November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism



November 28, 1871: Ku Klux Klan trials began in US District Court in South Carolina as part of a federal effort to halt growing white violence in the former Confederate states. (see Dec 28)

Dyer Anti-Lynching bill

November 28, 1922: a Democrat filibuster completely deadlocked the US Senate as a result of the Republican attempt to have the Dyer Anti-Lynching bill made the unfinished business of the Senate. Senator Underwood, the Democratic leader, stated that the minority wold filibuster to the end of the session if necessary, adding that so long as the majority persisted in trying to bring the bill before the Senate the opponents of the bill would refuse to permit the consideration of any other legislation. (see Dec 2)

Ernie Davis

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

November 28, 1961: Ernie Davis of Syracuse University became the first African-American to be named winner of the Heisman Trophy. (see Nov 29)


November 28, 2014: nine non-African American Cleveland police officers accused the police department of racial discrimination in the aftermath of the deadly Nov. 29, 2012 chase in a federal lawsuit. The officers—eight white officers and one Hispanic—claim the department has a history of treating non-black officers who shoot black residents “more harshly” than black officers involved in shootings, according to the lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court Northern District of Ohio. (see 137 for expanded chronology)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism


Susan B Anthony

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

November 28, 1872: authorities arrested Susan B Anthony for voting.

Sex in Education

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

In 1873: in Sex in Education: or, a Fair Chance for the Girls, Harvard professor Edward Clarke predicted that if women went to college, their brains would grow bigger and heavier, and their wombs would atrophy. He based his prediction on the observation that college-educated women had fewer children than non-college-educated women.

Voting Rights

Spring 1873: Susan B Anthony spoke to residents in areas of Monroe County, New York before her trial. At each she stated:

Friends and fellow-citizens, I stand before you under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted illegally. . . We throw to the wind the old dogma that governments can give rights. The Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, the constitutions of the several states . . . propose to protect the people in the exercise of their God-given rights. No one of them pretends to bestow rights. . . . One half of the people of this Nation today are utterly powerless to blot from the statute books an unjust law, or to write a new and just one. . . . This form of government, that enforces taxation without representation — that compels [women] to obey laws to which they have never given their consent — that imprisons and hangs them without a trial by a jury of their peers — that robs them, in marriage of the custody of their own persons, wages, and children — [leaves] half of the people wholly at the mercy of the other half.

Following her “prejudic[ing] of any possible jury,” in Monroe County, Anthony’s trial was rescheduled for June 17 and moved to Canandaigua, a town in Ontario County, New York.

By June 16, Anthony had delivered her speech in every village in Ontario County. (see May 7)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism


November 28, 1912: Albania independent from Ottoman rule. (see February 13, 1913)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

November 28 Music et al

see Are You Lonesome Tonight for more

November 28, 1960 – January 8, 1961:  written in 1926, “Are You Lonesome Tonight” by Elvis #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. (see Dec 12)

Leader of the Pack

November 28 – December 4, 1964: “Leader of the Pack” by The Shangri-Las #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

John Lennon

November 28, 1968: John Lennon pleaded guilty of the drug charges, taking sole responsibility in order to protect Yoko Ono, who had recently suffered a miscarriage. He was additionally fearful that if they both fought the charges and lost, Ono may have been deported from the United Kingdom.

During the hearing Lennon’s lawyer, Martin Polden, told the court that Ono had recently lost their baby, which had been a terrible blow to the couple. Additionally, Polden declared that Lennon had renounced drugs after becoming a devotee of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi the previous year, and stressed that the Beatle had “given pleasure to millions” through his music.

The magistrate quashed the charge of obstruction to justice, and fined Lennon £150 plus court costs of 20 guineas. Lennon was also warned that if he was found guilty again of a similar offence he risked a custodial sentence.

Although the judge exercised some leniency, the repercussions of the case continued for Lennon for many years. The conviction was a key factor in the Nixon administration’s efforts to deny Lennon a Green Card for residence in the US. (NYT link) (see Dec 2)

see Palm Beach Pop Festival for more 

November 28 – 30, 1969: from a 2009 Palm Beach Post article: Then-Palm Beach County Sheriff Bill Heidtman vowed to make life miserable for the free-loving, pot-smoking, anti-establishment youngsters who were coming to the Palm Beach Pop Festival. He threatened to herd alligators toward the crowd, gathered on a grassy field at the Palm Beach International Raceway. And he promised to dig out fire ant colonies and relocate them at the venue.

