December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13 Peace Love Activism

Cold War

December 13 Peace Love Activism
Service on left
December 13, 1951: the State Department dismissed foreign Service Officer John S. Service after a determination by the Civil Service Commission's Loyalty Board that there was "reasonable doubt" concerning his loyalty to the United States.

Service was one of a number of so-called "China hands"— State Department officials who were experts on China and the Far East—who saw their careers ruined during the 1950s by Senator McCarthy. McCarthy targeted John Service and several of his coworkers. McCarthy charged that Service and other State Department officials had effectively "lost" China to the communists, either through incompetence or through sympathy with the communist cause. The case against Service centered on the 1945 Amerasia scandal. In that year, FBI agents raided the offices of the magazine Amerasia and found classified government documents concerning America's policy in China. Service was implicated because he had given de-classified background information to the magazine's editor.

A grand jury, a House subcommittee, and the State Department's Loyalty Board subsequently cleared him. In 1950, however, McCarthy singled out Service as one of what he called "the 205 known communists" in the Department of State. In short order, Service's case was reviewed once again, and this time he was dismissed. Service declared that the decision was "a surprise, a shock, and an injustice." Senator McCarthy exclaimed, "Good, good, good!"

Service fought the dismissal and was eventually reinstated in 1957, but his career never recovered from the damage.(see February 6, 1952)

Nuclear News

Chalk River, Ottawa

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 1952: at Chalk River, Ottawa, Canada a partial meltdown of the reactor's uranium fuel core resulted after the accidental removal of four control rods. Although millions of gallons of radioactive water accumulated inside the reactor, there were no injuries.(Red Scare, see Dec 29, NN, see January 7, 1953)
Anti-Ballistic Missile TreatyDecember 13 Peace Love Activism
December 13, 2001: President George W. Bush served formal notice that the United States was pulling out of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with Russia. (see January 10, 2003)

December 13 Music et al

The Beatles

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 1961: Mike Smith, an A&R rep from Decca Records watched the Beatles perform at the Cavern Club to decide if Decca should offer them a record contract.

The Beatles had performed at the earlier lunchtime show. For this evening performance they shared a bill with Gerry and the Pacemakers, and The Four Jays. 

Although Smith did not consider The Beatles impressive enough to be signed on that day, he did arrange a formal audition in London, to take place on January 1.

After that January 1 audition, Decca decided not to sign them.(Beatles, see Dec 17)
FM Rock
December 13, 1965: an announcement that the Federal Communications Commission gave formal consideration to requests from radio braodcasters seeking exemption from a proposed rule that their FM stations must cease duplicating AM programs by 50 per cent. (see FCC delivers FM Rock)

BLACK HISTORY

Albany Movement

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 1961: Albany, Georgia police arrested 202 peaceful protesters during a demonstration at the City Hall.(see Dec 16)
Nelson Mandela
December 13, 1989: South African President F.W. de Klerk met for the first time with imprisoned African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela, at de Klerk's office in Cape Town. (see February 2, 1990)

Space Race

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 1962: the US launched Relay 1, a communication satellite. (SR, see June 16, 1963; Relay, see November 22, 1963)

Vietnam

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 1972: in Paris, peace talks between the North Vietnamese and the Americans broke down.  (see Dec 18
December 13 Peace Love Activism

AIDS

December 13, 1992: Ricky Ray (see August 28, 1987)  died of AIDS-related illness. (AIDS, see February 6, 1993; Rays, see October 20, 2000)

Jack Kevorkian

December 13, 1994,: the Michigan Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Michigan's 1993-94 ban on assisted suicide and also rules assisted suicide is illegal in Michigan under common law. The ruling reinstated cases against Kevorkian in four deaths. (see June 26, 1995)

Bush v. Gore

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 2000, Bush v. Gore: the U.S. Supreme Court stopped the Florida presidential recount, effectively giving the state, and the Presidency, to George W. Bush. (NYT article)

TERRORISM

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 2001: the Pentagon released a captured videotape of Osama bin Laden in which the al-Qaida leader said the deaths and destruction achieved by the Septenber 11 attacks exceeded his "most optimistic" expectations.(NYT article) (see Dec 22)

Sexual Abuse of Children

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 2002: while Archbishop of Boston, Bernard Francis Law had extensive knowledge of sexual abuse committed by dozens of Catholic priests within his archdiocese. One priest alone was alleged to have raped or molested 130 children over decades, while Law and other local officials moved him among churches rather than going to the authorities. On this day, Cardinal Law resigned. (his profound resignation letter) (see April 2003)

Iraq War II

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 2003:  U.S. forces capture Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein while hiding in a hole under a farmhouse in Adwar, near his hometown of Tikrit. (NYT diagram) (see Dec 24)

December 13

Marijuana

December 13 Peace Love Activism

December 13, 2014: Congress's spending bill contained protections for medical marijuana and industrial hemp operations in states where they were legal.  The spending bill included an amendment that prohibited the Department of Justice from using funds to go after state-legal medical cannabis programs. The bill would bring the federal government one step closer to ending raids on medical marijuana dispensaries, as well as stopping arrests of individuals involved with pot businesses that are complying with state law. (see Dec 16)

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