Tag Archives: LSD

Albert Hofmann

Albert Hofmann

Albert Hofmann

Today is not Bicycle Day (April 19), the day in 1943 when Albert Hofmann deliberately ingested lysergic acid diethylamide and rode his bicycle home to relax and recover.
Albert Hofmann had attended the University of Zürich and graduated in 1929 with a doctorate in medicinal chemistry. Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland hired him for a program that was developing methods for synthesizing compounds found in medicinal plants. It was there that Hofmann stumbled upon LSD-25 (the 25th such derivative tested) in 1938.

Albert Hofmann

He put it aside for five years until on April 16, 1943. On that day Hoffman accidentally consumed LSD-25. Hofmann experienced unusual sensations and hallucinations.
In his notes, he related the experience: "Last Friday, April 16, 1943, I was forced to interrupt my work in the laboratory in the middle of the afternoon and proceed home, being affected by a remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness. At home I lay down and sank into a not unpleasant, intoxicated-like condition characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. In a dreamlike state, with eyes closed (I found the daylight to be unpleasantly glaring), I perceived an uninterrupted stream of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors. After some two hours this condition faded away."
He came to the conclusion that it could be of significant use in psychiatric treatment and spent years investigating LSD’s hallucinogenic properties. He disapproved of the casual recreational use of LSD.
Albert HofmannHofmann did believe that in addition to LSD's possible psychiatric uses, it could also be used in spiritual contexts. He proposed those ideas in his book LSD, mein Sorgenkind (LSD: My Problem Child, 1980).
The following is a brief video where he discusses his surprise at discovering an alternate reality in which the world transmits through our senses (acting like an aerial) and our consciousness acts like a TV screen.

Hofmann died of a heart attack on April 29, 2008
Jason Falkner performed the instrumental cover of Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds heard over this entry. (YouTube link)

Army Kool Aid Acid Tests

Army Kool Aid Acid Tests

MKULTRA

The current hit Netflix series Stranger Things may seem like another interesting fictional suggestion that there are secret government secret programs unleash terror upon peaceful law-abiding citizens, but  MKULTRA was an actual program.

Army Kool Aid Acid Tests

Army Kool Aid Acid Tests

When it came to drug experimentation, the Feds were no slouches. The CIA program had it's secret and illegal MKULTRA program that went on from 1953 to 1964. It tested subjects at over 80 institutions, many of which were fronts funded by the government and filtered to schools, private hospitals and even a jails. (click >>> Army Acid Test).

 It had existed under previous names such as Project Bluebird and Project Artichoke. One MKULTA's goals was to develop a robot-like assassin, a real-life “Manchurian Candidate."

On one level, the drug program hoped to achieve a simple drug protocol to effortlessly get Soviet spies to "spill their guts." The means toward that end were typically illegal.

Director of Central Intelligence, Admiral Stansfield M. Turner, wrote a letter to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence which that Committee released in 1977. In it Turner wrote that:

…the following types of activities were undertaken:

A. Possible additional cases of drugs being tested on American citizens, without their knowledge.

B. Research was undertaken on surreptitious methods of administering drugs.

C. Some of the persons chosen for experimentation were drug addicts or alcoholics.

D. Research into the development of a knockout or “K” drug was performed in conjunction with research being done to develop pain killers for advanced cancer patients, and tests on such patients were carried out.

E. There is a possibility of an improper payment to a private institution.

When our government needs experimental subjects, an easy pool of "volunteers" would be, of course, our Armed services.
From the looks of things it was an unqualified success as long as the goal was for the soldiers to have some fun and ignore orders.  Here is a US Army film of its 1963 experiment. One soldier, James Stanley, sued government afterward saying the drug caused his marriage to fail. In 1987 the Supreme Court ruled against him (click >>> Ruling Reopens Wound for Bitter Ex-soldier), but in 1991, Stanley finally succeeded. (click >>> U.S. Backs Payment for Soldier in LSD Tests)

The CIA destroyed most of the documents relating to the project in 1973.

November 27, 1964: the British did their own experiment as part of research into how the drug might affect military operations. From the Imperial War Museum's description of the filmed summary: Introductory title places trial in context of recent research to discover chemical agents able to incapacitate enemy forces but with negligible risk of fatal casualties. ... One Marine in state of distress is comforted by nurse, while others smile and laugh hysterically, one attempting to cut down a tree with his spade, and another climbing the tree. ... After exercise Marines rest in bed in Porton ward ... One very distressed Marine is held by duffel coated doctor and scientist, muttering "I am not going to die."  

Ironic Acid Tests

November 27, 1965:  Ken Kesey began his acid tests. Not documented as such, it may have included the first performance by The Grateful Dead, known as The Warlocks. Held in Soquel,  it was a small semi-public event advertised only at the local Hip Pocket underground bookstore.

Army Kool Aid Acid Tests, Army Kool Aid Acid Tests, Army Kool Aid Acid Tests, Army Kool Aid Acid Tests, Army Kool Aid Acid Tests, Army Kool Aid Acid Tests, 

November 16

November 16

US Labor History

No More Mailing Children

November 16, 1916,: to the huge relief of Post Office Department employees, the service sets a limit of 200 pounds a day to be shipped by any one customer.  Builders were finding it cheaper to send supplies via post than via wagon freight. In one instance, 80,000 bricks for a new bank were shipped parcel post from Salt Lake City to Vernal, Utah, 170 miles away.  The new directive also barred the shipment of humans: a child involved in a couple’s custody fight was shipped—for 17¢—from Stillwell to South Bend, Ind., in a crate labeled “live baby”

NFL Strike Ends

November 16, 1982, the National Football League Players Association ended a 57-day strike that shortened the season to nine games. The players wanted, but failed to win until many years later, a higher share of gross team revenues

Vietnam from Kennedy to Clinton

November 16
“President Kennedy has decided on the measures that the United States is prepared to take to strengthen South Vietnam against attack by Communists.”
November 16, 1961, Vietnam: President Kennedy decided to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing U.S. combat troops. (click >>> NYT Article)

President Clinton, Vietnam

November 16

November 16, 2000, Vietnam: Bill Clinton became the first sitting U.S. President to visit Vietnam.  (click >>> Vietnam)

November 16

November 16, 1938: Albert Hofmann, a chemist working for Sandoz Pharmaceutical in Basel, Switzerland, was the first to synthesize LSD-25. He discovered LSD, a semi-synthetic derivative of ergot alkaloids, while looking for a blood stimulant.
November 16, 1945, The Red Scare and the Cold War:  in a move that stirred up some controversy, the US shipped 88 German scientists to America to assist the nation in its production of rocket technology. Most of the men had served under the Nazi regime and critics questioned the morality of placing them in the service of America. Nevertheless, the U.S. government, desperate to acquire the scientific know-how that had produced the terrifying and destructive V-1 and V-2 rockets for Germany during WWII, and fearful that the Russians were also utilizing captured German scientists for the same end, welcomed the men with open arms.
November 16
Susquehannock artifacts on display at the State Museum of Pennsylvania in 2007
November 16, 1990, Native Americans: The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act required federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding to return Native American "cultural items" to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations. Cultural items include human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony. A program of federal grants assists in the repatriation process and the Secretary of the Interior could assess civil penalties on museums that failed to comply.