Category Archives: Cold War

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15 Peace Love Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

Cold War
September 15, 1961: U.S. started underground nuclear testing with a series of nine low yield underground experiments at Yucca Flat with a further 62 tests there in 1962. The Soviet Union activity extended to a series of 50 detonations. (CW, see Sept 22; NN, see Oct 6)
Japanese reactors
September 15, 2013: Japan started the process of switching off its last working nuclear reactor for a scheduled inspection with no restart date in sight due to public hostility towards atomic power. (see Oct 22)
 Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed
September 15, 2015: Catholic peace activists Sister Megan Rice, Michael Walli and Greg Boertje-Obed were resentenced to time served for vandalizing a storage bunker that held much of the nation's bomb-grade uranium.

Rice, Walli, and Boertje-Obed were originally convicted of felony sabotage for their 2012 actions in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where they cut through fences and sneaked into the most secure area of the Y-12 National Security Complex. Once there, they hung banners, prayed and hammered on the outside wall of the bunker to symbolize a Bible passage that refers to the end of all war: "They will beat their swords into ploughshares."

Rice was sentenced to nearly three years in prison while Walli, 66, and Boertje-Obed, 60, were each sentenced to just over five years. (see January 6, 2016)

see September 15 Music et al for more

September 15, 1961, the Pendletons,  from Hawthorne, California, attend their first real recording session at Hite Morgan's studio in Los Angeles. The band recorded 'Surfin'. They changed their name to the Beach Boys. (see Dec 8)
Four Seasons
September 15 – October 19, 1962: “Sherry” by the Four Seasons #1 Billboard Hot 100. 
Otis Redding
September 15, 1965: Otis Redding released his Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul containing his composition “Respect”
Fear of Rock
September 15, 1970:Vice President Spiro Agnew stated that  American youth were being destroyed by rock music, the drug culture, and underground newspapers. (see March 27, 1971)


September 15, 1963
Virgil Ware

September 15 Peace Love Activism

While riding on the handlebars of his 16-year-old brother’s bicycle, near his family‘s home, 13-year-old Virgil Ware was killed on Docena-Sandusky Road, outside Birmingham, Alabama.  16-year old Larry Joe Sims shot at the Ware brothers while he was riding by on a motorbike with Michael Lee Farley. Sims shot Virgil twice,. Sims and Farley had just attended a segregationist rally. Both  were charged with first-degree murder, but an all-white jury convicted them on the lesser charge of second-degree manslaughter. Judge Wallace Gibson suspended the boys’ sentences and gave them two years probation. 
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing
Birmingham, AL. 18 days after King’s speech, Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, Herman Frank Cash, and Robert Chambliss, members of United Klans of America, a Ku Klux Klan group, planted a box of dynamite with a time delay under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, near the basement. At about 10:22 a.m., twenty-six children were walking into the basement assembly room to prepare for the sermon entitled “The Love That Forgives,” when the bomb exploded. Four girls, Addie Mae Collins (aged 14), Denise McNair (aged 11), Carole Robertson (aged 14), and Cynthia Wesley (aged 14), were killed in the attack, and 22 additional people were injured, one of whom was Addie Mae Collins' younger sister, Sarah. The explosion blew a hole in the church's rear wall, destroyed the back steps and all but one stained-glass window, which showed Christ leading a group of little children. 

That year, John Coltrane composed “Alabama” The following year Joan Baez released “Birmingham Sunday” and Phil Ochs released “On Her Hand a Golden Ring” (BH, see Oct 2; Sixteenth Street, see Sept 26, 1977; CB, see June 16, 1964)

Muhammad Ali

September 15, 1965: Joe Namath took his Army physical. (BH, see Sept 24; Vietnam, see Sept 25; Ali (Namath), see December 9).

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1978: exactly seven months after losing to Spinks, Ali rematch in the New Orleans Superdome. Ali defeated the younger Spinks, becoming boxing’s first three-time heavyweight champion. (Ali, see December 12, 1981, BH, see Sept 30)
Autherine Lucy Foster

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 2017: the University of Alabama unveiled an historic marker honoring Autherine Lucy Foster, the first black student to be admitted to an all-white public school or university in Alabama. 

Foster attended the unveiling which was part of a larger campus ceremony at the College of Education.

