Category Archives: Peace Love Art and Activism

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15 Peace Love Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

Cold War
September 15, 1961: U.S. started underground nuclear testing with a series of nine low yield underground experiments at Yucca Flat with a further 62 tests there in 1962. The Soviet Union activity extended to a series of 50 detonations. (CW, see Sept 22; NN, see Oct 6)
Japanese reactors
September 15, 2013: Japan started the process of switching off its last working nuclear reactor for a scheduled inspection with no restart date in sight due to public hostility towards atomic power. (see Oct 22)
 Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed
September 15, 2015: Catholic peace activists Sister Megan Rice, Michael Walli and Greg Boertje-Obed were resentenced to time served for vandalizing a storage bunker that held much of the nation's bomb-grade uranium.

Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed were originally convicted of felony sabotage for their 2012 actions in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where they cut through fences and sneaked into the most secure area of the Y-12 National Security Complex. Once there, they hung banners, prayed and hammered on the outside wall of the bunker to symbolize a Bible passage that refers to the end of all war: "They will beat their swords into ploughshares."

Rice was sentenced to nearly three years in prison while Walli, 66, and Boertje-Obed, 60, were each sentenced to just over five years. (see January 6, 2016)

see September 15 Music et al for more

Pendletons
September 15, 1961, the Pendletons,  from Hawthorne, California, attend their first real recording session at Hite Morgan's studio in Los Angeles. The band recorded 'Surfin'. They changed their name to the Beach Boys. (see Dec 8)
Four Seasons
September 15 – October 19, 1962: “Sherry” by the Four Seasons #1 Billboard Hot 100. 
Otis Redding
September 15, 1965: Otis Redding released his Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul containing his composition “Respect”
Fear of Rock
September 15, 1970:Vice President Spiro Agnew stated that  American youth were being destroyed by rock music, the drug culture, and underground newspapers. (see March 27, 1971)

BLACK HISTORY

September 15, 1963
Virgil Ware

September 15 Peace Love Activism

While riding on the handlebars of his 16-year-old brother’s bicycle, near his family‘s home, 13-year-old Virgil Ware was killed on Docena-Sandusky Road, outside Birmingham, Alabama.  16-year old Larry Joe Sims shot at the Ware brothers while he was riding by on a motorbike with Michael Lee Farley. Sims shot Virgil twice,. Sims and Farley had just attended a segregationist rally. Both  were charged with first-degree murder, but an all-white jury convicted them on the lesser charge of second-degree manslaughter. Judge Wallace Gibson suspended the boys’ sentences and gave them two years probation. 
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing
Birmingham, AL. 18 days after King’s speech, Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Herman Frank Cash, and Robert Chambliss, members of United Klans of America, a Ku Klux Klan group, planted a box of dynamite with a time delay under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, near the basement. At about 10:22 a.m., twenty-six children were walking into the basement assembly room to prepare for the sermon entitled “The Love That Forgives,” when the bomb exploded. Four girls, Addie Mae Collins (aged 14), Denise McNair (aged 11), Carole Robertson (aged 14), and Cynthia Wesley (aged 14), were killed in the attack, and 22 additional people were injured, one of whom was Addie Mae Collins' younger sister, Sarah. The explosion blew a hole in the church's rear wall, destroyed the back steps and all but one stained-glass window, which showed Christ leading a group of little children. 

John Coltrane composed “Alabama” in response on Nov 18). The following year Joan Baez released “Birmingham Sunday” and Phil Ochs released “On Her Hand a Golden Ring” (BH, see Oct 2; Sixteenth Street, see Sept 26, 1977; CB, see June 16, 1964)

Muhammad Ali

September 15, 1965: Joe Namath took his Army physical. (BH, see Sept 24; Vietnam, see Sept 25; Ali (Namath), see December 9).
Ali/Spinks

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1978: exactly seven months after losing to Spinks, Ali rematch in the New Orleans Superdome. Ali defeated the younger Spinks, becoming boxing’s first three-time heavyweight champion. (Ali, see December 12, 1981, BH, see Sept 30)
Autherine Lucy Foster

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 2017: the University of Alabama unveiled an historic marker honoring Autherine Lucy Foster, the first black student to be admitted to an all-white public school or university in Alabama. 