The Festival was at a drag strip outside of West Palm Beach. Among others, Grand Funk played three nights also. The show featured Iron Butterfly, King Crimson (Robin Fripp and Greg Lake), Jefferson Airplane, Rotary Connection (Minnie Ripperton), PG&E, Rolling Stones, Vanilla Fudge, Janis Joplin and Her Full Tilt Boogie Band, Johnny Winters, and others.

On the third night, Winters played, then Vanilla Fudge played followed by Janis Joplin. Afterwards, the announcer said, Johnny wants it, Janis wants it, and the Fudge wants one. All three bands came out on stage and jammed. Winters jammed with the guitar players and scatted with Janis.

Wavy Gravy was there in his WW2 pilot helmet or whatever it was, guiding a car backwards trying to help them and backed them into the pond. We’d like to think he knew it was the police in an unmarked car and put them in the pond on purpose since we know he didn’t do drugs. (see Dec 6)

 Whatever Gets You Thru The Night

November 28, 1974: when John Lennon was in the studio with Elton John recording “Whatever Gets You Thru The Night”, Elton bet Lennon that the song would be a number one hit. Lennon didn’t think so and told Elton that if it did, he would go on stage with him. The song reached number one.

On this date, Elton John was playing at New York’s Madison Square Garden and being true to his word, Lennon came onstage. They played “Whatever Gets You Thru The Night”, “I Saw Her Standing There” and “Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds”. This would be John Lennon’s last concert appearance.

Also that night, while backstage, Lennon saw Yoko Ono after they had been separated for 18 months, a time period Lennon called his “lost weekend” and the 2 soon got back together. (see Dec 29)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

The Velvet Revolution

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

November 28, 1989:  known as the Velvet Revolution because of its non-violent nature, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announced they would give up their monopoly on political power

Elections held in December brought the first non-communist government to Czechoslovakia in more than 40 years. (see Nov 29)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Native Americans

November 28, 1989: the National Museum of the American Indian Act ordered the Smithsonian Institute to return Native American remains to American Indian tribes. (see November 16, 1990)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Fair Housing

November 28, 1990: Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act emphasized home-ownership and tenant-based assistance, launches HOME housing block grant. Low-Income. (see October 28, 1992)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism


November 28, 1998: Republicans express disappointment and outrage at what some describe as President Clinton’s evasive and legalistic answers to the Judiciary Committee’s questions. (see CI for expanded chronology)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism


November 28, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine published a report that gun deaths in Florida had risen sharply since the passage of its controversial “stand your ground” gun law. The report analyzed data from 1999 to 2014 and discovered that homicides in Florida had increased 24.4 percent, while gun-related homicides were up 31.6 percent since the law was enacted in 2005 under then-Gov. Jeb Bush.  [Huff Post article] (see June 9, 2017)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News


November 28, 2017: the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency announced that Beginning December 1, 2017, monthly tests of the statewide warning siren system would include a newly activated Attack Warning Tone, intended to warn Hawaii residents of an impending nuclear missile attack.

North Korea

November 28, 2017:  North Korea fired an intercontinental ballistic missile that flew both higher and longer than previous such launches.

US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis expressed concern, emphasizing what he said were technical advances on display in the 53-minute flight.

“It went higher, frankly, than any previous shot they’ve taken,” Mattis said. [NYT article] (see Nov 29)

November 28 Peace Love Art Activism

Country Fish Mark Kapner

Country Fish Mark Kapner

Happy birthday
November 28
Mark Kapner
Kapner second from left on the set of  Zachariah, the First Electric Western.
A belly button song from Mark

Country Joe & the Fish, keyboards

Country Fish Mark Kapner

Country Fish Mark Kapner


The internet is an amazing thing to this Boomer, but then I’m still amazed at telephones.

Back in the Analog Age, I liked researching a topic in a library, going through card catalogs, searching around and focusing microfiche, or listening to recordings wearing those stinky headphones.

