March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17 Peace Love Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Dred Scott
March 17, 1848: before the next trial took place, Irene Emerson had the sheriff of St. Louis County take charge of the Scott family. He was responsible for their hiring out, and maintained the wages until such a time as the outcome of the freedom suit was determined (custody of the Scott family would remain with the St. Louis County sheriff until March 18, 1857). (Dred Scott, see January 1850; Black History, see December 25, 1848)
Carrollton, Mississippi

March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17, 1886: 23 African Americans were killed in a courthouse massacre in Carrollton, Miss., when 60 armed men charged in and opened fire in a courtroom. Two African-American brothers, Ed and Charley Brown, were testifying against Jim Lidell, Jr., accusing him of assault with intent to kill. The brothers were killed, and no one was ever indicted for their slayings or others that day. (see Dec 11)
March to Montgomery
March 17, 1965: despite the arguments between the SCLC and the SNCC, King joins Forman in leading a march of 2000 people in Montgomery to the Montgomery County courthouse. After the march, King announced the third Selma-to-Montgomery march. City of Montgomery officials apologized for the assault on SNCC protesters by county and state law enforcement and asked King and Forman to work with them on how best to deal with future protests in the city; student leaders promised they would seek permits for future protest marches. Gov. Wallace continued to arrest protestors who venture on to state-controlled property. (see March 18)

Feminism & Voting Rights

Alice Paul
March 17 Peace Love Activism
Alice Paul
March 17, 1913: Alice Paul headed suffrage delegation to President Woodrow Wilson. (see April, 1913)

Vietnam

Strategy meeting
March 17, 1964: President Johnson presided over a session of the National Security Council during which Secretary of Defense McNamara and Gen. Maxwell Taylor present a full review of the situation in Vietnam. During the meeting, various secret decisions were made, including the approval of covert intelligence-gathering operations in North Vietnam; contingency plans to launch retaliatory U.S. Air Force strikes against North Vietnamese military installations and against guerrilla sanctuaries inside the Laotian and Cambodian borders; and a long-range “program of graduated overt military pressure” against North Vietnam. President Johnson directed that planning for the bombing raids “proceed energetically.” (see Mar 19)
London demonstration
March 17, 1968: 25,000 people in London demonstrated against Vietnam War. Mick Jagger wrote “Street Fighting Man” and John Lennon writes “Revolution” in response. (see March 18)

My Lai Massacre

March 17, 1970: the Army had commissioned a board of inquiry, headed by Lieutenant General Peers. After investigating, Peers reported that U.S. soldiers committed individual and group acts of murder, rape, sodomy, maiming and assault that took the lives of a large number of civilians–he concluded that a “tragedy of major proportions” occurred at My Lai. The Peers report said that each successive level of command received a more watered-down account of what had actually occurred; the higher the report went, the lower the estimate of civilians allegedly killed by Americans. Peers found that at least 30 persons knew of the atrocity (Vietnam, see Apr 15; ML, see Nov 17).
Hanoi Hilton

March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17, 1973: the first American prisoners of war (POWs) released from the "Hanoi Hilton" in Hanoi, North Vietnam. (see Mar 29)

US Labor History

KMPX-FM

 

March 17, 1968, US Labor History: staffers at San Francisco progressive rock station KMPX-FM strike, citing corporate control over what music is played and harassment over hair and clothing styles, among other things. The Rolling Stones, Joan Baez, the Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead and other musicians request that the station not play their music as long as the station is run by strikebreakers. (see Mar 28)
César E. Chávez

March17 Peace Love Activism

March 17, 1966: César E. Chávez and the National Farm Workers Association left Delano for Sacramento, the capital of California, a 340-mile Peregrinácion (pilgrimage) which would take three weeks. They were calling public attention to the plight of farm workers and for their struggle for the right to organize a union. (see April 10, 1966)

FREE SPEECH

Skokie anti-Nazi ordinances

March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17, 1978: Judge Bernard Decker granted the Village of Skokie's motion to stay his order voiding the Skokie anti-Nazi ordinances so as to permit the Village to perfect an appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit. (see Apr 6)

Immigration History

Refugee Act of 1980

March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17, 1980: President Carter signed the Refugee Act of 1980. It aimed at stating a clear-cut national policy and providing a flexible mechanism to meet the changed developments of world refugees. The main objectives of the act were
  1. to create a new definition of refugee based on the one created at the UN Convention and Protocol on the Status of Refugees,
  2. to raise the limitation from 17,400 to 50,000 refugees admitted each fiscal year,
  3. provide emergency procedures for when that number exceeds 50,000,
  4. to establish the Office of U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs and the Office of Refugee Resettlement
  5. established explicit procedures on how to deal with refugees in the U.S. by creating a uniform and effective resettlement and absorption policy. (see June 15, 1982)
March 17 Peace Love Activism

IRAQ War I

March 17, 1991: first U.S. troops arrived home from Iraq. (see Apr 18)

Between Iraq Wars I & II

March 17 Peace Love Activism

March 17, 2003: President Bush warned U.N. weapons inspectors to leave the Iraq within 48 hours. They were in country searching for weapons of mass destruction (WMD), conducting 900 inspections at 500 locations in four months.

Bush had given Saddam Hussein the same amount of time to step down from power or suffer the consequences of the planned invasion.

Hans Blix, the chief weapons inspector, and Mohamed El Baradei, head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the inspectors had found no WMDs, or any evidence of a renewed Iraqi nuclear weapons program. Despite increasing cooperation from Iraqi authorities relenting to international pressure, the inspectors were unable to complete their work due to the American threat of war. (see March 19)

Sexual Abuse of Children

Michael Fugee
March 17, 2014: acting with uncustomary speed, the Vatican expelled Michael Fugee from the priesthood for repeatedly defying a lifetime ban on ministry to children.

Fugee attended youth retreats and heard confessions from minors despite signing a court-sanctioned decree forbidding such activities.

Fugee’s removal came four months after the New Jersey’s Bergen County Prosecutor’s Office agreed to drop criminal charges against him in exchange for his expulsion. He remains under lifetime supervision by the prosecutor’s office. (see May 6)

LGBTQ

Same-sex marriage
March 17, 2015:
  • S. District Judge Callie Granade said in a five-page order that Mobile County Probate Court Judge Don Davis must comply with her previous ruling, which found the state’s gay marriage ban to be unconstitutional. Alabama’s all-Republican Supreme Court had contravened that ruling on March 2. It ordered probate judges to stop issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, arguing that the ban was constitutional.
  • The Presbyterian Church (USA), the largest body of Presbyterians in the country, approved a change in the wording of its constitution to allow gay and lesbian weddings within the church, a move that threatened to continue to split the mainline Protestant denomination. (see Mar 20)

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