August 11 Music et al

August 11 Music et al

Neil Sedaka

August 11 – 24, 1962: “Breaking Up Is Hard to Do” by Neil Sedaka #1 Billboard Hot 100. Sedaka co-worte the song with Howard Greenfield. Sedaka recorded this song twice, in 1962 and 1975, in two vastly different arrangements. The song is his signature song.

Jivin' Gene and the Jokers had recorded a song by the same name in 1959.
Both of Neil's versions... 

The Beatles

A Hard Day’s Night
August 11, 1964: Beatles first film, A Hard Day’s Night, opened in America and was a huge hit.  Shown in 500 theaters across U.S., it earns $1.3 million in the first week.  Some 15,000 prints made for world-wide distribution – historical first in film industry. (see Aug 12)
 
Help!
August 11, 1965, The Beatles: the Beatles' movie "Help!" premiered in the New York. (see Aug 13) Here is a revised (and more ominous) trailer for the film. Enjoy.
 
August 11 Music et al

The [bumpy] Road to Bethel

Monday 11 August 1969
  • John Roberts packed for trip to Bethel. As of that afternoon’s accounting, Woodstock Ventures had posted receipt of advance ticket sales totaling $1,107,936. Woodstock Ventures (John Roberts) had spent nearly twice that sum.
  • telephone poles bolted into place around stage, but it is discovered that many are split or rotten.
  • Woodstock Ventures came to agreement with William Filippini for use of Filippini Pond for $5,000. (see August 12)

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August 11 Peace Love Activism

August 11 Peace Love Activism

US Labor History

August 11, 1884: federal troops drove out some 1,200 jobless workers from Washington D.C. Led by unemployed activist Charles "Hobo" Kelley, the group's "soldiers" included young journalist Jack London and William Haywood, a young miner-cowboy called "Big Bill.” (LH, see February 26, 1885; Haywood, see August 17, 1918)

BLACK HISTORY

Jim Peck
August 11, 1943: conscientious objectors at the Danbury Federal Prison in Connecticut, incarcerated for refusing to cooperate with the draft during World War II, staged a hunger strike to protest racial segregation of the dining hall. The strike, which began on this day, lasted 135 days, ending on December 23, 1943, when the warden announced that the dining hall would soon be integrated.

The protesters included Jim Peck, who served three years in Danbury and who had the distinction of participating in both the 1947 freedom ride challenging race discrimination in interstate bus travel in the South (the Journey of Reconciliation), and the famous 1961 Freedom Ride that began on May 4, 1961. Peck was brutally assaulted on May 14, 1961 in that Freedom Ride, and on December 9, 1983 was awarded $25,000 in damages from the FBI for its failure to protect him in that incident. (BH, see February 3, 1944; Peck, see May 14, 1961)
Albany Movement
August 11, 1962: Albany, GA shut down its three public parks and two public libraries after small groups sought to desegregate them. (see Aug 15)
James Hood
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August 11, 1963: After a brief, dispiriting stay at Alabama, James Hood left the University of Alabama. He had lived in a dorm room on a floor where the only other occupants were federal marshals. A dead black cat was mailed to him and university officials sought his expulsion for a speech attacking them and Wallace. He was also distraught because his father had cancer. He left “to avoid a complete mental and physical breakdown.”

He obtained a bachelor’s degree from Wayne State University in Detroit and a master’s degree from Michigan State, concentrating in criminal justice and sociology. He was a deputy police chief in Detroit and the chairman of the police science program at the Madison Area Technical College in Wisconsin. (BH, see Aug 18; U of A, see Nov 19)
Johnnie May Chappell
August 11, 1964:  five months after the murder of Johnnie May Chappell (see March 24, 1964) Jacksonville, Florida detectives Lee Cody and Donald Coleman were approached on two separate occasions by a young man named Wayne Chessman, who said he wanted to help the detectives. [According to Lee Cody and Donald Coleman nobody within the local police force had ever been assigned to investigate the crime.]

The detectives were initially unsure what Chessman was talking about, but after seeing Chessman leave their second encounter in a car that matched the one that carried Chappell's murderer, the detectives decided to question Chessman at the police station. During the subsequent interview, Chessman provided a detailed account of Chappell's murder and implicated 3 other men: Elmer Kato, the driver of the car, James Alex Davis, who sat in the back seat with Chessman that night, and 22-year-old J.W. Rich, the shooter.

On August 11, under questioning,  Kato and Rich confessed to the crime, although Rich claimed that it was an accident. (BH, see Aug 25, Chappell, see Sept 25)
Watts Riots

August 11 - 15, 1965: Watts Riots in Los Angeles: 34 deaths, more than 1000 injuries, more than 4000 arrests, and estimated $40 million in damages. Local officials blamed outside agitators. A State commission found that it was due to longstanding local grievances that local officials ignored.
BLACK & SHOT
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August 11, 2014: Los Angeles police conducted "an investigative stop" and interrogated unarmed 25-year-old Ezell Ford. At some point, gang enforcement officers Sharlton Wampler and Antonio Villega shot and killed Ford. 

