Attended the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in 1969, became an educator for 35 years after graduation from college, and am retired now and often volunteer at Bethel Woods Center for the Arts which is on the site of that 1969 festival.
Max Roach had recorded We Insist! (subtitled Max Roach's Freedom Now Suite) on August 31 and September 6, 1969 at the Nola Penthouse Sound Studio in New York. Candid Records released the album. It contains a suite which composer and drummer Max Roach and lyricist Oscar Brown had begun to develop in 1959, with a view to its performance in 1963 on the centennial of the Emancipation Proclamation. The album'cover references the sit-ins of the Civil Rights Movement. The Penguin Guide to Jazz awarded the album one of its rare crown accolades, in addition to featuring it as part of its Core Collection.Max Roach We insist! Freedom Now Suite
The music consists of five selections concerning the Emancipation Proclamation and the growing African independence movements of the 1950s.
Max Roach We insist! Freedom Now Suite
“Driva Man” (Roach, Oscar Brown) – 5:17
“Freedom Day” (Roach, Brown) – 6:08
“Triptych: Prayer/Protest/Peace” (Roach) – 8:09
“All Africa” (Roach, Brown) – 8:01
“Tears for Johannesburg” (Roach) – 9:42
Only Roach and vocalist Abbey Lincoln perform on all five tracks, and one track features a guest appearance by saxophonist Coleman Hawkins.
Booker Little – trumpet on “Driva Man”, “Freedom Day”, “All Africa”, and “Tears for Johannesburg”
Julian Priester – trombone on “Driva Man”, “Freedom Day”, and “Tears for Johannesburg”
Walter Benton – tenor saxophone on “Driva Man”, “Freedom Day”, and “Tears for Johannesburg”
Coleman Hawkins – tenor saxophone on “Driva Man”
James Schenk – bass on “Driva Man”, “Freedom Day”, and “Tears for Johannesburg”
Michael Olatunji – congas, vocals on side two
Raymond Mantilla – percussion on side two
Tomas du Vall – percussion on side two
From AllMusic's Michael G Nastos: This is a pivotal work in the discography of Roach and African-American music in general, its importance growing in relevance and timely, postured, real emotional output. Every modern man, woman, and child could learn exponentially listening to this recording -- a hallmark for living life.From a Jerry Jazz Musician site in 2014: We Insist! Max Roach’s Freedom Now Suite — a seminal recording from the heat of the civil rights era that, according to Candid A&R director (and jazz writer/civil rights activist) Nat Hentoff, spoke “defiant truth to power” — is now-more-than-ever relevant, and required musical achievement, artistic vision and personal courage. It was recorded and produced at a time of protest against bigotry and racial discrimination when bigotry and racial discrimination were not only not illegal, they were institutionalized.
One of the aims of my tours at the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts' Museum is to more accurately present the Woodstock Music and Art Fair. One of the most common misconceptions is that the crowd of 400,000 consisted of a bunch of hippies. Using a picture I took the Saturday of the festival, I half-kiddingly point out that the majority of young people there were "white kids getting sunburned."
Guests typically chuckle and I add, "Look at the rest of the pictures and find the hippies. Find tie-dyed clothing." Picture perusal yields little of either.On September 5, 1964 “House of the Rising Sun” by the Animals hit #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. They had recorded it on May 18 and released it in the UK in June and in the US in August. At 2:58, the song barely made it under the AM radio de rigueur 3 minute limit.
Animals House of the Rising Sun
When songs by British invaders like the Rolling Stones and the Animals started playing on American radio airwaves, many teenagers loved their gritty soulful feel. Little did we innocent and naive white segregated American teenagers realize, as the Stones and Animals did, that the songs were American.“House of the Rising Sun” is such an example. The song’s origins may go as far back as the 1700s. The classic American bluesman, Leadbelly, recorded two versions in the mid-1940s. As with many musical genres, the Animals adapted the song's story to their own way by changing the viewpoint from that of a woman to that of a son whose father is satisfied only when he is drunk.This was not She Loves You, Hello Dolly, Everybody Loves Somebody, or any of the other #1 songs of 1964. Its intensity and darkness set it apart.
On September 4, 1957 Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Central High School in Little Rock. The Soviet Union used the event to propagandize tales of the horrors suffered by African Americans.
Jazz bassist Charles Mingus composed "Fables of Faubus" in reaction. It is one of his most explicitly political works. He recorded it for his 1959 album, Mingus Ah Um, but his label, Columbia, refused to include the lyrics. so he recorded song as an instrumental.On October 20, 1960 he recorded Fables of Faubus with lyrics for the album Charles Mingus Presents Charles Mingus with the more independent Candid label. Contractual issues with Columbia force Candid to re-name the song Original Faubus Fables.
The personnel for the Candid recording were Charles Mingus (bass, vocals), Dannie Richmond (drums, vocals), Eric Dolphy (alto saxophone), and Ted Curson (trumpet). The vocals featured a call-and-response between Mingus and Richmond. Critic Don Heckman commented of the unedited "Original Faubus Fables" in a 1962 review that it was "a classic Negro put-down in which satire becomes a deadly rapier-thrust. Faubus emerges in a glare of ridicule as a mock villain whom no-one really takes seriously. This kind of commentary, brimful of feeling, bitingly direct and harshly satiric, appears far too rarely in jazz."
See this Musiqology article for more.
Charles Mingus Fables of Faubus
Oh, Lord, don’t let ’em shoot us! Oh, Lord, don’t let ’em stab us! Oh, Lord, don’t let ’em tar and feather us! Oh, Lord, no more swastikas!
Oh, Lord, no more Ku Klux Klan!Name me someone who’s ridiculous, Dannie. Governor Faubus! Why is he so sick and ridiculous?
He won’t permit integrated schools. Then he’s a fool! Boo! Nazi Fascist supremists!
Boo! Ku Klux Klan (with your Jim Crow plan) Name me a handful that’s ridiculous, Dannie Richmond.
Faubus, Rockefeller, Eisenhower Why are they so sick and ridiculous?
Two, four, six, eight: They brainwash and teach you hate. H-E-L-L-O, Hello.
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