August 27 Peace Love Activism

August 27 Peace Love Activism

Red Scare, McCarthyism &  the Cold War

August 27, 1949: anti-Communist vigilantes attacked concert-goers with baseball bats and rocks and blocked a concert in Peekskill, New York (Westchester County) that featured the noted African-American singer Paul Robeson. Robeson was also a prominent left-wing activist who was very critical of U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War. The concert on this day was to be a fundraiser for the left-wing Civil Rights Congress, which had been included on the Attorney General’s List of Subversive Organizations. Robeson was lynched in effigy and a cross was set on fire. The concert was rescheduled and held on September 4, 1949. 
George Metcalfe
August 27, 1965: when Natchez NAACP President George Metcalfe started his car on the parking lot at Armstrong Tire in Natchez, Mississippi, a bomb planted inside his car exploded. He miraculously survived. The Silver Dollar Group was believed to be responsible for the assassination attempt. Nobody was ever charged. (see Aug 27)

Nuclear/Chemical News

Argus I
August 27, 1958:  "Argus I" of Operation Argus, the first detonation of a nuclear weapon in outer space when a 1.7-kiloton warhead was detonated at 124 miles altitude during a series of high altitude nuclear explosions. (see February 13, 1960)
Soviet Union
August 27, 1962: Soviet Union above ground nuclear test. 4.2 megaton. (see Sept 19)

August 27 Music et al

Beatles meet Elvis
August 27, 1965: Elvis Presley & The Beatles met for the first and only time at Elvis’ home in Bel Air, CA. The Beatles came in with Brian Epstein, their manager. They walked up to Elvis and were introduced, and Elvis sat down. The Beatles all sat down on the floor right in front of Elvis, in a semi-circle, and they look up and they were just gaping and staring at him. There was this dead silence in the room until Elvis said, 'Well, what-the-hell, if you guys aren’t going to talk to me I’m going to my bedroom'. And then everyone started to laugh and that broke the ice. They had a brief jam session after Paul McCartney offered to give Elvis some lessons on the bass. John Lennon asks why Elvis doesn't record rock 'n' roll anymore.

When The Beatles left, John Lennon told Elvis’ friend Jerry Schilling to make sure that Elvis knew that “if it hadn’t been for him, The Beatles would be nothing.” (Beatles, see Aug 31; EP, see November 1, 1969)
see Brian Epstein died for more

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August 27, 1967: Brian Epstein died in his London home from an accidental drug overdose of sleeping pills. John Lennon would later state: "The Beatles were finished when Eppy died. I knew, deep inside me, that that was it. Without him, we'd had it." Paul McCartney, according to Beatles press agent Tony Barrow, felt that the Beatles might not be together and so Paul quickly planned the "Magical Mystery Tour" film project. (see Sept 1)

Irish Troubles

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August 27, 1979:  Lord Mountbatten of Burma and 3 others were assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army. Mountbatten was a British admiral, statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. On the same day, the Warrenpoint ambush occurs: Provisional Irish Republican Army members attack a British convoy at Narrow Water, County Down, killing 18 British soldiers. (see Nov 23)
August 27 Peace Love Activism


August 27, 1985: in American Booksellers Association v. Hudnut, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals struck down an Indianapolis anti-pornography ordinance as a violation of the First Amendment. The Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal, leaving the Circuit Court decision standing. The law had given individuals who felt they had been victimized by pornography the right to sue the producers and distributors of pornography. The law had been developed by feminist anti-pornography activists Andrea Dworkin and Catharine MacKinnon. It was strongly opposed by civil libertarians on First Amendment grounds. (see July 7, 1986)

Dissolution of the USSR

August 27, 1991:  Moldova declared independence from the Soviet Union. (Dissolution, see Aug 29; ID, see Aug 30)

Iraq War II

August 27, 2004:  President George W Bush acknowledged for the first time that he made a “miscalculation of what the conditions would be” in postwar Iraq [Reuters, 8/27/04] (see Aug 30)

Hurricane Katrina

August 26, 2005: Katrina was again downgraded to a tropical storm. At 5:00 AM EDT, the eye of Hurricane Katrina was located just offshore of southwestern Florida over the Gulf of Mexico about 50 miles (80 km) north-northeast of Key West, Florida. (see Aug 27)


August 27, 2015: after Rowan County (Kentucky) Clerk Kim Davis again refused to issue a marriage license to William Smith Jr. and James Yates (for a thrid time), she temporarily closed her office. Davis had refused to issue marriage licenses to gay couples in the two months since the U.S. Supreme Court legalized gay marriage across the country.

A note taped to the doors of Davis' office said: "sorry our office is closed for computer upgrades. ETA 1 hour."  An entourage of deputy clerks walked out of the office and drove away. (see Aug 28)Au

US Labor History

August 27, 2015: a U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruling made it easier for unions to bargain for better pay and working conditions on behalf of millions of workers at McDonald's, Burger King and other fast-food chains. The ruling, which came from a case involving a waste management company and its staffing company, refined the board's standard for determining when parties can be identified as employers.

The decision could have broader implications for unions that have struggled to organize workers at fast-food restaurants, which are often run by franchisees who consider themselves small business owners, but pay fees and adhere to standards set by companies like Wendy's and Yum Brands, which owns KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell. (see Sept 8)


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