June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20 Peace Love Activism

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1785: James Madison’s wrote “Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessments” in opposition to a proposal by Patrick Henry that all Virginians be taxed to support “teachers of the Christian religion.” Madison argued: Who does not see that the same authority which can establish Christianity, in exclusion of all other Religions, may establish with the same ease any particular sect of Christians, in exclusion of Americans United for Separation of Church and State - 2 - all other Sects? That the same authority which can force a citizen to contribute three pence only of his property for the support of any one establishment, may force him to conform to any other establishment in all cases whatsoever?  (see April 22, 1864)

US Labor History

American Railway Union

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1893: the American Railway Union (ARU) was founded in Chicago by locomotive fireman Eugene V. Debs and other railway workers. The ARU was an industrial union for railway workers, regardless of craft or service. Within a year, the ARU had 125 locals and very quickly grew to become the country’s largest union.. (Labor, see June 25; Debs, see June 26, 1894)
Ford Motors/UAW
June 20, 1941: after a long and bitter struggle on the part of Henry Ford against cooperation with organized labor unions, Ford Motor Company signed its first contract with the United Automobile Workers of America and Congress of Industrial Organizations (UAW-CIO). (see June 25)
United Farm Workers

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1966: the UFW announced that the union had merged with an independent Puerto Rican farm workers union, Associacion da Trabajodores Agricolas. (see Aug 23)

Feminism

Voting Rights
June 20, 1917: targeting the Russian envoys visiting President Wilson, Lucy Burns and Dora Lewis held a large banner in front of the White House that stated: “To the Russian envoys: We the women of America tell you that America is not a democracy. Twenty million American women are denied the right to vote. President Wilson is the chief opponent of their national enfranchisement…Tell our government it must liberate its people before it can claim free Russia as an ally.”  Burns was arrested and sentenced to 3 days; again arrested in September, 1917 and sentenced to 60 days; again arrested on November 10, 1917 and sentenced to 6 months. (see July 14, 1917)
Maher v. Roe
June 20, 1977: the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Connecticut Welfare Department, stating that state Medicaid benefits did not have to pay for abortions unless they were considered “medically necessary.” (see July 9, 1977)

BLACK HISTORY

Race Riots

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1943: the Detroit Race Riot broke out and lasted for three days before Federal troops regained control. The rioting between blacks and whites began on Belle Isle and continued until June 22, killing 34, wounding 433, and destroying property valued at $2 million. (see Aug 1, 1943)
“Freedom Summer”

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1964: first “Freedom Summer” volunteers arrived in Mississippi. (BH, see June 21; Voting Rights, see March 7, 1966)
Muhammad Ali

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1967: Ali found guilty of refusing induction into the armed forces by the US Justice Department. He was sentenced to five years in prison and fined $10,000—the maximum penalties. He was stripped of his title by the boxing association and effectively banned from boxing. (Ali, see April 1968; Vietnam, see June 30)

Cultural Milestone

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1948: Toast Of The Town, which would later be called The Ed Sullivan Show, premiered on CBS-TV. The first show was produced on a budget of $1,375. Only $375 was allocated for talent and $200 of that was shared by the young stars of that night's program, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis. (see March 8, 1950)

The Cold War

Nuclear/Chemical News
June 20, 1963: to lessen the threat of an accidental nuclear war, the US and the Soviet Union agreed to establish a "hot line" communication system between the two nations. The agreement was a small step in reducing tensions between the United States and the USSR following the October 1962 Missile Crisis in Cuba, which had brought the two nations to the brink of nuclear war. (CW, see June 26; NN, see Aug 5)
Dissolution of Yugoslavia
June 20, 1999: as the last of 40,000 Yugoslav troops left Kosovo, NATO declared a formal end to its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia. (see February 23, 2001)

