May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14 Peace Love Activism

Anarchism in the US/Red Scare

Ben Reitman
May 14, 1912: Ben Reitman arrived by train in San Diego to support the efforts of the I.W.W. An angry crowd of 2,000 surrounded Goldman's hotel. Vigilantes seized Reitman and later tarred and "sagebrushed" him. They burned the letters "I.W.W." into his skin with a cigar. The vigilantes also forced Reitman to kiss the American flag and sing "The Star Spangled Banner." He later made his way back to San Diego, and then to Los Angeles, where he reunited with Emma Goldman.  (see May 17, 1912)
Emma Goldman
May 14, 1940: Goldman died at the age of seventy. Tributes and messages of condolence arrive from around the world. Her body is taken to the Labor Lyceum in Toronto. The Rev. Salem Bland delivers a eulogy. (see May 17, 1940)
Guide to Subversive Organizations and Publications

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1951: HUAC published a Guide to Subversive Organizations and Publications. The Guide was modeled after the Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations, authorized by President Harry Truman on March 21, 1947, and published on December 4, 1947. (RS, see June 14; list, see June 4, 1971)
Warsaw Pact

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1955: seven communist countries in eastern Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland Romania, and the USSR) signed the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance (Warsaw Pact), a mutual defense accord created to counter NATO in the West. East Germany joined in 1959. Albania left in 1968. (see May 2, 1957)

May 14 Music et al

Silver Beats

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1960: the Silver Beats (John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Stu Sutcliffe, and Tommy Moore) performed at Lathom Hall, Seaforth, Liverpool. They played a few songs during the "interval" to audition for promoter Brian Kelly. This is the only occasion on which the group used the name "Silver Beats", quickly changing it back to "Silver Beetles". (see May 20)
Washington Square
May 14, 1961: from the NYT [May 15]: Washington Square yesterday afternoon saw the peaceful coexistence of scores of folk singers and hundreds of their fans, swarms of playing children, thousands of Sunday strollers, chess players, sun worshipers and fifty-five policemen. (see June 5)

BLACK HISTORY

Freedom Riders, Bus #1, Anniston, Alabama

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1961 (Mother’s Day): the group of Freedom Riders traveling by bus from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans on Greyhound bus #1 were met by a white mob in Anniston, Ala. The mob attacked the bus with baseball bats and iron pipes. They also slashed the tires. When the hobbled bus pulled over, the mob pulled riders off the bus and beat them with pipes. Then they set the bus on fire. The photograph of the Greyhound bus engulfed in flames, the black smoke filling the sky became an unforgettable image of the civil rights movement. 
Freedom Riders, Bus #2, Birmingham, Alabama

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1961: Greyhound bus #2 attacked in Birmingham, AL. A riot breaks out at the Trailways Bus Station where KKK mob savagely beats both Freedom Riders and innocent bystanders alike with iron pipes, chains, and clubs. Moments before photographer Tommy Langston was attacked he shot this single photo of Klansmen attacking a Freedom Rider at the Trailways Bus Station in Birmingham, Alabama. The photo helped identify Klansmen involved in the assault.
Freedom Rider Jim Peck attacked
May 14, 1961: members of a racist mob assaulted civil rights activist and pacifist Jim Peck when he stepped off the bus in Birmingham, Alabama. Peck needed 53 stitches in his head. He was initially denied treatment at Carraway Methodist Medical Center, a white segregated hospital, and was finally treated at Jefferson Hillman Hospital. The FBI, though an undercover informant, had advance knowledge of the planned attacks, but did nothing to stop them. In Birmingham, the attacks were abetted by Police Chief “Bull” Connor. (BH & FR, see May 15; Peck, see December 9, 1983)

Stokely Carmichael
May 14, 1966: Stokely Carmichael defeated John Lewis, longtime national chairman for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Carmichael announced SNCC would no longer send white organizers into black communities. (see May 27)
May 14 Peace Love Activism

