November 23 Peace Love Activism

November 23 Peace Love Activism

November 23 Peace Love Activism

Technological Milestone

November 23, 1889: the jukebox made its debut, at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.(see October 18, 1892)

Anti-beer bill

November 23, 1921, President Warren G. Harding signed the Willis-Campbell Act, popularly termed the "anti-beer bill", prohibiting doctors from prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes.

Feminism

Maternity and Infancy Protection Act of 1921
November 23, 1921: President Warren Harding signed The Sheppard–Towner Maternity and Infancy Protection Act of 1921. The act provided for federally-financed instruction in maternal and infant health care and gave 50-50 matching funds to individual US states to build women’s health care clinics. (see Republicans support health care for more) (see Dec 15)
Women’s Health
November 23, 2015: federal 7th Circuit Kudge Richard Posnerpanel ruled that a Wisconsin law that required abortion providers to get admitting privileges at nearby hospitals is unconstitutional. The panel’s 2-1 decision didn’t put the question to rest. Nearly a dozen states had imposed similar requirements on abortion providers, and the U.S. Supreme Court agreed last week to hear a challenge to Texas’ law in a case that could settle the issue nationally.

The Wisconsin case centers on a lawsuit filed by Planned Parenthood and Affiliated Medical Services. The groups argue that the 2013 law amounts to an unconstitutional restriction on abortion. (see January 25, 2016)

School Desegregation

November 23, 1950: a federal judge on this day ordered an end to the segregation of Mexican-American students in the town of Tolleson, Arizona. School officials in Tolleson had justified the separate schools on the grounds that Mexican-American students often had limited command of English. It was not clear at this point whether the ruling would apply to other school systems in the state. Some, but not all, school districts in the state also had segregated school systems affecting Mexican-American students. Two weeks earlier, on November 7, Arizona voters rejected a referendum that would have ended segregation by race or ethnicity in the state.

The decision in this case came three years after a decision ruling separate Mexican-American schools in California unconstitutional in Mendez v. Westminster on April 14, 1947, and four years before the historic Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education, on May 17, 1954, declaring racially segregated schools unconstitutional. (see January 20, 1951) 

NFL Owners ignore players demands

November 23, 1956: the first meeting between members of the newly-formed National Football League Players Association and team owners takes place in New York. Union founders included Frank Gifford, Norm Van Brocklin, Don Shula and Kyle Rote. They were asking for a minimum $5,000 salary, a requirement that their teams pay for their equipment, and a provision for the continued payment of salary to injured players. The players’ initial demands were ignored.(see December 6, 1957)

November 23 Music et al

see Beatles 1962 audition for more
November 23, 1962, The Beatles before their US appearance: a 10-minute lunchtime audition before a panel of BBC television producers to assess The Beatles' talents as a group.

The BBC audition came about after a fan, David John Smith from Preston, wrote to the corporation asking for The Beatles to appear on a show. Falsely assuming that Smith was their manager, the BBC replied offering the group an audition.

Four days afterwards, Brian Epstein received a letter from Ronnie Lane, the BBC's Light Entertainment Auditioner, declining the request to perform. (Beatles, see Nov 26; BBC see April 13, 1963).
Dale and Grace
November 23 – December 6, 1963,  “I’m Leaving It Up to You” by Dale and Grace #1 on the Billboard Hot 100.

The Beatles Story

November 23, 1964:  Capital Records released The Beatles Story double LP . Capital billed it as “a narrative and musical biography of Beatlemania on two long-play records.”  The albums featured interviews, press conferences, and songs by the The Beatles.  It was The Beatles’ fourth release by Capitol Records. (see Dec 4)
Vietnam, BLACK HISTORY & Race Revolts
November 23, 1972: USS Kitty Hawk crewmen describe Oct 12 riots as a series of all-night brawls during which about 100 black and white sailors “used knives, forks, and chains and anything else they could get their hands on” as weapons. (NYT article) (see Nov 30)
Black Lives Matter
November 23, 2015: during a Black Lives Matter protest in Minneapolis, shots were fired at the protesters hitting 5. (see Nov 25

Irish Troubles

November 23 Peace Love Activism

November 23, 1979: in Dublin, Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon was sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten of Burma on August 27, 1979. (see March 1, 1981)
November 23 Peace Love Activism

Iran–Contra Affair

November 23 Peace Love Activism

November 23, 1981: President Ronald Reagan on this day signed a secret directive authorizing the CIA to create the Contras, an anti-Communist insurgency group in Nicaragua. The directive, NSDD-1, authorized $19 million in secret funds. This order was one of the first steps that led to the Iran-Contra scandal that engulfed the Reagan administration in late 1986, and which involved a number of violations of law, established government policy, and civil liberties. President Reagan and his CIA Director William Casey were fierce anti-communists, determined to fight what they saw as communist threats anywhere in the world. They were both committed to this effort, even if it meant violating the law and established policies, as the Iran-Contra affair revealed. (see Sept 13, 1985)

Jack Kevorkian

November 23, 1992: Catherine Andreyev of Moon Township, Pennsylvania, died in Kevorkian’s assistant Neil Nicol's home. She was 45 and had cancer. Hers is the first of 10 deaths Kevorkian attended over the next three months; all die from inhaling carbon monoxide. (see Dec 3)

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