June 5 Peace Love Activism
US Labor History
Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization
June 5, 1939: the case involved Jersey City, New Jersey Mayor Frank "Boss" Hague who had in 1937 used a city ordinance to prevent labor meetings in public places and stop the distribution of literature pertaining to the CIO's cause. He referred to them as "communist."
District and circuit courts had ruled in favor of the CIO, which brought the suit against the mayor for these actions. Hague appealed to the Supreme Court which ruled against him and held that Hague's ban on political meetings violated the First Amendment right to freedom of assembly, and so the ordinances were void. (April 28, 1940)
United Farm Workers
June 5, 1968: Robert F. Kennedy shot by Srihan Sirhan while on his way to thank the many farm worker volunteers who helped him win the California Democratic Primary. Dolores Huerta was standing next to Kennedy as he was shot. (UFW, see May 18, 1969; Kennedy, see June 6)
Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975
June 5, 1975: California Governor Jerry Brown signed the Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975. It was designed to protect rights of farm workers to act together to help themselves, to engage in union organizational activity, and to select their own representatives to bargain with employers. (see July – August 1975)
César E. Chávez
July - August 1975: to educate farm workers about their newly-won rights, Chavez embarked upon his longest, and least known, march, a 1,000-mile 59-day trek from the Mexican border at San Ysidro north along the coast to Salinas and then from Sacramento south down the Central Valley to the UFW's La Paz headquarters at Keene, southeast of Bakersfield. Tens of thousands of farm workers march and attend evening rallies to hear Chavez and organize their ranches. (see May 1976)
Japanese Internment Camps
June 5, 1942: first evacuation completed. Subsequently the remaining parts of California were evacuated, this being completed August 7, 1942. (see Sept 1)
School Desegregation, June 5, 1950
- in Sweatt v. Painter the US Supreme Court ordered the University of Texas Law School to admit black students because a law school founded for blacks could not be equal to the established and prestigious white law school.
- in McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents the US Supreme Court ruled that a public institution of higher learning could not provide different treatment to a student solely because of their race as doing so deprived the student of their Fourteenth Amendment rights of Equal Protection. (BH, see June 5; SD, see January 20, 1951)
Accordingly, the high court reversed the decision of the US District Court, requiring the University of Oklahoma to remove the restrictions under which George W McLaurin was attending the institution. (BH, see June 5; SD, see Nov 23)
Browder v Gayle
June 5, 1956: the US District Court ruled that "the enforced segregation of black and white passengers on motor buses operating in the City of Montgomery violates the Constitution and laws of the United States," because the conditions deprived people of equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment. The court further enjoined the state of Alabama and city of Montgomery from continuing to operate segregated buses. (B v G, see Nov 13; BH, Aug 25)
James H Meredith
June 5, 1966: from Memphis, TN, Meredith begins 220-mile march to Mississippi to “inspire Mississippi Negroes to register to vote and to help Negroes to conquer the fear they feel while living and traveling in Mississippi.” He traveled without any official escorts. (see June 6, 1966)
June 5, 1991: William Zanzinger served with a summons charging him with the crime of "deceptive trade practice." In the document, State's Attorney Len Collins charged Zantzinger with one count of making a "false and misleading oral and written statement" that had served to mislead a couple who had rented a house in Patuxent Woods a year earlier. The charge, a misdemeanor, carried a potential penalty of a year in jail and a $1,000 fine. (BH, see June 25; Z, see July 1)
June 5, 2009: an en banc panel of the Court of Appeals upheld James Seales’s original conviction. (see Oct 6)
June 5, 2015: East Cleveland Mayor Gary Norton said the city had decided not pursue charges against 12 officers involved in a police chase and shooting that ended in the deaths of two people on Nov. 29, 2012.
"After further conversations with prosecutors, the prosecutors involved did say to me that it's unlikely that those charges will be filed based on the evidence available," Norton said” ...The reality is that we really were interested in bringing charges against those 12, because I really want to know was this within the bounds of the law or outside the bounds of the law? That's really my concern,"
Norton had previously stated the city was considering filing negligent homicide charges against the 12 police officers. (see June 7)
June 5, 1956: Elvis Presley’s second appearance on The Milton Berle Show when he set his guitar aside and put every part of his being into a blistering, scandalous performance of "Hound Dog." Elvis had already made six appearances on Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey's Stage Show, and on April 3, he appeared for the first time with Uncle Miltie. But every one of those appearances featured Elvis either in close-up singing a slow ballad, or full body but with his movements somewhat restricted by the acoustic guitar he was playing. It was on his second Milton Berle Show appearance that he put the guitar aside and America witnessed, for the very first time, the 21-year-old Elvis Presley from head to toe, gyrating his soon-to-be-famous (or infamous) pelvis.
