November 30 Peace Love Activism

November 30 Peace Love Activism

Nuclear and Chemical Weapons

Korea/nuclear weapons

November 30 Peace Love Activism

November 30, 1950:  President Harry Truman announced that he was prepared to authorize the use of atomic weapons in order to achieve peace in Korea. At the time of Truman's announcement, communist China had joined North Korean forces in their attacks on United Nations troops, including U.S. soldiers, who were trying to prevent communist expansion into South Korea.  (see Dec 9)
Reducing nuclear weapons
November 30, 1981: the US and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.  (see May 2, 1982)

US Labor History

November 30 Peace Love Activism

November 30, 1953: beginning November 28, 1953, six of New York’s seven daily newspapers went on strike. 400 photo engravers demanded better pay and working conditions and the other newspaper employees honored their picket lines. For eleven days New York City had only one newspaper available to them, The New York Herald Tribune. Because the Herald Tribune had an outside commercial firm doing their photo engraving, they were the beneficiaries of added readership.

The six newspapers that were on strike had a combined daily circulation of 5,169,000 and a combined Sunday circulation of 7,736,697.

When the strike ended eleven days later on December 8, New Yorkers rejoiced as they read the news in that evening’s Herald Tribune (as shown in the photograph above). The other newspapers resumed publishing the next day. Federal Mediators settled the strike. The photo engravers received a $3.75 per week pay increase.
Union membership
In 1954: union membership reached 28.3%  of employed workers. The highest in history. (Labor, see Sept 2)

In 1975: Union membership declined to 19.5% of employed workers. The first time it fell below 20% since 1942. (percent see January 21, 2011; Labor, see Feb 19)

 

November 30 Music et al

November 30, 1960: after being released from St Pauli police station after being held overnight, McCartney and Best went to their new lodgings above the Top Ten Club to get some rest. In the early afternoon, however, they were awoken by heavy banging on the door. Best opened the lock and was greeted by two plain-clothes policemen. They were told to get dressed and were taken by car to Hamburg's Kriminal police headquarters. The officer in charge told them they were to be deported at midnight.They were taken back on last time to the Top Ten where they were given five minutes to pack up their possessions; Pete Best was forced to leave his drums behind. They were then held in prison before being escorted to the airport in the evening.

The Beatles were not entirely sure why they were being deported, as their limited command of German made it difficult to understand the police procedures. Their request to telephone the British Consul was refused. (see Dec 1)
LSD
November 30, 1966: Ken Kesey trial on second marijuana possession results in hung jury. (see January 14, 1967)
Cheap Thrills
November 30 – December 20, 1968: Big Brother and the Holding Company’s Cheap Thrills returned to the Billboard #1 album spot.

Love Child 
November 30 – December 13, 1968: “Love Child” by Diana Ross & the Supremes #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Cuban Missile Crisis

November 30, 1961: following the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, President Kennedy authorized an aggressive covert operations (code name Operation Mongoose) against Fidel Castro in Cuba. The operation was led by Air Force General Edward Lansdale.

Operation Mongoose intended at removing the communists from power to "help Cuba overthrow the Communist regime", including its leader Fidel Castro, and it aimed "for a revolt which can take place in Cuba by October 1962". US policy makers also wanted to see "a new government with which the United States can live in peace". (see Cuban Missile Crisis for complete story)

BLACK HISTORY

March to Montgomery
November 30, 1965: Collie Wilkins (already acquitted in State Court), Eugene Thomas, and William Eaton faced trial on Federal charges that grew out of the killing of a Viola Liuzzo. They were charged with conspiracy under the 1871 Ku Klux Klan Act, a Reconstruction civil rights statute. The charges did not specifically refer to Liuzzo's murder. On December 3, 1965 an all-white jury found all three guilty. The three were sentenced to 10 years in prison. (see Dec 3)
Black Panthers

November 30 Peace Love Activism

 

November 30, 1966: Huey Newton and Bobby Seale students created the Black Panther Party for Self Defense.(see In December)
November 30 Peace Love Activism

INDEPENDENCE DAYS

  • November 30, 1966: Barbados independent from United Kingdom.
  • November 30, 1967,  Yemen independent from United Kingdom. (see January 31, 1968)