The internet is far less laborious despite a nostalgia for the library’s stacks.

One would think that anyone could find anything on the internet about anyone.

If I knew more about searching that would be true. I’ve tried to understand what boolean means, but “denoting a system of algebraic notation used to represent logical propositions, especially in computing and electronics” is of no help.

Country Fish Mark Kapner

Where have you gone

Mark Kapner

Mark Kapner was the keyboardist with Country Joe and the Fish when the band played at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair that dismal August 17, 1969 evening. Not even the enhanced idealism of 400,000 people could stop the rain. According to John Fogerty, it was after Woodstock that “…I went home and wrote this song.

Mark Kapner and the band also starred in the 1971 movie “Zacharia, the First Electric Western.” A young Don Johnson was one of the stars along with John Rubinstein, Pat Quinn, Doug Kershaw, The James Gang, The New York Rock Ensemble, White Lightnin’, William Challee, and Elvin Jones. Like to see the trailer? Worth the 2:51. You may even watch twice or even watch the whole thing available on YouTube as well.

Country Fish Mark Kapner

Mark Kapner has a web page with limited information. It states that Mark:

  • Attended Sanford H Calhoun High School (Merrick, New York)
  • Attended Brown University
  • played keyboards with Country Joe and the Fish
  • played with Neil Diamond’s band during 1970 and 1971
  • worked at the Kripalu Center for Yoga & Health (Lenox, Massachusetts) from 1991 to 1995. He served as Music Director there. It is one of the country’s largest holistic program centers. He  composed soundtracks for yoga and meditation tapes, produced albums of inspirational music, including “Inner Quest” and “In Every Heart,” and performed frequently in genres ranging from Sanscrit chanting ensembles to bluegrass bands.
  • now lives in San Francisco
Country Fish Mark Kapner

Country Fish Mark Kapner

Facebook Mark Kapner


There is some additional information at his Facebook page. There it says that he was:

  • the former Organizer and Director at Swing Out New Hampshire. The Swing Out site says that Swing Out New Hampshire takes place at Camp Wicosuta, a traditional summer camp in the heart of the Lakes Region of New Hampshire. We offer four full days of classes and five nights of social dancing. Camp Wicosuta is surrounded by trees and hills, and has both a pristine mountain lake and an outdoor swimming pool. In addition to dancing, SONH offers many summer camp activities, such as a campfire sing-a-long, communal dining and housing, scenic walks, the SONH Cabaret, tennis, volleyball and basketball courts, as well as yoga classes and an on-site massage therapist. We learn, dance, eat, sing and play together, having a true summer camp experience! It’s more than just a vacation…our campers go home renewed and inspired. (founded in 1999)

Mark doesn’t post very often, but I did find this interesting piece:

Points to Ponder #1: If you went to a hip wedding and the MC’s energy was very square, would his music simply suck, or would its mindless vacuity warp the very fabric of the space of the reception hall and cause all the relatives to dance so fast that as their gyrations approached the speed of light their heads expanded, lessening the pressure on their brains and making them feel better?

Country Fish Mark Kapner

George Maynard v License Plates

George Maynard v License Plates

George Maynard v License Plates

On September 29, 1972, the State Supreme Court of New Hampshire issued a decision in the case of State v Hoskin. It concerned two drivers. One “Hoskin hammered out and painted over in white paint the words “Live Free or Die” upon 1971 automobile registration plates issued to him, and that [another] the defendant Ely placed tape over the same words, upon 1971 plates issued to her.

Ely and Hoskin said they were expressing free speech under the first amendment.

The State Supreme court ruled otherwise. It said in part, “Obliteration of the motto tends to defeat the establishment of a uniform number plate system, and is analogous to the offense of mutilation of national coins or currency by obliteration of the national motto, “In God We Trust”.

The ruling also added that, “We also hold lacking in merit the contention that the defendants were deprived of rights under the first amendment to the United States Constitution.

End of story? No.

George Maynard v License Plates

George Maynard

George Maynard was a a Korean War veteran and worked as a printer in Vermont. He and his wife Maxine lived in New Hampshire. They were both Jehovah’s Witnesses and viewed the motto on the New Hampshire license plate the motto violated their religious beliefs because it implied that one had to give up his life for the state. To Maynard and Maxine, the only kingdom was God’s kingdom and for this reason they covered up the motto on the license plates of their jointly owned family automobiles.

