May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19 Peace Love Activism

US Labor History

Fraterville Mine explosion

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 1902: two hundred sixteen miners die from an explosion and its aftermath at the Fraterville Mine in Anderson County, Tenn. All but three of Fraterville’s adult males were killed. The mine had a reputation for fair contracts and pay—miners were represented by the United Mine Workers—and was considered safe; methane may have leaked in from a nearby mine. (see February 14, 1903)

Immigration History

Emergency Quota Act

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 1921: the Emergency Quota Act became law. It restricted immigration into the US and added two new features to American immigration law: numerical limits on immigration from Europe and the use of a quota system for establishing those limits.

The Emergency Quota Act restricted the number of immigrants admitted from any country annually to 3% of the number of residents from that same country living in the United States as of the U.S. Census of 1910. Based on that formula, the number of new immigrants admitted fell from 805,228 in 1920 to 309,556 in 1921-22. The act meant that only people of Northern Europe who had similar cultures to that of America were likely to get in. (see May 26, 1924)

May 19 Music et al

May 19, 1945: Pete Townshend born. 
 May 19, 1947: Jerry Hyman of Blood, Sweat and Tears was born on  in Brooklyn, NY
DJ payola

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 1960: five radio disk jockeys, including Alan Freed, were arrested on charges that they had accepted payola. District Attorney Frank Hogan said they had accepted illegal gratuities amounting to $116,580 from twenty-three record companies in the previous two years. (see Sept 13)
Marilyn Monroe
May 19, 1962: Marilyn Monroe performed a sultry rendition of "Happy Birthday" for President John F. Kennedy during a fundraiser at New York's Madison Square Garden. (see June 15)

Two Virgins
May 19, 1968: while Cynthia Lennon was on vacation in Greece, John invited Yoko Ono to his home. He recalled: " I called her over, it was the middle of the night and Cyn was away, and I thought, 'Well, now's the time if I'm going to get to know her any more.' She came to the house and I didn't know what to do; so we went upstairs to my studio and I played her all the tapes that I'd made, all this far-out stuff, some comedy stuff, and some electronic music. There were very few people I could play those tapes to. She was suitably impressed, and then she said, 'Well, let's make one ourselves,' so we made Two Virgins. It was midnight when we finished, and then we made love at dawn. It was very beautiful." (Beatles, see May 31; Two Virgins, see Nov 11)

BLACK HISTORY

Mattie Green

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 1960:  in Ringgold Georgia. a bomb killed Mattie Green, a 32-year-old mother of six while she and her family were sleeping at home. Her family survived. No one was convicted on the crime, and the FBI closed the case after concluding no federal laws had been violated. (see in June)
Freedom Riders
May 19, 1961: The Nashville Riders return to Birmingham and attempt to leave the city by bus. Bus drivers again refuse to depart the station, fearing the mobs waiting outside. (see May 20)

The Cold War

Secret surveillance 

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 1964: the US State Department delivered a strong protest in Moscow after more than 40 secret microphones were found in the U.S. Embassy. U.S. security had tore into walls of the building in April. US officials said the microphones were embedded 8 to 10 inches deep in the walls of the 10-story building, and obviously had been installed before the Russians turned the building over for U.S. occupancy in 1952. (see Oct 14)
David Greenglass
May 19, 2015: U.S. District Judge Alvin Hellerstein of New York ordered the unsealing of the testimony of Ethel Rosenberg’s brother, David Greenglass, who implicated his sister as a spy. Greenglass recanted his testimony seven years after he gave it, saying that he gave false testimony after prosecutors threatened him by saying they would go after his wife, who may have assisted Julius Rosenberg. Hellerstein said the testimony now could be unsealed because Greenglass died last year at the age of 92, though he fought to the end of his life to keep it permanently sealed, according to the Associated Press.

The requested records are critical pieces of an important moment in our nation’s history,” Hellerstein wrote. “The time for the public to guess what they contain should end.” (DP, see May 20; Cold War, see May 29; Nuclear, see July 14; Rosenbergs, see July 15)

Nuclear/Chemical News

May 19, 1967: the Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space. (see July 1, 1968)

Marijuana

Leary v. United States

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 1969: the U.S. Supreme Court dealt with the constitutionality of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937. Timothy Leary had been arrested for the possession of marijuana in violation of the Marihuana Tax Act. Leary challenged the act on the ground that the act required self-incrimination, which violated the Fifth Amendment. The unanimous opinion of the court was penned by Justice John Marshall Harlan II and declared the Marihuana Tax Act unconstitutional. (see in 1970)
May 19 Peace Love Activism

Falklands War

May 19, 1982: a British helicopter transporting SAS soldiers ditched in the sea killing 22 servicemen. (see May 21)

Iraq War II

May 19, 2004: Specialist Jeremy C. Sivits received a year in prison and a bad conduct discharge in the first court-martial stemming from abuse of Iraqis at the Abu Ghraib prison. (see Aug 27)

Stop and Frisk Policy

May 19, 2010,: in another lawsuit, the New York Civil Liberties Union filed to stop the NYC from keeping a huge database of New Yorkers stopped, but never charged. (see July 16)

LGBTQ

NAACP
May 19, 2012: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People approved a resolution supporting marriage for same-sex couples. In the weeks that follow, the National Center for La Raza (NCLR) and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), the nation's largest and oldest Latino civil rights organizations, respectively, pass similar resolutions supporting all families. (see May 31)
Oregon ban on same-sex marriage
May 19, 2014: U.S. District Judge Michael McShane struck down Oregon's voter-approved ban on gay marriage, saying it was unconstitutional. McShane said the ban unconstitutionally discriminated against same-sex couples and ordered the state not to enforce it. State officials earlier refused to defend the constitutional ban in court. (see May 20 & June 4)

Environmental Issues

May 19, 2015: a broken onshore pipeline spewed oil down a storm drain and into the Pacific Ocean for several hours before it was shut off, creating a slick some 4 miles long across a scenic stretch of central California coastline. Initial estimates put the spill at about 21,000 gallons. The spill was about 20 miles northwest of Santa Barbara. (see May 27)

Women’s Health

Affordable Care Act

May 19 Peace Love Activism

May 19, 2015: a federal court again denied the University of Notre Dame’s challenge to the health law’s contraception provision, saying a compromise arrangement offered by the Obama administration appeared adequate to meet the Catholic institution’s religious objections to covering Women’s Health for students and staff. Notre Dame had been fighting the Affordable Care Act’s requirement that most employers include contraception in health plans with no out-of-pocket costs, arguing that the federal government was forcing it to violate its beliefs. Notre Dame had argued its concerns weren’t satisfied by the Obama administration’s alternative arrangement, under which an employer with a religious objection can state its conflict and have its insurer administrate contraceptive coverage.

In a 2-1 ruling, a panel of the Seventh U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago said the university hadn’t done enough to show it is entitled to a preliminary injunction that would allow it to opt out of the requirements while it continued to fight them. Instead, the court indicated it believed the administration had hit the right balance in addressing the university’s concerns.

Although Notre Dame is the final arbiter of its religious beliefs, it is for the courts to determine whether the law actually forces Notre Dame to act in a way that would violate those beliefs,” the court said in an opinion written by Judge Richard Posner. “The very word ‘accommodation’ implies a balance of competing interests; and when we compare the burden on the government or third parties of having to establish some entirely new method of providing contraceptive coverage with the burden on Notre Dame of simply notifying the government that the ball is now in the government’s court, we cannot conclude that Notre Dame has yet established its right to the injunctive relief that it is seeking before trial,” he wrote. (BC, see May 29; ACA, see June 8)

 

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