June 5 Music et al

June 5 Music et al

 Elvis Presley

June 5, 1956:  Elvis Presley’s second appearance on The Milton Berle Show when he set his guitar aside and put every part of his being into a blistering, scandalous performance of “Hound Dog.” Elvis had already made six appearances on Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey’s Stage Show, and on April 3, he appeared for the first time with Uncle Miltie. But every one of those appearances featured Elvis either in close-up singing a slow ballad, or full body but with his movements somewhat restricted by the acoustic guitar he was playing. It was on his second Milton Berle Show appearance that he put the guitar aside and America witnessed, for the very first time, the 21-year-old Elvis Presley from head to toe, gyrating his soon-to-be-famous (or infamous) pelvis.

Reaction to Elvis’ performance in the mainstream media was almost uniformly negative. “Mr. Presley has no discernible singing ability….For the ear, he is an unutterable bore,” wrote critic Jack Gould in the next day’s New York Times. “His one specialty is an accented movement of the body that heretofore has been primarily identified with the repertoire of the blonde bombshells of the burlesque runway. The gyration never had anything to do with the world of popular music and still doesn’t.” In the New York Daily News, Ben Gross described Presley’s performance as “tinged with the kind of animalism that should be confined to dives and bordellos,” while the New York Journal-American’s Jack O’Brien said that Elvis “makes up for vocal shortcomings with the weirdest and plainly suggestive animation short of an aborigine’s mating dance.” Meanwhile, the Catholic weekly America got right to the point in its headline: “Beware of Elvis Presley.”

June 5 Music et al

see William French for more

June 5, 1961: a grand jury cleared William French of charges associated with the April 30 Washington  Square demonstration.

June 5 Music et al

Running Scared

June 5 – 18, 1961, “Running Scared” by Roy Orbison #1 Billboard Hot 100. The song is unusual in that it has no chorus, but simply builds to a vocal climax.


June 5 Music et al

Rolling Stones

June 5, 1964, the Rolling Stones started their first US tour. (see Oct 25) Keith Richards quote from From Time Is On Our Side site: Actually (our first ever American) gig was in San Bernardino. It was a straight gas, man. They all knew the songs and they were all bopping. It was like being back home. Ah, love these Americans and Route 66 mentioned San Bernardino, so everybody was into it… 

June 5 Music et al

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June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

House of Nguyen

June 5, 1862: representatives of the French Empire and the last precolonial emperor of the House of Nguyen, Emperor Tự Đứ signed the Treaty of Saigon. Based on the terms of the accord, Tự Đức ceded Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor and three southern provinces of what was to become known as Cochinchina. (see October 17, 1887)

My Lai Massacre

June 5, 1969: Lieutenant Calley identified as a suspect in an official inquiry and recalled to the U.S. (see My Lai for expanded story; next Vietnam, see June 8)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5, 1939: the case involved Jersey City, New Jersey Mayor Frank “Boss” Hague who had in 1937 used a city ordinance to prevent labor meetings in public places and stop the distribution of literature pertaining to the CIO’s cause. He referred to them as “communist.”

District and circuit courts had ruled in favor of the CIO, which brought the suit against the mayor for these actions. Hague appealed to the Supreme Court which ruled against him and held that Hague’s ban on political meetings violated the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly, and so the ordinances were void. [Oyez article] (April 28, 1940)

United Farm Workers

June 5, 1968: Sirhan Sirhan shot and killed Robert F. Kennedy while RFK was on his way to thank the many farm worker volunteers who helped him win the California Democratic Primary. Dolores Huerta was standing next to Kennedy as he was shot. (UFW, see May 18, 1969; Kennedy, see June 6)

Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5, 1975: California Governor Jerry Brown signed the Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975. It was designed to protect rights of farm workers to act together to help themselves, to engage in union organizational activity, and to select their own representatives to bargain with employers. (see July – August 1975)

César E. Chávez

July – August 1975: to educate farm workers about their newly-won rights, Chavez embarked upon his longest, and least known, march, a 1,000-mile 59-day trek from the Mexican border at San Ysidro north along the coast to Salinas and then from Sacramento south down the Central Valley to the UFW’s La Paz headquarters at Keene, southeast of Bakersfield. Tens of thousands of farm workers march and attend evening rallies to hear Chavez and organize their ranches. (see May 1976)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Japanese Internment Camps

June 5, 1942: first evacuation completed. Subsequently the remaining parts of California were evacuated, this being completed August 7, 1942. (see Internment for expanded story)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

School Desegregation, June 5, 1950

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

  • in Sweatt v. Painter the US Supreme Court ordered the University of Texas Law School to admit black students because a law school founded for blacks could not be equal to the established and prestigious white law school. [Oyez article]

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

  • in McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents the US Supreme Court ruled that a public institution of higher learning could not provide different treatment to a student solely because of their race as doing so deprived the student of their Fourteenth Amendment rights of Equal Protection. (BH, see June 5; SD, see January 20, 1951)

Accordingly, the high court reversed the decision of the US District Court, requiring the University of Oklahoma to remove the restrictions under which George W McLaurin was attending the institution. (SD, see Nov 23)

