Tag Archives: Beatlemania

British Beatlemania Born

British Beatlemania Born

British Beatlemania

November 2, 1963

British Beatlemania

1963

When we Americans think Beatlemania we typically think of their arrival, the 3 straight Ed Sullivan Show appearances, and the resulting cultural explosion. 

It is important to keep in mind that the British Boomers were a bit ahead of us. Easily so, of course, since their media were playing and reporting about The Beatles before we had a hint.

By November 2, 1963, The Beatles had finally had the break out kind of success that any struggling band always hopes will happen, but no band could have foretold the success that descended upon them.

Despite their Cavern popularity, the Beatles began 1963 as they had ended 1962: touring as an opening band for higher billed musicians. With Brian Epstein as their manager and George Martin producing their music, success found them with the release of "Please Please Me" hitting #1 on the British charts on February 22. Having said that, even on  March 3, 1963, they were still at the bottom of the bill  supporting a Helen Shapiro tour. Other acts ahead of them included The Kestrels, The Honeys, Dave Allen, Kenny Lynch and Danny Williams. 

I know. Who were they? I don't know either.

Slowly but surely

Also in March, they released their first album: Please Please Me.

In April, John quietly became a father for the first time. Brian Epstein realized that the group's youthful carefree image needed single good-looking young men.

In May, "From Me To You" their second US release also charted poorly.

With continued British success, on August 3, 1963 they performed at The Cavern Club for the last time. 

On September 16, 1963, "She Loves You," their third US release, went nowhere.

The London Palladium

British Beatlemania Born

In October, the British youth aren't just listening, they are screaming. Like any successful venture, being seen is a way of increasing that success and on  October 13, their appearance on Sunday Night At The London Palladium  as the top group in front of a TV audience of up to 15 million viewers lighted the very short fuse. 

Brian Epstein arranged a Christmas show with the Beatles headlining. The show sells out in October.

More recording. A tour to Sweden. 

On November 1, back in the UK, their third EP, The Beatles #1, is released using singles from their Please Please Me album. Side one contained I Saw Her Standing There and Misery. The second side featured Anna (Go To Him) and Chains.

It’s official

British Beatlemania Born

That night their fourth British tour of 1963 opened at the Odeon Cinema in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.

This was the group's first series of concerts as unchallenged headliners. The Beatles topped a bill featuring five other acts: The Rhythm & Blues Quartet, The Vernons Girls, The Brook Brothers, Peter Jay & The Jaywalkers, and The Kestrels with MD Frank Berry. 

The next day the Daily Mirror newspaper carried the headline: "Beatlemania! It's happening everywhere.. even in sedate Cheltenham."

Follow this link for a 2013 Daily Beast take on the roots of Beatlemania. 

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Beatles 1962 Auditions

Beatles 1962 Auditions

Before Beatlemania

Auditions were a regular part of the Beatles in 1962. And 1962 will be the year the Beatles move from obscurity to popularity, though certainly not to Beatlemania. Not yet.
Decca
On New Year's Day 1962 The Beatles conducted their first audition for a major record company, Decca. In its London studio which was and less than 2 miles from EMI's Abbey Road studios, The Beatles taped 15 songs that had been carefully selected by Brian Epstein to show off their versatility: "Like Dreamers Do", "Money", "Till There Was You", "The Sheik of Araby", "To Know Her Is to Love Her", "Take Good Care of My Baby", "Memphis", "Sure to Fall (In Love With You)", "Hello Little Girl", "Three Cool Cats", "Crying, Waiting, Hoping", "The Love of the Loved", "September In the Rain", "Besame Mucho", and "Searchin'". It took about an hour to record all the songs, and Decca's Mike Smith (who had arrived late, irritating Brian Epstein) promised to get back to Brian with Decca's decision; then Smith hurried the Beatles out of the studio because he was running late for a second audition - with Brian Poole and the Tremeloes.

Decca declined to give the Beatles a recording contract. (Independent article)

More 1962 Auditions

February 12, 1962: The Beatles traveled to Broadcasting House, Manchester, Lancashire for their Brian Epstein-arranged audition for a chance to perform on radio. Producer Peter Pilbeam listened to The Beatles perform four songs: Paul McCartney sang "Till There Was You" and his composition "Like Dreamers Do"; John Lennon sang "Memphis" and his composition "Hello Little Girl." Pilbeam voted "No" on Paul's performance, but voted "Yes" on John's. His final answer was "Yes" and the Beatles were booked to record an appearance on the radio program "Teenager's Turn" on March 7.

