June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14 Peace Love Activism

Anarchism in the US and Emma Goldman

June 14, 1917: Goldman and Alexander Berkman spoke at a No-Conscription League mass meeting. After the meeting, the police required men of draft age to show their conscription cards. As a result 30 men were detained and two arrested. (see June 15, 1917)

BLACK HISTORY

Anti-lynching demonstration
June 14, 1922: Blacks from Washington, DC staged a silent parade to protest continued lynchings and in an effort to promote action by Congress on the Dyer anti-lynching bill before the Senate Judiciary Committee. (see June 23)
see Scottsboro Tragedy for full story
June 14, 1937: Haywood Patterson’s conviction upheld by the Alabama Supreme Court. (SB, see in July)
June 14, 1963
Robert Kennedy

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14, 1963: Attorney General Robert Kennedy used a bullhorn to address civil rights demonstrators at the Justice Department. The demonstrators marched to the White House, then to the District Building, and wound up at the Justice Department.
Maryland martial law
June 14, 1963: Maryland Gov. J. Millard Tawes declared martial law and sent National Guard troops to Cambridge to quell protests there after segregationists clashed with the 500 protesters marching downtown. Weeks after the National Guard left, protesters were assaulted again, leading to more protests. The National Guard returned. (see June 15)
Freedom Summer
June 14, 1964: having announced (March 20, 1964) a voter registration drive in Mississippi called "Freedom Summer," SNCC began volunteer training at Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio. (BH, see June 16; VR, see June 15)
Statue of Liberty

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14, 1965: a Federal Court jury found Robert S Collier, Walter Bowe, Khaleel Sayyed  guilty of conspiring to blow up the Statue of Liberty and other national shrines and of smuggling dynamite from Canada for that purpose. (BH, see July 2; Terrorism, see Nov 4)
Minnie Lee & Mary Alice Relf

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14, 1973: fourteen-year-old Minnie Lee Relf and her twelve-year old mentally disabled sister, Mary Alice, were sterilized without their knowledge or consent after nurses with the Montgomery Family Planning Clinic, a federally funded family planning agency, deceived their illiterate mother into believing that she was consenting to the girls receiving Women’s Health shots.

                Two years earlier, after moving into public housing with their family, Mary Alice, Minnie Lee, and their older sister, Katie, had been administered experimental Women’s Health injections by the local family clinic without their informed consent and initially without their parents' consent. After the federal government ended the experimental Women’s Health trials, clinic nurses decided that the girls should be sterilized. The clinic targeted the girls for the procedure because they were poor, black, and living in public housing. More cognitively advanced than her younger sisters, Katie narrowly escaped sterilization on June 14 by hiding from the clinic nurse who came to their house.

                After the procedure, Mary Alice and Minnie Lee revealed to their parents that instead of receiving shots, they had undergone surgery. (BH, see June 21; Relf family, see June 27)
Dee/Moore Murders
June 14, 2007: James Seale convicted by a federal jury on one count of conspiracy to kidnap two persons, and two counts of kidnapping where the victims were not released unharmed. (BH, see Aug 10; Dee/Moore Murders see Aug 24)

US Labor History

Industrial Workers of the World
June 14, 1924: the Ku Klux Klan attacked members of the Industrial Workers of the World at the IWW’s meeting hall in San Pedro, California, during a benefit for the families of two workers killed in a railroad accident. The KKK beat many of the 300 members; kidnapped, tarred, and feathered others; destroyed everything inside the building; and scalded two children by burning them with a pot of coffee. (Labor, see August 25, 1925; Terrorism, see June 1, 1925)

TERRORISM

June 14, 2005: following criticism from around the world and senators from his own Republican party, Vice-President Dick Cheney defended all means used at Guantanamo Bay prison as justified to prevent further attacks on the US.

                A recent report published in Time magazine and authenticated by the Pentagon had described the treatment of one prisoner "Mohammed al-Qahtani" which included:
  • forced to bark like a dog
  • stand for prolonged periods
  • had his facial hair shaved off
  • pictures of scantily clad women hung round his neck.
  • forcibly injected with fluids after refusing food and water.
  • “invasion of space by a female”, in which he was straddled by a woman soldier (see Nov 22) 

Pledge of Allegiance

West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
June 14, 1943: the US Supreme Court held that the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution protected students from being forced to salute the American flag and say the Pledge of Allegiance in school. It was a significant court victory won by Jehovah's Witnesses, whose religion forbade them from saluting or pledging to symbols, including symbols of political institutions. However, the Court did not address the effect the compelled salutation and recital ruling had upon their particular religious beliefs, but instead ruled that the state did not have the power to compel speech in that manner for anyone.

Barnette overruled a 1940 decision on the same issue, Minersville School District v. Gobitis (also involving the children of Jehovah's Witnesses), in which the Court stated that the proper recourse for dissent was to try to change the school policy democratically. (Pledge, see December 28, 1945; FS, see March 26, 1948)
Flag Day

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14, 1954: President Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, stating, "From this day forward, the millions of our school children will daily proclaim in every city and town, every village and rural school house, the dedication of our nation and our people to the Almighty. ... In this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in America's heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen those spiritual weapons which forever will be our country's most powerful resource, in peace or in war."  (see October 31, 1969)
Newdow v. U.S. Congress
June 14, 2003:  the US Supreme Court overturned a Ninth Circuit Court decision that struck the addition of "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance. The 8-0 ruling was reached on a technicality: that Michael Newdow doesn't have standing to bring the case in the first place.

