July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4 Peace Love Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Booker T. Washington

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1881: Booker T. Washington opened the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Tuskegee, Ala. The only building on campus was a shanty with a roof so leaky a student held an umbrella over Washington's head while he taught. (see August)
July 4 Peace Love Activism
July 4, 1963: while still incarcerated, Clyde Kennard (see September 8, 1959) died of colon cancer that had gone undiagnosed and untreated in prison; he was 36 years old. (see July 6)

Hawaii

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1960: US flag with 50 stars (Hawaii, 1959) is first flown [Philadelphia, PA]

July 4 Music et al

I Get Around
July 4 – 17, 1964: the single released in May, “I Get Around” by The Beach Boys #1 on Billboard Hot 100. [the first of (only) three Billboard Hot 100 #1 songs for them during the 1960s. Not until November 1988 will they have another with “Kokomo” – their last. (see December 5, 1964 – January 1, 1965)
 
see Atlanta International Pop Festival for more
July 4 – 5, 1969 – Atlanta International Pop Festival. (Atlanta International Raceway, Hampton, GA).
  • Chuck Berry
  • Al Kooper
  • Blood, Sweat & Tears
  • Booker T & the MGs
  • Canned Heat
  • Chicago Transit Authority
  • Creedence Clearwater Revival
  • Dave Brubeck
  • Delaney, Bonnie & Friends
  • Ian & Sylvia
  • Grand Funk
  • Janis Joplin
  • Johnny Winter
  • Led Zeppelin
  • Pacific Gas & Electric
  • Paul Butterfield Blues Band
  • Johnny Rivers
  • Spirit
  • Sweetwater
  • Ten Wheel Drive
see Saugatuck Pop Festival for more
July 4  - 5, 1969: Saugatuck Pop Festival (Pottawattamie Beach, Saugatuck, MI).
  • MC5
  • SRC
  • Procol Harum
  • Muddy Waters
  • John Lee Hooker
  • Amboy Dukes
  • Rotary Connection
  • Crazy World of Arthur Brown
  • Bob Seger,
  • Frost
  • The Stooges
  • Big Mama Thornton

LGBTQ

Reminder Day

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1965: at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, picketers begin staging the first Reminder Day to call public attention to the lack of civil rights for LGBTQ people. The gatherings will continue annually for five years. (see October 17, 1963)
Rev. Jerry Falwell
July 4, 1983:  Rev. Jerry Falwell described AIDS as a "gay plague.”  (AIDS, see July 25)
Oliver W. Sipple
In 1984  the California Supreme Court dismissed Sipple’s suit, which upheld a lower court's finding that the sexual orientation of Oliver W. Sipple (the former marine who thwarted an assassination attempt on President Gerald R. Ford) had been known to ''hundreds of people'' before the news accounts, but Mr. Sipple's protest spurred a debate among news organizations obout the individual's right to privacy versus freedom of the press. (LGTBQ, see November 14, 1985)

Free Speech

Freedom of Information Act

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1966: President Lyndon Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).  He had opposed the bill, but signed it nonetheless.       

                By allowing citizens to obtain records about government actions, FOIA is regarded as one of the most important legislative contributions to democracy in American history. The FOIA bill had virtually unanimous support in Congress. The Senate first approved it on a voice vote without dissent in October 1965 and passed it again on a voice vote in July 1966. The House approved it, 306–0, in late June 1966. (see January 23, 1967)

Native Americans

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1971: the American Indian Movement staged a Fourth of July counter-celebration by occupying the Mount Rushmore National Monument. (see Dec 23)
July 4 Peace Love Activism

INDEPENDENCE DAY

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 1993: Abkhazia de facto independence from Georgia. Officially declared in 1999. (see May 20, 2002)

World Trade Center

July 4 Peace Love Activism

July 4, 2004, Groundbreaking for the Freedom Tower begins at Ground Zero in New York City.

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