An LAPD statement said, "During the stop a struggle ensued, which resulted in an officer-involved-shooting." But witnesses told The Huffington Post that police shouted, "Shoot him," moments before three bullets hit Ford, who was on the ground. The case remains under investigation. (B & S, see Sept 10;  Ford, see June 9, 2015)

Vietnam

French Vietnam war ends
August 11, 1954: a formal peace took hold in Indochina, ending more than seven years of fighting between the French and the Communist Vietminh. NYT article (see Oct 24)
Last US ground troops
August 11, 1972: the last U.S. ground combat unit in South Vietnam, the Third Battalion, Twenty-First Infantry, departed for the United States. The unit had been guarding the U.S. air base at Da Nang. This left only 43,500 advisors, airmen, and support troops left in-country. This number did not include the sailors of the Seventh Fleet on station in the South China Sea or the air force personnel in Thailand and Guam. NYT article (see Aug 22)

INDEPENDENCE DAY

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August 11, 1960: Chad independent from France. (see Aug 13)

FREE SPEECH

Tropic of Cancer
August 11. 1961: the Justice Department ordered an end to seizures by U.S. Customs of the famous Henry Miller novel Tropic of Cancer and two of his other novels, Tropic of Capricorn and Plexus. What most officials found offensive about Tropic of Cancer was Miller’s quite liberal use of the word “fuck” throughout the novel. Grove Press, owned by Barney Rosset had begun importing the book in June.

Although the Justice Department ended its ban, the novel still faced more than 60 efforts to ban it or prosecute its publisher in local communities. Tropic of Cancer was finally declared not obscene by the Supreme Court on June 22, 1964. (see Oct 4)
 
Voting rights
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August 11, 2015: U.S. District Court Judge Paul Barbadoro struck down a New Hampshire law barring voters from sharing photos of their filled-out ballots online, saying the statute violated constitutional free speech laws.

New Hampshire's so-called "ballot selfie" law was enacted ahead of the 2014 election. It was intended to revise laws passed about a century ago when vote-buying was relatively widespread and voters shared their marked ballot to redeem promises of cash or other inducements.

Barbadoro sided with the American Civil Liberties Union in ruling that the ban on posting images of marked ballots on social media websites served largely to restrict voters' political expression rather than combat vote-rigging.

"As the complaints of the voters who are now under investigation reveal, the people who are most likely to be ensnared by the new law are those who wish to use images of their completed ballots to make a political point," Barbadoro wrote in the ruling. (FS, see March 24, 2016; VR, see April 4, 2016)

August 11 Music et al

Neil Sedaka
August 11 – 24, 1962: “Breaking Up Is Hard to Do” by Neil Sedaka #1 Billboard Hot 100. (see Aug 25)
 
A Hard Day’s Night
August 11, 1964: Beatles first film, A Hard Day’s Night, opened in America and was a huge hit.  Shown in 500 theaters across U.S., it earns $1.3 million in the first week.  Some 15,000 prints made for world-wide distribution – historical first in film industry. (see Aug 12)
 
Help!
August 11, 1965, The Beatles: the Beatles' movie "Help!" premiered in the New York. (see Aug 13) Here is a revised (and more ominous) trailer for the film. Enjoy.
 
The [bumpy] Road to Bethel
Monday 11 August 1969
  • John Roberts packed for trip to Bethel. As of that afternoon’s accounting, Woodstock Ventures had posted receipt of advance ticket sales totaling $1,107,936. Woodstock Ventures (John Roberts) had spent nearly twice that sum.
  • telephone poles bolted into place around stage, but it is discovered that many are split or rotten.
  • Woodstock Ventures cames to agreement with William Filippini for use of Filippini Pond for $5,000. (see August 12)
August 11 Peace Love Activism

Native Americans

August 11, 1978: The American Indian Religious Freedom Act enacted to protect and preserve the traditional religious rights and cultural practices of American Indians, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians. These rights included, but were not limited to, access of sacred sites, freedom to worship through ceremonial and traditional rights and use and possession of objects considered sacred.

The Act required policies of all governmental agencies to eliminate interference with the free exercise of Native religion, based on the First Amendment, and to accommodate access to and use of religious sites to the extent that the use is practicable and is not inconsistent with an agency's essential functions. It also acknowledges the prior violation of that right. (see Native Americans, November 8, 1978)

Religion and Public Education

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE
August 11, 1984: President Ronald Reagan signed the Equal Access Act into law. It required public schools receiving federal financial aid (which in effect means all public schools) to grant access to school facilities during non-school hours on an equal basis and without regard to the views of an organization. At issue in the law was the question of whether religious groups could have access to school facilities for meetings and events, or whether that would violate the First Amendment’s Establishment Clause and the separation of church and state. The law divided civil libertarians between the advocates of free speech and the advocates of separation of church and state. (Religion, see June 4, 1985; Separation, see Jun 4, 1985)

The Cold War

August 11, 1984: a joke about "outlawing" the Soviet Union by President Ronald Reagan turned into an international embarrassment. The president's flippant remarks caused consternation among America's allies and provided grist for the Soviet propaganda mill. As he prepared for his weekly radio address, President Reagan was asked to make a voice check. Reagan obliged, declaring, "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes." Since the voice check was not actually broadcast, it was not until after he delivered his radio address that news of his "joke" began to leak out.

In Paris, a leading newspaper expressed its dismay, and stated that only trained psychologists could know whether Reagan's remarks were "a statement of repressed desire or the exorcism of a dreaded phantom." A Dutch news service remarked, "Hopefully, the man tests his missiles more carefully." Other foreign newspapers and news services called Reagan "an irresponsible old man," and declared that his comments were "totally unbecoming" for a man in his position (see November 19, 1985)

Marijuana

August 11, 2015: NJ Administrative Law Judge John Kennedy ruled that a Genny Barbour could not use medical marijuana in school to help control her seizure disorder. In the ruling, Kennedy said the Maple Shade school district and the Larc School in Bellmawr were mandated to comply with a state law designed to ban drug use in school zones. The suit filed by Roger and Lora Barbour sought to require a nurse at their 16-year-old daughter's school to administer cannabis oil. The girl had long suffered from seizures caused by a severe form of epilepsy, and her parents turned to medical marijuana as a treatment. Roger Barbour told NJ.com that he would appeal the ruling. (see Sept 15)

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