May 28 Peace Love Activism
May 28, 1830: President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized the President to grant land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for the lands of the American Indian tribes living primarily in the southeastern United States. President Jackson’s message to Congress stated a double goal of the Indian Removal Act: freeing more land in southern states like Alabama and Mississippi, while also separating the Indians from “immediate contact with settlements of whites” in the hopes that they will one day “cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community.” (see March 18, 1831)
East St Louis attack
May 28, 1917: in East St. Louis, Illinois, a meeting of 3000 white union members marched on the Mayor's office to make demands about the job competition resulting from the city’s growing African American population. The disgruntled union members were upset that African Americans who had migrated from the South were being hired by companies who wanted to weaken the bargaining power of white unions. The large group quickly devolved into an angry mob, and rioted through the streets of East St. Louis, destroying property and physically assaulting African Americans at random. Local law enforcement was unable to control the large crowd and the National Guard was deployed to regain order in the community. After the riots were calmed, little action was taken to prevent the violence from restarting and none of the union’s participants were arrested. New agreements were not established with white unions and local police were not better equipped to handle large mobs. (BH, see July 1; RR, see July 2)
Woolworth’s lunch counter
May 28, 1963: Black and white civil rights activists were attacked as they took part in a sit-in at a Woolworth's lunch counter in Jackson, Mississippi. One of them, John Salter, said, "I was attacked with fists, brass knuckles and the broken portions of glass sugar containers, and was burned with cigarettes. I'm covered with blood, and we were all covered by salt, sugar, mustard, and various other things." The protest came eight days after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state enforcement of restaurant segregation is a violation of the 14th Amendment. M.J. O'Brien's book, We Shall Not Be Moved: The Jackson Woolworth's Sit-In and the Movement It Inspired, describes that event. (see June 9)
May 28, 1998: Sam Bowers (73) was arrested again for the death of Vernon Dahmer (see January 10, 1966). The jury had deadlocked In each of the four previous trials. (BH, see June 7; Dahmer, see Aug 21)
May 28, 1993: in a decision met with anger and dismay among blacks in Miami, police officer William Lozano, who was convicted in 1989 on two counts of manslaughter in the shooting deaths of two young black men, was acquitted in a second trial on the same charges. (BH, see Aug 4; RR, see April 18, 1994)
May 28, 1918: 1) Armenia independent from Ottoman Empire. 2) Azerbaijan independent from the Russian Empire. (see October 28, 1918)
US Labor History
May 28, 1934 (Monday): the union agreed to submit their grievances to mediation, but Auto-Lite officials refused these terms. A company union calling itself the Auto-Lite Council injected itself into the negotiations, demanding that all replacement workers be permitted to keep their jobs. In contrast, the union demanded that all strikebreakers be fired. Meanwhile, Judge Stuart began processing hundreds of contempt of court cases associated with the strike. Arthur Garfield Hays, general counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union, traveled to Toledo and represented nearly all those who came before Judge Stuart. (see May 29)
May 28, 1959: NASA launched two monkeys from Cape Canaveral and successfully recovered them after their Atlantic Ocean landing. (see Sept 14)
May 28, 1961, the British newspaper The London Observer published British lawyer Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" on its front page, launching the Appeal for Amnesty 1961--a campaign calling for the release of all people imprisoned in various parts of the world because of the peaceful expression of their beliefs. The article will spur the establishment of Amnesty International, a non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
May 28 Music et al
May 28, 1962: Herbie Hancock recorded Takin' Off album at Van Gelder Studios.
May 28, 1963: Weil and Russin wrote a scathing critique of Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert's work in the Harvard Crimson. Part of the article read: Far from exercising the caution that characterizes the published statements of most scientists, Leary and Alpert, in their papers and speeches, have been given to making the kind of pronouncement about their work that one associates with quacks. They also wrote: "The shoddiness of their work as scientists is the result less of incompetence than of a conscious rejection of scientific ways of looking at things. Leary and Alpert fancy themselves 'prophets' of a psychic revolution designed to free Western man from the limitations of consciousness as we know it." (see “in September”)
When A Man Loves a Woman
May 28 – June 10, 1966: “When A Man Loves a Woman” by Percy Sledge #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.
What Now My Love
May 28 – July 22, 1966: Herb Albert’s What Now My Love is the Billboard #1 album.
The Road to Bethel
May 28, 1969: Mel Lawrence presented first “checklist” for the festival’s execution. Incredible String Band and Ravi Shankar signed. $4,500 each. Also at this time (late May) newspapers began to display the first print advertisements for the festival. (see June 2)
May 28 Peace Love Activism
May 28 – 29, 1982: Battle of Goose Green. Seventeen British soldiers from 2 Para killed in two days of fierce fighting, which ended in Argentine surrender with dozens killed and more than 1,000 taken as prisoners of war. (see June 8)
May 28, 1998: in response to a series of Indian nuclear tests, Pakistan exploded 5 nuclear devices of its own in the Chaghai hills of Baluchistan. (see May 30)
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