensacola Bay Center, the Escambia Board of County Commissioners voted in favor of a resolution that gives the county the option of flying the same five flags there that the city of Pensacola flies at its public buildings.

The commissioners voted 3-2 in favor of the resolution. It changed the commissioners' decision in December to only fly the American and state of Florida flags at the Bay Center. The resolution gives the county the option to display historical flags at county buildings that are consistent with the flags the city of Pensacola flies. The city buildings have the American, British, French, Spanish and the National Flag of the Confederacy. (see Mar 7)

Cultural/Technical Milestones

Oreo cookie

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1912: Oreo sandwich cookies were first introduced by the National Biscuit Co., which later became Nabisco. (see March 25, 1913)
Clarence Birdseye

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1930: retail frozen foods go on sale for the first time in Springfield, Massachusetts. Various fruits, vegetables, meat and fish were offered for sale. Clarence Birdseye had developed the method used to successfully freeze foods on a commercial scale. (see September 17, 1931)
Walter Cronkite
March 6, Walter Cronkite signed off for the last time as anchorman of "The CBS Evening News." (see Aug 1)

US Labor History

March 6, 1913: Joe Hill’s song “There is Power in a Union” appeared in the Little Red Song Book, published by the Wobblies (see May 26)

Vietnam

President Ho Chi Minh
March 6, 1946: President Ho Chi Minh struck an agreement with France that recognized his country as an autonomous state within the Indochinese Federation and the French Union. (see Dec 19)
US Advisors
March 6, 1960: the US announced that 3,500 additional American soldiers would be sent to Vietnam as advisors. (see Dec 20)

U.S. Marines

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1965: the White House confirmed reported that, at the request of South Vietnam, the United States was sending two battalions of U.S. Marines for security work at the Da Nang air base to free South Vietnamese troops for combat. (see Mar 8)

Weather Underground

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1970:  a nail bomb they were constructing detonated  and killed Weathermen members Theodore Gold, Diana Oughton, and Terry Robbins in their Greenwich Village townhouse. They had intended to plant the bomb at a non-commissioned officer's dance at Fort Dix, New Jersey. (Vietnam, see March 10; WU, see May 21)

My Lai Massacre

March 6 Peace Love Activism
Hugh Thompson, on the right, and Lawrence Colburn, his helicopter door-gunner, at My Lai village
March 6, 1998: the Army recognized Warrant Officer Hugh Thompson Hugh Thompson for his courage and honesty. Thompos was the Army helicopter pilot who rescued Vietnamese civilians during the My Lai massacre, reported the killings to his superior officers in a rage over what he had seen, and testified at the inquiries. (see August 20, 2009)

Cold War

Nuclear/Chemical News

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1951:  trial of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg began in New York Southern District federal court. Judge Irving R. Kaufman presided over the espionage prosecution of the couple accused of selling nuclear secrets to the Russians (treason could not be charged because the United States was not at war with the Soviet Union). The Rosenbergs, and co-defendant, Morton Sobell, were defended by the father and son team of Emanuel and Alexander Bloch. The prosecution included the infamous Roy Cohn, best known for his association with Senator Joseph McCarthy. (see March 29)
Georgi Malenkov

March 6 Peace Love Activism

 

March 6, 1953: Georgi Malenkov was named premier and first secretary of the Communist Party (see Mar 20)

INDEPENDENCE DAY

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1957:  Ghana independent from the United Kingdom. It was the first African nation to achieve freedom from colonial rule. (see Aug 31)

March 6 Music et al

Exodus
March 6 – 19, 1961: soundtrack from the movie Exodus is Billboard #1 album for a second time.

My Girl
March 6 – 12, 1965: “My Girl” by the Temptations #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

John Lennon
March 6, 1973: the New York Office of the Immigration Department canceled John Lennon's visa extension. It had been granted only five days before. (see Mar 23)

Native Americans

Wounded Knee
March 6, 1974: Federal District Court Judge Fred Nicol upset over confusing statement involving inaccessible FBI documents said he wanted the files intact in his chambers to inspect. He said, “I don’t care what the FBI agrees or disagrees on. I used to think the FBI was one of the best bureaus...but now I think it has deteriorated. It has deteriorated badly and I don’t care how many FBI agents are in the courtroom to hear this.” (see June 18)
Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe
March 6, 1978: In Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe, The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the lower courts and held that Indian tribal courts do not have inherent criminal jurisdiction to try and to punish non-Indians, and hence may not assume such jurisdiction unless specifically authorized to do so by Congress. (see July 15)
March 6 Peace Love Activism

LGBTQ

Leonard Matlovich

March 6 Peace Love Activism

March 6, 1975: in early 1974, Air Force Technical Sergeant Leonard Matlovich, a Vietnam veteran and winner of the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star, read an interview in the Air Force Times with gay activist Frank Kameny, who had counseled gays in the military. He met with Kameny and ACLU attorney David Addlestone, spending months formulating a plan. On this day, he hand-delivered a letter to his Langley AFB commanding officer, disclosing he was gay. When his commander asked, “What does this mean?” Matlovich replied, “It means Brown versus the Board of Education” — a reference to the landmark 1954 Supreme Court case outlawing racial segregation in public schools and Matlovich’s belief that homosexuals should also be treated without discrimination. (LGBTQ, see Mar 25; Matlovich, see Sept 16)

Jack Kevorkian

March 6, 1996: the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco ruled that mentally competent, terminally ill adults have a constitutional right to aid in dying from doctors, health care workers and family members. It is the first time a federal appeals court endorses assisted suicide. (see Mar 8)

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