December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5 Peace Love Activism

Technological Milestone

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1877: Thomas Edison demonstrated the first gramophone, with a recording of himself reciting “Mary Had a Little Lamb”.(see February 19, 1878)

Feminism

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1902: the government issued an 8¢ Martha Washington stamp. The stamp was the first U.S. definitive or commemorative stamp to feature a woman. (see March 27, 1904)

US Labor History

Monongah explosion

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1907: in West Virginia's Marion County, an explosion in a network of mines owned by the Fairmont Coal Company in Monongah killed 361 coal miners. It was the worst mining disaster in American history. Nationwide, a total of 3,242 Americans were killed in mine accidents in 1907. In ensuing decades, the United Mine Workers of America labor union and sympathetic legislators forced safety regulations that brought a steady decline in death rates in West Virginia and elsewhere. (see Dec 19)
John T. and James B. McNamara
December 5 Peace Love Activism
McNamara brothers w Samuel Gompers in middle
December 5, 1911: court sentenced unionists John T. and James B. McNamara to 15 years and life, respectively, after confessing to dynamiting the Los Angeles Times building during a drive to unionize the metal trades in the city.  They placed the bomb in an alley next to the building, set to detonate when they thought the building would be empty; it went off early, and an unanticipated gas explosion and fire did the real damage, killing twenty people. The newspaper was strongly conservative and anti-union. (see January > March 1912)
AFL-CIO
December 5, 1955: the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merged to form the AFL-CIO. (see November 23, 1956)

Cultural Milestone

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1933: national Prohibition came to an end as Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st Amendment to the Constitution, repealing the 18th Amendment. (see June 10, 1935)

BLACK HISTORY

Committee on Civil Rights
December 5, 1946: President Truman created a President's Committee on Civil Rights to make recommendations for legislation or other means of strengthening the Federal Government's hand in dealing with such problems as racial discrimination and mob violence. (BH,see January 3, 1947; Committee, see January 15, 1947)
Montgomery Bus Boycott
December 5, 1955: Rosa Parks was convicted and fined for refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a city bus. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, organized by Martin Luther King Jr., began on this day. Most of the 50,000 African Americans living in Montgomery supported the boycott by walking, bicycling and car-pooling. The one-day boycott was so successful that the organizers met on Monday night and decided to continue. They established the Montgomery Improvement Association to organize the boycott and elected the King  as president. Jo Ann Robinson served on the group’s executive board and edited their newsletter. (see Dec 8)
SOUTH AFRICA/APARTHEID & Nelson Mandela

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1956: South African authorities arrested Nelson Mandela at his home and charged him with treason, along with 155 others  who called for a nonracial state. (SA/A, see March 21, 1960; NM, see March 29, 1961)

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela, who had led the emancipation of South Africa from white minority rule and served as his country’s first black president, becoming an international emblem of dignity and forbearance, died. He was 95.
Fair Housing

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1957: New York City became the first city in the nation to pass a fair housing ordinance making it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race. (see June 30, 1961)
Boynton v Virginia

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1960: Supreme Court decision, Boynton v Virginia. The court overturned a judgment convicting an African American law student for trespassing by being in a restaurant in a bus terminal which was "whites only.” The decision held that racial segregation in public transportation was illegal because such segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act.(see January 6, 1961)
Bond v. Floyd

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1966: civil rights leader Julian Bond had been elected to the Georgia House of Representatives, but the legislature refused to seat him because of his civil rights activities and political views. Bond had been one of the leaders of the sit-ins in Atlanta in 1960.  He was also a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. In Bond v. Floyd the Supreme Court unanimously ordered him seated, which he was on January 9, 1967. (NYT abstract) (see Dec 8)

December 5 Music et al

“Ringo”
December 5 – 11, 1964: “Ringo” by Lorne Greene #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Beach Boys Concert
December 5, 1964 – January 1, 1965:  The Beach Boys Beach Boys Concert the Billboard #1 album. (see May 29, 1965)
For What It’s Worth
December 5, 1966 – Buffalo Springfield’s “For What It’s Worth” recorded. (see LA Sunset Strip Riots)
December 5 Peace Love Activism

Vietnam

Draft protest

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1967: 1000 antiwar protesters try to close NYC induction center. Many arrested including Allen Ginsberg and Dr. Benjamin Spock. (see Dec 15)
My Lai Massacre

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 1969: though first published on November 20, 1969, on this date the CBS Evening News Walter Cronkite issued a warning about the disturbing My Lai images for viewers before showing them. The images immediately caused a country-wide uproar. (My Lai, see March 10, 1970; Vietnam, see Dec 8)

LGBTQ

December 5, 2012: South Lyon, Michigan school superintendent William Pearson reversed middle-school teacher Susan Johnson's suspension (see November 29, 2012) and reinstated her pay (she had been docked two days’ salary.) (see January 7, 2013)

Sexual Abuse of Children

December 5 Peace Love Activism

December 5, 2013: Pope Francis announced the establishment of  a commission to advise him on protecting children from pedophile priests and on how to counsel victims. (NYT article) (Abuse, see April 21, 2015; Commission, see March 1, 2017)

Environmental Issues

December 5, 2016: North Dakota officials estimated that more than 176,000 gallons of crude oil had leaked from the Belle Fourche Pipeline into the Ash Coulee Creek. The leak was about two and a half hours from Cannon Ball, where protesters were camped out in opposition to the Dakota Access pipeline. Wyoming-based True Cos (see Dec 20)

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