LGBTQ

Daughters of Bilitis

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 1964: at a conference sponsored by the Daughters of Bilitis, the  first national Lesbian rights organization, Dr. Wesley Pomeroy, co-author of the two famous Kinsey reports on male and female sexual behavior, and another doctor challenged the idea that homosexuality was a disease. About 100 people, male and female, attended the event at the Barbizon Plaza. A planned panel discussion on the topic was scheduled to be on the local ABC affiliate’s Les Crane television show but was cancelled, with no reason given. (see May 29, 1965)
Exodus International

June 20 Peace Love Activism

June 20, 2013: for 37 years, Exodus International maintained that gay men and lesbians could change their sexual orientation through prayer and psychotherapy. But on the opening night of the group’s 38th annual conference it announced that the organization would disband, amid growing skepticism among its top officials and board members that sexual attractions can be changed. Alan Chambers, president of Exodus International, said the group had decided that it was doing more harm than good and needed to close down. (LGBTQ, see July 29)

see June 20 Music et al for more

The Beatles & Vietnam
June 20, 1966: Capitol Records released the “Yesterday...and Today” album, but refused to keep the original cover of the Beatles sitting in butcher smocks and holding baby doll parts. John Lennon’s response was that the cover was a relevant as Vietnam.” (Beatles, see June 25; Vietnam, see June 29)
The [bumpy] Road to Bethel
June 20 - 22, 1969: Newport ‘69 Festival held Northridge, CA. On Sunday at the festival which attracted approximately 60,000 paid admissions, police attempted to break up a small group who had tried to rush the gates. Thousands of sympathizers started throwing bottles and rocks at the police. 165 arrested. 45 charged with assaulting an officer. 90 arrested for drug-related offenses. 402 injuries. The Times Herald Record reported the incident as a “battle” and referred to alleged charges of “attempted  murder and assault with a deadly weapon.” (see June 21)
Jimi Hendrix
June 20, 1969: Hendrix earned the largest paycheck (to that time) for a single show when he earned $125,000 for a single set at the Newport ‘69 Festival. (see January 28, 1970)
see Newport ‘69 Festival for more
June 20 – 22, 1969: the Newport ‘69 Festival was the 2nd year for the festival, with the first, the Newport Pop Festival being held in Costa Mesa, CA. The 1969 festival was held at Devonshire Downs in Northridge, CA. Attended by an estimated 200,000 fans, the festival was the largest pop concert up to that time and is considered the more famous of the two Newport Pop Festivals, possibly because of the appearance of the Jimi Hendrix Experience, which got top billing at the venue. Hendrix was the headline act for the Friday night opening, but he played so poorly - supposedly from an LSD-laced drink - that he returned to the stage on Sunday. His Sunday performance with Buddy Miles, Eric Burdon, and several others lasted more than two hours. (see June 21)
June 20 Peace Love Activism

Fourth Amendment

Smith v. Maryland
June 20,1979: the US Supreme Court ruled that the installation of a “pen register” was not a violation of the Fourth Amendment prohibition on unreasonable searches and seizures. A pen register is a term for an electronic device that records the phone numbers of all calls made from a telephone number.

Pen registers represent an older technology, as the issue in the surveillance communications now focuses on “metadata” analyses of internet traffic. Metadata records the address destination of emails without recording the content of the messages. Smith became extremely important in 2013, as the U.S. government used it to justify the spying policies of the National Security Agency (NSA). (see January 15, 1985)
Florida v. Bostick
June 20, 1991: the US Supreme court overturned a per se rule imposed by the Florida Supreme Court ruling that held consensual searches of passengers on buses were always unreasonable. The US Court ruled that the fact that the search takes place on a bus is one factor in determining whether a suspect feels free to decline the search and walk away from the officers. (see June 26, 1995)

ADA

DEATH PENALTY
June 20, 2002: in Atkins v. Virginia, the US Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that executing mentally retarded individuals violated the Eighth Amendment's ban on cruel and unusual punishments. (ADA, see May 17, 2004; DP, see June 24)

Iraq War II

June 20, 2006:  the Iraqi National Security Adviser wrote that U.S. troops should be out of Iraq by the end of 2007. (see July 3)

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