March 7, 1962 The Beatles recorded their first radio appearance, at the Playhouse Theatre, Hulme, Manchester, for the BBC radio program "Teenager's Turn - Here We Go". 

After a rehearsal, the Beatles put on suits for the first time and, along with the other artists appearing on the program, recorded the show in front of a teenage audience. The Beatles performed three songs, all cover versions: "Dream Baby", "Memphis", and "Please Mr. Postman". The broadcast was the following afternoon, March 8.

EMI/Parlophone audition

June 6, 1962: The Beatles' first recording session at Abbey Road Studios. George Martin got along well with John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and George Harrison, but not so with the taciturn Pete Best. Worse, he considered Pete's drumming ability to be not up to professional standards and pointed that out to Brian Epstein.
“Here We Go”
June 11, The Beatles taped for "Here We Go," a BBC radio program. This is the last Beatle recording on which Pete Best played.
Summer gigs
June, July, August, September, The Beatles had many gigs and their popularity continued to increase, but mainly around their hometown of Liverpool with The Cavern being their mainstay venue. But a change is about happen...
The Beatles 1962 Auditions
An early 1960’s photo of The Beatle at The Cavern Club. The Beatles last performance at The Cavern Club was 3 August 1963
Pete Best out
August 16, 1962: Brian Epstein told Pete Best that the he was out of the band, but, amazingly, Epstein asked Best to perform with the band that night. Though at first agreeing, Best later decided against appearing, and he did not show up. A lot of The Beatles' fans were partial to Pete, who was their favorite. For a few days, Brian Epstein needed protection to walk down Mathew Street, and his new automobile is scratched. Ringo, having already agreed to leave Rory Storm and the Hurricanes (that band will, at one point, use Keef Hartley as their drummer. Keef will leave later to form his own band. It will play at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair!) will play with the Beatles as we now know them for the first time on August 18.
Beatles @ EMI
September 4, 1962 The Beatles' first formal recording session at EMI's Abbey Road studios. George Martin did not consider any of the recordings from June 6 to be good enough for commercial release, so he called the Beatles back into the studio to try again. They rehearsed six songs, including "Love Me Do" and "Please Please Me", and two of the songs were picked for recording: "Love Me Do" and Mitch Murray's song "How Do You Do It." The Beatles were unhappy with recording Murray's song, which they had rearranged from the original demo that George Martin had sent them. However, Martin is insistent and they do record the song.  They recorded an unknown number of takes of "How Do You Do It" and over 15 takes of "Love Me Do" with Ringo drumming. 

Though Mitch Murray was notified that the Beatles would release his song , the decision was reversed when they chose "Love Me Do" and then "Please Please Me" instead. 

Gerry & the Pacemakers later recorded it using the Beatles' arrangement. the song reached #1 on the charts.

Beatles back @ EMI
September 11: The Beatles returned to EMI Studios in London for a third attempt at recording their first single. George Martin insisted that studio drummer Andy White take Ringo Starr's place during the session. Ringo was left to play maracas on "P.S. I Love You" and tambourine on "Love Me Do". Ten takes of "P.S. I Love You" and 18 takes of "Love Me Do" are recorded, along with an unknown number of takes of "Please Please Me". George Martin suggested that "Please Please Me" could be improved with increased tempo and tight vocal harmonies. "Love Me Do" is selected to be The Beatles' first A-side, with "P.S. I Love You" on the flip side (a reversal of the original plan).
Release of Love Me Do
October 5: the UK release of Beatles single "Love Me Do/P.S. I Love You" (Parlophone). 6 weeks on the charts; highest position #17. It featured a Sept. 4 version of "Love Me Do" (Version I) that has Ringo on drums. The album "Please Please Me", however, includes Version II, with Andy White on drums.

Studio Four, Granada TV Centre
October 17: in between their lunchtime and night shows at the Cavern Club, the Beatles traveled to Studio Four, Granada TV Centre, Manchester, Lancashire, to make their television debut. They appeared live on a local magazine program called "People and Places", which was broadcast across north and northwest England. After two rehearsals lasting nearly three hours, The Beatles performed two songs for the live transmission, "Some Other Guy" and "Love Me Do".
Empire Theatre
Oct 28:  The Beatles performed at the Empire Theatre, Liverpool. This was a major performance for The Beatles, their first at Liverpool's top theatre. The Beatles had hit the big time.

Beatles 1962 Auditions

BBC TV audition
November 23: The Beatles traveled to St. James' Church Hall, London, for a ten-minute audition with BBC Television. The audition came about when a Beatles fan, David Smith of Preston, wrote to the BBC and asked that BBC feature the band on television. 

