July 25 Music et al

July 25 Music et al

Hard Day’s Night

July 25 Music et al

July 25 – October 30, 1964: A Hard Day’s Night soundtrack the Billboard #1 album. Their third of the year. All three albums will occupy a total of 30 weeks during 1964. (see Aug 1)

July 25 Music et al

Bob Dylan

July 25, 1965: Dylan played Newport Folk Festival. many in audience booed his performance for playing electric set with The Paul Butterfield Blues Band. Joan Baez and Donovan also played sets. (see Aug 28)

July 25 Music et al

Wild Thing

July 25 – August 12, 1966: “Wild Thing” by the Troggs #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song was  written by New York City-born songwriter Chip Taylor and originally recorded by The Wild Ones in 1965

July 25 Music et al

Road to Bethel/Neil Young

July 25, 1969:  Neil Young joined “Crosby, Stills and Nash” for the first time at a concert at the Fillmore East in New York. According to an Ultimate Classic Rock article in order for Young to join, “a significant condition to be met as set by his manager Eliot Roberts. “He’d have to be a Y,” Roberts stated in the book, Shakey: Neil Young’s Biography. Initially the group balked at the thought, but the idea of Young’s involvement was too enticing and thus, CSNY was born.”

July 25 Music et al

Road to Bethel/workers

July 25 – 26 (?), 1969: screening process of police who wanted to work festival. Those approved told to report to site on August 14. (see Road for expanded story)

July 25 Music et al

Seattle Pop Festival

July 25 – 27, 1969:  The Doors were billed as the headliner for the third day. After The Doors played, Led Zeppelin came on. When the festival was first being put together,Led  Zeppelin was still gaining momentum. According to the sources, Led Zeppelin stole the show. It was the only time The Doors and Led Zeppelin were on the same bill. (see Seattle for expanded story)

July 25 Music et al

Midwest Rock Festival 

July 25 – 29, 1969: total attendance of about 45,000. The scheduled list of bands was even longer than the number that actually played – Jethro Tull, Jeff Beck and the Bob Seger System were scheduled on Sunday, but rain canceled many of that day’s performances. (see Midwest for expanded story)

July 25 Music et al

Roots of Rock

July 25, 1984: blues singer Willie Mae “Big Mama” Thornton died in Los Angeles of a heart attack at age 57.  (NYT obituary) (RoR, see January 23, 1986; see Thorton for more)


 

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July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Vietnam

July 25, 1941:  the U.S froze Japanese assets, imposed an embargo, and terminated the export of petroleum to Japan when Japanese war- and troopships were near Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam. It was an economic blow to Japan. (famous daily dot com article) (see Dec 8)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Nuclear/Chemical News

July 25, 1946:  the U.S. detonated a 40 kiloton atomic bomb at a depth of 27 meters below the ocean surface, 3.5 miles from the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific. It was the first underwater test of the device. (2002 Guardian article) (see Aug 1)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Lynching At Moore’s Ford Bridge

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

July 25, 1946: the lynching of two married African-American couples, known in some circles as the “Lynching At Moore’s Ford Bridge,” took place in northern Georgia. An angry mob of White men attacked the couples, with one of the wives seven months pregnant and a man in the group a World War II Army veteran. George Dorsey, the veteran who had been back in the States just nine months after serving in the Pacific, and his wife, Mae, worked as sharecroppers. Roger and Dorothy Malcolm also worked on the farm with the Dorseys and were expecting a child. The FBI was sent to the town of Monroe, but the investigation yielded little as no one stepped forward to offer assistance or testimony. (2017 NC News article on re-enactment) (see April 9, 1947)

The Greensboro Four

July 25, 1960: F.W. Woolworth employees Charles Bess, Mattie Long, Susie Morrison and Jamie Robinson were the first African-Americans to eat at the lunch counter. The headline of The Greensboro Record read “Lunch Counters Integrated Here”. The Kress counter opened to all on the same day. (see Greensboro for expanded story)

Albany Movement

July 25, 1962: Martin Luther King Jr. canceled plans to lead a mass demonstration and declared a day of penance for the previous night’s outbreak of violence. (see Albany for expanded story)