Fourth Amendment

Trupiano v. United States
June 14, 1948: the US Supreme Court that ruled that warrantless searches following arrests were unconstitutional under the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution. (4th, see June 27, 1949; Trupiano, see February 20, 1950)

McCarthyism

General George C. Marshall
June 14, 1951:  Senator Joe McCarthy accused General George C. Marshall of assisting the cause of international Communism. As Army Chief of Staff and military adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Marshall was one of the heroes of World War II. He also served as Secretary of State under President Harry Truman (1947–1949) and was the author of the famous Marshall Plan, which was named for him, and which was designed to revitalize the economies of European countries after World War II as a way of fending off Communist influence. (see Sept 1)
President Dwight Eisenhower
June 14, 1953: in a commencement speech at Dartmouth College, President Dwight Eisenhower made one of his very few public criticisms of Senator Joe McCarthy (R–Wisconsin). Without mentioning his name, and as part of a discussion of courage, Ike told the graduates to not become “book burners.” His comments were prompted by a recent event in which two of McCarthy’s top aides toured American facilities in Europe, inspecting U.S. Information Agency libraries and demanding the removal of books by alleged “radicals” (see April 5, 1953). When asked about his comments at his next press conference, however, Eisenhower backtracked and denied that he meant to criticize McCarthy. (RS, see June 19, FS, see October 26, 1954)

Nuclear/Chemical News

Civil defense drill

June 14, 1954:  the US went through its first nationwide civil defense drill. Though American officials were satisfied with the results of the drill, the event stood as a stark reminder that the United States—and the world—was now living under a nuclear shadow.

                The civil defense drill was organized and evaluated by the Civil Defense Administration, and included operations in 54 cities in the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Alaska, and Hawaii. Canada also participated in the exercise. The basic premise of the drill was that the United States was under massive nuclear assault from both aircraft and submarines, and that most major urban areas had been targeted. At 10 a.m., alarms were sounded in selected cities, at which time all citizens were supposed to get off the streets, seek shelter, and prepare for the onslaught. Each citizen was supposed to know where the closest fallout shelter was located; these included the basements of government buildings and schools, underground subway tunnels, and private shelters. Even President Dwight D. Eisenhower took part in the show, heading to an underground bunker in Washington, D.C. The entire drill lasted only about 10 minutes, at which time an all-clear signal was broadcast and life returned to normal. Civil Defense Administration officials estimated that New York City would suffer the most in such an attack, losing over 2 million people. Other cities, including Washington, D.C., would also endure massive loss of life. In all, it was estimated that over 12 million Americans would die in an attack. (see February 17, 1955)

June 14 Music et al

Beatles VI

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14, 1965, The Beatles released  Beatles VI. (the 6th Capitol label release. From All Music: Six months had elapsed since the release of Beatles '65 in America, and the powers that were at Capitol Records recognized that some new product was needed, especially as the group was about to tour the United States. The result was Beatles VI, using the remaining tracks off of the British-released Beatles for Sale album (going all the way back to the fall of the previous year), among them that album's highlight, a cover of Buddy Holly's "Words of Love," and four new songs, two of them from the second side of the soon-to-be-released U.K. Help! album. 
All I Really Want to Do

June 14, 1965: The Byrds release their second single, Bob Dylan's All I Really Want to Do. It reached #40 on the Billboard Hot 100  (see June 21)
The Road to Bethel
June 14, 1969: John Roberts and Joel Rosenman received a certified letter from Wallkill Town Attorney Joseph Owen requesting submission of  fourteen divisions of production plans. The next day or the day after, Abbie Hoffman called Michael Lang saying that he (Hoffman) needed money from Woodstock Ventures or else he (Hoffman) would shut down the festival. (see June 15)

Vietnam

June 14 Peace Love Activism

June 14, 1968: Dr. Benjamin Spock, Michael Ferber, Mitch Goodman, and Rev. William Sloane Coffin were convicted of conspiracy to obstruct the draft during the Vietnam War. Author of Baby and Child Care (1946), Dr. Spock was the most famous pediatrician in the U.S. He first became an anti-nuclear weapons testing and then a vocal critic of the Vietnam War. Also convicted were. Co-defendant Marcus Raskin was found not guilty.

                One of the principal documents offered by the prosecution was “A Call to Resist Illegitimate Authority,” published on September 27, 1967 (Vietnam, see “in July”; Spock, see July 11, 1969)
June 14 Peace Love Activism

Environmental Issues

June 14, 1972:   the Environmental Protection Agency ordered a ban on continued domestic use of the pesticide DDT, to take effect at year's end. (see Oct 1)

Falklands War

June 14, 1982: General Mario Menendez surrendered to Major General Jeremy Moore as British forces marched into Port Stanley. (see June 17)

Marijuana

June 14, 2000:  Hawaii broke new ground when it became the first state to enact a law to remove criminal penalties for medical marijuana users via a state legislature. Hawaii's governor Ben Cayetano submitted the original bill and signed the final measure into law on June 14, 2000.

                Senate Bill 862 was passed by a vote of 32-18 in the House and 13-12 Senate, making Hawaii the sixth state to legalize medical marijuana." (see Nov 7)

Sexual Abuse of Children

June 14, 2002:   American Roman Catholic bishops adopted a policy to bar sexually abusive clergy from face-to-face contact with parishioners but keep them in the priesthood. (see Sept 17)

LGBTQ

June 14, 2007: Massachusetts marriage opponents attempted to amend the constitution to strip away the freedom to marry, but the amendment was defeated when over 75 percent of the state legislature voted to stand up for all families. (see Aug 9)

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