July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism


Sidney Randolph lynched

July 4, 1896: Sidney Randolph, a native of Georgia in his mid-twenties, was lynched in Rockville, Maryland on July 4, 1896 by an officially-unidentified group of white men from Montgomery County. The full story of Sidney Randolph’s murder was connected to the mystery involving an axe-wielding attack on the Buxton family of Gaithersburg in May of that same year, and the subsequent death of the youngest child, Sadie Buxton. Though professional detectives were brought in from both Washington and Baltimore to investigate the case, local residents of Gaithersburg took it upon themselves to find and/or create circumstantial evidence implicating Sidney Randolph, a stranger to the area who had no motive and consistently maintained his innocence. Removed to the jail in Baltimore to avoid an immediate lynching, Randolph survived repeated interrogations while imprisoned from May 25 until July 4, when a masked mob of white men dragged him from his cell in the Rockville jail, brutally beat him, and hanged him from a tree just outside of town along Route 355. His murderers were never identified or brought to justice for this crime. [Montgomery History article] (next BH, see July 31; next Lynching, see December 10, 1897 or see Never for expanded 19th century lynching chronology)

Robert Mallard continued

July 4, 1949:  on November 20, 1948, the KKK had killed Robert Mallard.

Why was open to speculation, but his wife, Amy Mallard, later testified that she and her husband had received a warning not to vote in the November election. Other speculations were that Amy Mallard, driving their new Frazer, honked the car horn in an attempt to have a white churchgoers move a car obstructing traffic, which was not acceptable behavior from a black person. But, most people believed the KKK killed Robert Mallard because white neighbors resented his prosperity, and were jealous of his new car.

Authorities initially did nothing. Amy Mallard spoke out and eventually testified in front of a grand jury.

A trial in January had quickly acquitted those accused.

On this date, the Ku Klux Klan burned down the Mallard home in Lyons. The local sheriff was reported as saying, “It was just an accident. That woman hasn’t been back here to look after her property since she left.”

Amy Mallard and her son left Lyons for good, and relocated to Buffalo, New York. (next BH, see July 16)

Clyde Kennard

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4, 1963: while still incarcerated, Clyde Kennard (see September 8, 1959) died of colon cancer that had gone undiagnosed and untreated in prison; he was 36 years old. [SMN article] (see July 6)

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism


July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4, 1960: US flag with 50 stars (Hawaii, 1959) is first flown [Philadelphia, PA] [Baltimore Sun article]

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4 Music et al

I Get Around

July 4 – 17, 1964: the single released in May, “I Get Around” by The Beach Boys #1 on Billboard Hot 100. [the first of (only) three Billboard Hot 100 #1 songs for them during the 1960s. Not until November 1988 will they have another with “Kokomo” – their last. (see December 5, 1964 – January 1, 1965)

see Atlanta International Pop Festival for more

July 4 – 5, 1969 – Atlanta International Pop Festival. (Atlanta International Raceway, Hampton, GA).

Road to Bethel

July 4 – 5, 1969: a NYT article stated that the event presented “an impromptu but efficient commodities exchange in marijuana and LSD, where buyers and sellers let supply and demand establish prices.”

Such news only added to the Wallkill residents’ aggressive confrontation of the Woodstock Festival. (see Chronology for expanded story)

see Saugatuck Pop Festival for more

July 4  – 5, 1969: Saugatuck Pop Festival (Pottawattamie Beach, Saugatuck, MI).

see Bullfrog Lake Music Festival for more

July 4, 5, & 6: Estacada, CA

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism


Reminder Day

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1965: at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, picketers begin staging the first Reminder Day to call public attention to the lack of civil rights for LGBTQ people. The gatherings will continue annually for five years. [LGBTQ Nation article] (see October 17, 1963)

Rev. Jerry Falwell

July 4, 1983:  Rev. Jerry Falwell described AIDS as a “gay plague.”  (AIDS, see July 25)

Oliver W. Sipple

In 1984  the California Supreme Court dismissed Sipple’s suit, which upheld a lower court’s finding that the sexual orientation of Oliver W. Sipple (the former marine who thwarted an assassination attempt on President Gerald R. Ford) had been known to ”hundreds of people” before the news accounts, but Mr. Sipple’s protest spurred a debate among news organizations obout the individual’s right to privacy versus freedom of the press. (LGTBQ, see November 14, 1985)

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

Free Speech

Freedom of Information Act

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4, 1966: President Lyndon Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).  He had opposed the bill, but signed it nonetheless.  [FOIA site]

By allowing citizens to obtain records about government actions, FOIA is regarded as one of the most important legislative contributions to democracy in American history. The FOIA bill had virtually unanimous support in Congress. The Senate first approved it on a voice vote without dissent in October 1965 and passed it again on a voice vote in July 1966. The House approved it, 306–0, in late June 1966. (see January 23, 1967)

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

Native Americans

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4, 1971: the American Indian Movement staged a Fourth of July counter-celebration by occupying the Mount Rushmore National Monument. [ICT article] (see Dec 23)

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism


July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

July 4, 1993: Abkhazia de facto independence from Georgia. Officially declared in 1999. (see May 20, 2002)

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

World Trade Center

July 4 Peace Love art Activism

July 4, 2004, Groundbreaking for the then-called Freedom Tower begins at Ground Zero in New York City. (see April 27, 2006)

July 4 Peace Love Art Activism

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.