July Peace Love Activism

July Peace Love Activism

July Peace Love Activism

Sometimes, even with the internet, it's hard to pin down the exact date of an event. All of the following happened in July, but I cannot find a date. If you can, let me know and the source. I'd appreciate it.

BLACK HISTORY

Washing Society

July Peace Love Activism

July 1881: 20 home laundry workers in Atlanta, Georgia formed a trade organization, the Washing Society. They sought higher pay, respect and autonomy over their work, and established a uniform rate at a dollar per dozen pounds of wash. With the help of African American ministers throughout the city, they held a mass meeting and called a strike to achieve higher pay at the uniform rate.  (see July 4)
Scottsboro Boys Travesty
July 1948: Haywood Patterson escaped from prison. Patterson sought the help of a journalist, Earl Conrad, and together they write The Scottsboro Boy, an account of Patterson's life. (SB, see “in May 1950”)

July 1977: Victoria Price's defamation and invasion of privacy suit against NBC for its movie "Judge Horton and the Scottsboro Boys,"  dismissed. 
July Peace Love Activism
In 1979: Clarence Norris, in ''The Last of the Scottsboro Boys,'' a 1979 autobiography written with Sybil D. Washington, contended that the black youths were scapegoats, caught at the wrong place at the wrong time with two white women who were afraid they would be accused of fraternizing with blacks.

In 1982: Victoria Price died without ever having apologized for her role in the injustice her testimony brought upon the innocent defendants. (SB, see January 23, 1989)
Rainey Pool
July 1970: despite indictments, the circuit court enters an order granting nolle proseque [decision to voluntarily discontinue criminal charges either before trial or before a verdict is rendered.] (BH, see July 28)

In 1998: after more than twenty-eight years, five men were indicted for the murder of Pool in 1998.   Two of the five men had severed trials. (Pool, see June 30, 1999; BH, see Mar 12)

US Labor History

USPS weight limits
July 1916: to the huge relief of Post Office Department employees, the service set a limit of 200 pounds a day to be shipped by any one customer.  Builders were finding it cheaper to send supplies via post than via wagon freight. In one instance, 80,000 bricks for a new bank were shipped parcel post from Salt Lake City to Vernal, Utah, 170 miles away.  The new directive also barred the shipment of humans: a child involved in a couple’s custody fight was shipped—for 17¢—from Stillwell to South Bend, Ind., in a crate labeled “live baby” (see February 9, 1917)
César E. Chávez
July - August 1975: to educate farm workers about their newly-won rights, Chavez embarked upon his longest, and least known, march, a 1,000-mile 59-day trek from the Mexican border at San Ysidro north along the coast to Salinas and then from Sacramento south down the Central Valley to the UFW's La Paz headquarters at Keene, southeast of Bakersfield. Tens of thousands of farm workers march and attend evening rallies to hear Chavez and organize their ranches. (see May 1976)

Emma Goldman

July Peace Love Activism

July - December 1922: Goldman completed a manuscript, My Two Years in Russia and sells the rights to the book. It was published in 1923 as My Disillusionment in Russia. (see January 1925)

Religion and Public Education

July Peace Love Activism

July 1945: Vashti McCollum brought legal action against the Champaign, Illinois public school district. McCollum's suit stated that her eight-year-old son had been coerced and ostracized by school officials because his family had chosen to not participate in the district's in-school religious instruction program. McCollum's suit argued that religious instruction held during regular school hours on public school property constituted an establishment of religion in violation of the U.S. Constitution, and violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. (see September 10, 1945)

see July Music et al for more

Fear of Rock
July 1957: ABC TV show “The Big Beat”  with Alan Freed began a short run. Though popular, in an early episode Frankie Lymon, a Black singer, was seen dancing with a white girl. Southern stations protested and ABC cancelled the show. (see In October)
The Rainbow Quest
July 1960: Pete Seeger released The Rainbow Quest album on which was the song “Where Have All the Flowers Gone”
FCC adopted non-duplication rule
July, 1964:  the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted a non-duplication rule prohibiting FM radio stations in cities of more than 100,000 people from merely running a simulcast of the programming from their AM counterparts. Stations fought the rule and delayed implementation. (CM, see September 5, 1965; RR, see December 13, 1965)
Tim Hardin 1
July, 1966: Tim Hardin (age 25) released first album, Tim Hardin 1. (see Aug 15)
Cultural Milestone
July 1967: the Summer of Love in San Francisco. (see Sept 3)
“Sky Pilot”
July 1968: Eric Burdon and the Animals released “Sky Pilot” and Phil Ochs “The War Is Over.” (see August)
Mind Games
July – August, 1973: in New York's Record Plant East studio, John Lennon began work on the Mind Games album. Mind Games was completed within a period lasting around two weeks, with Lennon producing it himself. The band was credited as the Plastic U.F.Ono Band.

By that summer John Lennon and Yoko Ono’s marriage was on the rocks. Ono suggested that Lennon embark on an affair with their assistant, May Pang. That decision led to Lennon’s “Lost Weekend,” the 18 months that he lived with Pang in her New York apartment and later a a rented home in Los Angeles. (see Oct 20)

Nuclear/Chemical News

July 1961: Ban The Bomb demonstrations start worldwide. (CW, see Aug 12; NN, see July 3)
July Peace Love Activism

see Daniel Ellsberg/Pentagon Papers for more

July 1971: President Nixon appointed Egil "Bud" Krogh, Jr. and Kissinger aide David Young, Jr. to head a special investigations unit (nicknamed "the plumbers") to obtain evidence to discredit Ellsberg, who Henry Kissinger has deemed "the most dangerous man in America" who "has to be stopped." Krogh and Young hired G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt, who hatched a plan to burglarize the offices of Ellsberg's one-time psychiatrist in Los Angeles. They carry out the plan in September 1971. (DE/PP, see Sept 9)

Symbionese Liberation Army

July 1973: a group of Berkeley-area activists organized a revolutionary group, the Symbionese Liberation Army. The S.L.A. believed a timely example will spark revolt in Black America. Their goals include closing prisons, ending monogamy, and destroying "all other institutions that have made and sustained capitalism." (see Nov 6)

Sexual Abuse of Children

July 1992: US bishops meeting in South Bend, Indiana, admitted attempts by some of their number to hide abuse. (see Oct 10)

 

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