Henderson v. United States

June 5, 1950: in Henderson v. United States the US Supreme Court abolished segregation in railroad dining cars. The Court did not rule on the constitutionality of “separate but equal” in this instance but did find that the railroad had failed to provide the passenger with the same level of service provided to a white passenger with the same class of ticket, a violation of principles already established in Mitchell v. United States (1941) [Justia article] (see July 29)

Browder v Gayle

June 5, 1956: the US District Court ruled that “the enforced segregation of black and white passengers on motor buses operating in the City of Montgomery violates the Constitution and laws of the United States,” because the conditions deprived people of equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment. The court further enjoined the state of Alabama and city of Montgomery from continuing to operate segregated buses.  [Oyez article] (BH, see Aug 25; B v G and MBB, see Nov 13)

James H Meredith

June 5, 1966: from Memphis, TN, Meredith began a 220-mile march to Mississippi to “inspire Mississippi Negroes to register to vote and to help Negroes to conquer the fear they feel while living and traveling in Mississippi.” He traveled without any official escorts.  [Jackon Free Press article] (see June 6)

William Zanzinger

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5, 1991: authorities served William Zanzinger with a summons charging him with the crime of “deceptive trade practice.” In the document, State’s Attorney Len Collins charged Zantzinger with one count of making a “false and misleading oral and written statement” that had served to mislead a couple who had rented a house in Patuxent Woods a year earlier. The charge, a misdemeanor, carried a potential penalty of a year in jail and a $1,000 fine. (BH, see June 25; Z, see July 1)

Dee/Moore Murders

June 5, 2009: an en banc panel of the Court of Appeals upheld James Seales’s original conviction. (see D/M for expanded story)

137 SHOTS

June 5, 2015:  East Cleveland Mayor Gary Norton said the city had decided not pursue charges against 12 officers involved in a police chase and shooting that ended in the deaths of two people on Nov. 29, 2012.

After further conversations with prosecutors, the prosecutors involved did say to me that it’s unlikely that those charges will be filed based on the evidence available,” Norton said” …The reality is that we really were interested in bringing charges against those 12, because I really want to know was this within the bounds of the law or outside the bounds of the law? That’s really my concern.

Norton had previously stated the city was considering filing negligent homicide charges against the 12 police officers. (see 137 for expanded story)

Voting Rights

June 5, 2017: for the third time in recent weeks, the Supreme Court took action on a voting rights dispute in North Carolina, affirming a decision striking down many General Assembly districts in the state for relying too heavily on race.

The court’s summary order gave no reasons, but the question in the case was similar to one the justices addressed last month (see May 22, 2017). In that case, the court struck down two of the state’s congressional districts as racial gerrymanders.

The new cases presented the same basic question in the context of the state’s General Assembly.

Last August, a three-judge Federal District Court unanimously struck down 28 state House and Senate districts drawn by the Republican-led Legislature in 2011, saying the districts violated equal protection principles by using race as the predominant factor without good reason. The court rejected the state’s argument that the districts were justified as an attempt to comply with the Voting Rights Act.

The court said it made “no finding that the General Assembly acted in bad faith or with discriminatory intent in drawing the challenged districts,” and it noted that they had been approved by the Justice Department under a part of the Voting Rights Act later effectively struck down by the Supreme Court. “Nor do we consider whether the challenged districts involved any impermissible ‘packing’ of minority voters,” the court added.

Nonetheless, the trial court said, lawmakers had violated the Equal Protection Clause by focusing too heavily on race in drawing the contested districts. The Supreme Court affirmed that ruling in North Carolina v. Covington, No. 16-649. (see Dec 29)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

see June 5 Music et al for more

 Elvis Presley

June 5, 1956:  Elvis Presley’s second appearance on The Milton Berle Show when he set his guitar aside and put every part of his being into a blistering, scandalous performance of “Hound Dog.” Elvis had already made six appearances on Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey’s Stage Show, and on April 3, he appeared for the first time with Uncle Miltie. But every one of those appearances featured Elvis either in close-up singing a slow ballad, or full body but with his movements somewhat restricted by the acoustic guitar he was playing. It was on his second Milton Berle Show appearance that he put the guitar aside and America witnessed, for the very first time, the 21-year-old Elvis Presley from head to toe, gyrating his soon-to-be-famous (or infamous) pelvis.

see William French for more

June 5, 1961: a grand jury cleared William French of charges associated with the April 30 Washington Square demonstration. (see July 6)

Running Scared

June 5 – 18, 1961, “Running Scared” by Roy Orbison #1 Billboard Hot 100. The song is unusual in that it has no chorus, but simply builds to a vocal climax.

