August 13 Peace Love Activism

August 13 Peace Love Activism

Native Americans

August 13, 1946:  The Indian Claims Commission was a judicial panel for relations between the US Federal Government and Native American tribes. It was established Congress to hear claims of Indian tribes against the United States. The commission was conceived as way to thank Native America for its unprecedented service in World War II and as a way to relieve the anxiety and resentment caused by America’s history of colonization of Indigenous peoples. The Commission created a process for tribes to address their grievances against the United States, and offered monetary compensation for territory lost as a result of broken federal treaties. However, by accepting the government's monetary offer, the aggrieved tribe abdicated any right to raise their claim again in the future, and on occasion gave up their federal status as a tribe after accepting compensation. NYT article (see August 1, 1953)

BLACK HISTORY

Executive Order 10479
August 13, 1953: President Dwight Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10479. It created the Government Contract Committee which was established to help insure compliance with, and successful execution of, the equal employment opportunity program of the United States Government. (see Sept 1)
Lamar Smith

August 13 Peace Love Activism

August 13, 1955: Lamar Smith, a 63-year-old farmer and World War I veteran was a voting rights activist and a member of the Regional Counsel of Negro Leadership (RCNL). On August 2 in Brookhaven, Mississippi, he had voted in the primary and helped get others out to vote. There was a run-off primary scheduled for August 23. On August 13, Smith was at the courthouse helping other black voters to fill out absentee ballots so they could vote in the runoff without exposing themselves to violence at the polls. He was shot to death in the front of the courthouse in Brookhaven, Lincoln County, at around 10 a.m.

Contemporary reports say there were "dozens of" white witnesses, including the local sheriff, who saw a white man covered with blood leaving the scene. No witnesses would come forward and the three men who had been arrested went free. (see Aug 19)
INDEPENDENCE DAY
August 13, 1960: Central African Republic independent from France. NYT article (see Aug 15)

August 13 Music et al

Beatles Help!

August 13, 1965, The Beatles: US release of Help!.
  • Label: Capitol (US)
  • Recorded: 15–19 February, 13 April, 10 May & 14–17 June 1965
  • Released: 13 August 1965
  • Produced by George Martin and Dave Dexter, Jr.

Side one

  1. “Help!” (preceded by an uncredited instrumental intro)
  2. “The Night Before”
  3. “From Me to You Fantasy” (instrumental) (Lennon–McCartney; arranged by Thorne)
  4. “You’ve Got to Hide Your Love Away”
  5. “I Need You” (Harrison)
  6. “In the Tyrol” (instrumental) (Ken Thorne)

Side two

  1. “Another Girl”
  2. “Another Hard Day’s Night” (instrumental) (Lennon–McCartney; arranged by Thorne)
  3. “Ticket to Ride”
  4. Medley: “The Bitter End” (Ken Thorne)/”You Can’t Do That” (instrumental) (Lennon–McCartney; arranged by Thorne)
  5. “You’re Going to Lose That Girl”
  6. “The Chase” (instrumental) (Ken Thorne)
August 13 Peace Love Activism
While it may appear that the Beatles are holding out their arms in a semaphore-like manner to spell out the letters H E L P, they are actually spell out the letters N V U J.
Beatles 1965 tour
August 13, 1965: The Beatles arrived at Kennedy International Airport for a tour of North America. The set list for the tour was ‘Twist and Shout’, ‘She's a Woman’, ‘I Feel Fine’, ‘Dizzy Miss Lizzie’, ‘Ticket to Ride’, ‘Everybody's Trying to Be My Baby’, ‘Can't Buy Me Love’, ‘Baby's in Black’, ‘Act Naturally’, ‘A Hard Day's Night’, ‘Help!’, and ‘I'm Down’ and ‘I Wanna Be Your Man.’ The tour was not a happy one for The Beatles, John Lennon took to screaming off-microphone obscenities at the audiences. NYT article (see Aug 14)
see Rock Venues/Future Woodstock Performers for more
August 13, 1965: The Matrix, San Francisco, opened. Jefferson Airplane’s first show. (RV, see Oct 16; FWP, see “in October”)
Summer in the City

August 13 – September 2, 1966: “Summer in the City” by the Lovin’ Spoonful #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Beatle roast

August 13 Peace Love Activism

August 13, 1966: KLUE-AM of Longview, TX held the first of the "Beatles bonfires," where ex-Beatle fans came to burn the groups' records in protest to John's Jesus statement.

In Cleveland, the Reverend Thurman H. Babbs, of the New Haven Baptist Church, called for the excommunication of all Beatles fans.

In an interesting twist, the morning after KLUE's bonfire, the stations's radio tower was struck by lightning, throwing the station off the air. (see Aug 23)
The [bumpy] Road to Bethel
Wednesday 13 August 1969
  • nearly 30,000 people had already shown up for festival and are in the “bowl.” Bill Hanley pulled his sound truck into the service road behind the stage, plugged in some equipment to a portable amplifier and piped prerecorded music for the appreciative crowd.
  • staff technicians notice drop in water pressure throughout site. Audience members had accidentally stepped on and cracked plastic pipes. Repairs made.
  • John Roberts with his father and brother, arrived on site to discover that there are no ticket booths for the 30,000 people already on-site.
  • the suit against the festival withdrawn after a promise of police protection for the residents was agreed to.
  • it is discovered that the $200 an hour crane is trapped within its own construction of the pedestrian bridge over West Shore Road.
  • NYC Police Commissioner Howard Leary reminded all NYC police officers that “moonlighting” was strictly prohibited.
  • NY State Police “randomly” stop and frisk young people in cars at Harriman interchange on NY State Thruway. Drivers, passengers, and cars were checked for anything illegal. (see August 14)
August 13 Peace Love Activism

Hurricane Katrina

Katrina shootings and cover-up
August 13, 2008: District Judge Raymond Bigelow dismissed the indictments against the New Orleans police officers after his finding that the prosecutors had wrongly instructed the grand jury, and that testimony of three of the accused officers had been divulged to other witnesses in the case. The US Dept of Justice and the FBI would subsequently investigate the case. NYT article (see February 24, 2010)

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