Reaction to Elvis' performance in the mainstream media was almost uniformly negative. "Mr. Presley has no discernible singing ability....For the ear, he is an unutterable bore," wrote critic Jack Gould in the next day's New York Times. "His one specialty is an accented movement of the body that heretofore has been primarily identified with the repertoire of the blonde bombshells of the burlesque runway. The gyration never had anything to do with the world of popular music and still doesn't." In the New York Daily News, Ben Gross described Presley's performance as "tinged with the kind of animalism that should be confined to dives and bordellos," while the New York Journal-American's Jack O'Brien said that Elvis "makes up for vocal shortcomings with the weirdest and plainly suggestive animation short of an aborigine's mating dance." Meanwhile, the Catholic weekly America got right to the point in its headline: "Beware of Elvis Presley."
June 5, 1961: a grand jury cleared William French of charges associated with the April 30 Washington Square demonstration. (see July 6)
June 5 – 18, 1961, “Running Scared” by Roy Orbison #1 Billboard Hot 100. The song is unusual in that it has no chorus, but simply builds to a vocal climax.
June 5, 1964, the Rolling Stones started their first US tour. (see Oct 25)
My Lai Massacre
June 5, 1969: Lieutenant Calley identified as a suspect in an official inquiry and recalled to the U.S. (My Lai, see Aug 19; Vietnam, see June 8)
June 5 Peace Love Activism
June 5, 1977: the Apple II, the first personal computer went on sale. (see September 6, 1978)
June 5, 1978: the Village of Skokie filed its Petition for Writ of Certiorari in the United States Supreme Court requesting review of the opinion of the United States Court of Appeals 7th Circuit, rendered in the Nazi case. (see June 22)
First cases reported
June 5, 1981: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that 5 men in Los Angeles, California had a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems (the first recognized cases of AIDS). (see July 3)
25 years later
June 5, 2006: 25 years since the first AIDS cases were reported. (see June 18)
June 5, 1989: the “Tank Man” in Tiananmen Square
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
June 5, 2010: President Obama made a third trip to Louisiana since the disaster began visits Grand Isle, Louisiana for the second time in two weeks. (see June 11)
June 5, 2012: the full U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit denied anti-gay activists' petition for an en banc rehearing of the Proposition 8 case. The denial of the petition meant that the Court's decision from February 2012, which found Prop. 8 to be unconstitutional, will stand. The case has since been submitted for consideration by the U.S. Supreme Court. (see June 6)
June 5, 2013: Robert Bales pleaded guilty in a plea deal to 16 counts of murder and six counts of assault and attempted murder. When asked by Judge Col. Jeffery Nance "What was your reason for killing them?", he said he had asked himself that question "a million times" and added, "There’s not a good reason in this world for why I did the horrible things I did." He maintained he didn't recall setting bodies on fire, but admitted the evidence was clear that he had. He said he'd taken the steroids solely to be "huge and jacked" and blamed them for "definitely" increasing his irritability and anger. (see Aug 23)
June 5, 2015: Pakistani officials said that a court had released eight of the 10 men accused of conspiring in the shooting of schoolgirl activist Malala Yousufzai, in an admission that brought new scrutiny of Pakistan's faltering efforts to try Islamist militants in the courts.
When the trial ended on April 30, a prosecutor told reporters that all 10 had confessed to a role in the attack, and the police said they had been convicted and imprisoned for 25 years each. But, on this date, when the court published its written judgment, it revealed that only two of the accused men, identified as Izharullah Rehman and Israrur Rehman, had been convicted and imprisoned, sentenced to life. The eight others had been freed. (Sept 17)
June 5, 2015: Guam became the first U.S. territory to recognize gay marriage after U.S. District Court Chief Judge Frances M. Tydingco-Gatewood struck down the prohibition. (see June 11)
Sexual Abuse of Children
June 5, 2015: prosecutors in Minnesota filed criminal charges against the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, accusing church leaders of mishandling repeated complaints of sexual misconduct against a priest and failing to follow through on pledges to protect children and root out pedophile clergymen.
The charges and accompanying civil petition, announced by the Ramsey County prosecutor, John J. Choi, stem from accusations by three male victims who say that from 2008 to 2010, when they were under age, a local priest, Curtis Wehmeyer, gave them alcohol and drugs before sexually assaulting them.
The criminal case amounted to a sweeping condemnation of the archdiocese and how its leaders handled the abuse allegations — even after reforms were put in place by church leaders to increase accountability — and the charges were among the most severe actions taken by American authorities against a Catholic diocese.
“Today, we are alleging a disturbing institutional and systemic pattern of behavior committed by the highest levels of leadership of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis over the course of decades,” Mr. Choi said in a statement. (see June 10)
The six criminal charges filed Friday, misdemeanors with a maximum fine of $3,000 each, accused the archdiocese of failing to protect children. Mr. Choi also filed a civil petition against the archdiocese that he said was intended to provide legal remedies to prevent similar inaction from happening again.
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