Approximately 10% of the University of Alabama's students are black. Approximately 25% of the State's population is black.
September 15 Peace Love Activism

Environmental Issues

September 15 Peace Love Activism

September 15, 1970: Greenpeace was founded. (see Dec 2)

Weather Underground

September 15, 1970: the WUO helped Timothy Leary escape from the California Men's Colony prison. (see March 1, 1971)

US Labor History

September 15, 1970: more than 350,000 members of the United Auto Workers begin what is to become a 69-day strike against General Motors. (see June 8, 1971)
Joseph Yablonski
September 15, 1977: “Tony” Boyle pleaded not guilty at the opening of his second trial on the charge of murder in the Joseph Yablonski case. (see February 18, 1978)
NHL lockout
September 15, 2004: National Hockey League owners agreed to lock out the players. (The 2004-05 season was eventually canceled.) (see Oct 5)

Hurricane Katrina

September 15, 2005: President George W. Bush, addressing the nation from storm-ravaged New Orleans, acknowledged the government failed to respond adequately to Hurricane Katrina and urged Congress to approve a massive reconstruction program. (see Sept 19)

Great Recession of 2008

September 15, 2008: Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, laying the catalyst for the global financial crisis.

Occupy Wall Street

September 15, 2012: on the first of three days of events planned for the one-year anniversary of Occupy Wall Street, about 250 people marched down Broadway from Washington Square toward Zuccotti Park, accompanied by a large number of police officers on foot, in marked and unmarked cars, and riding scooters. (see Sept 17)

Iraq War II

September 15, 2009:  Muntader al-Zaidi  (see April 7, 2009)was released for good behavior, after serving nine months of the sentence. (see August 18, 2010)


September 15, 2015: a federal appeals court denied Kim Davis’s motion to halt a requirement that she issue marriage licenses to gay couples.

"Davis has not demonstrated a substantial likelihood of success on her federal constitutional claims," the panel of judges said in their order denying the request. (Sept 21)


September 15, 2015: administrative Law Judge John S. Kennedy ruled that Lora Barbour, the mother of a Genny Barbour who had epilepsy, could not come to school to feed her daughter cannabis oil that had helped control her seizures. Kennedy said that state and federal drug possession laws trump their right to use medical marijuana on school grounds.

It was the third legal defeat for the Barbour Family of Maple Shade, NJ.

In addition to the conflicts in state and federal law, state Kennedy said the family failed to show their daughter Genny would suffer "irreparable harm" if denied medical marijuana in school, according to his 11-page decision.

"There are no doctor's reports from (Genny Barbour's) treating physician that would establish that her lunchtime dose of marijuana is medically necessary," Kennedy wrote. ( article) (M, see Oct 19; Barbours, see Nov 9)

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September 8 Peace Love Activism

September 8 Peace Love Activism

Cold War

Korea divided
September 8, 1945: U.S. troops land in Korea to begin their postwar occupation of the southern part of that nation, almost exactly one month after Soviet troops had entered northern Korea to begin their own occupation. Although the U.S. and Soviet occupations were supposed to be temporary, the division of Korea quickly became permanent. NYT article (see Nov 16)
September 8, 1954: the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization  formed. It was an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, or Manila Pact. It was primarily created to block further communist gains in Southeast Asia. (see Nov 27)


Clyde Kennard
September 8, 1959: in 1955, Clyde Kennard, a black U.S. Army veteran and Mississippi native, had attempted to enroll in Mississippi Southern College, an all-white public university in the city of Hattiesburg. Mr. Kennard's credentials met the criteria for admission, but his application was denied because he was unable to provide references from five alumni in his home county.

In December 1958, in a letter to a local newspaper, Mr. Kennard announced his intent to re-apply to the university. In response, the Mississippi Sovereignty Commission – a state agency formed to protect segregation – hired investigators to research Mr. Kennard's background and uncover details that could be used to discredit him; these attempts were unsuccessful. Soon after, Mr. Kennard withdrew his application after the governor of Mississippi personally requested that he do so.

On September 8, 1959, Mr. Kennard once again tried to apply for admission to Mississippi Southern College. In a letter written to the college's administration, he declared that, if again rejected, he would sue the University for denying him admission based on his race. After he unsuccessfully tried to register for courses on September 15, 1959, Mr. Kennard was charged with illegal possession of alcohol.

Despite this legal retaliation, Mr. Kennard continued his attempts to register at Mississippi Southern. In September of 1960, he was arrested and charged with assisting in stealing $25 worth of chicken feed from a local store. Although there was little evidence against him, an all-white jury convicted him of being an accessory to burglary, and he was sentenced to seven years in state prison. BH, see January 5, 1960; Kennard, see July 4, 1963)
James H Meredith
September 8, 1965: Columbia University Law School accepted Meredith. (BH, see Sept 24; Meredith, see June 5, 1966)

Black Panthers

September 8 Peace Love Activism

September 8, 1968: a jury deliberated for four days and in the end come up with a compromise verdict, convicting Huey Newton of voluntary manslaughter. He was acquitted of the assault charge and the kidnap charges were dropped. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declared the Black Panther Party "greatest threat to the internal security of the country". (see Sept 28)
September 8, 2015: the city of Baltimore reached a $6.4 million settlement in a lawsuit filed by the family of Freddie Gray, the 25-year-old man black man who died in April after suffering a critical injury while in police custody. The settlement plan would go to the city's spending oversight board on the following day for formal approval, the mayor's office said. Gray's death triggered sometimes violent protests, accompanied by devastating looting and arson in Baltimore, and prompted a national outcry. It ultimately led to the firing of Police Commissioner Anthony Batts. (see Nov 15)