Vietnam

Senator Eugene J. McCarthy
November 30, 1967: liberal Democratic Senator Eugene J. McCarthy from Minnesota, an advocate of a negotiated end to the war in Vietnam, declared that he intended to enter several Democratic Presidential primaries in 1968. (NYT article) (see In December)
Troop reduction
November 30, 1972: Vietnam War: White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler told the press that there would be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam due to the fact that troop levels were down to 27,000. (see Dec 10)

Vietnam, BLACK HISTORY & Race Revolts

November 30, 1972: USS Kitty Hawk crewmen report to investigators that the ship’s captain (Marland W Townsend, Jr, white) had an open disagreement with his  executive officer (Benjamin Cloud, black) after the riot broke out. (NYT article) (Kitty Hawk, see February 13, 1973)

LGBTQ

November 30, 2010: Pentagon leaders called for scrapping the 17-year-old "don't ask, don't tell" ban after releasing a survey about the prospect of openly gay troops. (see Dec 18)

Marijuana

November 30, 2011: the governors of Washington and Rhode Island petitioned the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to reclassify marijuana from the most restrictive Schedule I category to a Schedule II substance, which if approved, would have led to pharmacies dispensing marijuana. The 106-page petition  by Democratic Governor Christine Gregoire of Washington and independent Governor Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island, declared that the Schedule I classification of cannabis is "fundamentally wrong and should be changed." The DEA did not change the classification.(see May 31, 2012)

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Bassist Leo Lyons

Bassist Leo Lyons

Leo Lyons

Happy birthday
November 30, 1943
I am (and most of you are) certainly aware of and love Ten Years After's "I'm Goin' Home" performance at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair (I didn't hear it as I had already gone home). And we know that it was Alvin Lee up front on guitar, but how many of us know and could name the other band members: Ric Lee on drums, Chick Churchill on keyoards, and Leo Lyons on bass.

I should. We should.

Bassist Leo Lyons

David William "Leo" Lyons was born in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. grew up in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire England, a mining town where most of his male relatives worked in those mines. 

An uncle and aunt had a wind up gramophone and he played all their collection.  He loved country music legend Jimmy Rogers and blues legend Leadbelly.

His first instrument was his grandfather's old banjo. He did take guitar lessons later and played with friends with his guitar's four bottom strings. He became a bassist.

When he was 16, the manager of a local band called the Atomites (it was the dawning of the nuclear age remember) asked Lyons to join the band. His first gig was a local dance hall and the experience hooked him.

Alvin Lee replaced the Atomite's guitar player and later the band changed its name to the Jaybirds. In 1961 the Jaybirds went to London seeking success. They didn't find it and most of the band members left. 

Later drummer Ric Lee joined, then Chick Churchill.  

From 1963 to 1966 Leo did it all. He played and managed the Jaybirds, worked as a session musician, toured as a sideman with pop acts, appeared in a play in London's West End, and played a residency with British jazz guitarist Denny Wright.

Ten Years After

In 1967 the Jaybirds became Ten Years After and began a residency at London's Marquee Club. Their debut album followed. 

Bill Graham heard that album and invited them to play at his venues. They were also one of the first rock groups to be part of the Newport Jazz Festival.  That experience led them to play with such luminaries as Nina Simone, Roland Kirk, and Miles Davis.
Woodstock Music and Art Fair
It is likely that Ten Years After would have had its great  success even without its performance at Woodstock and its inclusion on both the album and movie, but those inclusions supercharged that likelihood. 

The band broke up (temporarily) after their final recording,  Positive Vibrations, in 1974.

Post After

In 1975 Chrysalis Records hired Lyons as studio manager to re-equip and run Wessex Studios in London. He was later to go on and build two commercial studios of his own. He has produced dozens of records. 

Other projects include stage musicals, cartoon soundtracks, film and music videos. 

Aside from writing and producing, Leo has been guest bassist on CDs by Savoy Brown. Leslie West, Fred Koller, Danny Johnson and has toured extensively with former Buddy Guy guitarist Scott Holt.

He played with Ten Years After when that band occasionally reformed but left again in 2013 to remain full time with the band he'd helped form in  2010: Hundred Seventy Split.

Lyons now lives in Nashville, Tennessee. Lyon's site

Bassist Leo Lyons, Bassist Leo Lyons, Bassist Leo Lyons

 

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