August 5 Peace Love Activism

August 5 Peace Love Activism

McCarthyism

August 5, 1948: Alger Hiss testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee, denying that he ever was a member of the Communist Party. (see August 25, 1948)
 

August 5 Music et al

see Teenage Culture for more

August 5 Peace Love Activism

August 5, 1957: ABC television network did the first national broadcast of "American Bandstand". The show was very popular on WFIL-TV in Philadelphia. But the first show was interrupted for half an hour in the middle by The Mickey Mouse Club. Host Dick Clark's first guest was the Chordettes and the first record danced to on the show was Buddy Holly's "That'll Be the Day." (see February 8 – 21, 1960)
see The Beatles–Revolver for more
August 5, 1966:  Revolver released in UK. According to music critic Richie Unterberger of Allmusic: In many respects, Revolver is one of the very first psychedelic LPs – not only in its numerous shifts in mood and production texture, but in its innovative manipulation of amplification and electronics to produce new sounds on guitars and other instruments. Specific, widely-heralded examples include the backwards riffs of "I'm Only Sleeping", the sound effects of "Yellow Submarine", the sitar of "Love You To", the blurry guitars of "She Said, She Said", and above all the seagull chanting, buzzing drones, megaphone vocals, free-association philosophizing, and varispeed tape effects of "Tomorrow Never Knows"
John Lennon
August 5, 1966: John Lennon  explained/defended/apologized about statement that  Beatles are more popular than Jesus, (Beatles, see Aug 12; Lennon controversy, see November 22, 2008)

Black History

INDEPENDENCE DAY
August 5, 1960: Burkina Faso independent from France. (see Aug 7)
Nelson Mandela
August 5, 1962: Mandela was arrested after returning to South Africa from a trip abroad. At the time of his arrest, he had been living underground for 17 months. He was convicted of leaving the country illegally and incitement to strike, and sentenced to five years in prison. (SA/A, see Nov 5; NM, see July 11, 1963)
Harlem Riot
August 5, 1964: William Epton, the chairman of the Progressive Labor Movement in Harlem, arrested on charges of advocating criminal anarchy. Part of the evidence was a speech Epton gave on July 18. (see Aug 28 – 30)
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR
August 5, 1966: King and other marchers from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference were hit with rocks as they marched through white neighborhoods in Chicago, protesting racial discrimination in housing. (BH, see Aug 7; MLK, see March 25, 1967)

Nuclear/Chemical News

21.1 megatons
August 5, 1962: Soviet Union above ground nuclear test. 21.1 megatons. (CW, see Aug 17; NN, see Aug 25)
Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
August 5, 1963: Britain, America and Russia signed a Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty at Moscow to prohibit nuclear weapons tests "or any other nuclear explosion" in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water. Underground nuclear explosions must not cause "radioactive debris to be present outside the territorial limits" their own country. The nuclear powers thus demonstrated a common goal to "an end to the contamination of man's environment by radioactive substances." The treaty was the result of over eight years of negotiations resolving issues of verification and deep-seated differences in attitudes to arms control and security. A total of 108 countries had signed before the LNTB Treaty entered into force 10 Oct 1963. (see June 23, 1965)

Clarence Earl Gideon

August 5, 1963: Gideon had chosen W. Fred Turner to be his lawyer for his second trial. Turner picked apart the testimony of eyewitness Henry Cook. Turner also got a statement from the cab driver who took Gideon from Bay Harbor, Florida to a bar in Panama City, Florida, stating that Gideon was carrying neither wine, beer nor Coke when he picked him up, even though Cook had testified that he watched Gideon walk from the pool hall to the phone, then wait for a cab. Furthermore, although in the first trial Gideon had not cross-examined the cab driver about his statement that Gideon had told him to keep the taxi ride a secret, Turner's cross-examination revealed that Gideon had said that to the cab driver previously because "he had trouble with his wife.” The jury acquitted Gideon after one hour of deliberation. (see Nov 11)

Vietnam

August 5 Peace Love Activism

August 5, 1964: during Operation Pierce Arrow, LTJG. Everett Alvarez Jr.’s plane was shot down in the immediate aftermath of the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. Alvarez endured eight years and seven months of brutal captivity by the North Vietnamese at the Hỏa Lò Prison (sarcastically known as the "Hanoi Hilton" by fellow POWs), in which he was repeatedly beaten and tortured. Alvarez was especially esteemed by his fellow prisoners because he was for almost a year the only aviator prisoner of war.  He was held prisoner until February 1973. (see Aug 7)
August 5 Peace Love Activism

Watergate Scandal

August 5, 1974: the "smoking gun" tape of June 23, 1972, was revealed, in which U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman discuss using the CIA to block a Federal Bureau of Investigation inquiry into Watergate. Nixon's support in Congress collapses. (see Aug 8)
 