Foster attended the unveiling which was part of a larger campus ceremony at the College of Education.

Approximately 10% of the University of Alabama's students are black. Approximately 25% of the State's population is black.
September 15 Peace Love Activism

Environmental Issues

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1970: Greenpeace was founded. (see Dec 2)

Weather Underground

September 15, 1970: the WUO helped Timothy Leary escape from the California Men's Colony prison. (see March 1, 1971)

US Labor History

UAW
September 15, 1970: more than 350,000 members of the United Auto Workers begin what is to become a 69-day strike against General Motors. (see June 8, 1971)
Joseph Yablonski
September 15, 1977: “Tony” Boyle pleaded not guilty at the opening of his second trial on the charge of murder in the Joseph Yablonski case. (see February 18, 1978)
NHL lockout
September 15, 2004: National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players. (The 2004-05 season was eventually canceled.) (see Oct 5)

Hurricane Katrina

September 15, 2005: President George W. Bush, addressing the nation from storm-ravaged New Orleans, acknowledged the government failed to respond adequately to Hurricane Katrina and urged Congress to approve a massive reconstruction program. (see Sept 19)

Great Recession of 2008

September 15, 2008: Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, laying the catalyst for the global financial crisis.

Occupy Wall Street

September 15, 2012: on the first of three days of events planned for the one-year anniversary of Occupy Wall Street, about 250 people marched down Broadway from Washington Square toward Zuccotti Park, accompanied by a large number of police officers on foot, in marked and unmarked cars, and riding scooters. (see Sept 17)

Iraq War II

September 15, 2009:  Muntader al-Zaidi  (see April 7, 2009)was released for good behavior, after serving nine months of the sentence. (see August 18, 2010)

LGBTQ

September 15, 2015: a federal appeals court denied Kim Davis’s motion to halt a requirement that she issue marriage licenses to gay couples.

"Davis has not demonstrated a substantial likelihood of success on her federal constitutional claims," the panel of judges said in their order denying the request. (Sept 21)

Marijuana

September 15, 2015: administrative Law Judge John S. Kennedy ruled that Lora Barbour, the mother of a Genny Barbour who had epilepsy, could not come to school to feed her daughter cannabis oil that had helped control her seizures. Kennedy said that state and federal drug possession laws trump their right to use medical marijuana on school grounds.

It was the third legal defeat for the Barbour Family of Maple Shade, NJ.

In addition to the conflicts in state and federal law, state Kennedy said the family failed to show their daughter Genny would suffer "irreparable harm" if denied medical marijuana in school, according to his 11-page decision.

"There are no doctor's reports from (Genny Barbour's) treating physician that would establish that her lunchtime dose of marijuana is medically necessary," Kennedy wrote. (NJ.com article) (M, see Oct 19; Barbours, see Nov 9)

September 15 Peace Love Activism, September 15 Peace Love Activism, September 15 Peace Love Activism, September 15 Peace Love Activism, September 15 Peace Love Activism, 

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September 14 Peace Love Activism

September 14 Peace Love Activism

Anarchism in the US

President McKinley

September 14 Peace Love Activism

September 14, 1901: President McKinley died of a gangrenous infection stemming from his (Sept 6) wounds. (NYT article) (see Sept 24, 1901)
Eugene V. Debs
September 14, 1918: in Cleveland Eugene V. Debs was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment for violating the Espionage Act. (see Oct 16; Debs, see March 10, 1919)

 

September 14 Music et al

see Tutti Frutti for more
September 14, 1955: after some lyric adjustments (such as from "Tutti frutti, good booty" to "Tootie frutti, all rooty"), Little Richard recorded Tutti Frutti.