Medgar Evers

July 25, 1963: Byron de la Beckwith entered a state mental institution for court-ordered mental tests. (BH, see Aug 10; Evers, see Aug 10) 

George Whitmore, Jr

July 25, 1968: The Appellate Division held George Whitmore, Jr.’s latest appeal in abeyance pending a hearing before Justice Julius Helf on the validity of the in-court identification by Elba Borrero in view of the fact that her initial identification of him was at a one-man show-up through a peephole. (see Whitmore for expanded story)

Tuskegee syphilis experiment

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

July 25, 197: a story in The New York Times exposed the notorious Tuskegee syphilis experiment, which has been called “arguably the most infamous biomedical research project in U. S. history.” Peter Buxtun, a Public Health Service investigator, had leaked the story to the Times. The experiment, which lasted from 1932 to 1972, studied the progress of untreated syphilis in poor people. U.S. Public Health Service used 600 poor African-Americans, 399 of whom already had contracted syphilis and were offered, in exchange, free health care. They were never told they had syphilis and were never treated, even though treatments existed with the development of penicillin in the 1940s.

Exposure of the experiment was one of several events leading to federal regulations for the protection of human subjects. The Belmont Report (see September 30, 1978) is a summary of ethical principles and guidelines for research involving humans. On May 16, 1997, President Bill Clinton held a White House ceremony in which he apologized to the surviving participants in the experiment whom he had invited to attend. (CDC  dot gov timeline) (Tuskegee, see May 16, 1997; BH, see Aug 20)

School Desegregation

July 25, 1974: in Milliken v. Bradley the US Supreme Court blocked metropolitan-wide desegregation plans as a means to desegregate urban schools with high minority populations. As a result, Brown will not have a substantial impact on many racially isolated urban districts. (Oyez article) (BH, see Oct 30; SD, see Sept 12)

Dee/Moore Murders

July 25, 2006: a federal court granted Charles Edwards immunity from prosecution. (see January 24, 2007)

Timothy Coggins

July 25, 2017: investigators began re-examining the case of Timothy Coggins (see October 9, 1983) after receiving new information in June, Spalding County Sheriff Darrell Dix said his office has been working with the Georgia Bureau of Investigation and the Griffin Judicial Circuit District Attorney’s Office to re-interview old witnesses and re-examine old evidence.

“We have been in contact with a representative from Coggins’ family and they have been briefed on where we are at in the investigation,” Dix said. “Unfortunately, both of his parents are deceased, and we wish we would have been able to give them closure before they passed away.”

The initial investigation in 1983 hit a snag when those suspected of being involved in the homicide threatened and intimidated potential witnesses, Dix said. (CNN article) (BH, see Sept 15; Coggins, see Oct 15)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Nixon nominated

July 25 – 28, 1960: in Chicago, the Republicans nominated Vice President Richard M. Nixon for President and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. for Vice President. (JFK dot org article)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

July 25 Music et al

Hard Day’s Night

July 25 – October 30, 1964: A Hard Day’s Night soundtrack the Billboard #1 album. Their third of the year. All three albums will occupy a total of 30 weeks during 1964. (see Aug 1)

Bob Dylan

July 25, 1965: Dylan played Newport Folk Festival. many in audience booed his performance for playing electric set with The Paul Butterfield Blues Band. Joan Baez and Donovan also played sets. (see Aug 28)

Wild Thing

July 25 – August 12, 1966: “Wild Thing” by the Troggs #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Road to Bethel/Neil Young

July 25, 1969:  Neil Young joined “Crosby, Stills and Nash” for the first time at a concert at the Fillmore East in New York. (see following)

Road to Bethel/workers

July 25 – 26 (?), 1969: screening process of police who wanted to work festival. Those approved told to report to site on August 14. (see Road for expanded story)

Seattle Pop Festival

July 25 – 27, 1969:  The Doors were billed as the headliner for the third day. After The Doors played, Led Zeppelin came on. When the festival was first being put together,Led  Zeppelin was still gaining momentum. According to the sources, Led Zeppelin stole the show. It was the only time The Doors and Led Zeppelin were on the same bill. (see Seattle for expanded story)

