July 5 Peace Love Activism

July 5 Peace Love Activism

July 5 Peace Love Activism

BLACK HISTORY

William Hamilton
July 5, 1827: a day after slaves were freed in the state of New York, 4,000 African Americans marched along Broadway through downtown streets to the African Zion Church, where abolitionist leader William Hamilton said, "This day we stand redeemed from a bitter thralldom." Celebrations took place as far away as Boston and Philadelphia. In New York's capital, Nathaniel Paul, pastor of the First African Baptist Society, declared, "We look forward … (to) when this foul stain will be entirely erased, and this, worst of evils, will be forever done way … God who has made of one blood all nations of men, and who is said to be no respecter of persons, has so decreed; I therefore have no hesitation in declaring this sacred place, that not only throughout the United States of America, but throughout every part of the habitable world where slavery exists, it will be abolished." (see January 1, 1830)
The Nation
July 5, 1865: The Nation magazine founded. Started by abolitionists as a successor to William Lloyd Garrison’s militant anti-slavery paper, The Liberator—it inherited his subscription list. (see July 6)
Scottsboro Travesty
July 5, 1938: Alabama Governor Graves reduced Clarence Norris's death sentence to life in prison. (SB, see in August)
Nelson Mandela
July 5, 1989: Mandela met informally with Mr. Botha at the presidential office in Cape Town. It is the first publicly acknowledged meeting between Mr. Mandela and a government official outside prison, and leads to speculation that he will soon be released. (SA/A, see Aug 15; Mandela, see Oct 15)
James Fowler
July 5, 2015: James Fowler, 81, died in Geneva County, Ala., said John Fleming, the journalist who conducted the critical interview with the former state trooper a decade ago. The cause was not immediately available, said Fleming, a former editorial page editor for the Anniston Star in Alabama who is executive editor of the Center for Sustainable Journalism in Kennesaw, Ga. (see July 15)
Alton B. Sterling

July 5 Peace Love Activism

July 5, 2016: Baton Rouge (Louisiana) officers (both white), Blane Salamoni and Howie Lake II responded to a report that a black man in a red shirt selling CDs outside the Triple S Food Mart had threatened the caller with a gun.

                In a cellphone video, showed an officer pushing Alton B. Sterling (black) onto the hood of the car and tackling him to the ground. Sterling was pinned to the ground by both officers, one kneeling on his chest and the other on his thigh, both attempting to control his arms.

                Saying that Sterling had a gun and was going for it, they shot him. An autopsy indicated that Sterling had died from multiple gunshot wounds to his chest and back. (B & S, see March 26, 2017; Sterling, see May 2, 2017) 

Red Scare

July 5, 1952: Congress, passed the Gwinn Amendment, which required a loyalty oath of all residents of public housing who received federal funds. The oath requirement led to the highly publicized case of James Kutcher, a World War II veteran, who had lost both of his legs in the war, and who was a member of the Socialist Workers Party (see Dec 29).

The insidious aspect of all loyalty oaths of the Cold War era was that they had nothing to do with any specific criminal or unprofessional conduct on the part of individuals required to sign them.

Loyalty oaths were a special mania during the anti-Communist frenzy of the Cold War. Unlike traditional oaths of office, which involve an oath to uphold the Constitution and the country’s laws, Cold War loyalty oaths required people to swear that they were not members of the Communist Party and/or other radical parties or movements. Thus, they were oaths regarding membership and beliefs without reference to any actual or planned illegal action. (see Oct 1952 through July 1958)

INDEPENDENCE DAYS

Algeria

July 5 Peace Love Activism

July 5, 1962: Algeria Independent from France. (see Aug 6)
Cape Verde

July 5 Peace Love Activism

July 5, 1975: Cape Verde independent of Portugal. (see July 6)

July 5 Music et al

Future Woodstock Performers

July 5 Peace Love Activism

 July 5, 1968: Creedence Clearwater Revival released first album, Creedence Clearwater Revival. John Fogarty, age 23)
Rolling Stones

July 5 Peace Love Activism

July 5, 1969: the Rolling Stones proceed with a free concert in Hyde Park, London, as a tribute to Brian Jones; it is also the band's first concert with guitarist Mick Taylor. Estimates of the audience range from 250,000 to 400,000.
The [bumpy] Road to Bethel
July 5, 1969: John Fabbri and Don Ganoung meet with transportation representatives from All-State Bus Corporation to discuss transportation for festival attendees. Fabbri and Ganoung also meet with NYCPD Chief Inspector McManus to help mobilize the Peace Service Corps. (see July 6)
July 5 Peace Love Activism

Vietnam & Voting Rights

July 5, 1971: the 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution, formally certified by President Nixon, lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. 

That summer, though  the U.S. Department of Agriculture had banned herbicides containing Dioxinin 1968, spraying of Agent Orange continued in Vietnam until 1971. Operation Ranchhand had sprayed 11 million gallons of Agent Orange -- containing 240 pounds of the lethal chemical Dioxin -- on South Vietnam. More than one seventh of the country's total area has been laid waste. (see Aug 20; VR, see March 21, 1972)

LGBTQ

AIDS
July 5, 1981: The New York Times printed the first story of a rare pneumonia and skin cancer found in 41 gay men in New York and California. The CDC initially refered to the disease as GRID, Gay Related Immune Deficiency Disorder. When the symptoms were found outside the gay community, Bruce Voeller, biologist and founder of the National Gay Task Force, successfully lobbied to change the name of the disease to AIDS. (AIDS, see “by December 31, 1981”; LGBTQ, see January 28, 1982)
Barry Winchell
July 5, 1999: because of his being gay, Calvin Glover bludgeoned U.S. Army Pfc. Barry Winchell in his sleep with a baseball bat at Fort Campbell, Kentucky; Winchell died the next day from his injuries. Glover was later convicted for the murder of Winchell and is serving a life sentence. (see Sept 22, 1999)

Feminism

July 5, 1993: marital rape became a crime in all 50 states, in at least one section of the sexual offense codes, usually regarding force. (see Feminism  Aug 5, 1993)

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