BBC  assumed that Smith was The Beatles' manager and wrote back offering The Beatles an audition on November 6. Smith brought this letter to NEMS Enterprises, and Clive Epstein (Brian's brother) arranged for the Nov. 23 audition.  After the audition, the Beatles had to hurry home for their scheduled performance that night.
Record second single
November 26, 1962, The Beatles were in the recording studio (Studio Two, EMI Studios, London), recording their second single. They recorded "Please Please Me" in 18 takes. Epstein, Martin, and the band select it for the A-side of the band's new single. Then they recorded in 6 takes of "Ask Me Why" for the flip side. The Beatles also played a third Lennon-McCartney number, "Tip of My Tongue", for producer George Martin. Martin did not care for the arrangement, and the song will never be recorded by The Beatles. However, "Tip of My Tongue" will be recorded in July 1963 by Tommy Quickly, another artist managed by Brian Epstein. EMI will issue The Beatles' second single, "Please Please Me/Ask Me Why" on January 11, 1963. George Martin confidently and accurately predicted that the single will hit #1.
Thumbs down from BBC TV 
November 27: Brian Epstein received a polite "thumbs-down" letter from the BBC  and he realized that The Beatles would need to score a #1 hit before they had a real chance of making their BBC television debut.
BBC Paris Studio
November 27, 1962...The Beatles go to BBC Paris Studio, Regent Street, London, to record their first BBC radio session in London. They perform three songs before a live studio audience: "Love Me Do", "P.S. I Love You", and "Twist and Shout". 
TWW Television
December 3: The Beatles appeared in a live television broadcast from TWW Television Centre, Bristol, Somerset, on the program "Discs a Gogo", which was broadcast to that and nearby regions. The Beatles performed live, but lip-sync to "Love Me Do".
Wembley Studios
December 4: The Beatles appeared in a live television broadcast from Wembley Studios, Wembley, Middlesex. This was their London-area debut on television, on a children's program called "Tuesday Rendezvous." The Beatles performed live, doing lip-sync performances of "Love Me Do" and 45 seconds of "P.S. I Love You".
Studio Four, Granada TV
December 17: The Beatles appeared in a live television appearance from Studio Four, Granada TV Centre, Manchester, for the program "People and Places". They performed "Love Me Do" and "Twist and Shout" during the live transmission.
Beatles 1962 Auditions
Beatles in Hamburg
With increasing home popularity, The Beatles reluctantly found themselves back in Hamburg for the rest of 1962. It would be their last visit and 1963 would be the best year yet for them.
Until 1964.

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November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2 Peace Love Activism

Black History

The Mississippi Plan of 1875
November 2, 1875: The Mississippi Plan of 1875, which included violence against African Americans to keep them from voting, resulted in huge victories for white Democrats across the state. John R. Lynch, the last African-American congressman for Mississippi until the 1986 election of Mike Espy, wrote: “It was a well-known fact that in 1875 nearly every Democratic club in the State was converted into an armed military company.” A federal grand jury concluded: “Fraud, intimidation, and violence perpetrated at the last election is without a parallel in the annals of history.” (see January 4, 1876)
Coleman Young/Tom Brady

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2, 1971: Coleman Young elected first African American mayor of Detroit; Tom Bradley elected first Black mayor of Los Angeles. (see Feb 28, 1972)
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2, 1983:  President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating a federal holiday on the third Monday of every January (see Nov 8)
School Desegregation
November 2, 2004: Alabama voters narrowly voted to retain a state constitutional provision mandating separate schools for black and white children. The amendment would have removed a provision from Article XIV, Section 256, of the Alabama Constitution of 1901, which reads: “Separate schools shall be provided for white and colored children, and no child of either race shall be permitted to attend a school of the other race.”

The amendment also would have removed language added to Section 256 in 1954, which stated that the Alabama Constitution does not create a right to public education. As Alabama resisted school desegregation following the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the 1954 language was enacted to authorize the state to dismantle its public education system if forced to integrate. Proponents of the 2004 amendment argued that removing both the 1901 and 1954 language would purge the constitution’s educational provisions of that pro-segregation legacy.

 Shortly before the election, some conservative officials mounted a campaign arguing that removal of the “no right to public education” language would expose the state to potential legal challenges and could allow the state to raise taxes. The proposed amendment failed by 1850 votes (0.13%). In November 2012, Alabama voters again had the opportunity to remove the school segregation provision from the state constitution and again voted to retain it.