Midwest Rock Festival 

July 25 – 29, 1969: total attendance of about 45,000. The scheduled list of bands was even longer than the number that actually played – Jethro Tull, Jeff Beck and the Bob Seger System were scheduled on Sunday, but rain canceled many of that day’s performances. (see Midwest for expanded story)

Roots of Rock

July 25, 1984: blues singer Willie Mae “Big Mama” Thornton died in Los Angeles of a heart attack at age 57.  (RoR, see January 23, 1986; see Thorton for more)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Women’s Health

Humanae Vitae

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

July 25, 1968: Pope Paul VI issued Humanae Vitae (“Of Human Life”). Subtitled On the Regulation of Birth, it re-affirmed the traditional teaching of the Catholic Church regarding married love, responsible parenthood, and the continued rejection of most forms of Women’s Health (other than “rhythm” method.) The encyclical rejected the majority report on the subject, embracing a minority report maintaining the status quo. (text via Vatican.va) (see March 21, 1969)

In-vitro

July 25, 1978: the first baby conceived by in-vitro fertilization was born in Oldham, England. (2011 NYT article) (see July 2, 1979)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Native Americans

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

July 25, 1979: Santa Barbara, California. Police reported the capture of Leonard Peltier, the activist, who had escaped from a Federal prison on July 20, Peltier was hiding in a tree. (Colorado Historic article) (see June 30, 1980)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

AIDS

July 25, 1983: San Francisco General Hospital  opens the first dedicated AIDS ward in the U.S. It is fully occupied within days. (2011 UCSF article) (see Sept 9)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

CLINTON IMPEACHMENT

July 25, 1998: word emerged that Independent Counsel Ken Starr has served President Clinton with a subpoena that calls for his testimony before the Lewinsky grand jury next week. Negotiations are underway on the scope, timing and format of Clinton’s testimony. (see Clinton for expanded story)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Immigration History

July 25, 2008: Brandon Piekarsky and Colin Walsh were arrested in the death of Luis Ramirez on July 12. (see Ramirez for expanded story)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism

Student Rights

July 25, 2009: the US Supreme Court ruled in Safford Unified School District v. Redding that a strip search of a middle school female student violated the Fourth Amendment prohibition of unreasonable searches and seizures. Thirteen-year old Savana Redding had given a classmate four prescription-level pills and some over-the-counter medicine. Based on the suspicion that she had more drugs, school officials searched her, and at one point made her strip down to her underwear, pull out her bra and shake it, and also pull out her underpants and shake them. Officials did not contact her parents prior to the search. School policy prohibited the possession of any prescription drugs on campus without prior school approval. (Oyez article) (see March 10, 2014)

July 25 Peace Love Art Activism
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July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

Native Americans

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux
July 23 Peace Love Art Activism
Painting by Frank B. Mayer, a witness to the negotiations and signing of the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux,

July 23, 1851: in debt to corrupt Indian Agents, the Sioux Indian bands in Minnesota Territory signed the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux with the United States government. Through the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux and the Treaty of Mendota (August 4, 1851), the Mdewakanton and Wahpekute bands of the Lower Sioux ceded territory of nearly 24 million acres. The US agreed to pay the Dakota an annuity the equivalent of 3 cents an acre and set aside two reservations for the Sioux along the Minnesota River, each about 20 miles wide and 70 miles long, The reservations were insufficient for the tribes to continue their traditional way of life and through the treaty’s trickery, most of the money did not go to the Sioux, but to pay off debts which the Dakota incurred with the corrupt agents. (MNopedia article) (see August 19, 1854)

Voter discrimination

July 23, 2013:   two elderly Yup’ik speakers and two tribal organizations filed a federal lawsuit against Alaska, saying state election officials failed to provide language assistance at the polls as required by law.

                The lawsuit named Lt. Gov. Mead Treadwell, the state’s top election official, as a defendant, along with his director of elections, Gail Fenumiai. Regional election officials in Fairbanks and Nome were also sued, The Anchorage Daily News reported.

                The lawsuit, filed in U.S. District Court by the Anchorage office of the Native American Rights Fund, said the state had violatd the federal Voting Rights Act by not providing ballots and voting instructions for speakers of Yup’ik and its dialect in Hooper Bay, Cup’ik.

