March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4 Peace Love Activism

Technological Milestone

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1877:  Emile Berliner invented the microphone. (see Dec 5)

US Labor History

Department of Labor

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1913: the US Department of Labor established as a cabinet-level agency. Though established under President Taft, he signed the law after his defeat in the 1912 election. The Department will mostly emphasize the pro-labor stance of the incoming president, Woodrow Wilson, who appointed William B Wilson, the  international secretary-treasurer of the United Mine Workers of America from 1900 to 1908, as the first Secretary of Labor. (see Mar 6)

Feminism

Jeannette Rankin

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1917:  Jeannette Rankin of Montana, first woman elected to Congress, formally joined the House of Representatives. Following her term in office, Rankin became the founding vice president of the American Civil Liberties Union and was re-elected to Congress in 1940 on an anti-war platform. (see Mar 3)
Suffragist protests legal
March 4, 1918: U.S. federal appeals court declared unconstitutional arrests and detainment of all White House suffrage pickets. (see May 6)
Suffragists attacked
March 4, 1919: suffrage demonstrators brutally attacked by police, soldiers, and onlookers outside New York Metropolitan Opera House where President Wilson was speaking. (see May 21)
Frances Perkins

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1933: Frances Perkins became President  Franklin Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor, the first woman in U.S. history to hold a cabinet post. She favored a comprehensive, pro-labor agenda including minimum wage laws, unemployment insurance, old-age pensions, and abolition of child labor. Her influence on labor policy in the New Deal would be huge. She served from 1933 to 1945. (Perkins, see April 10, 1980; LH, see Mar 31; F, see December 7, 1936)
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services
March 4, 1998: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services. The Supreme Court ruled that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex. (Feminism, see July 22, 1999; LGBTQ, see Apr 1)

LGBTQ

March 4, 2016: the Alabama Supreme Court refused to defy the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that effectively legalized same-sex marriage nationwide, cutting off a conservative bid to prevent gay weddings in the state.

                The court issued a one-sentence order dismissing a challenge by a probate judge and a conservative policy group that wanted the state to bar gay marriage despite the landmark federal decision.

                Chief Justice Roy Moore, a Christian conservative who had repeatedly spoken out against same-sex unions, wrote that previous state orders barring gay marriage in Alabama remained. Most probate judges already were ignoring that directive, however, and hundreds of same-sex couples already had wed in Alabama. (LGBTQ, see Mar 7; Roy Moore, see May 6)

Cold War

March 4, 1954: speaking before the 10th Inter-American Conference, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles warns that “international communism” is making inroads in the Western Hemisphere and asks the nations of Latin America to condemn this danger. Dulles’s speech was part of a series of actions designed to put pressure on the leftist government of Guatemala, a nation in which U.S. policymakers feared communism had established a beachhead. (see Mar 9)

Nuclear/Chemical News

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1954:  Castle Bravo was the code name given to the first US test of a dry fuel thermonuclear hydrogen bomb, detonated at Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, The blast’s 15 megaton yield, far exceeded the expected yield of 4 to 6 megatons. That, combined with other factors, led to the most significant accidental radiological contamination ever caused by the US. Fallout from the detonation — intended to be a secret test — poisoned some of the islanders upon their return, as well as the crew of a Japanese fishing boat, and created international concern about atmospheric thermonuclear testing. (see June 14, 1954)

Black History

Muhammad Ali

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1964: Cassius Clay told African and Asian delegates to the United Nations that he “couldn't wait” to visit to their countries. “I'm champion of the whole world,” he said during a two­hour tour of the U.N., “and I want to meet the people I am champion of.”

                Among those accompanying the champion were his brother, Rudolph; Archie Robinson, his personal secretary, and Malcolm X, the New York spokesman for the Black Muslims

                Asked to comment on a report that he had flunked his predraft Army psychological tests, Clay replied with a chuckle, “Do they think I'm crazy?” He said he had not heard from the Army and did not know what his draft situation was. (see Mar 6)
Rodney King

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1991: George Holliday delivered the tape he recorded of the King beating to local television station, KTLA. (see, March 7)

Vietnam

March 4, 1965: the U.S. Embassy submitted a formal request asking the South Vietnamese government to “invite” the United States to send the Marines. Premier Quat, a mere figurehead, had to obtain approval from the real power, Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu, chief of the Armed Forces Council. Thieu approved, but asked that the Marines be “brought ashore in the most inconspicuous way feasible.” (see Mar 6)

March 4 Music et al

The Beatles more popular than…

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 1966: a John Lennon interview by reporter and Beatle friend Maureen Cleave appeared in the London Evening Standard newspaper. In the 1169-word article Lennon discussed many things. After a paragraph about George Harrison’s interest in Indian music and before a paragraph about shopping, there was this:

                Experience has sown few seeds of doubt in him: not that his mind is closed, but it's closed round whatever he believes at the time. 'Christianity will go,' he said. 'It will vanish and shrink. I needn't argue about that; I'm right and I will be proved right. We're more popular than Jesus now; I don't know which will go first - rock 'n' roll or Christianity. Jesus was all right but his disciples were thick and ordinary. It's them twisting it that ruins it for me.' He is reading extensively about religion.

