October 13, 1952: the US Supreme Court announced that it had declined to grant certiorari (a writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of a lower court) in the appeal of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, condemned to death for conspiracy to commit atomic espionage for the Soviet Union.
October 13, 1963, although The Beatles’ popularity had been growing steadily and to increasingly frantic heights throughout 1963, their appearance at the London Palladium catapulted into the attentions of the mainstream media.
Sunday Night At The London Palladium was a variety entertainment program that regularly drew huge British TV audiences of up to 15 million people. Competition to appear was fierce and The Beatles, taking no chances, had spent the previous evening rehearsing.
On the night they appeared briefly at the beginning of the show, before compère Bruce Forsythe told the audience, “If you want to see them again they’ll be back in 42 minutes.” And indeed they were. The Beatles topped the bill that night, closing the hour-long show. They began with From Me To You, followed by I’ll Get You, which was introduced by Paul McCartney with some jovial interjections from John Lennon. Their most recent hit, She Loves You, was next, announced collectively by Lennon, McCartney and George Harrison. Then came the finale. Paul McCartney attempted to announce it, but was drowned out by the screams from the frenzied audience. Lennon told them to “shut up”, a gesture which was applauded by the older members in the audience. McCartney then asked them all to clap and stamp their feet, and they began Twist And Shout.
The Beatles’ appearance featured on the ITN news, complete with footage from the group’s dressing room. The following day, meanwhile, newspaper reporters wrote front-page stories about the screaming fans.
October 13, 1966: the conviction of David J Miller, the first person arrested in the country for burning his draft card was upheld by the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. The court held that Congress had the right to enact a law against destroying a draft card so long as it did not infringe on a constitutional right.
October 13, 1966, Vietnam: Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara declared at a news conference in Saigon that he found that military operations have “progressed very satisfactorily since 1965.” (click → NYT article)
October 13, 1967, Feminism: Executive Order 11375 expanded President Lyndon Johnson's affirmative action policy of 1965 to cover discrimination based on gender. As a result, federal agencies and contractors must take active measures to ensure that women as well as minorities enjoy the same educational and employment opportunities as white males. (click → NYT article)
October 13, 2010, LGBT: US Federal Judge Virginia Phillips declared Don’t ask, don’t Tell unconstitutional and temporarily ends the policy. The US Department of Justice immediately appealed the ruling as is required when a federal judge rules on a national law. On October 19, a US Federal Judge struck down the appeal of Don’t ask, don’t Tell by the Department of Justice. The US Military begins accepting applications for gay service members. Don’t ask, Don’t Tell temporarily ends. (click → NYT article)
October 13, 2014, Native Americans: Seattle’s Mayor Ed Murray signed a proclamation recognizing Indigenous Peoples’ Day and by so doing the city of Seattle no longer celebrated the “Columbus Day” holiday.