Vietnam

May 14, 1969
  • the North Vietnamese 29th Regiment beat back another attempt by the 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry. An intense battle raged for the next 10 days as the mountain came under heavy Allied air strikes, artillery barrages, and 10 infantry assaults.
  • In his first full-length report to the American people concerning the Vietnam War, President Nixon responded to the 10-point plan offered by the National Liberation Front at the 16th plenary session of the Paris talks on May 8. The NLF’s 10-point program for an “overall solution” to the war included an unconditional withdrawal of United States and Allied troops from Vietnam; the establishment of a coalition government and the holding of free elections; the demand that the South Vietnamese settle their own affairs “without foreign interference”; and the eventual reunification of North and South Vietnam. In his speech, Nixon responded to the communist plan by proposing a phased, mutual withdrawal of major portions of U.S. Allied and North Vietnamese forces from South Vietnam over a 12-month period. The remaining non-South Vietnamese forces would withdraw to enclaves and abide by a cease-fire until withdrawals were completed. Nixon also insisted that North Vietnamese forces withdraw from Cambodia and Laos at the same time and offered internationally supervised elections for South Vietnam. Nixon’s offer of a “simultaneous start on withdrawal” represented a revision of the last formal proposal offered by the Johnson administration in October 1966–known as the “Manila formula”–in which the United States stated that the withdrawal of U.S. forces would be completed withiin six months after the North Vietnamese left South Vietnam. The communists’ proposal and Nixon’s counteroffer were diametrically in opposition to each other and neither side gave in, so nothing meaningful came from this particular round of diplomatic exchanges. (see May 20)
“Vietnamization”

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1970: allied military officials announced that 863 South Vietnamese were killed from May 3 to 9. This was the second highest weekly death toll of the war to date for the South Vietnamese forces. These numbers reflected the changing nature of the war as U.S. forces continued to withdraw and the burden of the fighting was shifted to the South Vietnamese as part of Nixon’s “Vietnamization” of the war effort. (see May 15)

Feminism

Frontiero v. Richardson

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 1973: decided on this day, was a landmark Supreme Court decision on sex discrimination. Sharron Frontiero was a Lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force who applied for housing benefits for her husband, whom she claimed as a dependent. Under then-existing military policy, wives — but not husbands — were entitled to benefits as dependents. A majority of the Court declared the policy unconstitutional.

                Ruth Bader Ginsburg filed an amicus brief for Frontiero for the ACLU. As Co-Founder and Director of the ACLU Women’s Rights Project at the time, Ginsburg was involved in almost all of the early women’s rights cases before the Court. (see June 21)

Irish Troubles

Brendan McLaughlin
May 14, 1981:  Brendan McLaughlin, an Irish Republican Army prisoner in the Maze Prison, joined the hunger strike to replace Francis Hughes [McLaughlin was taken off the strike on 26 May when he suffered a perforated ulcer and internal bleeding.] (see May 21)

Right to die

Jack Kevokian
May 14, 1996:  jury acquitted Kevorkian. (see Nov 4)
Vermont
May 14, 2013, Vermont become the fourth state to make it legal for a physician to prescribe lethal medication to a terminally ill, mentally competent patient who wants to end his life. It also became the first state to approve the practice through legislation, instead of via a public referendum (as in Oregon and Washington) or a court decision (in Montana). (see May 23)

Marijuana

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 2001: The Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, organized to distribute marijuana to qualified patients for medical purposes, was sued by the US government to force the Cooperative to cease operations. A district court rejected the Cooperative's defense that the marijuana was medically necessary, but its rejection was overturned by the Ninth Circuit. On this date, the US Supreme Court ruled 8-0 that "there is no medical necessity exception to the Controlled Substances Act's prohibitions on manufacturing and distributing marijuana." (see October 29, 2002)

Westboro Baptist Church

May 14, 2008: two days after the deadly 2008 Sichuan earthquake (nearly 70,000 people died), the Westboro Baptist Church issued a press release thanking God for the heavy loss of life in China, and praying "for many more earthquakes to kill many more thousands of impudent and ungrateful Chinese" (see March 2, 2011)

AIDS

May 14 Peace Love Activism

May 14, 2014: Federal health officials recommended that hundreds of thousands of Americans at risk for AIDS take a daily pill that had been shown to prevent infection with the virus that causes it.

                If broadly followed, the advice would transform AIDS prevention in the United States — from reliance on condoms, which were effective but unpopular with many men, to a regimen that relied on an antiretroviral drug.

                It would mean a 50-fold increase in the number of prescriptions for the drug, Truvada — to 500,000 a year from fewer than 10,000. The drug costs $13,000 a year, and most insurers already covered it.

                The guidelines told doctors to consider the drug regimen, called PrEP, for pre-exposure prophylaxis, for gay men who have sex without condoms; heterosexuals with high-risk partners such as drug injectors or male bisexuals who have unprotected sex; patients who regularly have sex with anyone they know is infected; and anyone who shares needles or injects drugs.

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