Meanwhile, many school systems in Alabama remained segregated. Following the forced implementation of the Brown decision, all-white private schools and academies opened across the state. These academies still exist, especially in the Alabama's Black Belt region, where white enrollment in public schools is particularly low. In 2008-09, 94% of students enrolled in the Bullock County public school system were African American and less than 1% were white. (BH, see January 6, 2005; SD, see June 28, 2007)
Church Burning
November 2, 2016:  someone burned and vandalized Hopewell Missionary Baptist Church in Greenville, Mississippi. The Delta Daily News reported that the majority of the damage was to the main sanctuary and that there were no reported injuries. Someone had spray-painted the words “Vote Drumpf” along the side of the building. 

Two months later, police arrested 45-year-old Andrew McClinton, a member of the church  (BH, see Dec 16)

Technological Milestone

Locomobile
November 2, 1902: engineer Andrew Riker delivered the first four-cylinder, gas-powered Locomobile—a $4,000, 12-horsepower Model C—to a buyer in New York City. The Locomobile Company had been known for building heavy, powerful steam cars, but by the turn of the century it was clear that the future of the automobile—and thus of the Locomobile—lay in the internal-combustion engine. (see December 17, 1903)

Presidential elections

Harry Truman
November 2, 1948: Truman’s surprise re-election. President Harry S. Truman elected to a second term as president, defeating Republican Thomas Dewey, Progressive Henry Wallace, and Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond in the election of 1948. (see Dec 3)
Jimmy Carter

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2, 1976: Jimmy Carter defeated incumbent Gerald Ford, becoming the first candidate from the Deep South to win since the Civil War.
George W Bush
November 2, 2004, Bush re-elected President.

Cold War

November 2, 1949:  The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) voted in its national convention to revoke the charter of the United Electrical Workers, the third largest union in the CIO, for failing to purge itself of Communist influence. Ultimately twelve left-leaning unions, and countless individual left-wing organizers, will be booted from the CIO. (see December 10, 1949)

Marijuana

Boggs Act
November 2, 1951:  President Harry Truman signed the "Boggs Act" into law, setting minimum federal sentences for drug offenders. A first-offense marijuana possession carried a minimum sentence of 2-10 years with a fine of up to $20,000. (C & P, see May 22, 1964; Marijuana, see March 30, 1961)
Maine
November 2, 1999: Maine became the fifth state to legalize medical marijuana when ballot initiative Question 2 was passed with 61% of the vote. The law "provides a simple defense, which means the burden is on the state to prove that a patient’s medical use or possession was not authorized by statute." (see June 4, 2000)
Medical marijuana

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2, 2004: Sixty-two percent of voters in Montana approved Initiative 148. The law took effect that same day. It removed state-level criminal penalties on the use, possession and cultivation of marijuana by patients who possess written documentation from their physicians authorizing the medical use of marijuana. The law established a confidential state-run patient registry that issues identification cards to qualifying patients. (see Jan 3, 2006)
Arizona

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2, 2010: Arizona became the 15th state to legalize medical marijuana when Proposition 203, the Arizona Medical Marijuana Act, passes by a margin of 4,341 votes out of 1,678,351 votes cast in the Nov. 2, 2010 election. The law allows registered qualifying patients to obtain marijuana from a registered nonprofit dispensary, and to possess and use medical marijuana to treat the condition. (see May 13, 2012)

Vietnam

South Vietnam Leadership
November 2, 1963: Ngo Dinh Diem and brother Ngô Đình Nhu surrendered and were murdered. The military took power, calling itself The Military Revolutionary Council. The Council dissolved Diệm's rubber stamp National Assembly and the constitution of 1956. It vowed support for free elections, unhindered political opposition, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, and an end to discrimination, and that the purpose of the coup was to bolster the fight against the Vietcong. (see Nov 5)
Norman R. Morrison

November 2 Peace Love Activism

November 2, 1965: Norman R. Morrison, a Baltimore Quaker and a pacifist sacrificed himself in flames in front of the Pentagon. His widow said he gave his life "protesting our government's deep military involvement" in Viet Nam. He had clutched his year-old daughter Emily in one arm late as he began to burn. Screams of "drop the baby" from onlookers may have saved her life, for she fell uninjured to the ground. Morrison, 31, drenched in kerosene, kindled himself as a human torch in full view of hundreds of Defense Department workers and military men. (Baltimore Sun article) (see Nov 9)