On November 27, 1974, police issued Maynard a citation for violating the state statutes regarding obscuring of the state motto.

On December 6, 1974 George Maynard appeared in Lebanon District Court (NH) to answer the charge. After waiving his right to counsel, he entered a plea of not guilty and proceeded to explain his religious objections to the motto. The state trial judge expressed sympathy for Maynard’s situation, but considered himself bound by the authority of State v. Hoskin to hold Maynard guilty.  The judge fined Maynard $25 but suspended it during “good behavior.”  On December 28, 1974, police again charged Maynard was again charged with violating  the license plate statute. On January 31, 1975 a judge fined him $50 and sentenced him to six months in prison. The judge then suspended the sentence provided that Maynard pay his fines. Maynard told the judge that as a matter of conscience he would not pay them. The judge then made him serve 15 days in jail.

Before appearing in court for the second charge, Maynard had received a third citation but received no additional penalty.

George Maynard v License Plates

American Civil Liberties Union

March 4, 1975

The Maynards would not stop obscuring the plate and feared additional fines and jail. At the urging of the American Civil Liberties Union, the Maynards sued in the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire. They sued Neal Wooley, the chief of police in Lebanon, N.H., and the state, alleging a violation of their First Amendment rights. American Civil Union Attorney Richard S. Kohn and New Hampshire attorney Jack Middleton  represented the Maynards.

A week later, on March 11, 1975 a federal judge issued a temporary restraining order, preventing further arrests and prosecutions of the Maynards. The case then proceeded to a panel of three federal judges at the district court level.

The three-judge panel also sided with Maynard and issued an opinion in February 1976. The judges determined that the Maynards’ actions qualified as a form of symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment. In that decision they wrote, ““Whatever else may be said about the motto ‘Live Free or Die’, it expresses philosophical and political ideas...[and the] Plaintiffs’ desire not to be aligned with these ideas falls within the ambit of the First Amendment.”

Kohn and Middleton had also pointed out that State vehicle license plates did not carry the motto.

New Hampshire Governor Meldrim W. Thompson ordered the state attorney general David Souter to take the case to the U.S. Supreme Court.  Souter, now retired, later became a Supreme Court justice.

George Maynard v License Plates

US Supreme Court

On April 20, 1977, the Supreme Court voted 6-3 in favor of the Maynards. The Supreme Court likened the Maynards’ refusal to accept the state motto with the Jehovah’s Witness children refusing to salute the American flag in public school in the1943 decision, West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette. In that case the court had ruled that the state had violated the First Amendment by punishing students and their parents for the students’ refusal to salute the flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

We begin with the proposition that the right of freedom of thought protected by the First Amendment against state action includes both the right to speak freely and the right to refrain from speaking at all,” Chief Justice Warren Burger wrote for the majority in Maynard.

He continued: “Here, as in Barnette, we are faced with a state measure which forces an individual, as part of his daily life indeed constantly while his automobile is in public view to be an instrument for fostering public adherence to an ideological point of view he finds unacceptable.”

George Maynard v License Plates

Court costs and fines

Free Speech v License Plates

Free Speech v License Plates

The Maynards received no compensation for their victory.  The federal district court awarded  $21, 000 in fees to Kohn and Middleton, who were working pro bono for the Maynards. The State refused to pay and the lawyers had to get a  US Marshall to collect from the State.

The Maynards moved from New Hampshire to Connecticut. There an officer cited them for covering up the “The Constitution State” on their car’s plate. After the Maynards called their lawyer the they heard no more about the citation.

George Maynard v License Plates


George and Maxine Maynard by Lauren Chooljian/NHPR

From a 2017 NPR story: George and Maxine are in their mid-80s now. They shuffle around their one story home in Connecticut, where they keep tabs on their neighbors and read the Bible every day.

The Maynards are deeply religious. George’s email address, for example, begins with Daniel_2_44, a Bible verse that George refers to as “God’s promise.”

“He’s gonna crush all the governments of the world, and his government is going to rule by his son Jesus Christ,” George explains. “So that’s my email.”

George Maynard v License Plates