November 8 Peace Love Activism

November 8 Peace Love Activism

November 8 Presidential Elections

Before 1845, states determined Election Day, but since then Election Day has officially been the first Tuesday after the first Monday. Thus November 8 is the latest that election day can be.  

By why Tuesday? In the 19th century most people still lived on farms and had to travel to vote. Traveling on Sunday was "forbidden" for many Christians and Wednesday was typically market day. Tuesday it was. 

We have had six November 8 presidential elections since then:
1864 Abraham Lincoln defeated George B. McClellan
1892 Grover Cleveland defeated Benjamin Harrison
1904 Theodore Roosevelt defeated Alton B. Parker
1932 Franklin D Roosevelt defeated Herbert Hoover
1960 John F Kennedy defeated Richard M Nixon
1988 George H W Bush defeated Michael Dukakis

Technological Milestone

November 8, 1895: physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen became the first person to observe X-rays, a significant scientific advancement that would ultimately benefit a variety of fields, most of all medicine, by making the invisible visible. Rontgen's discovery occurred accidentally in his Wurzburg, Germany, lab, where he was testing whether cathode rays could pass through glass when he noticed a glow coming from a nearby chemically coated screen. He dubbed the rays that caused this glow X-rays because of their unknown nature. (see Dec 28)

Black History

Domestic terrorism
November 8 Peace Love Activism
Report of Willmington race riot from The New York Herald
November 8, 1898: in two days of racial violence, a mob of whites, led by some of Wilmington NC’s most respected and influential citizens, destroyed the state's only daily African American newspaper. Coroner reports confirmed nine blacks were killed; some estimate hundreds died. Scores of others were driven from their homes.

Originally described as a race riot, it is now observed as a coup d'etat with insurgents having overthrown the legitimately elected local government, the only such event in US history.

Two days after the election of a Fusionist white Mayor and biracial city council, Democratic Party white supremacists illegally seized power from the elected government. More than 1500 white men participated in an attack on the black newspaper, burning down the building. They ran officials and community leaders out of the city, and killed many blacks in widespread attacks, but especially destroyed the Brooklyn neighborhood. They took photographs of each other during the events. The Wilmington Light Infantry and federal Naval Reserves, told to quell the riot, used rapid-fire weapons and killed several black men in the Brooklyn neighborhood. Both black and white residents later appealed for help after the riot to President William McKinley, who did not respond. More than 2,000 blacks left the city permanently, turning it from a black-majority to a white-majority city. (BH, see June 4, 1899; RR, see August 14, 1908)
Edward W. Brooke
November 8, 1965: Edward W. Brooke (R-Massachusetts) became the first African American elected to Senate. (see Nov 30)
Harold Washington
November 8, 1983: Harold Washington elected first African American mayor of Chicago. (see  Dec 9)

ADA

Franklin D. Roosevelt
November 8, 1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt elected president. After he helped found the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (now known as the March of Dimes). His leadership in this organization is one reason he is commemorated on the dime.
League for the Physically Handicapped
In 1935, to protest the fact that their requests for employment with the Works Progress Administration (WPA) have been stamped 'PH' (physically handicapped), 300 members of the League for the Physically Handicapped stage a nine-day sit in at the Home Relief Bureau of New York City. Eventually, they help secure several thousand jobs nationwide. The League of the Physically Handicapped is accepted as the first organization of people with disabilities by people with disabilities. (see August 14, 1935)
Mental Health, Americans with Disabilities
November 8, 2013: the Obama administration required insurers to cover care for mental health and addiction just like physical illnesses when it issued regulations defining parity in benefits and treatment. (NYT article) (see December 19, 2014)

Vietnam

November 8, 1964: the US Government recognized the new South Vietnam government. (Vietnam, see Nov 15; South Vietnam leadership, see June 14, 1965)

November 8 Music et al

Cynthia Lennon
November 8, 1968: Cynthia Lennon granted divorce from John. (see Nov 11)
Laura Nyro

November 8 Peace Love Activism

 

November 8 – 28, 1969: “Wedding Bell Blues” by The Fifth Dimension #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Laura Nyro wrote and recorded the  song in 1966. The harmonica in the beginning of hers sounds like somebody's cell phone went off during the recording. Guess not, eh?

Cultural Milestone

November 8 Peace Love Activism

November 8, 1972: the premium cable TV network HBO (Home Box Office) made its debut. The first program and film broadcast on the channel, the 1971 movie Sometimes a Great Notion. It  was transmitted that evening to 325 Service Electric subscribers in Wilkes-Barre (a plaque commemorating this event is located at Public Square in downtown Wilkes-Barre). Home Box Office broadcast its first sports event immediately after the film: an NHL game between the New York Rangers and the Vancouver Canucks from Madison Square Garden. (see February 9, 1973)

LGBTQ

Harvey Milk

November 8 Peace Love Activism

November 8, 1977, LGBT: Harvey Milk won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors and was responsible for introducing a gay rights ordinance protecting gays and lesbians from being fired from their jobs. Milk also led a successful campaign against Proposition 6, an initiative forbidding homosexual teachers. (see November 8, 1977
Proposition 2
November 8, 2005: Proposition 2 passed in Texas, constitutionally excluding same-sex couples from marriage(Election results article from NYT) (see January 20, 2006)
November 8 Peace Love Activism
Representatives Tammy Baldwin and Barney Frank at a news conference
November 8, 2007, LGBT: the House of Representatives approved a bill ensuring equal rights in the workplace for gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals. (NYT article)(see February 1, 2008)

Native Americans

November 8, 1978: The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA) enacted. It governed jurisdiction over the removal of Native American children from their families.

The ICWA was enacted because of the high removal rate of Indian children from their traditional homes and essentially from Indian culture as a whole. Before enactment, as many as 25 to 35 percent of all Indian children were being removed from their Indian homes and placed in non-Indian homes, with presumably the absence of Indian culture. In some cases, the Bureau of Indian Affairs paid the states to remove Indian children and to place them with non-Indian families and religious groups.

As Louis La Rose (Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska) testified: "I think the cruelest trick that the white man has ever done to Indian children is to take them into adoption court, erase all of their records and send them off to some nebulous family ... residing in a white community and he goes back to the reservation and he has absolutely no idea who his relatives are, and they effectively make him a non-person and I think ... they destroy him." (click for more information >>> ICWA) (Native Americans, see July 2, 1979; Supreme Court decision re the ICWA, see June 25, 2013)
November 8 Peace Love Activism

Irish Troubles

November 8, 1987:  a bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army exploded as crowds gathered in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, for a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead, killing 11 people. (see March 16, 1988)

Assisted suicide, Oregon

November 8 Peace Love Activism

November 8, 1994: Oregon became the first state to legalize assisted suicide when voters passed a Death with Dignity Act, but legal appeals kept the law from taking effect until 1997. (NYT article) (see Nov 26)

Iraq War II

November 8, 2006:  Donald Rumsfeld announced he would resign as Secretary of Defense. (see Nov 9)

November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, November 8 Peace Love Activism, 

Please follow and like us: