Vinyl Renaissance

Vinyl Renaissance

Vinyl Renaissance
Beauty turned on its side

Columbia Records developed the 33 13 rpm LP (for “long-play”) format and marketed it in 1948. In response, RCA Victor developed the 45 rpm format and marketed it in 1949. The 45 format allowed for juke boxes to proliferate.

Audio Fidelity offered the first commercial stereo two-channel records in 1957, however, it was not until the mid-to-late 1960s that the sales of stereophonic LPs overtook those of their monophonic equivalents, and became the dominant record type.

Such stereo technology combined with LSD’s psychedelia created an opportune format for many bands to present their music.

Since the 1990s vinyl recordings, despite their sound quality, were largely replaced by the compact disc.

And since 2000, digital downloads and streaming have replaced CDs.

However, in 2007, vinyl sales made a sudden small increase, starting its comeback, and by the early 2010s it was growing at a very fast rate.

Sales of vinyl in 2016 reached a 25-year high as consumers young and old have once again embraced physical formats of music.

In 2016, fans purchased more than 3.2m LPs, a rise of 53% over 2015 and the highest number since 1991 when Simply Red’s Stars was the bestselling album. 2016 was also the first year that spending on vinyl outstripped that spent on digital downloads.

And in 2018,  vinyl sales moved nearly 10 million units.

And in 2019 CNBC reported: This past week, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) released its mid-year report. It showed that 80% of the of music industry’s revenue comes from streaming, but it also showed that revenue from sales of vinyl records is on track to overtake that of compact discs by the year’s end, should current trends continue.

Vinyl Renaissance

Sweet vinyl’s sound return.

Here is an article about America’s oldest record store and how important the sale of vinyl records still is to the store.

Here is an interesting perspective about our shelves today and vinyl records. The New York Times article begins with, “When I was 13, in the early 1990s, I dug through my parents’ cache of vinyl records from the ’60s and ’70s. We still had a phonograph, so I played some of them, concentrating on the Beatles. Their bigger hits were inescapably familiar, but a number of their songs were new to me.”

And below is a video from the New York Times about this vinyl renaissance and keeping up with pressing records.

Vinyl Renaissance

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

Cold War

September 15, 1961: U.S. started underground nuclear testing with a series of nine low yield underground experiments at Yucca Flat with a further 62 tests there in 1962. The Soviet Union activity extended to a series of 50 detonations. [NTS article on site] (CW, see Sept 22; NN, see Oct 6)

Japanese reactors

September 15, 2013: Japan started the process of switching off its last working nuclear reactor for a scheduled inspection with no restart date in sight due to public hostility towards atomic power.  [AlJazzera article] (see Oct 22)

 Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed

September 15, 2015: Catholic peace activists Sister Megan Rice, Michael Walli and Greg Boertje-Obed were resentenced to time served for vandalizing a storage bunker that held much of the nation’s bomb-grade uranium. Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed were originally convicted of felony sabotage for their 2012 actions in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where they cut through fences and sneaked into the most secure area of the Y-12 National Security Complex. Once there, they hung banners, prayed and hammered on the outside wall of the bunker to symbolize a Bible passage that refers to the end of all war: “They will beat their swords into ploughshares.” Rice was sentenced to nearly three years in prison while Walli, 66, and Boertje-Obed, 60, were each sentenced to just over five years. [CBS News article] (see January 6, 2016)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

see September 15 Music et al for more

Pendletons

September 15, 1961, the Pendletons,  from Hawthorne, California, attend their first real recording session at Hite Morgan’s studio in Los Angeles. The band recorded ‘Surfin’. They changed their name to the Beach Boys. (see Dec 8)

Four Seasons

September 15 – October 19, 1962: “Sherry” by the Four Seasons #1 Billboard Hot 100.

Otis Redding

September 15, 1965: Otis Redding released his Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul containing his composition “Respect”

Fear of Rock

September 15, 1970:Vice President Spiro Agnew stated that  American youth were being destroyed by rock music, the drug culture, and underground newspapers. (see March 27, 1971)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

September 15, 1963
Virgil Ware

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

While riding on the handlebars of his 16-year-old brother’s bicycle, near his family‘s home, 13-year-old Virgil Ware was killed on Docena-Sandusky Road, outside Birmingham, Alabama.  16-year old Larry Joe Sims shot at the Ware brothers while he was riding by on a motorbike with Michael Lee Farley. Sims shot Virgil twice,. Sims and Farley had just attended a segregationist rally. Both  were charged with first-degree murder, but an all-white jury convicted them on the lesser charge of second-degree manslaughter. Judge Wallace Gibson suspended the boys’ sentences and gave them two years probation. (see Ware for expanded story)

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing

Birmingham, AL. 18 days after King’s speech, Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Herman Frank Cash, and Robert Chambliss, members of United Klans of America, a Ku Klux Klan group, planted a box of dynamite with a time delay under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, near the basement. At about 10:22 a.m., twenty-six children were walking into the basement assembly room to prepare for the sermon entitled “The Love That Forgives,” when the bomb exploded. Four girls, Addie Mae Collins (aged 14), Denise McNair (aged 11), Carole Robertson (aged 14), and Cynthia Wesley (aged 14), were killed in the attack, and 22 additional people were injured, one of whom was Addie Mae Collins’ younger sister, Sarah. The explosion blew a hole in the church’s rear wall, destroyed the back steps and all but one stained-glass window, which showed Christ leading a group of little children.

John Coltrane composed “Alabama” in response on Nov 18). The following year Joan Baez released “Birmingham Sunday” and Phil Ochs released “On Her Hand a Golden Ring” (BH, see Oct 2; Sixteenth Street, see September 26, 1977; CB, see June 16, 1964)

Muhammad Ali

September 15, 1965: Joe Namath took his Army physical. (BH, see Sept 24; Vietnam, see Sept 25; Ali (Namath), see December 9).

Ali/Spinks

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1978: exactly seven months after losing to Spinks was their rematch in the New Orleans Superdome.

Ali defeated the younger Spinks, becoming boxing’s first three-time heavyweight champion. [Guardian article] (Ali, see December 12, 1981, BH, see Sept 30)

Autherine Lucy Foster

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 2017: the University of Alabama unveiled an historic marker honoring Autherine Lucy Foster, the first black student to be admitted to an all-white public school or university in Alabama.

Foster attended the unveiling which was part of a larger campus ceremony at the College of Education.

Approximately 10% of the University of Alabama’s students are black. Approximately 25% of the State’s population is black. [UA article] (see Oct 13)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Environmental Issues

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1970: Greenpeace was founded. [site] (see Dec 2)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Weather Underground

September 15, 1970: the WUO helped Timothy Leary escape from the California Men’s Colony prison. [Countyourculture article] (see March 1, 1971)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

UAW

September 15, 1970: more than 350,000 members of the United Auto Workers begin what is to become a 69-day strike against General Motors. (see June 8, 1971)

Joseph Yablonski

September 15, 1977: “Tony” Boyle pleaded not guilty at the opening of his second trial on the charge of murder in the Joseph Yablonski case. (see February 18, 1978)

NHL lockout

September 15, 2004: National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players.  [SI article] (The 2004-05 season was eventually canceled.) (see Oct 5)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Hurricane Katrina

September 15, 2005: President George W. Bush, addressing the nation from storm-ravaged New Orleans, acknowledged the government failed to respond adequately to Hurricane Katrina and urged Congress to approve a massive reconstruction program. (see Katrina for expanded story)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Great Recession of 2008

September 15, 2008: Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, laying the catalyst for the global financial crisis.

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Iraq War II

September 15, 2009:  shoe-thrower Muntader al-Zaidi was released for good behavior, after serving nine months of the sentence. [Guardian article] (see August 18, 2010)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Occupy Wall Street

September 15, 2012: on the first of three days of events planned for the one-year anniversary of Occupy Wall Street, about 250 people marched down Broadway from Washington Square toward Zuccotti Park, accompanied by a large number of police officers on foot, in marked and unmarked cars, and riding scooters. [Vanity Fair article] (see Sept 17)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

September 15, 2015: a federal appeals court denied Kim Davis’s motion to halt a requirement that she issue marriage licenses to gay couples.

Davis has not demonstrated a substantial likelihood of success on her federal constitutional claims,” the panel of judges said in their order denying the request. [New Yorker article] (Sept 21)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

Marijuana

September 15, 2015: administrative Law Judge John S. Kennedy ruled that Lora Barbour, the mother of a Genny Barbour who had epilepsy, could not come to school to feed her daughter cannabis oil that had helped control her seizures. Kennedy said that state and federal drug possession laws trump their right to use medical marijuana on school grounds. It was the third legal defeat for the Barbour Family of Maple Shade, NJ. In addition to the conflicts in state and federal law, state Kennedy said the family failed to show their daughter Genny would suffer “irreparable harm” if denied medical marijuana in school, according to his 11-page decision. “There are no doctor’s reports from (Genny Barbour’s) treating physician that would establish that her lunchtime dose of marijuana is medically necessary,” Kennedy wrote. (NJ.com article) (M, see Oct 19; Barbours, see Nov 9)

September 15 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Battle of Liberty Place

September 14, 1874: a battle took place in the streets of New Orleans. In it, the Democratic-Conservative White League attacked the Republican Metropolitan Police for control of the city and to put an end to Reconstruction in Louisiana.

Although the White League inflicted a stunning defeat on the Metropolitans and forcibly deposed Governor William Pitt Kellogg, its victory proved short-lived. President Ulysses S. Grant ordered the army to reinstate Kellogg three days later. Quickly dubbed “The Battle of Liberty Place” by the White League and its supporters, the clash not only marked a crucial turning point in the balance of power during Reconstruction in Louisiana, it served as a defining moment for a generation of elite, young white men in New Orleans. [Know Louisiana article] (see Dec 7)

James C Anderson

September 14, 201: the sister of a James C Anderson (see June 26, 2011), asked prosecutors not to pursue the death penalty against anyone accused of her brother’s murder. [CNN story]  (JCA, see March 22, 2012; BH, see Sept 21)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Anarchism in the US

President McKinley

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14, 1901: President McKinley died of a gangrenous infection stemming from his (Sept 6) wounds. (NYT article) (see Sept 24, 1901)

Eugene V. Debs

September 14, 1918: in Cleveland Eugene V. Debs was sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment for violating the Espionage Act. [text of Debs’s statement] (see Oct 16; Debs, see March 10, 1919)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14 Music et al

see Tutti Frutti for more

September 14, 1955: after some lyric adjustments (such as from “Tutti frutti, good booty” to “Tootie frutti, all rooty”), Little Richard recorded Tutti Frutti.

Bob Dylan

September 14, 1961: Dylan met John Hammond at a rehearsal session for Carolyn Hester at the apartment shared by Hester and her then-husband, Richard Fariña.

Hester had invited Dylan to the session as a harmonica player, and Hammond approved him as a session player after hearing him rehearse, with recommendations from his son, musician John P. Hammond, and from Liam Clancy. (see Sept 26)

see Toledo Pop Festival for more

September 14, 1969: the Toledo Pop Festival held at Toledo Raceway Park. Performers were:

  • Turtles
  • MC5
  • Amboy Dukes
  • Alice Cooper
  • Frost
  • SRC
  • Pleasure Seekers
  • Rationals
  • Savage Grace
  • Rush
  • Frut
  • Live

(see Oct 4)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Space Race

Luna 2

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

September 14, 1959: the Soviets’ Luna 2 successfully crash-landed on the moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach another planetary body. (Techzibits article) (see Oct 4)

Zond 5

September 14, 1968: the Soviet Union sent Zond 5 around the moon and back to Earth in an unmanned test of their circumlunar spacecraft. The craft carried tortoises, “wine flies, meal worms, plants, seeds, bacteria, and other living matter.” (Atlantic article) (see Oct 11 – 12)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

Landrum-Griffin Act

September 14 Peace Love Activism

September 14, 1959: President Eisenhower signed the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, also known as the Landrum-Griffin Act. The law addressed the union corruption uncovered by Senator John L. McClellan. It held labor leaders to stricter standards in handling union funds and required them to file annual reports. [US DoL article] (see March 16, 1960)

César E. Chávez

September 14, 1970: Courts ruled that Chávez was leading an illegal strike because it involved a jurisdictional dispute between two unions.  (see Oct 8, 1970)

Dolores Huerta

September 14, 1988: during a peaceful and lawful protest of the policies/platform of then-candidate for president George H.W. Bush, San Francisco Police officers severely beat Huerta resulting in several broken ribs and necessitating the removal of her spleen.

Huerta won a large judgment against the SFPD and the City of San Francisco, the proceeds of which were used for the benefit of farm workers.  [SF Gate article] (see November 12, 1990)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Jack Kevorkian

September 14, 1995: Kevorkian arrived at the Oakland County Courthouse in Pontiac, Michigan in homemade stocks with ball and chain. He is ordered to stand trial for assisting in the 1991 suicides of Sherry Miller and Marjorie Wantz. (see Kevorkian for expanded story)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

TERRORISM

September 14, 2010: Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab  dismissed his court-appointed defense team to defend himself. The court subsequently appointed Anthony Chambers to act as standby counsel. [NPR article] (Terrorism, see Nov 17; Abdulmutallab, see October 12, 2011)

LGBTQ

Kim Davis

September 14, 2015: (from the NYT) Undaunted in her religious faith but facing the specter of another courtroom reckoning, Kim Davis, the Rowan County clerk, who was jailed for defying a federal judge’s order that she issue marriage licenses, said Monday that she would not stop her employees from processing licenses for same-sex couples.

But the condition that Ms. Davis attached to her admittedly makeshift solution — that the licenses would lack her authorization — was an indication that her protracted legal and political battles would not go away soon. Ms. Davis’s strategy could spur new litigation to challenge the licenses, and it was unclear how Judge David L. Bunning of Federal District Court, who jailed Ms. Davis on Sept. 3, would respond. (see Sept 15)

Atlantic Coast Conference

September 14, 2016: the Atlantic Coast Conference announced that it would move neutral-site championships for this academic year, including its football title game in December and its women’s basketball tournament in March, out of North Carolina in reaction to a state law that curbed anti-discrimination protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. [Washington Post article] (LGBTQ, see Sept 30; NC, see Dec 22)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

September 14, 2017: President Trump confirmed that he supported legislation that would protect young undocumented immigrants from deportation and would deliver a “massive” increase in border security — but not with a wall on the southern border.

Mr. Trump’s comments, both in Washington and in Florida, affirmed the broad parameters of an agreement that Democratic leaders unilaterally announced the previous night after dinner with the president at the White House.

In remarks to reporters as he left the White House, Mr. Trump said, “We’re working on a plan for DACA,” referring to protections for immigrants who are part of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. He confirmed, “the wall will come later.” [NYT article] (see Sept 16)

September 14 Peace Love Art Activism

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