Consumer Protection

September 8, 1961: statistical evidence linking heavy smoking with heart disease was reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Drs. Daniel J Nathan and Dr. David M. Spain had studed 3,000 men. They found that for smokers of over 40 cigarettes daily and aged under 51 years, their chance of having coronary heart disease almost doubled. Further, among those studied that had coronary heart disease, 57% of heavy smokers suffered heart attacks, as compared to only 31% of light smokers. The doctors said it remained an "open question" whether the statistics were proof that heavy smoking was a cause of hardening of coronary arteries. Only a four-sentence article on page 3 appeared in the New York Times. (see January 11, 1964)

US Labor History

United Farm Workers

September 8 Peace Love Activism

September 8, 1965: Filipino American grape workers walk out on strike against Delano, California, table and wine grape growers, protesting years of poor pay and working conditions. Latino farm workers soon joined them, and the strike and subsequent boycott lasted more than five years (see Sept 16, 1965)
NJ Unions
September 8, 2015: another 16 New Jersey public worker unions asked the U.S. Supreme Court to consider whether the state's highest court erred by declaring a pension funding agreement between the state and employees unenforceable.

In a petition filed with the U.S. Supreme Court, lawyers for 16 labor groups — including the New Jersey Education Association, Communications Workers of America and the Policemen's Benevolent Association — argued that the New Jersey Supreme Court should have applied the protections of the federal Contract Clause to the deal.

Hetty Rosenstein, state director for the CWA, that the organizations will "leave no stone unturned."

"One way or another we will protect these pensions. We will never allow the state of New Jersey to destroy the pensions that 800,000 people depend on," she said. (see Dec 4)

Cultural Milestone

September 8 Peace Love Activism

September 8, 1966: the TV series "Star Trek" premiered on NBC. (see February 5, 1967)
September 8 Peace Love Activism

Watergate Scandal

September 8, 1974: though never indicted of any crimes, Gerald Ford gave an unconditional pardon to Richard Nixon.  [Ford's pardon proclamation] (see Oct 4)

Religion and Public Education

September 8, 1981: voters in the Clear Creek, Iowa, school district voted overwhelmingly on this day to reject a proposal to make the Bible a textbook in the district’s schools. The vote was 689 to 90. The Iowa Civil Liberties Union hailed the vote as a victory over “religious zealots.” (Religion, see January 6, 1983; Separation, see January 6, 1983)

Dissolution of Yugoslavia

September 8, 1991: the Republic of Macedonia becomes independent. (Yugo, see Oct 8; ID see Sept 9)

Iraq War II

September 8, 2006:  a Senate report faulted intelligence gathering in the lead-up to the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq. NYT article (see Nov 5)

Terry Jones

September 8, 2010:  Jones remained steadfast, claiming he has received more than 100 death threats and that he has begun carrying a pistol. That evening, Imam Muhammad Musri emerges from a meeting with Jones, saying he is hopeful Jones will change his mind. (see Sept 9)

Occupy Wall Street

September 8 Peace Love Activism

September 8, 2011: “Chris” launched the Tumblr page, "We Are the 99 Percent," (see Sept 17)

Westboro Baptist Church

September 8 Peace Love Activism
September 8, 2014: a new billboard with the message "Gods Loves Gays" debuted in Topeka, Kansas, the home city of the Westboro Baptist Church. "The Facebook God," a satirical Facebook page with more than 1.7 million "likes," raised more than $80,000 on the crowd-funding platform Indiegogo in order to mount the billboard. "This hate group goes around saying that God hates gay people," an animated depiction of God says in a YouTube video uploaded to the Indiegogo page. "Nonsense! I love gay people. These Westboro psychos protest at the funerals of soldiers, murdered children and more. How dare they!" (see March 24, 2016)


September 8, 2015: Kim Davis was released from jail on Tuesday but would not say whether she would begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, was not at work the next day. A lawyer for Ms Davis, Mathew D Staver, said Ms. Davis would “return soon.”. After spending five nights in jail, he said, Ms Davis “needs some rest and time with the family.”

Ms. Davis spoke at a rally after she was ordered freed, saying: “I just want to give God the glory. His people have rallied, and you are a strong people.” Kim Davis has emerged as a heroine to religious conservatives.

The Federal District Court judge who ordered Ms. Davis detained, David L Bunning, said she could go free because her office was “fulfilling its obligation to issue marriage licenses to all legally eligible couples.” But he warned Ms Davis not to interfere “directly or indirectly, with the efforts of her deputy clerks to issue marriage licenses to all legally eligible couples.” (see Sept 14)

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