                The plaintiffs contended that the failure of the state to provide language assistance appears to have suppressed voter turnout among Natives in the region. (Newsminer dot com followup article) (see July 31)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

US Labor History

Immigration History

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

July 23, 1877: anti-Chinese nativist agitators at a huge outdoor rally in San Francisco about the economic depression and unemployment organized by the Workingmen’s Party of the United States incited a two-day riot of ethnic violence against Chinese workers, resulting in four deaths and the destruction of property. (UFW dot org article) (Labor, see Aug 24; Immigration, see May 6, 1882)

United Farm Workers

July 23, 1970: The driver and packing worker strike ended, but the contract included a special agreement by the growers to give the Teamsters, not the United Farm Workers, access to farms and the right to organize workers into unions, outraging the UFW. (see July 29, 1970)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

Anarchism

Alexander Berkman

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

July 23, 1892: anarchist Alexander Berkman shot and stabbed but failed to kill steel magnate Henry Clay Frick in an effort to avenge the Homestead massacre 18 days earlier, in which nine strikers were killed. Berkman also tried to use what was, in effect, a suicide bomb, but it didn’t detonate.

                Emma Goldman was suspected of complicity but not charged. Police raid her apartment, seizing her papers. The press referred to Goldman, temporarily in hiding, as the “Queen of the Anarchists.”  (Anarchist dot com list of links for Berkman)(see July 26, 1892)

Emma Goldman

July 23, 1909: Emma Goldman spoke in NYC. Among her comments were: Many people are afraid to come to an Anarchist meeting because they fear that they will be blown up. Isn’t it stupid to be afraid of violence; only of individual violence. They have no objection to battlefields, and policemen, and electric chairs, and other ornaments of the present system. So long as violence is committed in the name of the State they are happy.” She referred to the hanging of the Anarchists after the Haymarket riots as “judicial murder.” (see Goldman for expanded story)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

Religion and Public Education /Cold War

July 23, 1956:  though the phrase “In God We Trust” had appeared earlier in the nation’s history, including on coins minted in the 19th century, the phrase officially become the national motto during the Cold War, when the nation confronted the threat of “godless communism.” (Conversation dot com article) (Religion, see June 25, 1962; CW, see Nov 25)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

July 23 Music et al

Frank Sinatra

July 23 – 29, 1966: Frank Sinatra’s Strangers in the Night is the Billboard #1 album.

The Straight Theatre

July 23, 1967: The Straight Theatre was an old movie theater in the heart of the Haight Ashbury, at 1702 Haight on the corner of Haight and Cole. In early 1966, some local hippies decided to convert the old theater into a hippie arts center that would present musical and other performances as well as act as a sort of Hip Community Center. The final embodiment of this structure, the Straight Theater, ran into trouble with the neighborhood and zoning issues when it tried to open a music venue. To get around it and still keep to their original purpose, the owners called it a “school of dance.”  (see  (Straight Theatre for expanded story)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

LGBTQ

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

July 23, 1967:  a beachfront campaign to educate gays on Fire Island about their rights in the courtroom was prepared by the Mattachine Society, an educational research group that sought tolerance of gays. (2015 article by Karl Grossman) (see June 27, 1969)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

BLACK HISTORY

July 23 – 27, 1967: 12th Street Riot (Detroit) – lasted five days. Gov George Romney ordered Michigan National Guard into Detroit; President Johnson sent in Army troops. 43 dead, 467 injured, over 7,200 arrests, and more than 2,000 buildings destroyed. (Time magazine photos and article) (see July 27)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

Watergate Scandal

July 23, 1973: Nixon refused to turn over the presidential tape recordings to the Senate Watergate committee or the special prosecutor. (see Watergate for expanded story)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

Sexual Abuse of Children

July 23, 2003:  a report released by the Massachusetts attorney general’s office found that more than 1,000 people in the Boston Archdiocese were likely the victims of sexual abuse over a period going back to 1940. Attorney General Tom Reilly says former archbishop Cardinal Bernard Law “bears the ultimate responsibility for the tragic treatment of children that occurred during his tenure.” (see Aug 6)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

Marijuana

July 23, 2013: New Hampshire became the 19th State to legalize medical marijuana. (NORML article) (see Aug 1)

July 23 Peace Love Art Activism

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