Bob Dylan
September 14, 1961: Dylan met John Hammond at a rehearsal session for Carolyn Hester at the apartment shared by Hester and her then-husband, Richard Fariña. Hester had invited Dylan to the session as a harmonica player, and Hammond approved him as a session player after hearing him rehearse, with recommendations from his son, musician John P. Hammond, and from Liam Clancy. (see Sept 26)
September 14 Peace Love Activism

Space Race

Luna 2

September 14 Peace Love Activism

September 14, 1959: the Soviets' Luna 2 successfully crash-landed on the moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach another planetary body. (article) (see Oct 4)

Zond 5

September 14, 1968: the Soviet Union sends Zond 5 around the moon and back to Earth in an unmanned test of their circumlunar spacecraft. The craft carried tortoises, "wine flies, meal worms, plants, seeds, bacteria, and other living matter." (article) (see Oct 11 – 12)

US Labor History

Landrum-Griffin Act

September 14 Peace Love Activism

September 14, 1959: President Eisenhower signed the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, also known as the Landrum-Griffin Act. The law addressed the union corruption uncovered by Senator John L. McClellan. It held labor leaders to stricter standards in handling union funds and required them to file annual reports. (see March 16, 1960)
César E. Chávez
September 14, 1970: Courts ruled that Chávez was leading an illegal strike because it involved a jurisdictional dispute between two unions.  (see Oct 8, 1970)
Dolores Huerta
September 14, 1988: during a peaceful and lawful protest of the policies/platform of then-candidate for president George H.W. Bush, San Francisco Police officers severely beat Huerta resulting in several broken ribs and necessitating the removal of her spleen.

Huerta won a large judgment against the SFPD and the City of San Francisco, the proceeds of which were used for the benefit of farm workers. (see Nov 12, 1990)

Jack Kevorkian

September 14, 1995: Kevorkian arrived at the Oakland County Courthouse in Pontiac, Michigan in homemade stocks with ball and chain. He is ordered to stand trial for assisting in the 1991 suicides of Sherry Miller and Marjorie Wantz. (see Oct 30)

BLACK HISTORY

September 14, 201: the sister of a James C Anderson (see June 26, 2011), asked prosecutors not to pursue the death penalty against anyone accused of her brother’s murder. (JCA, see March 22, 2012; BH, see Sept 21)

LGBTQ

Kim Davis
September 14, 2015: (from the NYT) Undaunted in her religious faith but facing the specter of another courtroom reckoning, Kim Davis, the Rowan County clerk, who was jailed for defying a federal judge’s order that she issue marriage licenses, said Monday that she would not stop her employees from processing licenses for same-sex couples.

But the condition that Ms. Davis attached to her admittedly makeshift solution — that the licenses would lack her authorization — was an indication that her protracted legal and political battles would not go away soon. Ms. Davis’s strategy could spur new litigation to challenge the licenses, and it was unclear how Judge David L. Bunning of Federal District Court, who jailed Ms. Davis on Sept. 3, would respond. (see Sept 15)
Atlantic Coast Conference
September 14, 2016: the Atlantic Coast Conference announced that it would move neutral-site championships for this academic year, including its football title game in December and its women’s basketball tournament in March, out of North Carolina in reaction to a state law that curbed anti-discrimination protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. (LGBTQ, see Sept 30; NC, see Dec 22)

September 14 Peace Love Activism,  September 14 Peace Love Activism, September 14 Peace Love Activism, September 14 Peace Love Activism, September 14 Peace Love Activism, 

 

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September 13 Peace Love Activism

September 13 Peace Love Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Slave Revolts
September 13, 1663: first serious slave conspiracy in colonial America. White servants and black slaves conspired to revolt in Gloucester County, VA, but were betrayed by a fellow servant. (see article) (BH, see February 18, 1688; SR, see February 28, 1708)
Oberlin, Ohio citizens
September 13, 1858: a group of Oberlin, Ohio citizens stopped Kentucky slave catchers from capturing John Price, a black man. Oberlinians, black and white, pursued the abductors to nearby Wellington at word of Price’s kidnapping and took him back, later helping him across the Canadian border to freedom. (see Sept 17)
James H Meredith
September 13, 1962: the US District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi reordered the University of Mississippi to enroll Meredith. (see September 20, 1962)
Attica Prison Riot
September 13, 1971: state troopers dropped tear gas into the Attica prison while other troopers opened fire on a group of over 1,200 inmates. In the chaos, the police gunfire killed 10 hostages and 29 inmates Another 80 people were seriously wounded, the majority of them inmates, in what became the bloodiest prison uprising in U.S. history. Adding to the death toll were three inmates and a guard who had been killed earlier during the riot.