No one took notice of it in Britain. (Beatles, see Apr 1; interview, see July 29)
No Beatle reunion
March 4, 1996: Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, said no to an offer to do a tour as a reunion of The Beatles. The offer came from a group of American and German businessmen who wanted them to do a 22 city tour of the US, Japan and Europe. The offer was for $225 million dollars.

                Paul McCartney said, "The size of the offer is scandalous, it's ridiculous. From the money point of view, most people would do it. But to me, the three of us isn't as exciting as the four of us. The Beatles were always the four of us. Of course people will say that we could get someone else to fill John's place, but it just wouldn't be the same." (see Oct 22)

Rolling Stones Ruby Tuesday #1

March 4 – 10, 1967: “Ruby Tuesday” by the Rolling Stones #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Symbionese Liberation Army

March 4, 1974: California governor Ronald Reagan, having earlier predicted that no one would take the food from P.I.N., accused the thousands of poor people who line up for free groceries of "aiding and abetting lawlessness."

FREE SPEECH

License plates
March 4, 1975: the Maynards sued in the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire, seeking injunctive and declaratory relief against enforcement of N. H. Rev. Stat. Ann. 262:27-c, 263:1, insofar as these required displaying the state motto on their vehicle license plates, and made it a criminal offense to obscure the motto. (see Mar 11) (Free Speech v License Plates for full story)
Pledge of Allegiance
March 4, 2003: the US Senate voted 94-0 that it "strongly" disapproved of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals decision not to reconsider its ruling that the addition of the phase "under God" to the The Pledge of Allegiance was unconstitutional. (see March 20)

AIDS

March 4, 1983: in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report the CDC notes that most cases of AIDS have been reported among homosexual men with multiple sexual partners, injection drug users, Haitians, and hemophiliacs.

Iran–Contra Affair

March 4, 1987: President Ronald Reagan addressed the nation on the Iran-Contra affair, acknowledging his overtures to Iran had "deteriorated" into an arms-for-hostages deal. (see June 8)

World Trade Center

Mohammad Salameh
March 4, 1993: authorities announced the capture of suspected World Trade Center bombing conspirator Mohammad Salameh. (see March 4, 1994)
Convictions
March 4, 1994:  Mahmud Abouhalima, Mohammad Salameh, Nidal A. Ayyad, and Ahmad Ajaj convicted of charges related to the first World Trade Center bombing. The charges included conspiracy, explosive destruction of property and interstate transportation of explosives. (see May 24)
March 4 Peace Love Activism

Birth Control & TERRORISM

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 2014: Zachary Klundt broke into All Families Healthcare in Kalispell and destroyed what he could get his hands on. Furniture was broken, office supplies scattered, diplomas and art torn up; personal items, including a photo of a child, were stabbed. (see Mar 11)

LSD

March 4, 2014: the results of the first study of the therapeutic use of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in humans in over 40 years were published online in the peer-reviewed Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

                Sponsored by the non-profit Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), the double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study in 12 subjects found statistically significant reductions in anxiety associated with advanced stage illness following two LSD-assisted psychotherapy sessions. The results also indicate that LSD-assisted psychotherapy can be safely administered in these subjects, and justify further research.

                Principal Investigator Peter Gasser, M.D., a private practice psychiatrist in Solothurn, Switzerland reproted that “The study was a success in the sense that we did not have any noteworthy adverse effects.... All participants reported a personal benefit from the treatment, and the effects were stable over time.” (see November 29, 2016)

Environmental Issues

March 4, 2015: the Senate failed to override President Obama’s veto of a bill that would have approved construction of the controversial Keystone XL oil pipeline. A bipartisan majority of senators was unable to reach the two-thirds majority required to undo a presidential veto. The vote was 62 to 37. (see Mar 20)

Birth Control

TERRORISM

March 4 Peace Love Activism

March 4, 2014: Zachary Klundt broke into All Families Healthcare in Kalispell and destroyed what he could get his hands on. Furniture was broken, office supplies scattered, diplomas and art torn up; personal items, including a photo of a child, were stabbed. (see Mar 11)
Louisiana
March 4, 2016: the US Supreme Court temporarily blocked a Louisiana law that its opponents said would leave the state with only one abortion clinic. The court gave no reasons, though it did say that its order was “consistent with” one last June that blocked part of a Texas abortion law.                 

The move came two days after the Supreme Court heard arguments in the Texas case, and abortion rights groups said they hoped that the development Friday was a sign that they had secured five votes to strike down the Texas law. (see Mar 30)

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