James Royal Robbie Robertson

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Happy birthday
July 5, 1943
The Band
Woodstock alum
James Royal Robbie Robertson
Jaime Royal “Robbie” Robertson was born on July 5th in Toronto, Canada. His father from Toronto; his mother, of Mohawk descent, born and raised on the Six Nations Reservation. At an early age, Robbie begins learning guitar from relatives during his summer visits to the reservation. (photo & text from Robertson site)

A lucky few are born with a silver spoon in their mouth. Apparently, James Royal “Robbie”Robertson was born with a guitar in his hands.

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Early on before Dylan…

Like many (most?) lifelong rock musicians, Robbie Robertson began playing in local bands in his mid-teens. By the time he was 18 he, along with Levon HelmRick DankoRichard Manuel, and Garth Hudson) was a part of Ronnie Hawkins’s band, Hawkins and the Hawks.

In 1961, Robbie Robertson and his mates became the Canadian Squires and released “Uh Uh Uh” with “Leave Me Alone” on the B-side. Robertson is credited for writing both.

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Enter Dylan

1965 was a turning point in rock and roll. Around for a decade already, the nonetheless “new” genre of Rock split with some headed in a new direction.

Why?

Bob Dylan had decided to stop working on Maggie’s farm and go electric. For his band, Dylan recruited Robertson who was quickly followed by the rest of the Squires. They toured with Dylan and then near Dylan’s in Woodstock, NY.

Their pink house was at 56 Parnassus Lane in nearby West Saugerties, NY. They set up a recording studio in its basement and played innumerable hours working on their music together. Dylan frequently stopped by and his famous Basement Tapes came out of this time.

Dylan’s band became The Band and Music From Big Pink became their first album. Al Kooper, in his Rolling Stone magazine review of the album, wrote in Rolling Stone magazine in August 1968, “I have chosen my album for 1968. Music from Big Pink is an event and should be treated as one.”

James Royal Robbie Robertson

The Band

Rolling Stone magazine carried a lot of weight and the fact that the well-respected Al Kooper endorsed it so enthusiastically was a double-barrel boost.

Robbie Robertson, the person who the record credits with doing most of the Band’s composing, became a star along with the rest of the Band.

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Woodstock Music and Art Fair

If the reclusive Bob Dylan wasn’t available for Woodstock Ventures get together in Bethel, NY, then getting the newly anointed Band there was nearly as good.

There style differed from most other bands surrounding them that weekend in general and that Sunday in particular. It is easy to forget how oddly “unrock” their style of rock was.

In concert the Band and Robertson were as tight and proficient as any ever was. Those basement hours paid many dividends.

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Fame

In 1969, they released their second album, The Band. In 1970, Time magazine put Robertson and the Band on its front cover with the caption “The New Sound of Country Rock.”  1970 saw their third album, Stage Fright. Cahoots in 1971. Rock of Ages in 1972.

They toured and they partied. They partied and they toured.

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Last Waltz

By 1976, only eight years after the release of Big Pink, Robertson and the other members took a break. They billed it as the Last Waltz and threw a party filmed and recorded by filmmaker friend Martin Scorsese. A who’s who of friends and musicians participated, including Ronnie Hawkins and Bob Dylan.

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Robbie Robertson

It has been  more than 40 years since the Band’s last waltz. The Band, always without Robertson, got together occasionally to record and tour.

Robertson continued to record as well as acting (eg. the 1980 Carny).

James Royal Robbie Robertson

Film scores

He has often contributed to film scores (Raging Bull, King of Comedy, Color of Money, Casino, Gangs of New York, Ladder 49, Shelter Island, The Wolf of Wall Street)

In November 2016, Robertson released his large memoir, Testimony.  (NYT review)

James Royal Robbie Robertson
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Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

July 5, 1968

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Music production is more arduous than glamorous. The former an everyday description, the latter show nights. With his many ventures, Bill Graham is a name justly associated as one of the greats if not the great rock promoter.

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Calliope Warehouse

Graham’s first venture happened on November 6, 1965 when he put on  a benefit for the radical San Francisco Mime Troupe at the Calliope Warehouse in San Francisco. He did it to raise money for a legal defense fund for a member of the troupe whom police had arrested a few days earlier. The troupe’s offices were in the warehouse and they figured they could hold about 400 – 500 people. The donation to get in was “at least $1.00.”

For entertainment that night Bill hired a band who who used the same warehouse for rehearsals: the Jefferson Airplane. Also on the bill were The Fugs and Lawrence Ferlinghetti.

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Fillmore Auditorium

The following month on December 10, 1965, Graham held a second benefit and used the Fillmore Auditorium for its first rock ‘n’ roll concert. The Jefferson Airplane, The Great Society, Mystery Trend, Sam Thomas, and the John Handy Quintet played. Unbilled, was Grateful Dead.

The Dead played at the Auditorium more than 50 times.

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Fillmore East

Bill Graham opened the Fillmore East in NYC on March 8, 1968. It, too, became a mecca for a variety of rock music. Graham was a master of presenting a variety of performers in a single show.

The Grateful Dead played the Fillmore East nearly 46 times in that venue’s 3-year history.

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Fillmore West

Neighborhood issues and size limitations pushed Graham to look for a different and larger San Francisco venue. He found the Carousel Ballroom. Always associated with music, the venue was first a dance hall.  Recognizing the value of the brand name he’d created, Graham simply re-named the Carousel Ballroom The Fillmore West.

It, too, was short-lived, but oh what a life. As the Fillmore East was the center of rock music on the right coast, the Fillmore West was the same on the left.

The Grateful Dead continued to be Graham’s band and played there total of 64 concerts from 1968 through 1971.

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Fillmore West Closes

Bill Graham Opens Fillmore West

Graham closed the Fillmore West on July 4, 1971 after a spectacular five nights of shows. Among those Graham featured were Boz Scaggs,  Santana, New Riders of the Purple Sage, Taj Mahal, Tower of Power, Grateful Dead, and the Quicksilver Messenger Service. There is a three-disc album, called Fillmore: The Last Days as well as music available via the Concert Vault site.

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