Rolling Stones

June 5, 1964, the Rolling Stones started their first US tour. (see Oct 25)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Technological Milestone

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5, 1977: the Apple II, the first personal computer went on sale.  [Wired article] (see September 6, 1978)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

FREE SPEECH

June 5, 1978: the Village of Skokie filed its Petition for Writ of Certiorari in the United States Supreme Court requesting review of the opinion of the United States Court of Appeals 7th Circuit, rendered in the Nazi case. [Skokie History article] (see June 22)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS

First cases reported

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5, 1981: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 5 men in Los Angeles, California had a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems (the first recognized cases of AIDS). [CDC article]  (see July 3)

25 years

June 5, 2006: 25 years since the first AIDS cases were reported. (see June 18)

25 years later

June 5, 2006: 25 years since the first AIDS cases were reported. (see June 18)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Tiananmen Square

June 5, 1989: the “Tank Man” in Tiananmen Square

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

CLINTON IMPEACHMENT

June 5, 1998: appeals court fast tracks attorney-client privilege dispute. Federal Judge Norma Holloway Johnson ruled that while Monica Lewinsky’s book purchases did have a bearing on her case, only Kramer Books — and not Barnes & Noble — would be required to hand over records of her purchases. (see Clinton for expanded story)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

June 5, 2010: President Obama made a third trip to Louisiana since the disaster began visits Grand Isle, Louisiana for the second time in two weeks. (see June 11)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

Prop 8

June 5, 2012: the full U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit denied anti-gay activists’ petition for an en banc rehearing of the Proposition 8 case. The denial of the petition meant that the Court’s decision from February 2012, which found Prop. 8 to be unconstitutional, will stand. The case has since been submitted for consideration by the U.S. Supreme Court. [Gibson Dunn article] (see June 6)

Guam

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

June 5, 2015: Guam became the first U.S. territory to recognize gay marriage after U.S. District Court Chief Judge Frances M. Tydingco-Gatewood struck down the prohibition. [NY Post article] (see June 11)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Kandahar massacre

June 5, 2013: Robert Bales pleaded guilty in a plea deal to 16 counts of murder and six counts of assault and attempted murder. When asked by Judge Col. Jeffery Nance “What was your reason for killing them?”, he said he had asked himself that question “a million times” and added, “There’s not a good reason in this world for why I did the horrible things I did.” He maintained he didn’t recall setting bodies on fire, but admitted the evidence was clear that he had. He said he’d taken the steroids solely to be “huge and jacked” and blamed them for “definitely” increasing his irritability and anger. [NYT article] (see Aug 23)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Feminism

Malala Yousafzai

June 5, 2015: Pakistani officials said that a court had released eight of the 10 men accused of conspiring in the shooting of schoolgirl activist Malala Yousufzai, in an admission that brought new scrutiny of Pakistan’s faltering efforts to try Islamist militants in the courts.

When the trial ended on April 30, a prosecutor told reporters that all 10 had confessed to a role in the attack, and the police said they had been convicted and imprisoned for 25 years each. But, on this date, when the court published its written judgment, it revealed that only two of the accused men, identified as Izharullah Rehman and Israrur Rehman, had been convicted and imprisoned, sentenced to life. The eight others had been freed. (Sept 17)

 

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Sexual Abuse of Children

June 5, 2015: prosecutors in Minnesota filed criminal charges against the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, accusing church leaders of mishandling repeated complaints of sexual misconduct against a priest and failing to follow through on pledges to protect children and root out pedophile clergymen.

The charges and accompanying civil petition, announced by the Ramsey County prosecutor, John J. Choi, stem from accusations by three male victims who say that from 2008 to 2010, when they were under age, a local priest, Curtis Wehmeyer, gave them alcohol and drugs before sexually assaulting them.

The criminal case amounted to a sweeping condemnation of the archdiocese and how its leaders handled the abuse allegations — even after reforms were put in place by church leaders to increase accountability — and the charges were among the most severe actions taken by American authorities against a Catholic diocese. “Today, we are alleging a disturbing institutional and systemic pattern of behavior committed by the highest levels of leadership of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis over the course of decades,” Mr. Choi said in a statement.

The six criminal charges filed Friday, misdemeanors with a maximum fine of $3,000 each, accused the archdiocese of failing to protect children. Mr. Choi also filed a civil petition against the archdiocese that he said was intended to provide legal remedies to prevent similar inaction from happening again. [NYT article] (see June 10)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism

Student Rights

June 5, 2017: the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear a Missouri technical college’s challenge of a ruling that its mandatory drug testing policy was unconstitutional when applied to all students.

The court refused without comment to intervene at the request of 1,200-student State Technical College of Missouri, the 56-year-old school formerly known as Linn State Technical College.

The college had insisted that fostering a drug-free environment amounted to a “special need” justifying departure from the usual warrant and probable-cause requirements. The American Civil Liberties Union countered that such universal drug testing was unconstitutionally invasive.

Under a ruling last December by the 8th U.S. Circuit that quashed the college’s blanket drug-screening policy as a condition of enrollment, the school can test students enrolled in a handful of programs with public safety concerns. Those include heavy machinery and aviation maintenance.

“This case establishes — once and for all — that under the Fourth Amendment, every person has the right to be free from an unreasonable search and seizure, including college students,” the ACLU, which filed the class-action lawsuit in 2011, said. [US News article] (see Dec 21)

June 5 Peace Love Art Activism
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