November 30 Peace Love Activism
Nuclear and Chemical Weapons
November 30, 1950: President Harry Truman announced that he was prepared to authorize the use of atomic weapons in order to achieve peace in Korea. At the time of Truman's announcement, communist China had joined North Korean forces in their attacks on United Nations troops, including U.S. soldiers, who were trying to prevent communist expansion into South Korea. (see Dec 9)
Reducing nuclear weapons
November 30, 1981: the US and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe. (see May 2, 1982)
US Labor History
November 30, 1953: beginning November 28, 1953, six of New York’s seven daily newspapers went on strike. 400 photo engravers demanded better pay and working conditions and the other newspaper employees honored their picket lines. For eleven days New York City had only one newspaper available to them, The New York Herald Tribune. Because the Herald Tribune had an outside commercial firm doing their photo engraving, they were the beneficiaries of added readership. The six newspapers that were on strike had a combined daily circulation of 5,169,000 and a combined Sunday circulation of 7,736,697. When the strike ended eleven days later on December 8, New Yorkers rejoiced as they read the news in that evening’s Herald Tribune (as shown in the photograph above). The other newspapers resumed publishing the next day. Federal Mediators settled the strike. The photo engravers received a $3.75 per week pay increase.
In 1954: union membership reached 28.3% of employed workers. The highest in history. (Labor, see Sept 2) In 1975: Union membership declined to 19.5% of employed workers. The first time it fell below 20% since 1942. (percent see January 21, 2011; Labor, see Feb 19)
November 30 Music et al
November 30, 1960: after being released from St Pauli police station after being held overnight, McCartney and Best went to their new lodgings above the Top Ten Club to get some rest. In the early afternoon, however, they were awoken by heavy banging on the door. Best opened the lock and was greeted by two plain-clothes policemen. They were told to get dressed and were taken by car to Hamburg's Kriminal police headquarters. The officer in charge told them they were to be deported at midnight.They were taken back on last time to the Top Ten where they were given five minutes to pack up their possessions; Pete Best was forced to leave his drums behind. They were then held in prison before being escorted to the airport in the evening. The Beatles were not entirely sure why they were being deported, as their limited command of German made it difficult to understand the police procedures. Their request to telephone the British Consul was refused. (see Dec 1)
November 30, 1966: Ken Kesey trial on second marijuana possession results in hung jury. (see January 14, 1967)
November 30 – December 20, 1968: Big Brother and the Holding Company’s Cheap Thrills returned to the Billboard #1 album spot.
November 30 – December 13, 1968: “Love Child” by Diana Ross & the Supremes #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.
Cuban Missile Crisis
November 30, 1961: following the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, President Kennedy authorized an aggressive covert operations (code name Operation Mongoose) against Fidel Castro in Cuba. The operation was led by Air Force General Edward Lansdale. Operation Mongoose intended at removing the communists from power to "help Cuba overthrow the Communist regime", including its leader Fidel Castro, and it aimed "for a revolt which can take place in Cuba by October 1962". US policy makers also wanted to see "a new government with which the United States can live in peace". (see Cuban Missile Crisis for complete story)
March to Montgomery
November 30, 1965: Collie Wilkins (already acquitted in State Court), Eugene Thomas, and William Eaton faced trial on Federal charges that grew out of the killing of a Viola Liuzzo. They were charged with conspiracy under the 1871 Ku Klux Klan Act, a Reconstruction civil rights statute. The charges did not specifically refer to Liuzzo's murder. On December 3, 1965 an all-white jury found all three guilty. The three were sentenced to 10 years in prison. (see Dec 3)
November 30, 1966: Huey Newton and Bobby Seale students created the Black Panther Party for Self Defense.(see In December)
November 30 Peace Love Activism
- November 30, 1966: Barbados independent from United Kingdom.
- November 30, 1967, Yemen independent from United Kingdom. (see January 31, 1968)
Senator Eugene J. McCarthy
November 30, 1967: liberal Democratic Senator Eugene J. McCarthy from Minnesota, an advocate of a negotiated end to the war in Vietnam, declared that he intended to enter several Democratic Presidential primaries in 1968. (NYT article) (see In December)
November 30, 1972: Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler told the press that there would be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels were down to 27,000. (see Dec 10)
Vietnam, BLACK HISTORY & Race Revolts
November 30, 1972: USS Kitty Hawk crewmen report to investigators that the ship’s captain (Marland W Townsend, Jr, white) had an open disagreement with his executive officer (Benjamin Cloud, black) after the riot broke out. (NYT article) (Kitty Hawk, see February 13, 1973)
November 30, 2010: Pentagon leaders called for scrapping the 17-year-old "don't ask, don't tell" ban after releasing a survey about the prospect of openly gay troops. (see Dec 18)
November 30, 2011: the governors of Washington and Rhode Island petitioned the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to reclassify marijuana from the most restrictive Schedule I category to a Schedule II substance, which if approved, would have led to pharmacies dispensing marijuana. The 106-page petition by Democratic Governor Christine Gregoire of Washington and independent Governor Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island, declared that the Schedule I classification of cannabis is "fundamentally wrong and should be changed." The DEA did not change the classification.(see May 31, 2012)
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