September 18 Peace Love Activism

September 18 Peace Love Activism

BLACK HISTORY

Fugitive Slave Act
September 18, 1850: Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Law or Fugitive Slave Act as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers. This was one of the most controversial acts of the 1850 compromise and heightened Northern fears of a "slave power conspiracy". It declared that all runaway slaves were, upon capture, to be returned to their masters. Abolitionists nicknamed it the "Bloodhound Law" for the dogs that were used to track down runaway slaves. (Britanica article) (SR, see Apr 3; BH, see Apr 3)
School Desegregation
September 18, 1945: in Gary, Indiana, mounting pressure from civic groups such as the League of Women Voters, YWCA, and Gary Teacher’s Union to desegregate schools pushed district officials to make another attempt (see September, 1927) at integration. Again, white students took to the streets en masse in an effort to curb integration. (BH, see 1946; SD, see Nov 1)
Feminism
September 18, 1950:  Harvard Law School admitted women for the first time. Thirteen female students were admitted.
Jo Ann Robinson
In 1953: Jo Ann Robinson (of Montgomery’s Women’s Political Council) and other local black leaders met with the three commissioners of Montgomery. Robinson’s group complained that the city did not hire any black bus drivers, said that segregation of seating was unjust, and that bus stops in black neighborhoods were farther apart than in white ones, although blacks were the majority of the riders. The commissioners refused to change anything. Robinson and other WPC members met with bus company officials on their own. The segregation issue was deflected, as bus company officials said that segregation was city and state law. The WPC achieved a small victory, as the bus company officials agreed to have the buses stop at every corner in black neighborhoods, as was the practice in white neighborhoods. (BH, see June 8 August 13; Feminism, see May 18, 1954; Montgomery, see March 2, 1955)

September 18 Music et al

Bobby Vee
September 18 – October 8, 1961:  “Take Good Care of My Baby” by Bobby Vee #1 Billboard Hot 100.
 
Judy Garland
September 18 – December 17, 1961: Judy Garland’s Judy at Carnegie Hall Billboard #1 album.
 
Jimi Hendrix

September 18 Peace Love Activism

September 18, 1970: Hendrix, age 27, died in London. (NYT article)

see Symbionese Liberation Army for more

September 18 Peace Love Activism

September 18, 1975: S.L.A. members Patty Hearst, Bill and Emily Harris and Wendy Yoshimura arrested in San Francisco. When asked for her occupation while being booked, Hearst says, "urban guerrilla." (see March 11, 1976)
September 18 Peace Love Activism

US Labor History

September 18, 2012: the Chicago Teachers Union agreed to end its strike allowing 350,000 children to return to classes. The terms, which appeared to provide some victories for both sides, gave annual raises to teachers, lengthened the school day,  and allow ed teachers to be evaluated, in part, with student test scores. The school system would also aim to guide laid-off teachers with strong ratings into at least half of any new job openings in the schools. (see January 26, 2014)

SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE

September 18, 2014: the US Air Force reversed its policy requiring new recruits and those reenlisting to conclude a swearing-in oath with “So help me God.”

The trouble for the Air Force had started when a Tech. Sgt. at Creech Air Force Base in Nevada with 10 years’ service wanted to reenlist. As an atheist, he didn’t see why he had to swear an oath to a deity he didn’t believe in. It seemed to violate the religious establishment clause of the US Constitution. No other branches of the US military required it, nor did the honor code at the US Air Force Academy.

The sergeant had scratched out that last line in the Air Force enlistment/reenlistment document, which read in full: “I, [insert name], do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I will obey the orders of the President of the United States and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. So help me God.” (see Oct 6)

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Friday 18 September

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Friday 18 September

 

 

 

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