“We are men. We are not beasts, and we do not intend to be beaten or driven as such.” –L.D. Barkley, a 21 year-old prisoner serving time for breaching parole by driving without a license; he died in the assault, shot 15 times at point-blank range. (BH, see Sept 17; APR, see Sept 17)
 
George Wallace
September 13, 1998: George Wallace died. (see Sept 17)
School Desegregation
September 13, 2013: nearly a week after the University of Alabama came under fire for persistent segregation in its sorority system, school officials announced a deal that would clear the way for black women to be admitted to the school’s prestigious and historically white Greek organizations. The deal was the first step toward ending more than a century of systematic segregation in the school’s sorority system. (NYT obit) (BH, see Oct 15; SD, see March 21, 2014)
September 13 Peace Love Activism

Vietnam

September 13, 1945: in accordance with the Potsdam Agreements at the end of World War II, 5,000 British troops of the 20th Indian Division, commanded by Gen. Douglas Gracey, arrived in southern Indochina to disarm the defeated Japanese forces  Gracey detested the Viet Minh and rearmed some 1,400 French soldiers who had been imprisoned by the Japanese. This effectively was the first step in the re-establishment of French colonial rule and set the stage for the conflict between the French and the Viet Minh that led to a nine-year war. (see Sept 26)

September 13 Music et al

Payola
September 13, 1960: the Federal Communications act in the USA was amended to outlaw payments of cash or gifts in exchange for airplay of records. (see June 1, 1961)
Yesterday
September 13, 1965: Beatles released Paul McCartney 's composition 'Yesterday' as a single in the US. The final recording was so different from other works by The Beatles that the band members vetoed the release of the song as a single in the United Kingdom. (However, it was issued as a single there in 1976.) (see Sept 25)
 
see Big Sur for more
September 13 – 14, 1969: Sixth Big Sur Folk Festival. Made into a movie: Celebration at Big Sur (Festival, see Oct 4; Big Sur, see Oct 3, 1970)
see Toronto Rock and Roll Revival for more
September 13, 1969: The Toronto Rock and Roll Revival (Varsity Stadium, at the University of Toronto) over 20,000 attended. The appearance of John Lennon, Yoko Ono and The Plastic Ono Band was not publicly known in advance. It was Lennon's first-ever public rock performance without one or more of the Beatles since meeting Paul McCartney in 1957. He decided before returning to England to leave the Beatles permanently. (Beatles, see Sept 20)
September 13 Peace Love Activism

Iran–Contra Affair

September 13, 1985:  Iran received 508 US-made Tow missiles, as part of secret arms-for-hostages deal with US. (see Jan 17, 1986)

ADA

September 13, 1988: the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 expands on the Civil Rights Act of 1968 to require that a certain number of accessible housing units be created in all new multi-family housing. The act covers both public and private homes and not only those in receipt of federal funding. (see March 12, 1990)

Feminism

September 13, 1994: the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) signed by President Bill Clinton. The Act provided monies toward investigation and prosecution of violent crimes against women, imposeed automatic and mandatory restitution on those convicted, and allowed civil redress in cases prosecutors chose to leave un-prosecuted. The Act also establisheed the Office on Violence Against Women within the Department of Justice. Its coverage extended to male victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking. (Feminism, see, Sept 28, 1994; VAWA, see May 15, 2000)

DEATH PENALTY

September 13, 1994: President Clinton signed crime bill making dozens of federal crimes subject to death penalty. (see February 8, 1995)

September 13 Peace Love Activism,  September 13 Peace Love Activism,  September 13 Peace Love Activism,  

 

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