November 2 Music et al

see British Beatlemania for more
November 2, 1963: London’s Daily Mirror used the term "Beatlemania" in a news story about the group's concert the previous night in Cheltenham. (see Nov 4)
Peter, Paul and Mary
November 2 Peace Love Activism
Album cover
November 2 – December 6, 1963: Peter, Paul, and Mary’s Blowin’ In the Wind  is the Billboard #1 album. The best-known cover of Bob Dylan’s song. In the liner notes to Dylan’s original release, Nat Hentoff calls the song "a statement that maybe you can say to make yourself feel better... as if you were talking to yourself." The song was written around the time that Suze Rotolo indefinitely prolonged her stay in Italy. The melody is based on an older song, "Who's Gonna Buy Your Chickens When I'm Gone". The melody was taught to Dylan by folksinger Paul Clayton, who had used the melody in his song "Who's Gonna Buy Your Ribbons When I'm Gone?"  (see January 13, 1964)
 

Cream’s Disraeli Gears

November Music et al

November 2, 1967: Cream released second album, Disraeli Gears.

Women’s Health

November 2, 1965: The New York Times reported that the first federally supported Women’s Health program had opened in a rural area near York, Pennsylvania. The clinic was funded through President Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty, and it marked the beginning of federal aid for family planning services. Federal support became institutionalized with the 1970 Family Planning Services Act, passed by Congress on December 24, 1970 and signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 26, 1970.  (see March 1, 1966)

Native Americans

November 2, 1972: more than 2,000 Indians go to Washington on the eve of the presidential election to present Nixon with their 20-point program. They occupied the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) headquarters for seven days, demanding that the U.S. recognize tribal self-determination.  (see February 27, 1973)

Dissolution of Yugoslavia

November 2, 1991: The UN Security Council unanimously adopts a resolution opening the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia. (see January 9, 1992)
November 2 Peace Love Activism

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

November 2, 2002: an estimated 2,000 people assembled on the National Mall on this day in the first Godless March on Washington. Participants included atheists, agnostics, humanists, and free-thinkers. Twenty people spoke at the four-hour event, which attracted some protesters. Marchers carried signs and T-shirts reading “What Our Schools Need is a Moment of Science,” and “Atheism is Myth-Understood.” (see Nov 18)

LGBTQ

Amendments deny same-sex marriage
November 2 Peace Love Activism
November 2, 2004: marshaled by Karl Rove, anti-gay forces in eleven states push through constitutional amendments to deny same-sex couples the freedom to marry. In Mississippi, Montana, and Oregon the amendments restrict marriage to different-sex couples. In the other states - Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Michigan, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Ohio, and Utah - the amendments deny all forms of family recognition or status, including civil union and domestic partnership. A similar amendment banning marriage was passed in Missouri in August 2004. (NYT article) (see Jan 19, 2005; Oklahoma, see January 14, 2014)
November 2, 2015
  • federal education authorities, staking out their firmest position yet on an increasingly contentious issue, found that an Illinois school district violated anti-discrimination laws when it did not allow a transgender student who identifies as a girl and participates on a girls’ sports team to change and shower in the girls’ locker room without restrictions. Education officials said the decision was the first of its kind on the rights of transgender students, which were emerging as a new cultural battleground in public schools across the country. In previous cases, federal officials had been able to reach settlements giving access to transgender students in similar situations. But in this instance, the school district in Palatine, Ill., had not yet come to an agreement, prompting the federal government to threaten sanctions. The district, northwest of Chicago, had indicated a willingness to fight for its policy in court.
  • Kim Davis, the clerk of Rowan County, asked the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit to scrap a series of rulings issued by the district judge Judge David L. Bunning who sent her to jail for refusing to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Ms. Davis’s lawyers called Bunning’s order that Ms. Davis license same-sex marriages a “rush to judgment” that trampled her religious liberty. (LGBTQ, see Nov 14; Davis, see August 18, 2016)

Nuclear/Chemical News

ICAN
November 2, 2015: after mobilizing campaigners behind the Humanitarian Pledge for almost a year, the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons [ICAN] took significant credit for bringing 127 onto the Pledge as signatories; another 23 States vote in favor of Pledge goals at General Assembly.

Also, the UN General Assembly established the Open-Ended Working Group [OEWG] to review the evidence of catastrophic humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons and to make concrete recommendations for taking forward multilateral nuclear disarmament. ICAN called on the OEWG “to begin the serious practical work of developing the elements for a treaty banning nuclear weapons.” (Nuclear, see January 6, 2016; ICAN, see February – August 2016)

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