US Labor History

August 5, 1981: President Ronald Reagan fired the striking members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO), calling the work stoppage illegal. Reagan's action and the demise of the union set a new tone for labor-management relations across the country. Employers begin to take tough stands against unions and did not hesitate to replace strikers with replacements. The decline in union membership accelerated. (see Oct 22)

Feminism

August 5 Peace Love Activism

August 5, 1993: signed into law by President Clinton on February 5, 1993, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) became effective. The Act allows eligible employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12-month period for medical reasons, for the birth or adoption of a child, or for the care of a child, spouse, or parent who has a serious health issue. (see Feminism  Dec 10, 1993)

LGBTQ

Gene Robinson

August 5 Peace Love Activism

August 5, 2003: Gene Robinson, an openly gay man, was elected bishop-designate of New Hampshire by the Episcopal General Convention during its meeting in Minneapolis. This election sparked outrage by conservative Anglican Churches around the world and initiated moves towards a schism within Episcopal Church and conservative, evangelical churches tried to distances themselves from a leadership they felt had descended into heresy. (see Aug 14)
Texas
August 5, 2015: U.S. District Judge Orlando Garcia ordered Texas officials to recognize on a state death certificate the surviving spouse in a same-sex marriage whose husband died earlier in the year.

The case came as states such as Texas, which had barred same-sex marriage, grappled with changes brought by the landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in June that made gay marriage legal in the United States.

Texas, where Republican leaders had tried to push back against gay marriage, had balked at recognizing John Stone-Hoskins as the surviving spouse on the death certificate of James Stone-Hoskins, according to court documents. Garcia ordered defendants including Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton, a Republican, and the state's acting health commissioner to appear in his court next week as he considered whether they should be held in contempt. (see Aug 10)

Hurricane Katrina

August 5, 2011: Katrina shootings and cover-up: Guilty verdicts were handed down for Bowen, Gisevius, Faulcon, Villavaso and Kaufman (see April 4, 2012)

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

August 5, 2014: the American Humanist Association demanded that the Missouri Natinal Guard stop offering Bibles to new recruits at its recruiting station in St. Louis.

The Association, a Washington, D.C.-based advocacy group, also requested the New Testaments volumes displayed in the building be removed.

"Numerous cases have ruled that when the government offers biblical literature, even if done indirectly, it is an unconstitutional endorsement of religion," Monica Miller, an attorney for the association's Appignani Humanist Legal Center, wrote in a letter to the General Services Administration and to the Missouri National Guard. The GSA owns the building housing the Guard recruiting station and other military offices. (see Sept 18)

Environmental Issues

Plains All American Pipeline spill
August 5, 2015: more than two months after crude oil from a ruptured pipeline fouled California beaches, Plains All American Pipeline disclosed  that the volume of the spill might be far larger than earlier projected. Plains had estimated that the May 19 spill west of Santa Barbara released up to 101,000 gallons. But in documents made public Wednesday, the Texas-based company said alternate calculations found the spill might have been up to 143,000 gallons, or about 40 percent larger. (see Aug 5)
Colorado mine wastewater spill

August 5 Peace Love Activism

August 5, 2015: environmental officials in Colorado worked to clean up one million gallons of wastewater containing heavy metals that spilled from an abandoned mine, turning an adjoining river a murky, mustard shade of yellow.

The Environmental Protection Agency caused the spill while it was investigating a leak at the Gold King Mine. The wastewater flowed into Cement Creek, a tributary of the Animas River in southwestern Colorado, and snaked through the river toward New Mexico. E.P.A. officials confirmed the leak contained heavy metals, including lead and arsenic, but said it was too early to know whether there was a health risk to humans or animals. The river was closed for recreational and other uses, but officials said water sources should be safe.

 “The orange color is alarming to people, but that is not an indication in any way of a health risk,” said Joan Card, an official with Region 8 of the E.P.A. Testing is ongoing, she said.

Martin Hestmark, an assistant regional administrator with the agency, estimated that the wastewater was flowing at about a few hundred gallons per minute. The E.P.A. diverted the wastewater to treatment ponds it is building. (see Sept 2)

Voting Rights

August 5, 2015: a federal appeals panel ruled that a strict voter identification law in Texas discriminated against blacks and Hispanics and violated the Voting Rights Act of 1965 — a decision that election experts called an important step toward defining the reach of the landmark law.

The case was one of a few across the country that was being closely watched in legal circles after a 2013 Supreme Court decision that blocked the voting act’s most potent enforcement tool, federal oversight of election laws in numerous states, including Texas, with histories of racial discrimination.

While the federal act still banned laws that suppress minority voting, it had been uncertain exactly what kinds of measures cross the legal line since that Supreme Court ruling.

 The Texas ID law was one of the strictest of its kind in the country. It required voters to bring a government-issued photo ID to the polls. Accepted forms of identification included a driver’s license, a United States passport, a concealed-handgun license and an election identification certificate issued by the State Department of Public Safety. (see Aug 11)

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